Arbor Day (Egypt)
Armed Forces Day (Nigeria)
Army Day (India)
Earliest day on which Martin Luther King Jr. Day can fall (the 15th being his birthday), while January 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Monday in January. (United States)
Earliest day on which Sinulog Festival can fall, while January 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Sunday in January. (Philippines)
John Chilembwe Day (Malawi)
Korean Alphabet Day (North Korea)
Ocean Duty Day (Indonesia)
Sagichō at Tsurugaoka Hachimangū. (Kamakura, Japan)
Teacher's Day (Venezuela)
The second day of the sidereal winter solstice festivals in India (see January 14):Thai Pongal, Tamil harvest festival
69 - Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, beginning a reign of only three months.
1541 - King Francis I of France gives Jean-François Roberval a commission to settle the province of New France (Canada) and provide for the spread of the "Holy Catholic faith".
1559 - Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey, London.
1582 - Truce of Yam-Zapolsky: Russia cedes Livonia to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1759 - The British Museum opens to the public.
1777 - American Revolutionary War: New Connecticut (present-day Vermont) declares its independence.
1782 - Superintendent of Finance Robert Morris goes before the U.S. Congress to recommend establishment of a national mint and decimal coinage.
1815 - War of 1812: American frigate USS President, commanded by Commodore Stephen Decatur, is captured by a squadron of four British frigates.
1818 - A paper by David Brewster is read to the Royal Society, belatedly announcing his discovery of what we now call the biaxial class of doubly-refracting crystals. On the same day, Augustin-Jean Fresnel signs a "supplement" (submitted four days later) on reflection of polarized light.
1822 - Greek War of Independence: Demetrios Ypsilantis is elected president of the legislative assembly.
1844 - University of Notre Dame receives its charter from the state of Indiana.
1865 - American Civil War: Fort Fisher in North Carolina falls to the Union, thus cutting off the last major seaport of the Confederacy.
1867 - Forty people died when ice covering the boating lake at Regents Park, London, collapsed.
1870 - A political cartoon for the first time symbolizes the Democratic Party with a donkey ("A Live Jackass Kicking a Dead Lion" by Thomas Nast for Harper's Weekly).
1876 - The first newspaper in Afrikaans, Die Afrikaanse Patriot, is published in Paarl.
1889 - The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is incorporated in Atlanta.
1892 - James Naismith publishes the rules of basketball.
1908 - The Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority becomes the first Greek-letter organization founded and established by African American college women.
1910 - Construction ends on the Buffalo Bill Dam in Wyoming, United States, which was the highest dam in the world at the time, at 325 ft (99 m).
1919 - Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps at the end of the Spartacist uprising.
1919 - Great Molasses Flood: A wave of molasses released from an exploding storage tank sweeps through Boston, Massachusetts, killing 21 and injuring 150.
1934 - The 8.0 Mw Nepal–Bihar earthquake strikes Nepal and Bihar with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing an estimated 6,000–10,700 people.
1936 - The first building to be completely covered in glass, built for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company, is completed in Toledo, Ohio.
1937 - Spanish Civil War: Nationalists and Republican both withdraw after suffering heavy losses, ending the Second Battle of the Corunna Road.
1943 - World War II: The Soviet counter-offensive at Voronezh begins.
1943 - The Pentagon is dedicated in Arlington, Virginia.
1947 - The Black Dahlia murder: the dismembered corpse of Elizabeth Short was found in Los Angeles.
1949 - Chinese Civil War: The Communist forces take over Tianjin from the Nationalist Government.
1962 - The Derveni papyrus, Europe's oldest surviving manuscript dating to 340 BC, is found in northern Greece.
1962 - Netherlands New Guinea Conflict: Indonesian Navy fast patrol boat RI Macan Tutul commanded by Commodore Yos Sudarso sunk in Arafura Sea by the Dutch Navy.
1966 - The First Nigerian Republic, led by Abubakar Tafawa Balewa is overthrown in a military coup d'état.
1967 - The first Super Bowl is played in Los Angeles. The Green Bay Packers defeat the Kansas City Chiefs 35–10.
1969 - The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 5.
1970 - Nigerian Civil War: Biafran rebels surrender following an unsuccessful 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria.
1970 - Muammar Gaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya.
1973 - Vietnam War: Citing progress in peace negotiations, President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive action in North Vietnam.
1975 - The Alvor Agreement is signed, ending the Angolan War of Independence and giving Angola independence from Portugal.
1976 - Gerald Ford's would-be assassin, Sara Jane Moore, is sentenced to life in prison.
1981 - Pope John Paul II receives a delegation from Solidarity (Polish trade union) at the Vatican led by Lech Wałęsa.
1991 - The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm.
1991 - Elizabeth II, in her capacity as Queen of Australia, signs letters patent allowing Australia to become the first Commonwealth realm to institute its own Victoria Cross in its honours system.
2001 - Wikipedia, a free wiki content encyclopedia, goes online.
2005 - ESA's SMART-1 lunar orbiter discovers elements such as calcium, aluminum, silicon, iron, and other surface elements on the Moon.
2007 - Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former Iraqi intelligence chief and half-brother of Saddam Hussein, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Revolutionary Court, are executed by hanging in Iraq.
2009 - US Airways Flight 1549 ditches safely in the Hudson River after the plane collides with birds less than two minutes after take-off.
2013 - A train carrying Egyptian Army recruits derails near Giza, Greater Cairo, killing 19 and injuring 120 others.
2015 - The Swiss National Bank abandons the cap on the franc's value relative to the euro, causing turmoil in international financial markets
2016 - The Kenyan Army suffers it worst defeat ever in a battle with Al-Shabaab Islamic insurgents in El-Adde, Somalia. An estimated 150 soldiers die.
2019 - Somali militants attacked the DusitD2 hotel in Nairobi,Kenya killing at least 21 people and injuring 19.
2019 - Theresa May's UK government suffers the biggest government defeat in modern times, when 432 MPs voting against the proposed European Union withdrawal agreement, giving her opponents a majority of 230.
961 - Seongjong of Goryeo, Korean ruler (d. 997)
1432 - Afonso V of Portugal (d. 1481)
1462 - Edzard I, Count of East Frisia, German noble (d. 1528)
1481 - Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shōgun (d. 1511)
1538 - Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (d. 1599)
1595 - Henry Carey, 2nd Earl of Monmouth, English politician (d. 1661)
1622 - Molière, French actor and playwright (d. 1673)
1623 - Algernon Sidney, British philosopher (d. 1683)
1671 - Abraham de la Pryme, English archaeologist and historian (d. 1704)
1674 - Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French poet and playwright (d. 1762)
1716 - Philip Livingston, American merchant and politician (d. 1778)
1747 - John Aikin, English surgeon and author (d. 1822)
1754 - Richard Martin, Irish activist and politician, co-founded the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (d. 1834)
1791 - Franz Grillparzer, Austrian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1872)
1795 - Alexander Griboyedov, Russian playwright, composer, and poet (d. 1829)
1803 - Marjorie Fleming, Scottish poet and author (d. 1811)
1809 - Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French economist and politician (d. 1865)
1812 - Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, Norwegian author and scholar (d. 1885)
1815 - William Bickerton, English-American religious leader, 3rd President of the Church of Jesus Christ (d. 1905)
1834 - Samuel Arza Davenport, American lawyer and politician (d. 1911)
1841 - Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, English captain and politician, 6th Governor General of Canada (d. 1908)
1842 - Josef Breuer, Austrian physician and psychiatrist (d. 1925)
1842 - Mary MacKillop, Australian nun and saint, co-founded the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart (d. 1909)
1850 - Leonard Darwin, English soldier, eugenicist, and politician (d. 1943)
1850 - Mihai Eminescu, Romanian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1889)
1850 - Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian-Swedish mathematician and physicist (d. 1891)
1855 - Jacques Damala, Greek-French soldier and actor (d. 1889)
1858 - Giovanni Segantini, Austrian painter (d. 1899)
1859 - Archibald Peake, English-Australian politician, 25th Premier of South Australia (d. 1920)
1863 - Wilhelm Marx, German lawyer and politician, 17th Chancellor of Germany (d. 1946)
1866 - Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, historian, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1931)
1869 - Ruby Laffoon, American lawyer and politician, 43rd Governor of Kentucky (d. 1941)
1869 - Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish poet, playwright, and painter (d. 1907)
1870 - Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1954)
1872 - Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian author and translator (d. 1944)
1875 - Thomas Burke, American sprinter, coach, and journalist (d. 1929)
1877 - Lewis Terman, American psychologist, eugenicist, and academic (d. 1956)
1878 - Johanna Müller-Hermann, Austrian composer (d. 1941)
1879 - Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author and playwright (d. 1961)
1882 - Henry Burr, Canadian singer, radio performer, and producer (d. 1941)
1885 - Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician and author (d. 1973)
1885 - Grover Lowdermilk, American baseball player (d. 1968)
1890 - Michiaki Kamada, Japanese admiral (d. 1947)
1891 - Ray Chapman, American baseball player (d. 1920)
1891 - Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet and translator (d. 1938)
1893 - Ivor Novello, Welsh singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1951)
1895 - Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
1896 - Marjorie Bennett, Australian-American actress (d. 1982)
1902 - Nâzım Hikmet, Greek-Turkish author, poet, and playwright (d. 1963)
1902 - Saud of Saudi Arabia (d. 1969)
1903 - Paul A. Dever, American lieutenant and politician, 58th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
1907 - Janusz Kusociński, Polish runner and soldier (d. 1940)
1908 - Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist and academic (d. 2003)
1909 - Jean Bugatti, German-French engineer (d. 1939)
1909 - Gene Krupa, American drummer, composer, and actor (d. 1973)
1912 - Michel Debré, French lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1996)
1912 - Keiran Lee, British pornographic actor, director, and producer
1913 - Eugène Brands, Dutch painter (d. 2002)
1913 - Lloyd Bridges, American actor (d. 1998)
1913 - Miriam Hyde, Australian pianist and composer (d. 2005)
1913 - Alexander Marinesko, Ukrainian-Russian lieutenant (d. 1963)
1914 - Stefan Bałuk, Polish general (d. 2014)
1914 - Hugh Trevor-Roper, English historian and academic (d. 2003)
1917 - K. A. Thangavelu, Indian film actor and comedian (d. 1994)
1918 - João Figueiredo, Brazilian general and politician, 30th President of Brazil (d. 1999)
1918 - Édouard Gagnon, Canadian cardinal (d. 2007)
1918 - Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egyptian colonel and politician, 2nd President of Egypt (d. 1970)
1919 - Maurice Herzog, French mountaineer and politician, French Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports (d. 2012)
1919 - George Cadle Price, Belizean politician, 1st Prime Minister of Belize (d. 2011)
1920 - Steve Gromek, American baseball player (d. 2002)
1920 - John O'Connor, American cardinal (d. 2000)
1921 - Babasaheb Bhosale, Indian lawyer and politician, 8th Chief Minister of Maharashtra (d. 2007)
1921 - Frank Thornton, English actor (d. 2013)
1922 - Sylvia Lawler, English geneticist (d. 1996)
1922 - Eric Willis, Australian sergeant and politician, 34th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1999)
1923 - Ivor Cutler, Scottish pianist, songwriter, and poet (d. 2006)
1923 - Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese-Chinese economist and politician, 4th President of the Republic of China
1924 - George Lowe, New Zealand-English mountaineer and explorer (d. 2013)
1925 - Ruth Slenczynska, American pianist and composer
1925 - Ignacio López Tarso, Mexican actor
1926 - Maria Schell, Austrian-Swiss actress (d. 2005)
1927 - Phyllis Coates, American actress
1928 - W. R. Mitchell, English journalist and author (d. 2015)
1929 - Earl Hooker, American guitarist (d. 1970)
1929 - Martin Luther King, Jr., American minister and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
1930 - Eddie Graham, American wrestler and promoter (d. 1985)
1931 - Lee Bontecou, American painter and sculptor
1932 - Lou Jones, American sprinter (d. 2006)
1933 - Frank Bough, English journalist and radio host
1933 - Ernest J. Gaines, American author and academic
1933 - Peter Maitlis, English chemist and academic
1934 - V. S. Ramadevi, Indian civil servant and politician, 13th Governor of Karnataka (d. 2013)
1937 - Margaret O'Brien, American actress and singer
1938 - Ashraf Aman, Pakistani engineer and mountaineer
1938 - Estrella Blanca, Mexican wrestler
1938 - Chuni Goswami, Indian footballer and cricketer
1939 - Per Ahlmark, Swedish journalist and politician, 1st Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 2018)
1939 - Tony Bullimore, British sailor
1941 - Captain Beefheart, American singer-songwriter, musician, and artist (d. 2010)
1942 - Frank Joseph Polozola, American academic and judge (d. 2013)
1943 - George Ambrum, Australian rugby league player (d. 1986)
1943 - Margaret Beckett, English metallurgist and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
1943 - Stuart E. Eizenstat, American lawyer and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the European Union
1943 - Mike Marshall, American baseball player
1944 - Jenny Nimmo, English author
1945 - Ko Chun-hsiung, Taiwanese actor, director, and politician (d. 2015)
1945 - Vince Foster, American lawyer and political figure (d. 1993)
1945 - William R. Higgins, American colonel (d. 1990)
1945 - Princess Michael of Kent
1945 - David Pleat, English footballer, manager, and sportscaster
1946 - Charles Brown, American actor (d. 2004)
1947 - Mary Hogg, English lawyer and judge
1947 - Andrea Martin, American-Canadian actress, singer, and screenwriter
1948 - Ronnie Van Zant, American singer-songwriter (d. 1977)
1949 - Luis Alvarado, Puerto Rican-American baseball player (d. 2001)
1949 - Alasdair Liddell, English businessman (d. 2012)
1949 - Ian Stewart, Scottish runner
1949 - Howard Twitty, American golfer
1950 - Marius Trésor, French footballer and coach
1952 - Boris Blank, Swiss singer-songwriter
1952 - Andrzej Fischer, Polish footballer
1953 - Randy White, American football player
1954 - Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino poet, author, and screenwriter
1955 - Nigel Benson, English author and illustrator
1955 - Andreas Gursky, German photographer
1955 - Khalid Islambouli, Egyptian lieutenant (d. 1982)
1956 - Vitaly Kaloyev, Russian architect
1956 - Mayawati, Indian educator and politician, 23rd Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
1956 - Marc Trestman, American football player and coach
1957 - David Ige, American politician
1957 - Marty Lyons, American football player and sportscaster
1957 - Andrew Tyrie, English journalist and politician
1957 - Mario Van Peebles, American actor and director
1958 - Ken Judge, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2016)
1958 - Boris Tadić, Serbian psychologist and politician, 16th President of Serbia
1959 - Greg Dowling, Australian rugby league player
1959 - Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian mountaineer and photographer (d. 2008)
1959 - Pete Trewavas, English bass player and songwriter
1961 - Serhiy N. Morozov, Ukrainian footballer and coach
1961 - Yves Pelletier, Canadian actor and director
1963 - Conrad Lant, English singer-songwriter and bass player
1963 - Bruce Schneier, American cryptographer and author
1964 - Osmo Tapio Räihälä, Finnish composer
1965 - Maurizio Fondriest, Italian cyclist
1965 - Bernard Hopkins, American boxer and coach
1965 - James Nesbitt, Northern Irish actor
1966 - Lisa Lisa, American R&B singer
1967 - Ted Tryba, American golfer
1968 - Chad Lowe, American actor, director, and producer
1969 - Delino DeShields, American baseball player and manager
1970 - Shane McMahon, American wrestler and businessman
1971 - Regina King, American actress
1972 - Shelia Burrell, American heptathlete
1972 - Christos Kostis, Greek footballer
1972 - Claudia Winkleman, English journalist and critic
1973 - Essam El Hadary, Egyptian footballer
1973 - Suparno Satpathy, Indian socio-political leader
1974 - Séverine Deneulin, international development academic
1974 - Ray King, American baseball player
1975 - Mary Pierce, Canadian-American tennis player and coach
1976 - Doug Gottlieb, American basketball player and sportscaster
1976 - Iryna Lishchynska, Ukrainian runner
1976 - Scott Murray, Scottish rugby player
1976 - Florentin Petre, Romanian footballer and manager
1978 - Eddie Cahill, American actor
1978 - Franco Pellizotti, Italian cyclist
1978 - Ryan Sidebottom, English cricketer
1979 - Drew Brees, American football player
1979 - Michalis Morfis, Cypriot footballer
1979 - Martin Petrov, Bulgarian footballer
1980 - Matt Holliday, American baseball player
1981 - El Hadji Diouf, Senegalese football player
1981 - Pitbull, American rapper and producer
1981 - Dylan Armstrong, Canadian shot putter and hammer thrower
1981 - Vanessa Henke, German tennis player
1981 - Sean Lamont, Scottish rugby player
1982 - Benjamin Agosto, American skater
1982 - Armando Galarraga, Venezuelan baseball player
1982 - Brett Lebda, American ice hockey player
1982 - Ari Pulkkinen, Finnish pianist and composer
1982 - Francis Zé, Cameroonian footballer
1983 - Jermaine Pennant, English footballer
1983 - Hugo Viana, Portuguese footballer
1984 - Ben Shapiro, American author and commentator
1985 - René Adler, German footballer
1985 - Enrico Patrizio, Italian rugby player
1985 - Kenneth Emil Petersen, Danish footballer
1986 - Fred Davis, American football player
1987 - Greg Inglis, Australian rugby league player
1987 - Tsegaye Kebede, Ethiopian runner
1987 - David Knight, English footballer
1987 - Michael Seater, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1988 - Daniel Caligiuri, German footballer
1988 - Skrillex, American DJ and producer
1989 - Alexei Cherepanov, Russian ice hockey player (d. 2008)
1990 - Paul Blake, English sprinter
1990 - Fernando Forestieri, Italian footballer
1990 - Robert Trznadel, Polish footballer
1991 - Marc Bartra, Spanish footballer
1991 - Nicolai Jørgensen, Danish footballer
1991 - Darya Klishina, Russian long jumper
1991 - James Mitchell, Australian basketball player
1992 - Joël Veltman, Dutch footballer
1994 - Eric Dier, English footballer
2004 - Grace VanderWaal, American singer-songwriter
AD 69 - Galba, Roman emperor (b. 3 BC)
378 - Chak Tok Ich'aak I, Mayan ruler
570 - Íte of Killeedy, Irish nun and saint (b. 475)
849 - Theophylact, Byzantine emperor (b. 793)
936 - Rudolph of France (b. 880)
950 - Wang Jingchong, Chinese general
1149 - Berengaria of Barcelona, queen consort of Castile (b. 1116)
1568 - Nicolaus Olahus, Romanian archbishop (b. 1493)
1569 - Catherine Carey, lady-in-waiting to Elizabeth I of England (b. 1524)
1584 - Martha Leijonhufvud, Swedish noblewoman (b. 1520)
1595 - Murad III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1546)
1623 - Paolo Sarpi, Italian lawyer, historian, and scholar (b. 1552)
1672 - John Cosin, English bishop and academic (b. 1594)
1683 - Philip Warwick, English politician (b. 1609)
1775 - Giovanni Battista Sammartini, Italian organist and composer (b. 1700)
1790 - John Landen, English mathematician and theorist (b. 1719)
1804 - Dru Drury, English entomologist and author (b. 1725)
1813 - Anton Bernolák, Slovak linguist and priest (b. 1762)
1815 - Emma, Lady Hamilton, English-French mistress of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (b. 1761)
1855 - Henri Braconnot, French chemist and pharmacist (b. 1780)
1864 - Isaac Nathan, English-Australian composer and journalist (b. 1792)
1866 - Massimo d'Azeglio, Piedmontese-Italian statesman, novelist and painter (b. 1798)
1876 - Eliza McCardle Johnson, American wife of Andrew Johnson, 18th First Lady of the United States (b. 1810)
1884 - Antonios Georgantas, Greek revolutionary and politician (b. 1799)
1885 - Leopold Damrosch, German-American composer and conductor (b. 1832)
1893 - Fanny Kemble, English actress (b. 1809)
1896 - Mathew Brady, American photographer and journalist (b. 1822)
1905 - George Thorn, Australian politician, 6th Premier of Queensland (b. 1838)
1909 - Arnold Janssen, German priest and missionary (b. 1837)
1916 - Modest Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian playwright and translator (b. 1850)
1919 - Karl Liebknecht, German politician (b. 1871)
1919 - Rosa Luxemburg, German economist, theorist, and philosopher (b. 1871)
1926 - Enrico Toselli, Italian pianist and composer (b. 1883)
1929 - George Cope, American painter (b. 1855)
1936 - Henry Forster, 1st Baron Forster, English cricketer and politician, 7th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1866)
1937 - Anton Holban, Romanian author, theoretician, and educator (b. 1902)
1945 - Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian-German mathematician and theorist (b. 1865)
1948 - Josephus Daniels, American publisher and diplomat, 41st United States Secretary of the Navy (b. 1862)
1950 - Henry H. Arnold, American general (b. 1886)
1951 - Ernest Swinton, British Army officer (b. 1868)
1951 - Nikolai Vekšin, Estonian-Russian captain and sailor (b. 1887)
1952 - Ned Hanlon, Australian sergeant and politician, 26th Premier of Queensland (b. 1887)
1955 - Yves Tanguy, French-American painter (b. 1900)
1959 - Regina Margareten, Hungarian businesswoman (b. 1863)
1964 - Jack Teagarden, American singer-songwriter and trombonist (b. 1905)
1967 - David Burliuk, Ukrainian author and illustrator (b. 1882)
1968 - Bill Masterton, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1938)
1970 - Frank Clement, English race car driver (b. 1886)
1970 - William T. Piper, American engineer and businessman, founded Piper Aircraft (b. 1881)
1972 - Daisy Ashford, English author (b. 1881)
1973 - Coleman Francis, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1919)
1973 - Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1901)
1974 - Harold D. Cooley, American lawyer and politician (b. 1897)
1981 - Graham Whitehead, English race car driver (b. 1922)
1982 - Red Smith, American journalist (b. 1905)
1983 - Armin Öpik, Estonian-Australian paleontologist and geologist (b. 1898)
1983 - Shepperd Strudwick, American actor (b. 1907)
1984 - Fazıl Küçük, Cypriot journalist and politician (b. 1906)
1987 - Ray Bolger, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1904)
1988 - Seán MacBride, Irish republican activist and politician, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
1990 - Gordon Jackson, Scottish-English actor (b. 1923)
1990 - Peggy van Praagh, English ballerina, choreographer, and director (b. 1910)
1993 - Sammy Cahn, American songwriter (b. 1913)
1994 - Georges Cziffra, Hungarian-French pianist and composer (b. 1921)
1994 - Harry Nilsson, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
1994 - Harilal Upadhyay, Indian author, poet, and astrologist (b. 1916)
1996 - Les Baxter, American pianist and composer (b. 1922)
1996 - Moshoeshoe II of Lesotho (b. 1938)
1998 - Gulzarilal Nanda, Indian economist and politician, Prime Minister of India (b. 1898)
1998 - Junior Wells, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player (b. 1934)
1999 - Betty Box, English composer and producer (b. 1915)
2000 - Georges-Henri Lévesque, Canadian-Dominican priest and sociologist (b. 1903)
2001 - Leo Marks, English cryptographer, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1920)
2002 - Michael Anthony Bilandic, American politician, 49th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1923)
2002 - Eugène Brands, Dutch painter (b. 1913)
2003 - Doris Fisher, American singer-songwriter (b. 1915)
2004 - Olivia Goldsmith, American author (b. 1949)
2005 - Victoria de los Ángeles, Spanish soprano and actress (b. 1923)
2005 - Walter Ernsting, German author (b. 1920)
2005 - Elizabeth Janeway, American author and critic (b. 1913)
2005 - Ruth Warrick, American actress (b. 1916)
2006 - Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Kuwaiti ruler (b. 1926)
2007 - Awad Hamed al-Bandar, Iraqi lawyer and judge (b. 1945)
2007 - Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, Iraqi intelligence officer (b. 1951)
2007 - James Hillier, Canadian-American computer scientist and academic, co-invented the electron microscope (b. 1915)
2007 - Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino educator and diplomat (b. 1905)
2007 - Bo Yibo, Chinese commander and politician, Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1908)
2008 - Robert V. Bruce, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1923)
2008 - Brad Renfro, American actor (b. 1982)
2009 - Lincoln Verduga Loor, Ecuadorian journalist and politician (b. 1917)
2011 - Nat Lofthouse, English footballer and manager (b. 1925)
2011 - Pierre Louis-Dreyfus, French soldier, race car driver, and businessman (b. 1908)
2011 - Susannah York, English actress and activist (b. 1939)
2012 - Ed Derwinski, American soldier and politician, 1st United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs (b. 1926)
2012 - Manuel Fraga Iribarne, Spanish lawyer and politician, 3rd President of the Xunta of Galicia (b. 1922)
2012 - Carlo Fruttero, Italian journalist and author (b. 1926)
2012 - Samuel Jaskilka, American general (b. 1919)
2012 - Ib Spang Olsen, Danish author and illustrator (b. 1921)
2012 - Hulett C. Smith, American lieutenant and politician, 27th Governor of West Virginia (b. 1918)
2013 - Nagisa Oshima, Japanese director and screenwriter (b. 1932)
2013 - John Thomas, American high jumper (b. 1941)
2014 - Curtis Bray, American football player and coach (b. 1970)
2014 - John Dobson, Chinese-American astronomer and author (b. 1915)
2014 - Roger Lloyd-Pack, English actor (b. 1944)
2015 - Ervin Drake, American songwriter and composer (b. 1919)
2015 - Kim Fowley, American singer-songwriter, producer, and manager (b. 1939)
2015 - Ray Nagel, American football player and coach (b. 1927)
2016 - Francisco X. Alarcón, American poet and educator (b. 1954)
2016 - Ken Judge, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1958)
2016 - Manuel Velázquez, Spanish footballer (b. 1943)
2017 - Jimmy Snuka, Fijian professional wrestler (b. 1943)
2018 - Dolores O'Riordan, Irish pop singer (b. 1971)
2019 - Carol Channing, American actress (b. 1921)
Abeluzius (Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church)
Francis Ferdinand de Capillas (one of Martyr Saints of China)
Our Lady of the Poor
Macarius of Egypt (Western Christianity)
Maurus and Placidus (Order of Saint Benedict)
Paul the Hermit
January 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)