Holidays and observances

Earliest day on which Handsel Monday can fall, while January 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday of the year (Scotland)

Holidays and observances

Second day of Hogmanay (Scotland) December 31-January 1, in some cases until January 2.

Holidays and observances

The last day of Kwanzaa (African-Americans)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Flag Day (Lithuania) commemorates raising of the Lithuanian flag on Gediminas' Tower in 1919

Holidays and observances

Founding Day (Taiwan) commemorates the establishment of the Provisional Government in Nanjing

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Public Domain Day (multiple countries)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances


Pre-Julian Roman calendar

153 BC - For the first time, Roman consuls begin their year in office on January 1.


Early Julian calendar (before Augustus' leap year correction)

45 BC - The Julian calendar takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year.


42 BC - The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar.


Julian calendar

193 - The Senate chooses Pertinax against his will to succeed Commodus as Roman emperor.


404 - Saint Telemachus tries to stop a gladiatorial fight in a Roman amphitheatre, and is stoned to death by the crowd. This act impresses the Christian Emperor Honorius, who issues a historic ban on gladiatorial fights.


417 - Emperor Honorius forces Galla Placidia into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (magister militum) (probable).


1001 - Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II (probable).

Events1019 years ago
Events952 years ago

1259 - Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.

Events761 years ago
Events582 years ago

1502 - The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is first explored by the Portuguese.

Events518 years ago

1515 - Twenty-year-old Francis, Duke of Brittany, succeeds to the French throne following the death of his father-in-law, Louis XII.

Events505 years ago

1527 - Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as King of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.

Events493 years ago

1583 to 1700 - see January 11

Events437 years ago

1600 - Scotland recognises January 1 as the start of the year, instead of March 25.

Events420 years ago
Events369 years ago

1700 - Russia begins using the Anno Domini era instead of the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.

Events320 years ago

1701 to 1800 - see January 12

Events319 years ago

1801 to 1900 - see January 13

Events219 years ago

1901 to 2100 - see January 14

Events119 years ago

Gregorian calendar

1707 - John V is proclaimed King of Portugal and the Algarves in Lisbon.

Events313 years ago

1739 - Bouvet Island, the world's remotest island is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier.

Events281 years ago

1772 - The first traveler's cheques, which could be used in 90 European cities, were issued by the London Credit Exchange Company.

Events248 years ago

1773 - The hymn that became known as "Amazing Grace", then titled "1 Chronicles 17:16–17" is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, Buckinghamshire, England.

Events247 years ago
Events244 years ago

1776 - General George Washington hoists the first United States flag; the Grand Union Flag at Prospect Hill.

Events244 years ago

1781 - American Revolutionary War: One thousand five hundred soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny of 1781.

Events239 years ago

1788 - First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.

Events232 years ago

1801 - The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is proclaimed.

Events219 years ago

1801 - Ceres, the largest and first known object in the Asteroid belt, is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.

Events219 years ago

1803 - Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.

Events217 years ago

1804 - French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black-majority republic and second independent country in North America after the United States.

Events216 years ago

1806 - The French Republican Calendar is abolished.

Events214 years ago

1808 - The United States bans the importation of slaves.

Events212 years ago

1810 - Major-General Lachlan Macquarie officially becomes Governor of New South Wales.

Events210 years ago
Events198 years ago

1847 - The world's first "Mercy" Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh, United States, by a group of Sisters of Mercy from Ireland; the name will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world.

Events173 years ago

1860 - The first Polish stamp is issued, replacing the Russian stamps previously in use.

Events160 years ago

1861 - Liberal forces supporting Benito Juárez enter Mexico City.

Events159 years ago

1863 - American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.

Events157 years ago

1877 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.

Events143 years ago

1885 - Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming's proposal for standard time (and also, time zones).

Events135 years ago

1890 - Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.

Events130 years ago
Events128 years ago

1898 - New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.

Events122 years ago

1899 - Spanish rule ends in Cuba.

Events121 years ago
Events119 years ago
Events119 years ago

1902 - The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.

Events118 years ago

1910 - Captain David Beatty is promoted to Rear admiral, and becomes the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy (except for Royal family members) since Horatio Nelson.

Events110 years ago

1912 - The Republic of China is established.

Events108 years ago

1914 - The SPT Airboat Line becomes the world's first scheduled airline to use a winged aircraft.

Events106 years ago

1923 - Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMS.

Events97 years ago

1927 - New Mexican oil legislation goes into effect, leading to the formal outbreak of the Cristero War.

Events93 years ago

1928 - Boris Bazhanov defects through Iran. He is the only assistant of Joseph Stalin's secretariat to have defected from the Eastern Bloc.

Events92 years ago
Events91 years ago

1932 - The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.

Events88 years ago
Events86 years ago

1942 - The Declaration by United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.

Events78 years ago

1945 - World War II: In retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, U.S. troops kill 60 German POWs at Chenogne.

Events75 years ago

1945 - World War II: The German Luftwaffe launches Operation Bodenplatte, a massive, but failed attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow.

Events75 years ago

1947 - Cold War: The American and British occupation zones in Allied-occupied Germany, after World War II, merge to form the Bizone, which later (with the French zone) became part of West Germany.

Events73 years ago

1947 - The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946 comes into effect, converting British subjects into Canadian citizens. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen.

Events73 years ago
Events72 years ago

1949 - United Nations cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly.

Events71 years ago

1956 - Sudan achieves independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom.

Events64 years ago

1957 - George Town, Penang, is made a city by a royal charter of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Events63 years ago

1958 - European Economic Community is established.

Events62 years ago

1959 - Cuban Revolution: Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro's forces.

Events61 years ago

1960 - Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom.

Events60 years ago

1962 - Western Samoa achieves independence from New Zealand; its name is changed to the Independent State of Western Samoa.

Events58 years ago

1964 - The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia.

Events56 years ago
Events55 years ago

1970 - The defined beginning of Unix time, at 00:00:00.

Events50 years ago
Events49 years ago

1973 - Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom are admitted into the European Economic Community.

Events47 years ago

1976 - A bomb explodes on board Middle East Airlines Flight 438 over Qaisumah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 81 people on board.

Events44 years ago

1978 - Air India Flight 855, a Boeing 747, crashes into the Arabian Sea, due to instrument failure, spatial disorientation, and pilot error, off the coast of Bombay, India, killing all 213 people on board.

Events42 years ago

1979 - Normal diplomatic relations are established between the People's Republic of China and the United States.

Events41 years ago

1981 - Greece is admitted into the European Community.

Events39 years ago
Events38 years ago

1983 - The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet.

Events37 years ago

1984 - The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T.

Events36 years ago

1984 - Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom.

Events36 years ago

1985 - The first British mobile phone call is made by Michael Harrison to his father Sir Ernest Harrison, chairman of Vodafone.

Events35 years ago

1987 - The Isleta Pueblo tribe elect Verna Williamson to be their first female governor.

Events33 years ago

1988 - The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.

Events32 years ago

1989 - The Montreal Protocol comes into force, stopping the use of chemicals contributing to ozone depletion.

Events31 years ago

1990 - David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City's first black mayor.

Events30 years ago
Events27 years ago

1994 - The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican state of Chiapas.

Events26 years ago

1994 - The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) comes into effect.

Events26 years ago

1995 - The World Trade Organization comes into being.

Events25 years ago

1995 - The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves.

Events25 years ago
Events25 years ago

1998 - Following a currency reform, Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence.

Events22 years ago

1999 - Euro currency is introduced in 11 member nations of the European Union (with the exception of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden; Greece later adopts the euro).

Events21 years ago

2004 - In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, is "deemed to be elected" to the office of President until October 2007.

Events16 years ago
Events13 years ago

2007 - Adam Air Flight 574 breaks apart in mid-air and crashes near the Makassar Strait, Indonesia killing all 102 people on board.

Events13 years ago

2009 - Sixty-six people die in a nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.

Events11 years ago

2010 - A suicide car bomber detonates at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 and injuring 100 more.

Events10 years ago

2011 - A bomb explodes as Coptic Christians in Alexandria, Egypt, leave a new year service, killing 23 people.

Events9 years ago

2011 - Estonia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the 17th Eurozone country.

Events9 years ago

2013 - At least 60 people are killed and 200 injured in a stampede after celebrations at Félix Houphouët-Boigny Stadium in Abidjan, Ivory Coast.

Events7 years ago

2015 - The Eurasian Economic Union comes into effect, creating a political and economic union between Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

Events5 years ago

2017 - An attack on a nightclub in Istanbul, Turkey, during New Year's celebrations, kills at least 39 people and injures more than 60 others.

Events3 years ago


766 - Ali al-Ridha (d. 818) 8th Imam of Twelver Shia Islam


1431 - Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503)

Births589 years ago

1449 - Lorenzo de' Medici, Italian politician (d. 1492)

Births571 years ago

1467 - Sigismund I the Old, Polish king (d. 1548)

Births553 years ago

1484 - Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss pastor and theologian (d. 1531)

Births536 years ago

1511 - Henry, Duke of Cornwall, first-born child of Henry VIII of England (d. 1511)

Births509 years ago

1557 - Stephen Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606)

Births463 years ago

1600 - Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian and academic (d. 1649)

Births420 years ago

1628 - Christoph Bernhard, German composer and theorist (d. 1692)

Births392 years ago

1655 - Christian Thomasius, German jurist and philosopher (d. 1728)

Births365 years ago

1684 - Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch scholar and author (d. 1748)

Births336 years ago

1704 - Soame Jenyns, English author, poet, and politician (d. 1787)

Births316 years ago

1711 - Baron Franz von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)

Births309 years ago

1714 - Giovanni Battista Mancini, Italian soprano and author (d. 1800)

Births306 years ago

1714 - Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian pastor and poet (d. 1780)

Births306 years ago

1735 - Paul Revere, American silversmith and engraver (d. 1818)

Births285 years ago

1745 - Anthony Wayne, American general and politician (d. 1796)

Births275 years ago

1752 - Betsy Ross, American seamstress, credited with designing the Flag of the United States (d. 1836)

Births268 years ago

1768 - Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish author (d. 1849)

Births252 years ago
Births251 years ago

1774 - André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist and academic (d. 1860)

Births246 years ago

1779 - William Clowes, English publisher (d. 1847)

Births241 years ago

1803 - Edward Dickinson, American politician and father of poet Emily Dickinson (d. 1874)

Births217 years ago

1806 - Lionel Kieseritzky, Estonian-French chess player (d. 1853)

Births214 years ago

1809 - Achille Guenée, French lawyer and entomologist (d. 1880)

Births211 years ago

1813 - George Bliss, American politician (d. 1868)

Births207 years ago

1814 - Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebellion leader and king (d. 1864)

Births206 years ago

1818 - William Gamble, Irish-born American general (d. 1866)

Births202 years ago

1819 - Arthur Hugh Clough, English-Italian poet and academic (d. 1861)

Births201 years ago

1819 - George Foster Shepley, American general (d. 1878)

Births201 years ago

1823 - Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and activist (d. 1849)

Births197 years ago

1833 - Robert Lawson, Scottish-New Zealand architect, designed the Otago Boys' High School and Knox Church (d. 1902)

Births187 years ago

1834 - Ludovic Halévy, French author and playwright (d. 1908)

Births186 years ago

1839 - Ouida, English-Italian author and activist (d. 1908)

Births181 years ago

1848 - John W. Goff, Irish-American lawyer and politician (d. 1924)

Births172 years ago

1852 - Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist and academic (d. 1904)

Births168 years ago

1854 - James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist and academic (d. 1941)

Births166 years ago

1854 - Thomas Waddell, Irish-Australian politician, 15th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1940)

Births166 years ago

1857 - Tim Keefe, American baseball player (d. 1933)

Births163 years ago

1859 - Michael Joseph Owens, American inventor (d. 1923)

Births161 years ago

1859 - Thibaw Min, Burmese king (d. 1916)

Births161 years ago

1860 - Michele Lega, Italian cardinal (d. 1935)

Births160 years ago

1863 - Pierre de Coubertin, French historian and educator, founded the International Olympic Committee (d. 1937)

Births157 years ago

1864 - Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer and curator (d. 1946)

Births156 years ago

1864 - Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (d. 1957)

Births156 years ago

1867 - Mary Ackworth Evershed, English astronomer and scholar (d. 1949)

Births153 years ago

1874 - Frank Knox, American publisher and politician, 46th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)

Births146 years ago

1874 - Gustave Whitehead, German-American pilot and engineer (d. 1927)

Births146 years ago

1877 - Alexander von Staël-Holstein, German sinologist and orientalist (d. 1937)

Births143 years ago

1878 - Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish mathematician, statistician, and engineer (d. 1929)

Births142 years ago

1879 - E. M. Forster, English author and playwright (d. 1970)

Births141 years ago

1879 - William Fox, Hungarian-American screenwriter and producer, founded the Fox Film Corporation and Fox Theatres (d. 1952)

Births141 years ago

1883 - William J. Donovan, American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1959)

Births137 years ago

1884 - Chikuhei Nakajima, Japanese lieutenant, engineer, and politician, founded Nakajima Aircraft Company (d. 1949)

Births136 years ago

1884 - Konstantinos Tsaldaris, Egyptian-Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1970)

Births136 years ago

1887 - Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral (d. 1945)

Births133 years ago

1888 - Georgios Stanotas, Greek general (d. 1965)

Births132 years ago

1888 - John Garand, Canadian-American engineer, designed the M1 Garand rifle (d. 1974)

Births132 years ago

1889 - Charles Bickford, American actor (d. 1967)

Births131 years ago

1890 - Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer and academic (d. 1966)

Births130 years ago

1891 - Sampurnanand, Indian educator and politician, 3rd Governor of Rajasthan (d. 1969)

Births129 years ago

1892 - Mahadev Desai, Indian author and activist (d. 1942)

Births128 years ago

1892 - Manuel Roxas, Filipino lawyer and politician, 5th President of the Philippines (d. 1948)

Births128 years ago

1893 - Mordechai Frizis, Greek colonel (d. 1940)

Births127 years ago

1894 - Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist and mathematician (d. 1974)

Births126 years ago

1894 - Edward Joseph Hunkeler, American clergyman (d. 1970)

Births126 years ago

1895 - J. Edgar Hoover, American law enforcement official; 1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (d. 1972)

Births125 years ago

1900 - Chiune Sugihara, Japanese soldier and diplomat (d. 1986)

Births120 years ago

1900 - Xavier Cugat, Spanish-American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1990)

Births120 years ago

1902 - Buster Nupen, Norwegian-South African cricketer and lawyer (d. 1977)

Births118 years ago

1902 - Hans von Dohnányi, German jurist and political dissident (d. 1945)

Births118 years ago

1904 - Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 5th President of Pakistan (d. 1982)

Births116 years ago

1905 - Stanisław Mazur, Ukrainian-Polish mathematician and theorist (d. 1981)

Births115 years ago

1906 - Manuel Silos, Filipino filmmaker and actor (d. 1988)

Births114 years ago

1907 - Kinue Hitomi, Japanese sprinter and long jumper (d. 1931)

Births113 years ago

1909 - Dana Andrews, American actor (d. 1992)

Births111 years ago

1909 - Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian soldier and politician (d. 1959)

Births111 years ago

1911 - Audrey Wurdemann, American poet and author (d. 1960)

Births109 years ago

1911 - Basil Dearden, English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1971)

Births109 years ago

1911 - Hank Greenberg, American baseball player (d. 1986)

Births109 years ago

1911 - Roman Totenberg, Polish-American violinist and educator (d. 2012)

Births109 years ago

1912 - Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician and historian (d. 1995)

Births108 years ago

1912 - Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988)

Births108 years ago

1912 - Nikiforos Vrettakos, Greek poet and academic (d. 1991)

Births108 years ago

1914 - Noor Inayat Khan, British SOE agent (d. 1944)

Births106 years ago

1917 - Shannon Bolin, American actress and singer (d. 2016)

Births103 years ago

1918 - Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)

Births102 years ago

1918 - Willy den Ouden, Dutch swimmer (d. 1997)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Carole Landis, American actress (d. 1948)

Births101 years ago

1919 - J. D. Salinger, American soldier and author (d. 2010)

Births101 years ago

1919 - Rocky Graziano, American boxer and actor (d. 1990)

Births101 years ago

1920 - Osvaldo Cavandoli, Italian cartoonist (d. 2007)

Births100 years ago

1921 - César Baldaccini, French sculptor and academic (d. 1998)

Births99 years ago

1921 - Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian-American philosopher and academic (d. 1986)

Births99 years ago

1921 - Regina Bianchi, Italian actress (d. 2013)

Births99 years ago

1922 - Ernest Hollings, American soldier and politician, 106th Governor of South Carolina (d. 2019)

Births98 years ago

1923 - Valentina Cortese, Italian actress (d. 2019)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Milt Jackson, American jazz vibraphonist and composer (d. 1999)

Births97 years ago

1924 - Francisco Macías Nguema, Equatorial Guinean politician, 1st President of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (d. 1979)

Births96 years ago

1925 - Matthew Beard, American child actor (d. 1981)

Births95 years ago

1925 - Paul Bomani, Tanzanian politician and diplomat, 1st Tanzanian Minister of Finance (d. 2005)

Births95 years ago

1926 - Kazys Petkevičius, Lithuanian basketball player and coach (d. 2008)

Births94 years ago

1927 - Doak Walker, American football player and businessman (d. 1998)

Births93 years ago

1927 - James Reeb, American clergyman and political activist (d. 1965)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Maurice Béjart, French-Swiss dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 2007)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Vernon L. Smith, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births93 years ago

1928 - Ernest Tidyman, American author and screenwriter (d. 1984)

Births92 years ago

1928 - Gerhard Weinberg, German-American historian, author, and academic

Births92 years ago

1929 - Larry L. King, American journalist, author, and playwright (d. 2012)

Births91 years ago

1930 - Frederick Wiseman, American director and producer

Births90 years ago

1930 - Gaafar Nimeiry, Egyptian-Sudanese politician, 4th President of the Sudan (d. 2009)

Births90 years ago

1932 - Giuseppe Patanè, Italian conductor (d. 1989)

Births88 years ago

1933 - James Hormel, American philanthropist and diplomat

Births87 years ago

1933 - Joe Orton, English dramatist (d. 1967)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Alan Berg, American lawyer and radio host (d. 1984)

Births86 years ago
Births86 years ago

1935 - Om Prakash Chautala, Indian politician

Births85 years ago

1936 - James Sinegal, American businessman, co-founded Costco

Births84 years ago

1939 - Michèle Mercier, French actress

Births81 years ago

1939 - Phil Read, English motorcycle racer and businessman

Births81 years ago

1939 - Senfronia Thompson, American politician

Births81 years ago
Births79 years ago

1942 - Alassane Ouattara, Ivorian economist and politician, President of the Ivory Coast (doubtful)

Births78 years ago

1942 - Anthony Hamilton-Smith, 3rd Baron Colwyn, English dentist and politician

Births78 years ago

1942 - Country Joe McDonald, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births78 years ago

1942 - Dennis Archer, American lawyer and politician, 67th Mayor of Detroit

Births78 years ago

1942 - Gennadi Sarafanov, Russian pilot and cosmonaut (d. 2005)

Births78 years ago

1943 - Don Novello, American comedian, screenwriter and producer

Births77 years ago

1943 - Tony Knowles, American soldier and politician, 7th Governor of Alaska

Births77 years ago

1943 - Vladimir Šeks, Croatian lawyer and politician, 16th Speaker of the Croatian Parliament

Births77 years ago

1944 - Mati Unt, Estonian author, playwright, and director (d. 2005)

Births76 years ago

1944 - Omar al-Bashir, Sudanese field marshal and politician, 7th President of Sudan

Births76 years ago

1944 - Teresa Torańska, Polish journalist and author (d. 2013)

Births76 years ago

1944 - Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani field hockey player and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan

Births76 years ago

1945 - Jacky Ickx, Belgian racing driver

Births75 years ago

1945 - Victor Ashe, American politician and former United States Ambassador to Poland

Births75 years ago

1946 - Claude Steele, American social psychologist and academic

Births74 years ago

1946 - Rivellino, Brazilian footballer and manager

Births74 years ago

1947 - Jon Corzine, American sergeant and politician, 54th Governor of New Jersey

Births73 years ago

1948 - Devlet Bahçeli, Turkish economist, academic, and politician, 57th Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey

Births72 years ago

1948 - Dick Quax, New Zealand runner and politician (d. 2018)

Births72 years ago

1948 - Pavel Grachev, Russian general and politician, 1st Russian Minister of Defence (d. 2012)

Births72 years ago

1949 - Borys Tarasyuk, Ukrainian politician and diplomat

Births71 years ago

1952 - Shaji N. Karun, Indian director and cinematographer

Births68 years ago

1953 - Gary Johnson, American businessman and politician, 29th Governor of New Mexico

Births67 years ago

1954 - Bob Menendez, American lawyer and politician

Births66 years ago

1954 - Dennis O'Driscoll, Irish poet and critic (d. 2012)

Births66 years ago

1954 - Yannis Papathanasiou, Greek engineer and politician, Greek Minister of Finance

Births66 years ago

1955 - LaMarr Hoyt, American baseball player

Births65 years ago

1955 - Mary Beard, English classicist, academic and presenter

Births65 years ago

1956 - Sergei Avdeyev, Russian engineer and astronaut

Births64 years ago

1956 - Christine Lagarde, French lawyer and politician; Managing Director, International Monetary Fund

Births64 years ago

1957 - Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Greece

Births63 years ago

1958 - Grandmaster Flash, Barbadian rapper and DJ

Births62 years ago

1959 - Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghan colonel, pilot, and astronaut

Births61 years ago

1959 - Azali Assoumani, Comorian colonel and politician, President of the Comoros

Births61 years ago

1959 - Panagiotis Giannakis, Greek basketball player and coach

Births61 years ago

1962 - Anton Muscatelli, Italian-Scottish economist and academic

Births58 years ago

1963 - Jean-Marc Gounon, French racing driver

Births57 years ago

1964 - Dedee Pfeiffer, American actress

Births56 years ago

1966 - Anna Burke, Australian businesswoman and politician, 28th Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives

Births54 years ago

1966 - Ivica Dačić, Serbian journalist and politician, 95th Prime Minister of Serbia

Births54 years ago

1966 - Tihomir Orešković, Croatian–Canadian businessman, 11th Prime Minister of Croatia

Births54 years ago

1968 - Davor Šuker, Croatian footballer

Births52 years ago

1971 - Bobby Holík, Czech-American ice hockey player and coach

Births49 years ago

1971 - Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia, Indian politician

Births49 years ago

1971 - Sammie Henson, American wrestler and coach

Births49 years ago

1972 - Lilian Thuram, French footballer

Births48 years ago

1974 - Christian Paradis, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Canadian Minister of Industry

Births46 years ago

1975 - Becky Kellar-Duke, Canadian ice hockey player

Births45 years ago

1975 - Chris Anstey, Australian basketball player and coach

Births45 years ago

1975 - Fernando Tatís, Dominican baseball player

Births45 years ago

1975 - Joe Cannon, American soccer player and sportscaster

Births45 years ago

1976 - Chai Jing, Chinese former reporter and host

Births44 years ago

1979 - Vidya Balan, Indian actress

Births41 years ago

1981 - Zsolt Baumgartner, Hungarian racing driver

Births39 years ago

1981 - Mladen Petrić, Croatian footballer

Births39 years ago

1982 - David Nalbandian, Argentinian tennis player

Births38 years ago

1982 - Egidio Arévalo Ríos, Uruguayan footballer

Births38 years ago

1983 - Melaine Walker, Jamaican hurdler

Births37 years ago

1983 - Park Sung-hyun, South Korean archer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Calum Davenport, English footballer

Births37 years ago

1984 - Paolo Guerrero, Peruvian footballer

Births36 years ago

1985 - Steven Davis, Northern Irish footballer

Births35 years ago

1985 - Tiago Splitter, Brazilian basketball player

Births35 years ago

1986 - Pablo Cuevas, Uruguayan tennis player

Births34 years ago

1986 - Ramses Barden, American football player

Births34 years ago

1987 - Meryl Davis, American ice dancer

Births33 years ago

1988 - Marcel Gecov, Czech footballer

Births32 years ago

1989 - Jason Pierre-Paul, American football player

Births31 years ago


138 - Lucius Aelius, adopted son and intended successor of Hadrian (b. 101)


404 - Telemachus, Christian monk and martyr


466 - Qianfei, Chinese emperor of the Liu Song Dynasty (b. 449)


898 - Odo I, Frankish king (b. 860)


951 - Ramiro II, king of León and Galicia


1031 - William of Volpiano, Italian abbot (b. 962)

Deaths989 years ago

1189 - Henry of Marcy, Cistercian abbot (b. c. 1136)

Deaths831 years ago

1204 - Haakon III, king of Norway (b. 1182)

Deaths816 years ago

1387 - Charles II, king of Navarre (b. 1332)

Deaths633 years ago

1496 - Charles d'Orléans, count of Angoulême (b. 1459)

Deaths524 years ago

1515 - Louis XII, king of France (b. 1462)

Deaths505 years ago

1559 - Christian III, king of Denmark (b. 1503)

Deaths461 years ago

1560 - Joachim du Bellay, French poet and critic (b. 1522)

Deaths460 years ago

1617 - Hendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1558)

Deaths403 years ago

1697 - Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine historian and author (b. 1625)

Deaths323 years ago

1716 - William Wycherley, English playwright and poet (b. 1641)

Deaths304 years ago

1748 - Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and academic (b. 1667)

Deaths272 years ago

1780 - Johann Ludwig Krebs, German organist and composer (b. 1713)

Deaths240 years ago

1782 - Johann Christian Bach, German composer (b. 1735)

Deaths238 years ago
Deaths231 years ago

1793 - Francesco Guardi, Italian painter and educator (b. 1712)

Deaths227 years ago

1817 - Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist and academic (b. 1743)

Deaths203 years ago

1846 - John Torrington, English sailor and explorer (b. 1825)

Deaths174 years ago

1853 - Gregory Blaxland, Australian farmer and explorer (b. 1778)

Deaths167 years ago

1862 - Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Ukrainian mathematician and physicist (b. 1801)

Deaths158 years ago

1881 - Louis Auguste Blanqui, French activist (b. 1805)

Deaths139 years ago

1892 - Roswell B. Mason, American lawyer and politician, 25th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)

Deaths128 years ago

1894 - Heinrich Hertz, German physicist and academic (b. 1857)

Deaths126 years ago

1896 - Alfred Ely Beach, American publisher and lawyer, created the Beach Pneumatic Transit (b. 1826)

Deaths124 years ago

1906 - Hugh Nelson, Scottish-Australian farmer and politician, 11th Premier of Queensland (b. 1833)

Deaths114 years ago

1918 - William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet and author (b. 1858)

Deaths102 years ago

1921 - Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, German lawyer and politician, 5th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1856)

Deaths99 years ago

1929 - Mustafa Necati, Turkish civil servant and politician, Turkish Minister of Environment and Urban Planning (b. 1894)

Deaths91 years ago

1931 - Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851)

Deaths89 years ago

1937 - Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, Indian religious leader, founded the Gaudiya Math (b. 1874)

Deaths83 years ago

1940 - Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian author and educator (b. 1865)

Deaths80 years ago

1944 - Edwin Lutyens, English architect, designed the Castle Drogo and Thiepval Memorial (b. 1869)

Deaths76 years ago

1944 - Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862)

Deaths76 years ago

1953 - Hank Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1923)

Deaths67 years ago

1954 - Duff Cooper, English politician and diplomat, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1890)

Deaths66 years ago

1954 - Leonard Bacon, American poet and critic (b. 1887)

Deaths66 years ago

1955 - Arthur C. Parker, American archaeologist and historian (b. 1881)

Deaths65 years ago

1960 - Margaret Sullavan, American actress (b. 1909)

Deaths60 years ago

1966 - Vincent Auriol, French journalist and politician, 16th President of the French Republic (b. 1884)

Deaths54 years ago

1969 - Barton MacLane, American actor, playwright and screenwriter (b. 1902)

Deaths51 years ago

1971 - Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian saint (b. 1894)

Deaths49 years ago

1972 - Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer (b. 1888)

Deaths48 years ago

1978 - Carle Hessay, German-Canadian painter (b. 1911)

Deaths42 years ago

1980 - Pietro Nenni, Italian journalist and politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1891)

Deaths40 years ago

1981 - Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Australian pianist (b. 1920)

Deaths39 years ago

1982 - Victor Buono, American actor (b. 1938)

Deaths38 years ago

1984 - Alexis Korner, French-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1928)

Deaths36 years ago

1992 - Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and admiral, co-developed COBOL (b. 1906)

Deaths28 years ago

1994 - Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt, New Zealand physician and politician, 11th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1900)

Deaths26 years ago

1994 - Cesar Romero, American actor (b. 1907)

Deaths26 years ago

1994 - Edward Arthur Thompson, Irish historian and academic (b. 1914)

Deaths26 years ago

1995 - Eugene Wigner, Hungarian-American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)

Deaths25 years ago

1996 - Arleigh Burke, American admiral (b. 1901)

Deaths24 years ago

1996 - Arthur Rudolph, German-American engineer (b. 1906)

Deaths24 years ago

1997 - Townes Van Zandt, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1944)

Deaths23 years ago

1998 - Helen Wills, American tennis player and coach (b. 1905)

Deaths22 years ago

2000 - Betty Archdale, English-Australian cricketer and educator (b. 1907)

Deaths20 years ago

2001 - Ray Walston, American actor (b. 1914)

Deaths19 years ago

2002 - Julia Phillips, American film producer and author (b. 1944)

Deaths18 years ago

2003 - Joe Foss, American soldier, pilot, and politician, 20th Governor of South Dakota (b. 1915)

Deaths17 years ago

2005 - Shirley Chisholm, American educator and politician (b. 1924)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Harry Magdoff, American economist and journalist (b. 1913)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Roland Levinsky, South African-English biochemist and academic (b. 1943)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Tillie Olsen, American short story writer (b. 1912)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Pratap Chandra Chunder, Indian educator and politician (b. 1919)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Claiborne Pell, American politician (b. 1918)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - Lhasa de Sela, American-Mexican singer-songwriter (b. 1972)

Deaths10 years ago

2012 - Kiro Gligorov, Bulgarian-Macedonian lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1917)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Nay Win Maung, Burmese physician, businessman, and activist (b. 1962)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Tommy Mont, American football player and coach (b. 1922)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Christopher Martin-Jenkins, English journalist (b. 1945)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Patti Page, American singer and actress (b. 1927)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Higashifushimi Kunihide, Japanese monk and educator (b. 1910)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Juanita Moore, American actress (b. 1914)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - William Mgimwa, Tanzanian banker and politician, 13th Tanzanian Minister of Finance (b. 1950)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Boris Morukov, Russian physician and astronaut (b. 1950)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Donna Douglas, American actress (b. 1932)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Mario Cuomo, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New York (b. 1932)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Omar Karami, Lebanese lawyer and politician, 58th Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1934)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Dale Bumpers, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 38th Governor of Arkansas (b. 1925)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Fazu Aliyeva, Russian poet and journalist (b. 1932)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-American cinematographer and producer (b. 1930)

Deaths4 years ago

2017 - Derek Parfit, British philosopher (b. 1942)

Deaths3 years ago

2017 - Tony Atkinson, British economist (b. 1944)

Deaths3 years ago

2017 - Yvon Dupuis, Canadian politician (b. 1926)

Deaths3 years ago

2018 - Robert Mann, American violinist (b. 1920)

Deaths2 years ago

2019 - Pegi Young, American singer, songwriter, environmentalist, educator and philanthropist (b. 1952)

Deaths1 years ago

2020David Stern, American lawyer and businessman (b. 1942)

Deaths0 years ago

Christian feast day

Christian feast day
Christian feast day
Christian feast day

Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God, the Octave Day of Christmas, considered a holy day of obligation in some countries (Catholic Church); and its related observances:World Day of Peace

Christian feast day
Christian feast day
Christian feast day