Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances

Independence Day (Myanmar), celebrates the independence of Myanmar from the United Kingdom in 1948.

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances


871 - Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred are defeated by a Danish invasion army.


1649 - English Civil War: The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial.

Events371 years ago

1717 - The Netherlands, Great Britain, and France sign the Triple Alliance in an attempt to maintain the Treaty of Utrecht; Britain having signed a preliminary alliance with France on November 28 (November 17, 1716).

Events303 years ago

1762 - Great Britain declares war on Spain, thus entering the Seven Years' War.

Events258 years ago

1798 - Constantine Hangerli arrives in Bucharest, Wallachia, as its new Prince, invested by the Ottoman Empire.

Events222 years ago

1853 - After having been kidnapped and sold into slavery in the American South, Solomon Northup regains his freedom; his memoir Twelve Years a Slave later becomes a national bestseller.

Events167 years ago

1854 - The McDonald Islands are discovered by Captain William McDonald aboard the Samarang.

Events166 years ago

1863 - The New Apostolic Church, a Christian and chiliastic church, is established in Hamburg, Germany.

Events157 years ago
Events142 years ago

1884 - The Fabian Society is founded in London, United Kingdom.

Events136 years ago

1896 - Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state.

Events124 years ago

1903 - Topsy, an elephant, is electrocuted by the owners of Luna Park, Coney Island. The Edison film company records the film Electrocuting an Elephant of Topsy's death.

Events117 years ago

1912 - The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Empire by royal charter.

Events108 years ago

1918 - The Finnish Declaration of Independence is recognized by Russia, Sweden, Germany and France.

Events102 years ago

1944 - World War II: Operation Carpetbagger, involving the dropping of arms and supplies to resistance fighters in Europe, begins.

Events76 years ago

1948 - Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom becoming an independent republic, named the Union of Burma, with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first President and U Nu its first Prime Minister.

Events72 years ago

1951 - Korean War: Chinese and North Korean forces capture Seoul.

Events69 years ago
Events64 years ago

1958 - Sputnik 1, the first artificial Earth satellite, launched by the Soviet Union in 1957, falls to Earth from orbit.

Events62 years ago

1959 - Luna 1 becomes the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon.

Events61 years ago

1972 - Rose Heilbron becomes the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London, UK.

Events48 years ago
Events44 years ago

1987 - The Maryland train collision: An Amtrak train en route to Boston from Washington, D.C., collides with Conrail engines in Chase, Maryland, United States, killing 16 people.

Events33 years ago

1989 - Second Gulf of Sidra incident: A pair of Libyan MiG-23 "Floggers" are shot down by a pair of US Navy F-14 Tomcats during an air-to-air confrontation.

Events31 years ago

1990 - In Pakistan's deadliest train accident an overloaded passenger train collides with an empty freight train, resulting in 307 deaths and 700 injuries.

Events30 years ago

1998 - A massive ice storm hits eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, continuing through January 10 and causing widespread destruction.

Events22 years ago

1999 - Former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura is sworn in as governor of Minnesota, United States.

Events21 years ago

2004 - Spirit, a NASA Mars rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.

Events16 years ago

2004 - Mikheil Saakashvili is elected President of Georgia following the November 2003 Rose Revolution.

Events16 years ago

2006 - Ehud Olmert becomes acting Prime Minister of Israel after the incumbent, Ariel Sharon, suffers a second, apparently more serious stroke.

Events14 years ago

2007 - The 110th United States Congress convenes, electing Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history.

Events13 years ago

2010 - The Burj Khalifa, the current tallest building in the world, officially opens in Dubai.

Events10 years ago

2013 - A gunman kills eight people in a house-to-house rampage in Kawit, Cavite, Philippines.

Events7 years ago

2018 - Hennenman–Kroonstad train crash: A passenger train operated by Shosholoza Meyl collides with a truck on a level crossing at Geneva Station between Hennenman and Kroonstad, Free State, South Africa. Twenty people are killed and 260 injured.

Events2 years ago


659 - Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin (d.680) (d. 1100)


1077 - Emperor Zhezong of China (d. 1100)

Births943 years ago
Births686 years ago
Births553 years ago

1581 - James Ussher, Irish archbishop and historian (d. 1656)

Births439 years ago

1643 - Isaac Newton, English mathematician and physicist (d. 1727)

Births377 years ago

1654 - Lars Roberg, Swedish physician and academic (d. 1742)

Births366 years ago

1672 - Hugh Boulter, English-Irish archbishop (d. 1742)

Births348 years ago

1710 - Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Italian composer, violinist, and organist (d. 1736)

Births310 years ago

1720 - Johann Friedrich Agricola, German organist and composer (d. 1774)

Births300 years ago

1785 - Jacob Grimm, German philologist and mythologist (d. 1863)

Births235 years ago

1809 - Louis Braille, French educator, invented Braille (d. 1852)

Births211 years ago

1813 - Isaac Pitman, English linguist and educator (d. 1897)

Births207 years ago

1832 - George Tryon, English admiral (d. 1893)

Births188 years ago

1838 - General Tom Thumb, American circus performer (d. 1883)

Births182 years ago

1839 - Carl Humann, German archaeologist, architect, and engineer (d. 1896)

Births181 years ago

1848 - Katsura Tarō, Japanese general and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1913)

Births172 years ago

1858 - Carter Glass, American publisher and politician, 47th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1946)

Births162 years ago

1864 - Clara Emilia Smitt, Swedish doctor and author (d. 1928)

Births156 years ago

1869 - Tommy Corcoran, American baseball player and umpire (d. 1960)

Births151 years ago

1874 - Josef Suk, Czech violinist and composer (d. 1935)

Births146 years ago

1877 - Marsden Hartley, American painter and poet (d. 1943)

Births143 years ago

1878 - A. E. Coppard, English poet and short story writer (d. 1957)

Births142 years ago

1878 - Augustus John, Welsh painter and illustrator (d. 1961)

Births142 years ago

1881 - Wilhelm Lehmbruck, German sculptor (d. 1919)

Births139 years ago

1883 - Max Eastman, American author and poet (d. 1969)

Births137 years ago

1883 - Johanna Westerdijk, Dutch pathologist and academic (d. 1961)

Births137 years ago

1884 - Guy Pène du Bois, American painter, critic, and educator (d. 1958)

Births136 years ago

1889 - M. Patanjali Sastri, Indian lawyer and jurist, 2nd Chief Justice of India (d. 1963)

Births131 years ago

1891 - Edward Brooker, English-Australian sergeant and politician, 31st Premier of Tasmania (d. 1948)

Births129 years ago

1895 - Leroy Grumman, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Grumman Aeronautical Engineering Co. (d. 1982)

Births125 years ago

1896 - Everett Dirksen, American politician (d. 1969)

Births124 years ago

1896 - André Masson, French painter and illustrator (d. 1987)

Births124 years ago

1897 - Chen Cheng, Chinese politician, Vice President of the Republic of China (d. 1965)

Births123 years ago

1900 - James Bond, American ornithologist and zoologist (d. 1989)

Births120 years ago

1901 - C. L. R. James, Trinidadian journalist and theorist (d. 1989)

Births119 years ago

1902 - John A. McCone, American businessman and politician, 6th Director of Central Intelligence (d. 1991)

Births118 years ago

1905 - Sterling Holloway, American actor (d. 1992)

Births115 years ago

1913 - Malietoa Tanumafili II, Samoan ruler (d. 2007)

Births107 years ago

1916 - Lionel Newman, American pianist and composer (d. 1989)

Births104 years ago

1916 - Robert Parrish, American actor and director (d. 1995)

Births104 years ago

1920 - William Colby, American intelligence officer, 10th Director of Central Intelligence (d. 1996)

Births100 years ago

1924 - Marianne Werner, German shot putter

Births96 years ago

1925 - Veikko Hakulinen, Finnish skier and technician (d. 2003)

Births95 years ago

1927 - Paul Desmarais, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2013)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Barbara Rush, American actress

Births93 years ago

1929 - Günter Schabowski, German journalist and politician (d. 2015)

Births91 years ago

1930 - Sorrell Booke, American actor and director (d. 1994)

Births90 years ago

1931 - William Deane, Australian judge and politician, 22nd Governor-General of Australia

Births89 years ago

1931 - Coşkun Özarı, Turkish footballer and coach (d. 2011)

Births89 years ago

1932 - Clint Hill, American secret service agent and author

Births88 years ago

1932 - Carlos Saura, Spanish director and screenwriter

Births88 years ago

1934 - Rudolf Schuster, Slovak politician, 2nd President of Slovakia

Births86 years ago

1935 - Floyd Patterson, American boxer (d. 2006)

Births85 years ago

1937 - Grace Bumbry, American operatic soprano

Births83 years ago

1937 - Dyan Cannon, American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter

Births83 years ago

1940 - Gao Xingjian, Chinese novelist, playwright, and critic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births80 years ago

1940 - Brian Josephson, Welsh physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births80 years ago

1941 - George P. Cosmatos, Italian-Canadian director and screenwriter (d. 2005)

Births79 years ago

1941 - Kalpnath Rai, Indian politician (d. 1999)

Births79 years ago

1942 - Bolaji Akinyemi, Nigerian political scientist, academic, and politician

Births78 years ago

1942 - John McLaughlin, English guitarist and songwriter

Births78 years ago

1943 - Doris Kearns Goodwin, American historian and author

Births77 years ago

1943 - Hwang Sok-yong, South Korean author and educator

Births77 years ago

1945 - Richard R. Schrock, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births75 years ago

1946 - Arthur Conley, American singer-songwriter (d. 2003)

Births74 years ago

1947 - Marie-Thérèse Letablier, French sociologist and academic

Births73 years ago

1948 - Kostas Davourlis, Greek footballer (d. 1992)

Births72 years ago

1948 - Cissé Mariam Kaïdama Sidibé, Malian civil servant and politician, Prime Minister of Mali

Births72 years ago

1950 - Khondakar Ashraf Hossain, Bangladesh poet and academic (d. 2013)

Births70 years ago

1953 - Norberto Alonso, Argentinian footballer

Births67 years ago

1954 - Tina Knowles, American fashion designer, founded House of Deréon

Births66 years ago

1956 - Ann Magnuson, American actress and performance artist

Births64 years ago

1956 - Zehava Gal-On, Israeli politician

Births64 years ago

1956 - Bernard Sumner, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births64 years ago

1957 - Patty Loveless, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births63 years ago

1958 - Matt Frewer, American-Canadian actor

Births62 years ago

1960 - Michael Stipe, American singer-songwriter and producer

Births60 years ago

1963 - Dave Foley, Canadian comedian, actor, director, and producer

Births57 years ago

1964 - Susan Devoy, New Zealand squash player

Births56 years ago

1965 - Guy Forget, French tennis player

Births55 years ago

1965 - Craig Revel Horwood, Australian-English dancer, choreographer, and director

Births55 years ago

1965 - Julia Ormond, English actress and producer

Births55 years ago

1966 - Deana Carter, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births54 years ago

1967 - David Toms, American golfer and philanthropist

Births53 years ago

1975 - Paul Watson, English footballer defender and physiotherapist

Births45 years ago

1978 - Dominik Hrbatý, Slovak tennis player

Births42 years ago

1980 - Miguel Monteiro, Portuguese footballer

Births40 years ago

1985 - Gökhan Gönül, Turkish footballer

Births35 years ago

1985 - Al Jefferson, American basketball player

Births35 years ago

1986 - James Milner, English footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Younès Kaboul, French footballer centre back

Births34 years ago

1989 - Graham Rahal, American race car driver

Births31 years ago

1990 - Toni Kroos, German footballer

Births30 years ago

1992 - Kris Bryant, American baseball player

Births28 years ago

1997 - Ante Žižić, Croatian basketball player

Births23 years ago

1998 - Liza Soberano, Filipina actress

Births22 years ago



874 - Hasan al-Askari, eleventh of the Twelve Imams (probable; b. 846)

Deaths772 years ago

1344 - Robert de Lisle, 1st Baron Lisle, English peer (b. 1288)

Deaths676 years ago

1399 - Nicholas Eymerich, Catalan theologian and inquisitor

Deaths621 years ago

1424 - Muzio Sforza, Italian condottiero

Deaths596 years ago
Deaths592 years ago

1584 - Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter and illustrator (b. 1539)

Deaths436 years ago

1604 - Ferenc Nádasdy, Hungarian noble (b. 1555)

Deaths416 years ago
Deaths325 years ago

1752 - Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1704)

Deaths268 years ago

1761 - Stephen Hales, English clergyman and physiologist (b. 1677)

Deaths259 years ago

1782 - Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect, designed École Militaire (b. 1698)

Deaths238 years ago

1786 - Moses Mendelssohn, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1729)

Deaths234 years ago

1804 - Charlotte Lennox, English author and poet (b. 1730)

Deaths216 years ago

1821 - Elizabeth Ann Seton, American nun and saint (b. 1774)

Deaths199 years ago
Deaths195 years ago

1863 - Roger Hanson, American general (b. 1827)

Deaths157 years ago

1874 - Thomas Gregson, English-Australian lawyer and politician, 2nd Premier of Tasmania (b. 1798)

Deaths146 years ago

1877 - Cornelius Vanderbilt, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1794)

Deaths143 years ago

1880 - Anselm Feuerbach, German painter and educator (b. 1829)

Deaths140 years ago

1880 - Edward William Cooke, English painter and illustrator (b. 1811)

Deaths140 years ago

1882 - John William Draper, English-American physician, chemist, and photographer (b. 1811)

Deaths138 years ago

1883 - Antoine Chanzy, French general (b. 1823)

Deaths137 years ago

1891 - Antoine Labelle, Canadian priest (b. 1833)

Deaths129 years ago

1896 - Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German bishop and academic (b. 1821)

Deaths124 years ago

1900 - Stanisław Mieroszewski, Polish-born politician, writer, historian and member of the Imperial Council of Austria (b. 1827)

Deaths120 years ago

1901 - Nikolaos Gyzis, Greek painter and academic (b. 1842)

Deaths119 years ago

1904 - Anna Winlock, American astronomer and academic (b. 1857)

Deaths116 years ago

1910 - Léon Delagrange, French pilot and sculptor (b. 1873)

Deaths110 years ago

1912 - Clarence Dutton, American geologist and soldier (b. 1841)

Deaths108 years ago

1919 - Georg von Hertling, German academic and politician, 7th Chancellor of the German Empire (b. 1843)

Deaths101 years ago

1920 - Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish author and playwright (b. 1843)

Deaths100 years ago

1924 - Alfred Grünfeld, Austrian pianist and composer (b. 1852)

Deaths96 years ago

1925 - Nellie Cashman, American nurse, restaurateur, entrepreneur, and gold prospector (b. 1845)

Deaths95 years ago

1927 - Süleyman Nazif, Turkish poet and civil servant (b. 1870)

Deaths93 years ago

1931 - Art Acord, American actor and stuntman (b. 1890)

Deaths89 years ago

1931 - Louise, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom (b. 1867)

Deaths89 years ago

1931 - Mohammad Ali Jouhar, Indian journalist, activist, and scholar (b. 1878)

Deaths89 years ago

1940 - Flora Finch, English-American actress and producer (b. 1867)

Deaths80 years ago

1941 - Henri Bergson, French philosopher and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)

Deaths79 years ago

1943 - Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz, Greek-Polish swimmer and water polo player (b. 1911)

Deaths77 years ago

1944 - Kaj Munk, Danish playwright and pastor (b. 1898)

Deaths76 years ago

1944Jean Tatlock, American psychiatrist and physician (b. 1914)

Deaths76 years ago

1960 - Albert Camus, French novelist, philosopher, and journalist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)

Deaths60 years ago

1961 - Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)

Deaths59 years ago

1962 - Hans Lammers, German jurist and politician (b. 1879)

Deaths58 years ago

1965 - T. S. Eliot, American-English poet, playwright, and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)

Deaths55 years ago

1967 - Donald Campbell, English racing driver and world speed record holder (b. 1921)

Deaths53 years ago

1969 - Paul Chambers, American bassist and composer (b. 1935)

Deaths51 years ago

1975 - Carlo Levi, Italian painter, author, and activist (b. 1902)

Deaths45 years ago

1985 - Brian Horrocks, Indian-English general (b. 1895)

Deaths35 years ago

1986 - Christopher Isherwood, English-American author and academic (b. 1904)

Deaths34 years ago

1986 - Phil Lynott, Irish singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (b. 1949)

Deaths34 years ago

1988 - Lily Laskine, French harp player (b. 1893)

Deaths32 years ago

1990 - Harold Eugene Edgerton, American engineer and academic (b. 1903)

Deaths30 years ago

1990 - Henry Bolte, Australian sergeant and politician, 38th Premier of Victoria (b. 1908)

Deaths30 years ago

1994 - R. D. Burman, Indian film composer and music director (b. 1939)

Deaths26 years ago

1995 - Eduardo Mata, Mexican conductor and composer (b. 1942)

Deaths25 years ago

1995 - Sol Tax, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1907)

Deaths25 years ago

1997 - Harry Helmsley, American businessman (b. 1909)

Deaths23 years ago

1998 - Mae Questel, American actress (b. 1908)

Deaths22 years ago

1999 - Iron Eyes Cody, American actor and stuntman (b. 1904)

Deaths21 years ago

2000 - Spyros Markezinis, Greek lawyer and politician, 170th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1909)

Deaths20 years ago

2000 - Tom Fears, Mexican-American football player and coach (b. 1922)

Deaths20 years ago

2001 - Les Brown, American bandleader and composer (b. 1912)

Deaths19 years ago

2004 - Brian Gibson, English director and screenwriter (b. 1944)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - Joan Aiken, English author (b. 1924)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - John Toland, American historian and author (b. 1912)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - Bud Poile, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (b. 1924)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Frank Harary, American mathematician and academic (b. 1921)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Humphrey Carpenter, English radio host and author (b. 1946)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Robert Heilbroner, American economist and historian (b. 1919)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Irving Layton, Romanian-Canadian poet and academic (b. 1912)

Deaths14 years ago
Deaths14 years ago

2006 - Milton Himmelfarb, American sociographer, author, and academic (b. 1918)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Helen Hill, American director and producer (b. 1970)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Steve Krantz, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1923)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Marais Viljoen, South African politician, 5th State President of South Africa (b. 1915)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Xavier Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan journalist (b. 1932)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Gert Jonke, Austrian poet, playwright, and author (b. 1946)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - Johan Ferrier, Surinamese educator and politician, 1st President of Suriname (b. 1910)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - Tsutomu Yamaguchi, Japanese engineer (b. 1916)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Coen Moulijn, Dutch footballer (b. 1937)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Gerry Rafferty, Scottish singer-songwriter (b. 1947)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Salmaan Taseer, Pakistani businessman and politician, 26th Governor of Punjab, Pakistan (b. 1944)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Eve Arnold, American photographer and journalist (b. 1912)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Rod Robbie, English-Canadian architect, designed the Canadian Pavilion and Rogers Centre (b. 1928)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Anwar Shamim, Pakistani general (b. 1931)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Zoran Žižić, Montenegrin politician, 4th Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (b. 1951)

Deaths7 years ago

2015 - Pino Daniele, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1955)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - S. H. Kapadia, Indian lawyer, judge, and politician, 38th Chief Justice of India (b. 1947)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Stephen W. Bosworth, American academic and diplomat, United States Ambassador to South Korea (b. 1939)

Deaths4 years ago

2017 - Milt Schmidt, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and general manager (b. 1918)

Deaths3 years ago

2017 - Georges Prêtre, French orchestral and opera conductor (b. 1924)

Deaths3 years ago
Deaths1 years ago

Christian feast day

Christian feast day
Christian feast day
Christian feast day
Christian feast day
Christian feast day
Christian feast day