Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances


49 BC - Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signalling the start of civil war.


AD 9 - The Western Han dynasty ends when Wang Mang claims that the divine Mandate of Heaven called for the end of the dynasty and the beginning of his own, the Xin dynasty.


236 - Pope Fabian succeeds Anterus to become the twentieth pope of Rome.


1072 - Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo in Sicily.

Events948 years ago

1430 - Philip the Good, the Duke of Burgundy, establishes the Order of the Golden Fleece, the most prestigious, exclusive, and expensive order of chivalry in the world.

Events590 years ago
Events545 years ago

1645 - Archbishop William Laud is beheaded for treason at the Tower of London.

Events375 years ago

1776 - American Revolution : Thomas Paine publishes his pamphlet Common Sense.

Events244 years ago
Events229 years ago

1806 - Two British brigades occupy Cape Town after the Battle of Blaauwberg.

Events214 years ago

1812 - The first steamboat on the Ohio River or the Mississippi River arrives in New Orleans, 82 days after departing from Pittsburgh.

Events208 years ago

1861 - American Civil War: Florida becomes the third state to secede from the Union.

Events159 years ago

1863 - The Metropolitan Railway, the world's oldest underground railway, opens between Paddington and Farringdon, marking the beginning of the London Underground.

Events157 years ago
Events150 years ago

1901 - The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.

Events119 years ago

1916 - World War I: In the Erzurum Offensive, Russia defeats the Ottoman Empire.

Events104 years ago

1920 - The Treaty of Versailles takes effect, officially ending World War I.

Events100 years ago

1920 - League of Nations Covenant enters into force. On January 16 the organization holds its first council meeting, in Paris.

Events100 years ago

1927 - Fritz Lang's futuristic film Metropolis is released in Germany.

Events93 years ago

1941 - World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.

Events79 years ago

1946 - The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented.

Events74 years ago

1946 - The United States Army Signal Corps successfully conducts Project Diana, bouncing radio waves off the Moon and receiving the reflected signals.

Events74 years ago

1954 - BOAC Flight 781, a de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1, explodes and falls into the Tyrrhenian Sea killing 35 people.

Events66 years ago

1962 - Apollo program: NASA announces plans to build the C-5 rocket launch vehicle, which became known as the Saturn V Moon rocket, which launched every Apollo Moon mission.

Events58 years ago

1966 - Tashkent Declaration, a peace agreement between India and Pakistan signed that resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.

Events54 years ago

1972 - Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returns to the newly independent Bangladesh as president after spending over nine months in prison in Pakistan.

Events48 years ago

1981 - Salvadoran Civil War: The FMLN launches its first major offensive, gaining control of most of Morazán and Chalatenango departments

Events39 years ago

1984 - Holy See–United States relations: The United States and Holy See (Vatican City) re-establish full diplomatic relations after almost 117 years, overturning the United States Congress's 1867 ban on public funding for such a diplomatic envoy.

Events36 years ago

1985 - Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and vows to continue the transformation to socialism and alliance with the Soviet Union and Cuba; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government.

Events35 years ago

1990 - Time Warner is formed by the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications.

Events30 years ago

2007 - A general strike begins in Guinea in an attempt to get President Lansana Conté to resign.

Events13 years ago

2012 - A bombing in Khyber Agency, Pakistan, kills at least 30 people and 78 others injured.

Events8 years ago

2013 - More than 100 people are killed and 270 injured in several bomb blasts in Pakistan.

Events7 years ago

2015 - A traffic accident between an oil tanker truck and passenger coach en route to Shikarpur from Karachi on the Pakistan National Highway Link Road near Gulshan-e-Hadeed, Karachi, killing at least 62 people.

Events5 years ago


626 - Husayn ibn Ali the third Shia Imam (d.680 )


1392 - Johanna van Polanen, Dutch noblewoman (d. 1445)

Births628 years ago
Births540 years ago

1538 - Louis of Nassau (d. 1574)

Births482 years ago

1607 - Isaac Jogues, French priest and missionary (d. 1646)

Births413 years ago

1644 - Louis François, duc de Boufflers, French general (d. 1711)

Births376 years ago

1654 - Joshua Barnes, English historian and scholar (d. 1712)

Births366 years ago

1702 - Johannes Zick, German painter (d. 1762)

Births318 years ago

1715 - Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1775)

Births305 years ago

1729 - Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian priest, biologist, and physiologist (d. 1799)

Births291 years ago

1745 - Isaac Titsingh, Dutch surgeon, scholar, and diplomat (d. 1812)

Births275 years ago

1750 - Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine, Scottish-English lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1823)

Births270 years ago

1760 - Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg, German composer and conductor (d. 1802)

Births260 years ago

1769 - Michel Ney, French general (d. 1815)

Births251 years ago

1776 - George Birkbeck, English physician and academic, founded Birkbeck, University of London (d. 1841)

Births244 years ago

1780 - Martin Lichtenstein, German physician and explorer (d. 1857)

Births240 years ago

1802 - Carl Ritter von Ghega, Italian-Austrian engineer, designed the Semmering railway (d. 1860)

Births218 years ago

1810 - Ferdinand Barbedienne, French engineer (d. 1892)

Births210 years ago

1810 - Jeremiah S. Black, American jurist and politician, 23rd United States Secretary of State (d. 1883)

Births210 years ago

1810 - William Haines, English-Australian politician, 1st Premier of Victoria (d. 1866)

Births210 years ago

1812 - Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect and academic (d. 1881)

Births208 years ago

1828 - Herman Koeckemann, German bishop and missionary (d. 1892)

Births192 years ago

1829 - Epameinondas Deligeorgis, Greek lawyer, journalist and politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1879)

Births191 years ago

1834 - John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, Italian-English historian and politician (d. 1902)

Births186 years ago

1836 - Charles Ingalls, American farmer and carpenter (d. 1902)

Births184 years ago

1840 - Louis-Nazaire Bégin, Canadian cardinal (d. 1925)

Births180 years ago

1842 - Luigi Pigorini, Italian paleontologist, archaeologist, and ethnographer (d. 1925)

Births178 years ago

1843 - Frank James, American soldier and criminal (d. 1915)

Births177 years ago

1848 - Reinhold Sadler, American merchant and politician, 9th Governor of Nevada (d. 1906)

Births172 years ago

1849 - Robert Crosbie, Canadian theosophist, founded the United Lodge of Theosophists (d. 1919)

Births171 years ago

1850 - John Wellborn Root, American architect, designed the Rookery Building and Monadnock Building (d. 1891)

Births170 years ago

1854 - Ramón Corral, Mexican general and politician, 6th Vice President of Mexico (d. 1912)

Births166 years ago

1858 - Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer (d. 1929)

Births162 years ago

1859 - Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia, Spanish philosopher and academic (d. 1909)

Births161 years ago

1860 - Charles G. D. Roberts, Canadian poet and author (d. 1943)

Births160 years ago
Births156 years ago

1873 - Algernon Maudslay, English sailor (d. 1948)

Births147 years ago

1873 - Jack O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player (d. 1935)

Births147 years ago

1873 - George Orton, Canadian runner and hurdler (d. 1958)

Births147 years ago

1875 - Issai Schur, German mathematician and academic (d. 1941)

Births145 years ago

1877 - Frederick Gardner Cottrell, American physical chemist, inventor and philanthropist (d. 1948)

Births143 years ago

1878 - John McLean, American hurdler, football player, and coach (d. 1955)

Births142 years ago

1880 - Manuel Azaña, Spanish jurist and politician, 7th President of Spain (d. 1940)

Births140 years ago

1883 - Francis X. Bushman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1966)

Births137 years ago

1883 - Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy, Russian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1945)

Births137 years ago

1887 - Robinson Jeffers, American poet and philosopher (d. 1962)

Births133 years ago

1890 - Pina Menichelli, Italian actress (d. 1984)

Births130 years ago

1891 - Heinrich Behmann, German mathematician and academic (d. 1970)

Births129 years ago

1891 - Ann Shoemaker, American actress (d. 1978)

Births129 years ago

1892 - Dumas Malone, American historian and author (d. 1986)

Births128 years ago

1892 - Melchior Wańkowicz, Polish soldier, journalist, and author (d. 1974)

Births128 years ago

1893 - Albert Jacka, Australian captain, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1932)

Births127 years ago

1894 - Pingali Lakshmikantam, Indian poet and author (d. 1972)

Births126 years ago

1895 - Percy Cerutty, Australian athletics coach (d. 1975)

Births125 years ago

1896 - Yong Mun Sen, Malaysian watercolour painter (d. 1962)

Births124 years ago

1898 - Katharine Burr Blodgett, American physicist and engineer (d. 1979)

Births122 years ago

1900 - Violette Cordery, English racing driver (d. 1983)

Births120 years ago

1902 - Dobriša Cesarić, Croatian poet and translator (d. 1980)

Births118 years ago

1903 - Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor (d. 1975)

Births117 years ago

1903 - Pud Thurlow, Australian cricketer (d. 1975)

Births117 years ago

1903 - Voldemar Väli, Estonian wrestler (d. 1997)

Births117 years ago

1904 - Ray Bolger, American actor and dancer (d. 1987)

Births116 years ago

1905 - Albert Arlen, Australian pianist, composer, actor, and playwright (d. 1993)

Births115 years ago

1907 - Gordon Kidd Teal, American engineer and inventor (d. 2003)

Births113 years ago

1908 - Paul Henreid, Italian-American actor and director (d. 1992)

Births112 years ago

1910 - Jean Martinon, French conductor and composer (d. 1976)

Births110 years ago

1911 - Binod Bihari Chowdhury, Bangladeshi activist (d. 2013)

Births109 years ago

1911 - Norman Heatley, English biologist and chemist (d. 2004)

Births109 years ago

1912 - Maria Mandl, Austrian SS guard (d. 1948)

Births108 years ago

1913 - Franco Bordoni, Italian racing driver and pilot (d. 1975)

Births107 years ago

1913 - Gustáv Husák, Slovak politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1991)

Births107 years ago

1913 - Mehmet Shehu, Albanian soldier and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Albania (d. 1981)

Births107 years ago

1914 - Pierre Cogan, French cyclist (d. 2013)

Births106 years ago

1914 - Yu Kuo-hwa, Chinese politician, 23rd Premier of the Republic of China (d. 2000)

Births106 years ago

1915 - Dean Dixon, American-Swiss conductor (d. 1976)

Births105 years ago

1915 - Cynthia Freeman, American author (d. 1988)

Births105 years ago

1916 - Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)

Births104 years ago

1916 - Eldzier Cortor, American painter (d. 2015)

Births104 years ago

1916 - Don Metz, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)

Births104 years ago

1917 - Jerry Wexler, American journalist and producer (d. 2008)

Births103 years ago

1918 - Les Bennett, English footballer and manager (d. 1999)

Births102 years ago

1918 - Arthur Chung, Guyanese lawyer and politician, 1st President of Guyana (d. 2008)

Births102 years ago

1918 - Harry Merkel, German racing driver (d. 1995)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Terukuni Manzō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 38th Yokozuna (d. 1977)

Births101 years ago

1919 - Milton Parker, American businessman, co-founded the Carnegie Deli (d. 2009)

Births101 years ago

1920 - Rosella Hightower, American ballerina (d. 2008)

Births100 years ago

1920 - Roberto M. Levingston, Argentinian general and politician, 36th President of Argentina (d. 2015)

Births100 years ago

1920 - Max Patkin, American baseball player and clown (d. 1999)

Births100 years ago

1921 - Rodger Ward, American aviator, race car driver and sportscaster (d. 2004)

Births99 years ago

1922 - Billy Liddell, Scottish-English footballer (d. 2001)

Births98 years ago

1924 - Earl Bakken, American inventor (d. 2018)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Ludmilla Chiriaeff, Canadian ballerina, choreographer, and director (d. 1996)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Max Roach, American drummer and composer (d. 2007)

Births96 years ago

1925 - Billie Sol Estes, American financier and businessman (d. 2013)

Births95 years ago

1926 - Musallam Bseiso, Palestinian journalist and politician (d. 2017)

Births94 years ago

1927 - Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian-American singer and actress (d. 2003)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Johnnie Ray, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1990)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Otto Stich, Swiss lawyer and politician, 140th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 2012)

Births93 years ago

1928 - Philip Levine, American poet and academic (d. 2015)

Births92 years ago

1928 - Peter Mathias, English historian and academic (d. 2016)

Births92 years ago

1929 - Tony Soper, English ornithologist and author

Births91 years ago

1930 - Roy E. Disney, American businessman (d. 2009)

Births90 years ago

1931 - Peter Barnes, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 2004)

Births89 years ago

1931 - Rosalind Howells, Baroness Howells of St Davids, Grenadian-English academic and politician

Births89 years ago

1931 - Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat, Malaysian cleric and politician, 12th Menteri Besar of Kelantan (d. 2015)

Births89 years ago

1931 - John Zizioulas, Greek metropolitan

Births89 years ago

1934 - Leonid Kravchuk, Ukrainian politician, 1st President of Ukraine

Births86 years ago

1935 - Ronnie Hawkins, American rockabilly singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births85 years ago

1935 - Sherrill Milnes, American opera singer and educator

Births85 years ago

1936 - Stephen E. Ambrose, American historian and author (d. 2002)

Births84 years ago

1936 - Walter Bodmer, German-English geneticist and academic

Births84 years ago

1936 - Robert Woodrow Wilson, American physicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate

Births84 years ago

1937 - Daniel Walker Howe, American historian and academic

Births83 years ago

1937 - Thomas Penfield Jackson, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (d. 2013)

Births83 years ago

1938 - Donald Knuth, American computer scientist and mathematician

Births82 years ago

1938 - Frank Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player and politician

Births82 years ago

1938 - Willie McCovey, American baseball player (d. 2018)

Births82 years ago

1939 - Jared Carter, American poet and author

Births81 years ago

1939 - David Horowitz, American activist and author

Births81 years ago

1939 - William Levy, American-Dutch journalist, author, and poet

Births81 years ago

1939 - Scott McKenzie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012)

Births81 years ago

1939 - Sal Mineo, American actor (d. 1976)

Births81 years ago

1939 - Michaela Odone, American journalist who, along with her husband, invented Lorenzo's oil (d. 2000).

Births81 years ago

1940 - K. J. Yesudas, Indian singer and music director

Births80 years ago

1940 - Godfrey Hewitt, English geneticist and academic (d. 2013)

Births80 years ago

1940 - Walter Hill, American director, producer, and screenwriter

Births80 years ago
Births79 years ago

1942 - Graeme Gahan, Australian footballer and coach

Births78 years ago

1943 - Jim Croce, American singer-songwriter (d. 1973)

Births77 years ago

1944 - Jeffrey Catherine Jones, American comics and fantasy artist (d. 2011)

Births76 years ago

1944 - Frank Sinatra, Jr., American singer and actor (d. 2016)

Births76 years ago

1945 - John Fahey, New Zealand-Australian lawyer and politician, 38th Premier of New South Wales

Births75 years ago

1945 - Rod Stewart, English singer-songwriter

Births75 years ago

1945 - Gunther von Hagens, German anatomist, invented plastination

Births75 years ago

1946 - Aynsley Dunbar, English drummer and songwriter

Births74 years ago

1947 - George Alec Effinger, American author (d. 2002)

Births73 years ago

1947 - James Morris, American opera singer

Births73 years ago

1947 - Peer Steinbrück, German politician, German Minister of Finance

Births73 years ago

1947 - Tiit Vähi, Estonian engineer and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Estonia

Births73 years ago

1948 - Donald Fagen, American singer-songwriter and musician

Births72 years ago

1948 - Bernard Thévenet, French cyclist and sportscaster

Births72 years ago

1949 - Kemal Derviş, Turkish economist and politician, Turkish Minister of Economy

Births71 years ago

1949 - George Foreman, American boxer, actor, and businessman

Births71 years ago

1949 - Linda Lovelace, American porn actress and activist (d. 2002)

Births71 years ago

1950 - Roy Blunt, American academic and politician

Births70 years ago

1952 - Scott Thurston, American guitarist and songwriter

Births68 years ago

1953 - Pat Benatar, American singer-songwriter

Births67 years ago

1953 - Bobby Rahal, American race car driver

Births67 years ago

1954 - John Gidman, English footballer and manager

Births66 years ago

1954 - Greg Towns, Australian footballer

Births66 years ago

1955 - Michael Schenker, German guitarist, songwriter, and producer

Births65 years ago

1955 - Franco Tancredi, Italian footballer and manager

Births65 years ago

1956 - Shawn Colvin, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births64 years ago

1956 - George Merrill, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player

Births64 years ago

1956 - Antonio Muñoz Molina, Spanish author

Births64 years ago

1958 - Eddie Cheever, American race car driver

Births62 years ago

1958 - Anatoly Pisarenko, Ukrainian weightlifter and trainer

Births62 years ago

1959 - Chandra Cheeseborough, American sprinter and coach

Births61 years ago

1959 - Chris Van Hollen, American lawyer and politician

Births61 years ago

1959 - Fran Walsh, New Zealand screenwriter and producer

Births61 years ago

1960 - Gurinder Chadha, Kenyan-English director, producer, and screenwriter

Births60 years ago

1960 - Brian Cowen, Irish lawyer and politician, 12th Taoiseach of Ireland

Births60 years ago

1960 - John Mann, English lawyer and politician

Births60 years ago

1960 - Benoît Pelletier, Canadian lawyer and politician

Births60 years ago

1961 - Janet Jones, American actress

Births59 years ago

1961 - Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, Italian-American violinist, author, and educator

Births59 years ago

1962 - Michael Fortier, Canadian lawyer and politician

Births58 years ago

1962 - Kathryn S. McKinley, American computer scientist and academic

Births58 years ago

1963 - Malcolm Dunford, New Zealand-Australian footballer

Births57 years ago

1963 - Kira Ivanova, Russian figure skater (d. 2001)

Births57 years ago

1963 - Mark Pryor, American lawyer and politician, 53rd Arkansas Attorney General

Births57 years ago

1964 - Brad Roberts, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births56 years ago

1967 - Maciej Śliwowski, Polish footballer

Births53 years ago

1969 - Simone Bagel-Trah, German businessperson

Births51 years ago

1970 - Buff Bagwell, American wrestler and actor

Births50 years ago

1970 - Alisa Marić, Serbian chess player and politician, Serbian Minister of Youth and Sports

Births50 years ago

1972 - Mohammed Benzakour, Moroccan-Dutch journalist, poet, and author

Births48 years ago

1973 - Glenn Robinson, American basketball player

Births47 years ago

1973 - Félix Trinidad, Puerto Rican-American boxer

Births47 years ago

1974 - Jemaine Clement, New Zealand comedian, actor, and musician

Births46 years ago

1974 - Davide Dionigi, Italian footballer and manager

Births46 years ago

1974 - Steve Marlet, French footballer, forward and coach

Births46 years ago

1974 - Bob Peeters, Belgian footballer and manager

Births46 years ago

1974 - Hrithik Roshan, Indian actor

Births46 years ago

1975 - Jake Delhomme, American football player

Births45 years ago

1976 - Adam Kennedy, American baseball player

Births44 years ago

1976 - Ian Poulter, English golfer

Births44 years ago

1978 - Johan van der Wath, South African cricketer

Births42 years ago

1979 - Simone Cavalli, Italian footballer

Births41 years ago

1980 - Sarah Shahi, American actress

Births40 years ago

1980 - DeShaun Foster, American football player

Births40 years ago

1981 - James Coppinger, English footballer

Births39 years ago

1981 - Jared Kushner, American real estate investor and political figure

Births39 years ago

1982 - Julien Brellier, French footballer

Births38 years ago

1982 - Tomasz Brzyski, Polish footballer

Births38 years ago

1984 - Marouane Chamakh, Moroccan footballer

Births36 years ago

1984 - Trent Cutler, Australian rugby league player

Births36 years ago

1984 - Ariane Friedrich, German high jumper

Births36 years ago

1984 - Kalki Koechlin, Indian actress

Births36 years ago

1986 - Kirsten Flipkens, Belgian tennis player

Births34 years ago

1986 - Hideaki Ikematsu, Japanese footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Kenneth Vermeer, Dutch footballer

Births34 years ago

1987 - César Cielo, Brazilian swimmer

Births33 years ago

1988 - Leonard Patrick Komon, Kenyan runner

Births32 years ago

1988 - Vladimir Zharkov, Russian ice hockey player

Births32 years ago

1989 - Emily Meade, American actress

Births31 years ago

1989 - Kyle Reimers, Australian footballer

Births31 years ago

1990 - Mirko Bortolotti, Italian racing driver

Births30 years ago

1990 - Ishiura Masakatsu, Japanese sumo wrestler

Births30 years ago

1990 - Cody Walker, Australian rugby league player

Births30 years ago

1990 - John Carlson, American ice hockey player

Births30 years ago

1991 - Chad Townsend, Australian rugby league player

Births29 years ago


259 - Polyeuctus, Roman saint


314 - Miltiades, pope of the Catholic Church


681 - Agatho, pope of the Catholic Church


976 - John I Tzimiskes, Byzantine emperor (b. 925)


987 - Pietro I Orseolo, doge of Venice (b. 928)


1055 - Bretislav I, duke of Bohemia

Deaths965 years ago

1094 - Al-Mustansir Billah, Egyptian caliph (b. 1029)

Deaths926 years ago

1218 - Hugh I, king of Cyprus

Deaths802 years ago

1276 - Gregory X, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1210)

Deaths744 years ago

1322 - Petrus Aureolus, scholastic philosopher

Deaths698 years ago

1358 - Abu Inan Faris, Marinid ruler of Morocco (b. 1329)

Deaths662 years ago

1552 - Johann Cochlaeus, German humanist and controversialist (b. 1479)

Deaths468 years ago

1645 - William Laud, English archbishop and academic (b. 1573)

Deaths375 years ago

1654 - Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist, physician, and astrologer (b. 1616)

Deaths366 years ago

1698 - Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French priest and historian (b. 1637)

Deaths322 years ago

1754 - Edward Cave, English publisher, founded The Gentleman's Magazine (b. 1691)

Deaths266 years ago

1761 - Edward Boscawen, English admiral and politician (b. 1711)

Deaths259 years ago

1778 - Carl Linnaeus, Swedish botanist and physician (b. 1707)

Deaths242 years ago

1794 - Georg Forster, German-Polish ethnologist and journalist (b. 1754)

Deaths226 years ago

1811 - Joseph Chénier, French poet, playwright, and politician (b. 1764)

Deaths209 years ago

1824 - Victor Emmanuel I, duke of Savoy and king of Sardinia (b. 1759)

Deaths196 years ago

1828 - François de Neufchâteau, French poet, academic, and politician, French Minister of the Interior (b. 1750)

Deaths192 years ago

1829 - Gregorio Funes, Argentinian clergyman, historian, and educator (b. 1749)

Deaths191 years ago

1833 - Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1752)

Deaths187 years ago

1843 - Dimitrie Macedonski, Greek-Romanian captain and politician (b. 1780)

Deaths177 years ago

1851 - Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (b. 1775)

Deaths169 years ago

1855 - Mary Russell Mitford, English author and playwright (b. 1787)

Deaths165 years ago

1862 - Samuel Colt, American engineer and businessman, founded Colt's Manufacturing Company (b. 1814)

Deaths158 years ago

1863 - Lyman Beecher, American minister and activist, co-founded the American Temperance Society (b. 1775)

Deaths157 years ago

1895 - Eli Whitney Blake, Jr., American chemist, physicist, and academic (b. 1836)

Deaths125 years ago

1895 - Benjamin Godard, French violinist and composer (b. 1849)

Deaths125 years ago

1901 - James Robert Dickson, English-Australian businessman and politician, 1st Australian Minister for Defence (b. 1832)

Deaths119 years ago

1904 - Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor (b. 1824)

Deaths116 years ago

1905 - Kārlis Baumanis, Latvian composer (b. 1835)

Deaths115 years ago

1917 - Buffalo Bill, American soldier and hunter (b. 1846)

Deaths103 years ago

1917 - Feliks Leparsky, Russian fencer and captain (b. 1875)

Deaths103 years ago

1920 - Sali Nivica, Albanian journalist and politician (b. 1890)

Deaths100 years ago

1922 - Frank Tudor, Australian politician, 6th Australian Minister for Trade and Investment (b. 1866)

Deaths98 years ago

1926 - Eino Leino, Finnish poet and journalist (b. 1878)

Deaths94 years ago

1935 - Edwin Flack, Australian tennis player and runner (b. 1873)

Deaths85 years ago

1935 - Charlie McGahey, English cricketer and footballer (b. 1871)

Deaths85 years ago

1941 - Frank Bridge, English viola player and composer (b. 1879)

Deaths79 years ago

1941 - John Lavery, Irish painter and academic (b. 1856)

Deaths79 years ago

1941 - Joe Penner, Hungarian-American actor (b. 1904)

Deaths79 years ago

1941 - Issai Schur, Belarusian-German mathematician and academic (b. 1875)

Deaths79 years ago

1949 - Erich von Drygalski, German geographer and geophysicist (b. 1865)

Deaths71 years ago

1951 - Sinclair Lewis, American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)

Deaths69 years ago

1951 - Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist and academic (b. 1890)

Deaths69 years ago

1954 - Chester Wilmot, American journalist and historian (b. 1911)

Deaths66 years ago

1956Zonia Baber, American geographer and geologist (b. 1862)

Deaths64 years ago

1957 - Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)

Deaths63 years ago

1959 - Şükrü Kaya, Turkish jurist and politician, Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1883)

Deaths61 years ago

1960 - Jack Laviolette, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (b. 1879)

Deaths60 years ago

1961 - Dashiell Hammett, American detective novelist and screenwriter (b. 1894)

Deaths59 years ago

1967 - Charles E. Burchfield, American painter (b. 1893)

Deaths53 years ago

1968 - Ali Fuat Cebesoy, Turkish general and politician, 6th Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey (b. 1882)

Deaths52 years ago

1969 - Sampurnanand, Indian educator and politician, 2nd Governor of Rajasthan (b. 1891)

Deaths51 years ago

1970 - Pavel Belyayev, Russian pilot and astronaut (b. 1925)

Deaths50 years ago

1971 - Coco Chanel, French fashion designer, founded Chanel (b. 1883)

Deaths49 years ago

1971 - Ignazio Giunti, Italian race car driver (b. 1941)

Deaths49 years ago

1972 - Aksel Larsen, Danish lawyer and politician (b. 1897)

Deaths48 years ago

1976 - Howlin' Wolf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1910)

Deaths44 years ago

1978 - Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan journalist and author (b. 1924)

Deaths42 years ago

1978 - Don Gillis, American composer and conductor (b. 1912)

Deaths42 years ago

1978 - Hannah Gluckstein, British painter (b. 1895)

Deaths42 years ago

1980 - Hughie Critz, American baseball player and scout (b. 1900)

Deaths40 years ago

1980 - George Meany, American plumber and trade union leader (b. 1894)

Deaths40 years ago

1980 - Bo Rein, American football player and coach (b. 1945)

Deaths40 years ago

1981 - Fawn M. Brodie, American historian and author (b. 1915)

Deaths39 years ago

1984 - Souvanna Phouma, Laotian politician, 8th Prime Minister of Laos (b. 1901)

Deaths36 years ago

1986 - Jaroslav Seifert, Czech journalist and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)

Deaths34 years ago

1987 - Marion Hutton, American singer (b. 1919)

Deaths33 years ago

1987 - David Robinson, English businessman and philanthropist (b. 1904)

Deaths33 years ago

1989 - Herbert Morrison, American journalist and producer (b. 1905)

Deaths31 years ago

1990 - Tochinishiki Kiyotaka, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 44th Yokozuna (b. 1925)

Deaths30 years ago

1992 - Roberto Bonomi, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1919)

Deaths28 years ago

1995 - Kathleen Tynan, Canadian-English journalist, author, and screenwriter (b. 1937)

Deaths25 years ago

1997 - Elspeth Huxley, Kenyan-English journalist and author (b. 1907)

Deaths23 years ago

1997 - Sheldon Leonard, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)

Deaths23 years ago

1997 - Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Scottish-English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)

Deaths23 years ago

1999 - Edward Williams, Australian lieutenant, pilot, and judge (b. 1921)

Deaths21 years ago

2000 - Sam Jaffe, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1901)

Deaths20 years ago

2004 - Spalding Gray, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - Wasyly, Ukrainian-Canadian bishop (b. 1909)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Jack Horner, American journalist (b. 1912)

Deaths15 years ago
Deaths15 years ago

2007 - Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (b. 1912)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Bradford Washburn, American explorer, photographer, and cartographer (b. 1910)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Christopher Bowman, American figure skater and actor (b. 1967)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Maila Nurmi, Finnish-American actress, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)

Deaths12 years ago

2010 - Patcha Ramachandra Rao, Indian metallurgist, educator and administrator (b. 1942)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Margaret Whiting, American singer (b. 1924)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Jean Pigott, Canadian businesswoman and politician (b. 1924)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Gevork Vartanian, Russian intelligence agent (b. 1924)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - George Gruntz, Swiss pianist and composer (b. 1932)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Claude Nobs, Swiss businessman, founded the Montreux Jazz Festival (b. 1936)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Petr Hlaváček, Czech shoemaker and academic (b. 1950)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Zbigniew Messner, Polish economist and politician, 9th Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland (b. 1929)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Larry Speakes, American journalist, 16th White House Press Secretary (b. 1939)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Junior Malanda, Belgian footballer (b. 1994)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Taylor Negron, American actor, playwright, and painter (b. 1957)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Francesco Rosi, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1922)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Robert Stone, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1937)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Wim Bleijenberg, Dutch footballer and manager (b. 1930)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - David Bowie, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (b. 1947)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - George Jonas, Hungarian-Canadian journalist, author, and poet (b. 1935)

Deaths4 years ago

2017 - Buddy Greco, American jazz and pop singer and pianist (b. 1926)

Deaths3 years ago

2017 - Clare Hollingworth, English journalist (b. 1911)

Deaths3 years ago

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