Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Events

393 - Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his eight-year-old son Honorius co-emperor.

Events

971 - Using crossbows, Song dynasty troops soundly defeat a war elephant corps of the Southern Han at Shao.

Events

1264 - In the conflict between King Henry III of England and his rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, King Louis IX of France issues the Mise of Amiens, a one-sided decision in favour of Henry that later leads to the Second Barons' War.

Events756 years ago

1368 - In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.

Events652 years ago

1546 - Having published nothing for eleven years, François Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.

Events474 years ago

1556 - The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.

Events464 years ago

1570 - James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such.

Events450 years ago

1571 - The Royal Exchange opens in London.

Events449 years ago

1579 - The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.

Events441 years ago

1656 - Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.

Events364 years ago

1719 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.

Events301 years ago

1789 - Georgetown College, the first Catholic university in the United States, is founded in Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.)

Events231 years ago
Events227 years ago

1795 - After an extraordinary charge across the frozen Zuiderzee, the French cavalry captured 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns, in a rare occurrence of a battle between ships and cavalry.

Events225 years ago

1846 - Slavery in Tunisia is abolished.

Events174 years ago

1849 - Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor.

Events171 years ago

1870 - In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in what becomes known as the Marias Massacre.

Events150 years ago
Events141 years ago

1899 - The Malolos Constitution is inaugurated, establishing the First Philippine Republic. Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as its first President.

Events121 years ago

1900 - Second Boer War: The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces ends in a British defeat.

Events120 years ago

1904 - Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

Events116 years ago

1909 - RMS Republic, a passenger ship of the White Star Line, becomes the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with another ship, the SS Florida, off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. The Republic sinks the next day.

Events111 years ago
Events108 years ago

1920 - The Netherlands refuses to surrender the exiled Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.

Events100 years ago

1937 - The trial of the anti-Soviet Trotskyist center sees seventeen mid-level Communists accused of sympathizing with Leon Trotsky and plotting to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime.

Events83 years ago

1941 - Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.

Events79 years ago

1942 - World War II: The Battle of Rabaul commences Japan's invasion of Australia's Territory of New Guinea.

Events78 years ago

1943 - World War II: Troops of the British Eighth Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German–Italian Panzer Army.

Events77 years ago

1945 - World War II: German admiral Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Events75 years ago

1950 - The Knesset resolves that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.

Events70 years ago

1957 - American inventor Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, which later renames it the "Frisbee".

Events63 years ago

1958 - After a general uprising and rioting in the streets, President Marcos Pérez Jiménez leaves Venezuela.

Events62 years ago

1960 - The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 metres (35,797 ft) in the Pacific Ocean.

Events60 years ago

1961 - The Portuguese luxury cruise ship Santa Maria is hijacked by opponents of the Estado Novo regime with the intention of waging war until dictator António de Oliveira Salazar is overthrown.

Events59 years ago

1963 - The Guinea-Bissau War of Independence officially begins when PAIGC guerrilla fighters attack the Portuguese army stationed in Tite.

Events57 years ago

1964 - The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.

Events56 years ago

1967 - Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Ivory Coast are established.

Events53 years ago

1967 - Milton Keynes (England) is founded as a new town by Order in Council, with a planning brief to become a city of 250,000 people. Its initial designated area enclosed three existing towns and twenty one villages. The area to be developed was largely farmland, with evidence of continuous settlement dating back to the Bronze Age.

Events53 years ago

1973 - United States President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.

Events47 years ago

1997 - Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.

Events23 years ago

1998 - Netscape announced Mozilla, with the intention to release Communicator code as open source.

Events22 years ago

2001 - Five people attempt to set themselves on fire in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, an act that many people later claim is staged by the Communist Party of China to frame Falun Gong and thus escalate their persecution.

Events19 years ago

2002 - U.S. journalist Daniel Pearl is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and subsequently murdered.

Events18 years ago

2003 - A very weak signal from Pioneer 10 is detected for the last time, but no usable data can be extracted.

Events17 years ago

2018 - A 7.9 Mwearthquake occurs in the Gulf of Alaska. It is tied as the sixth-largest earthquake ever recorded in the United States, but there are no reports of significant damage or fatalities.

Events2 years ago

2018 - A double car bombing in Benghazi, Libya, kills at least 33 people and wounds "dozens" of others. The victims include both military personnel and civilians, according to local officials.

Events2 years ago

Births

599 - Tai Zong, emperor of the Tang Dynasty (d. 649)

Births

1350 - Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1419)

Births670 years ago
Births642 years ago

1514 - Hai Rui, Chinese politician (d. 1587)

Births506 years ago

1585 - Mary Ward, English Catholic Religious Sister (d. 1645)

Births435 years ago

1622 - Abraham Diepraam, Dutch painter (d. 1670)

Births398 years ago

1719 - John Landen, English mathematician and theorist (d. 1790)

Births301 years ago

1737 - John Hancock, American general and politician, 1st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1793)

Births283 years ago

1745 - William Jessop, English engineer, built the Cromford Canal (d. 1814)

Births275 years ago

1752 - Muzio Clementi, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1832)

Births268 years ago

1780 - Georgios Karaiskakis, Greek general (d. 1827)

Births240 years ago

1783 - Stendhal, French novelist (d. 1842)

Births237 years ago

1786 - Auguste de Montferrand, French-Russian architect, designed Saint Isaac's Cathedral and Alexander Column (d. 1858)

Births234 years ago

1799 - Alois Negrelli, Tyrolean engineer and railroad pioneer active in the Austrian Empire (d. 1858)

Births221 years ago

1809 - Surendra Sai, Indian activist (d. 1884)

Births211 years ago

1813 - Camilla Collett, Norwegian novelist and activist (d. 1895)

Births207 years ago

1828 - Saigō Takamori, Japanese samurai (d. 1877)

Births192 years ago

1832 - Édouard Manet, French painter (d. 1883)

Births188 years ago

1833 - Muthu Coomaraswamy, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1879)

Births187 years ago

1838 - Marianne Cope, German-American nun and saint (d. 1918)

Births182 years ago

1840 - Ernst Abbe, German physicist and engineer (d. 1905)

Births180 years ago

1846 - Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician (d. 1915)

Births174 years ago

1855 - John Browning, American weapons designer, founded the Browning Arms Company (d. 1926)

Births165 years ago

1857 - Andrija Mohorovičić, Croatian meteorologist and seismologist (d. 1936)

Births163 years ago

1862 - David Hilbert, Russian-German mathematician and academic (d. 1943)

Births158 years ago

1862 - Frank Shuman, American inventor and engineer (d. 1918)

Births158 years ago

1872 - Paul Langevin, French physicist and academic (d. 1946)

Births148 years ago

1872 - Jože Plečnik, Slovenian architect, designed Plečnik Parliament (d. 1957)

Births148 years ago

1876 - Otto Diels, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)

Births144 years ago

1878 - Rutland Boughton, English composer (d. 1960)

Births142 years ago

1880 - Antonio Díaz Soto y Gama, Mexican politician (d. 1967)

Births140 years ago

1894 - Jyotirmoyee Devi, Indian author (d. 1988)

Births126 years ago

1896 - Alf Blair, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 1944)

Births124 years ago

1896 - Alf Hall, English-South African cricketer (d. 1964)

Births124 years ago

1897 - Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian activist and politician (d. 1945)

Births123 years ago

1897 - Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)

Births123 years ago

1897 - Ieva Simonaitytė, Lithuanian author (d. 1978)

Births123 years ago

1897 - William Stephenson, Canadian captain and spy (d. 1989)

Births123 years ago

1898 - Georg Kulenkampff, German violinist (d. 1948)

Births122 years ago

1898 - Randolph Scott, American actor (d. 1987)

Births122 years ago

1898 - Freda Utley, English scholar and author (d. 1978)

Births122 years ago

1899 - Glen Kidston, English race car driver and pilot (d. 1931)

Births121 years ago

1900 - William Ifor Jones, Welsh organist and conductor (d. 1988)

Births120 years ago

1901 - Arthur Wirtz, American businessman (d. 1983)

Births119 years ago

1903 - Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian lawyer and politician, 16th Minister of National Education of Colombia (d. 1948)

Births117 years ago

1905 - Erich Borchmeyer, German sprinter (d. 2000)

Births115 years ago

1907 - Dan Duryea, American actor and singer (d. 1968)

Births113 years ago

1907 - Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)

Births113 years ago

1910 - Django Reinhardt, Belgian guitarist and composer (d. 1953)

Births110 years ago

1912 - Boris Pokrovsky, Russian director and manager (d. 2009)

Births108 years ago

1913 - Jean-Michel Atlan, Algerian-French painter (d. 1960)

Births107 years ago

1913 - Wally Parks, American businessman, founded the National Hot Rod Association (d. 2007)

Births107 years ago

1915 - Herma Bauma, Austrian javelin thrower and handball player (d. 2003)

Births105 years ago

1915 - W. Arthur Lewis, Saint Lucian-Barbadian economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)

Births105 years ago

1915 - Potter Stewart, American lawyer and judge (d. 1985)

Births105 years ago

1916 - David Douglas Duncan, American photographer and journalist (d. 2018)

Births104 years ago

1916 - Airey Neave, English colonel, lawyer, and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (d. 1979)

Births104 years ago

1918 - Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)

Births102 years ago

1918 - Florence Rush, American social worker and theorist (d. 2008)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Frances Bay, Canadian-American actress (d. 2011)

Births101 years ago

1919 - Hans Hass, Austrian biologist and diver (d. 2013)

Births101 years ago

1919 - Ernie Kovacs, American actor and game show host (d. 1962)

Births101 years ago

1919 - Bob Paisley, English footballer and manager (d. 1996)

Births101 years ago

1920 - Gottfried Böhm, German architect

Births100 years ago

1920 - Henry Eriksson, Swedish runner (d. 2000)

Births100 years ago

1920 - Walter Frederick Morrison, American businessman, invented the Frisbee (d. 2010)

Births100 years ago

1922 - Leon Golub, American painter and academic (d. 2004)

Births98 years ago

1922 - Tom Lewis, Australian politician, 33rd Premier of New South Wales (d. 2016)

Births98 years ago

1923 - Horace Ashenfelter, American runner (d. 2018)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Cot Deal, American baseball player and coach (d. 2013)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Walter M. Miller, Jr., American soldier and author (d. 1996)

Births97 years ago

1924 - Frank Lautenberg, American soldier, businessman, and politician (d. 2013)

Births96 years ago

1925 - Marty Paich, American pianist, composer, producer, and conductor (d. 1995)

Births95 years ago

1926 - Bal Thackeray, Indian journalist, cartoonist, and politician (d. 2012)

Births94 years ago

1927 - Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American businessman and explorer (d. 1994)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Fred Williams, Australian painter (d. 1982)

Births93 years ago

1928 - Chico Carrasquel, Venezuelan baseball player and manager (d. 2005)

Births92 years ago

1928 - Jeanne Moreau, French actress (d. 2017)

Births92 years ago

1929 - Myron Cope, American journalist and sportscaster (d. 2008)

Births91 years ago

1929 - Phillip Knightley, Australian journalist, author, and critic (d. 2016)

Births91 years ago

1929 - John Polanyi, German-Canadian chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births91 years ago

1930 - Filaret, Patriarch of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan

Births90 years ago

1930 - Mervyn Rose, Australian tennis player (d. 2017)

Births90 years ago

1930 - Derek Walcott, Saint Lucian poet and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)

Births90 years ago

1930 - Teresa Żylis-Gara, Polish operatic soprano

Births90 years ago

1932 - George Allen, English footballer (d. 2016)

Births88 years ago

1932 - Larri Thomas, American actress and dancer (d. 2013)

Births88 years ago

1933 - Bill Hayden, Australian politician, 21st Governor General of Australia

Births87 years ago

1933 - Chita Rivera, American actress, singer, and dancer

Births87 years ago

1934 - Pierre Bourgault, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2003)

Births86 years ago

1935 - Mike Agostini, Trinidadian sprinter (d. 2016)

Births85 years ago

1935 - Tom Reamy, American author (d. 1977)

Births85 years ago

1936 - Brian Howe, Australian minister and politician, 8th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia

Births84 years ago

1936 - Jerry Kramer, American football player and sportscaster

Births84 years ago

1936 - Cécile Ousset, French pianist

Births84 years ago

1938 - Giant Baba, Japanese wrestler and promoter, founded All Japan Pro Wrestling (d. 1999)

Births82 years ago

1938 - Georg Baselitz, German painter and sculptor

Births82 years ago

1939 - Ed Roberts, American disability rights activist (d. 1995)

Births81 years ago

1940 - Alan Cheuse, American writer and critic (d. 2015)

Births80 years ago

1940 - Joe Dowell, American pop singer (d. 2016)

Births80 years ago

1941 - Jock R. Anderson, Australian economist and academic

Births79 years ago

1941 - João Ubaldo Ribeiro, Brazilian journalist, author, and academic (d. 2014)

Births79 years ago

1942 - Laurie Mayne, Australian cricketer

Births78 years ago

1942 - Herman Tjeenk Willink, Dutch judge and politician

Births78 years ago

1942 - Phil Clarke (rugby union), New Zealand rugby union player

Births78 years ago

1943 - Gary Burton, American vibraphone player and composer

Births77 years ago

1943 - Özhan Canaydın, Turkish basketball player and businessman (d. 2010)

Births77 years ago

1943 - Gil Gerard, American actor and producer

Births77 years ago

1944 - Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor, director, and producer (d. 2019)

Births76 years ago

1945 - Mike Harris, Canadian politician, 22nd Premier of Ontario

Births75 years ago

1946 - Arnoldo Alemán, Nicaraguan lawyer and politician, President of Nicaragua

Births74 years ago

1946 - Boris Berezovsky, Russian-English businessman and mathematician (d. 2013)

Births74 years ago

1946 - Zvonko Bušić, Croatian terrorist, hijacker of TWA Flight 355 (d. 2013)

Births74 years ago

1946 - Don Whittington, American race car driver

Births74 years ago

1947 - Tom Carper, American captain and politician, 71st Governor of Delaware

Births73 years ago

1947 - Megawati Sukarnoputri, Indonesian politician, 5th President of Indonesia

Births73 years ago

1948 - Anita Pointer, American R&B/soul singer-songwriter

Births72 years ago

1950 - Richard Dean Anderson, American actor, producer, and composer

Births70 years ago

1950 - Bill Cunningham, American bass and keyboard player

Births70 years ago

1950 - John Greaves, Welsh bass player and songwriter

Births70 years ago

1950 - Guida Maria, Portuguese actress (d. 2018)

Births70 years ago

1950 - Suzanne Scotchmer, American economist and academic (d. 2014)

Births70 years ago

1950 - Luis Alberto Spinetta, Argentinian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and poet (d. 2012)

Births70 years ago

1951 - Margaret Bailes, American sprinter

Births69 years ago

1951 - Chesley Sullenberger, American captain and pilot

Births69 years ago

1952 - Omar Henry, South African cricketer

Births68 years ago

1953 - John Luther Adams, American composer

Births67 years ago

1953 - Alister McGrath, Irish priest, historian, and theologian

Births67 years ago

1953 - Antonio Villaraigosa, American politician, 41st Mayor of Los Angeles

Births67 years ago

1953 - Robin Zander, American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births67 years ago

1954 - Trevor Hohns, Australian cricketer

Births66 years ago
Births63 years ago

1958 - Sergey Litvinov, Russian hammer thrower (d. 2018)

Births62 years ago

1959 - Clive Bull, English radio host

Births61 years ago

1960 - Jean-François Sauvé, Canadian ice hockey player

Births60 years ago

1960 - Greg Ritchie, Australian cricketer

Births60 years ago

1961 - Neil Henry, Australian rugby league player and coach

Births59 years ago

1961 - Yelena Sinchukova, Russian long jumper

Births59 years ago

1962 - David Arnold, English composer

Births58 years ago

1962 - Aivar Lillevere, Estonian footballer and coach

Births58 years ago

1962 - Elvira Lindo, Spanish journalist and author

Births58 years ago

1964 - Jonatha Brooke, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births56 years ago

1964 - Mariska Hargitay, American actress and producer

Births56 years ago

1964 - Bharrat Jagdeo, Guyanese economist and politician, 7th President of Guyana

Births56 years ago

1964 - Mario Roberge, Canadian ice hockey player

Births56 years ago

1965 - Louie Clemente, American drummer

Births55 years ago

1966 - Damien Hardman, Australian surfer

Births54 years ago

1966 - Haywoode Workman, American basketball player and referee

Births54 years ago

1967 - Owen Cunningham, Australian rugby league player

Births53 years ago

1968 - Taro Hakase, Japanese violinist and composer

Births52 years ago

1968 - Petr Korda, Czech-Monacan tennis player

Births52 years ago

1969 - Andrei Kanchelskis, Ukrainian-Russian footballer and manager

Births51 years ago

1969 - Brendan Shanahan, Canadian ice hockey player and actor

Births51 years ago

1969 - Susen Tiedtke, German long jumper

Births51 years ago

1970 - Spyridon Vasdekis, Greek long jumper

Births50 years ago

1971 - Scott Gibbs, Welsh-South African rugby player and sportscaster

Births49 years ago

1971 - Kevin Mawae, American football player and coach

Births49 years ago

1971 - Marc Nelson, American singer-songwriter

Births49 years ago

1971 - Adam Parore, New Zealand cricketer and mountaineer

Births49 years ago

1971 - Claire Rankin, Canadian actress

Births49 years ago

1971 - Lisa Snowdon, English television and radio presenter and fashion model

Births49 years ago

1972 - Ewen Bremner, Scottish actor

Births48 years ago

1973 - Tomas Holmström, Swedish ice hockey player

Births47 years ago

1974 - Glen Chapple, English cricketer

Births46 years ago

1974 - Rebekah Elmaloglou, Australian actress

Births46 years ago

1974 - Yosvani Pérez, Cuban baseball player

Births46 years ago

1974 - Richard T. Slone, English painter

Births46 years ago

1974 - Tiffani Thiessen, American actress

Births46 years ago

1975 - Nick Harmer, German musician

Births45 years ago

1975 - Phil Dawson, American football player

Births45 years ago

1976 - Brandon Duckworth, American baseball player and scout

Births44 years ago

1976 - Anne Margrethe Hausken, Norwegian orienteering competitor

Births44 years ago

1976 - Alex Shaffer, American skier

Births44 years ago

1979 - Larry Hughes, American basketball player

Births41 years ago

1979 - Dawn O'Porter, Scottish-English fashion designer and journalist

Births41 years ago

1979 - Juan Rincón, Venezuelan baseball player and coach

Births41 years ago

1981 - Rob Friend, Canadian soccer player

Births39 years ago

1982 - Wily Mo Peña, Dominican baseball player

Births38 years ago

1982 - Oceana Mahlmann, German singer and songwriter

Births38 years ago

1982 - Andrew Rock, American sprinter

Births38 years ago

1983 - Irving Saladino, Panamanian long jumper

Births37 years ago

1984 - Robbie Farah, Australian rugby league player

Births36 years ago

1984 - Arjen Robben, Dutch footballer

Births36 years ago

1985 - Dong Fangzhuo, Chinese footballer

Births35 years ago

1985 - Doutzen Kroes, Dutch model and actress

Births35 years ago

1985 - Yevgeny Lukyanenko, Russian pole vaulter

Births35 years ago

1985 - Aselefech Mergia, Ethiopian runner

Births35 years ago

1985 - Jeff Samardzija, American baseball player

Births35 years ago

1985 - San E, South Korean rapper

Births35 years ago

1986 - Gelete Burka, Ethiopian runner

Births34 years ago

1986 - Marc Laird, Scottish footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - José Enrique, Spanish footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Michael Stevens, American YouTuber and educator

Births34 years ago

1986 - Steven Taylor, English footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Sandro Viletta, Swiss skier

Births34 years ago

1987 - Leo Komarov, Finnish ice hockey player

Births33 years ago

1988 - Shaun Kenny-Dowall, Australian-New Zealand rugby league player

Births32 years ago

1990 - Şener Özbayraklı, Turkish footballer

Births30 years ago

1990 - Alex Silva, Canadian wrestler

Births30 years ago

1990 - Martyn Waghorn, English footballer

Births30 years ago

1992 - Reina Triendl, Japanese model and actress

Births28 years ago

1994 - Addison Russell, American baseball player

Births26 years ago

1995 - Luke Bateman, Australian rugby league player

Births25 years ago

1995 - Tuimoala Lolohea, New Zealand rugby league player

Births25 years ago

1998 - XXXTentacion, American rapper (d. 2018)

Births22 years ago

Deaths

989 - Adalbero, archbishop of Reims

Deaths
Deaths1018 years ago

1199 - Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur, Moroccan caliph (b. 1160)

Deaths821 years ago
Deaths768 years ago

1297 - Florent of Hainaut, Prince of Achaea (b. c. 1255)

Deaths723 years ago

1423 - Margaret of Bavaria, Burgundian regent (b. 1363)

Deaths597 years ago
Deaths504 years ago

1548 - Bernardo Pisano, Italian priest, scholar, and composer (b. 1490)

Deaths472 years ago

1549 - Johannes Honter, Romanian-Hungarian cartographer and theologian (b. 1498)

Deaths471 years ago

1567 - Jiajing Emperor of China (b. 1507)

Deaths453 years ago

1570 - James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, Scottish politician (b. 1531)

Deaths450 years ago

1620 - John Croke, English politician and judge (b. 1553)

Deaths400 years ago

1622 - William Baffin, English explorer and navigator (b. 1584)

Deaths398 years ago
Deaths370 years ago

1744 - Giambattista Vico, Italian historian and philosopher (b. 1668)

Deaths276 years ago

1785 - Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician and academic (b. 1717)

Deaths235 years ago

1789 - Frances Brooke, English author and playwright (b. 1724)

Deaths231 years ago

1789 - John Cleland, English author (b. 1709)

Deaths231 years ago

1800 - Edward Rutledge, American captain and politician, 39th Governor of South Carolina (b. 1749)

Deaths220 years ago

1803 - Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer, founded Guinness (b. 1725)

Deaths217 years ago

1805 - Claude Chappe, French engineer (b. 1763)

Deaths215 years ago
Deaths214 years ago

1810 - Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German chemist and physicist (b. 1776)

Deaths210 years ago

1812 - Robert Craufurd, Scottish general and politician (b. 1764)

Deaths208 years ago
Deaths200 years ago

1833 - Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, English admiral and politician (b. 1757)

Deaths187 years ago

1837 - John Field, Irish pianist and composer (b. 1782)

Deaths183 years ago

1866 - Thomas Love Peacock, English author and poet (b. 1785)

Deaths154 years ago

1875 - Charles Kingsley English priest and author (b. 1819)

Deaths145 years ago

1883 - Gustave Doré, French engraver and illustrator (b. 1832)

Deaths137 years ago

1893 - Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II, American lawyer and politician, 16th United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1825)

Deaths127 years ago

1893 - José Zorrilla, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1817)

Deaths127 years ago

1921 - Mykola Leontovych, Ukrainian composer and conductor (b. 1877)

Deaths99 years ago

1922 - René Beeh, Alsatian painter and draughtsman (b. 1886)

Deaths98 years ago

1922 - Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor and academic (b. 1855)

Deaths98 years ago

1923 - Max Nordau, Austrian physician and author (b. 1849)

Deaths97 years ago

1931 - Anna Pavlova, Russian-English ballerina (b. 1881)

Deaths89 years ago

1937 - Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (b. 1876)

Deaths83 years ago

1939 - Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer and manager (b. 1903)

Deaths81 years ago

1943 - Alexander Woollcott, American actor, playwright, and critic (b. 1887)

Deaths77 years ago

1944 - Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and illustrator (b. 1863)

Deaths76 years ago

1947 - Pierre Bonnard, French painter (b. 1867)

Deaths73 years ago

1956 - Alexander Korda, Hungarian-English director and producer (b. 1893)

Deaths64 years ago

1963 - Józef Gosławski, Polish sculptor (b. 1908)

Deaths57 years ago

1966 - T. M. Sabaratnam, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1895)

Deaths54 years ago

1971 - Fritz Feigl, Austrian-Brazilian chemist and academic (b. 1871)

Deaths49 years ago

1973 - Alexander Onassis, American-Greek businessman (b. 1948)

Deaths47 years ago

1973 - Kid Ory, American trombonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1886)

Deaths47 years ago

1976 - Paul Robeson, American actor, singer, and activist (b. 1898)

Deaths44 years ago

1977 - Toots Shor, American businessman, founded Toots Shor's Restaurant (b. 1903)

Deaths43 years ago

1978 - Terry Kath, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1946)

Deaths42 years ago

1978 - Jack Oakie, American actor (b. 1903)

Deaths42 years ago

1980 - Giovanni Michelotti, Italian engineer (b. 1921)

Deaths40 years ago

1981 - Samuel Barber, American pianist and composer (b. 1910)

Deaths39 years ago

1983 - Fred Bakewell, English cricketer and coach (b. 1908)

Deaths37 years ago

1984 - Muin Bseiso, Palestinian-Egyptian poet and critic (b. 1926)

Deaths36 years ago

1985 - James Beard, American chef and cookbook author for whom the James Beard Foundation Awards are named (b.1905)

Deaths35 years ago

1986 - Joseph Beuys, German sculptor and painter (b. 1921)

Deaths34 years ago

1988 - Charles Glen King, American biochemist and academic (b. 1896)

Deaths32 years ago

1989 - Salvador Dalí, Spanish painter and sculptor (b. 1904)

Deaths31 years ago

1989 - Lars-Erik Torph, Swedish race car driver (b. 1961)

Deaths31 years ago

1990 - Allen Collins, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1952)

Deaths30 years ago

1991 - Northrop Frye, Canadian author and critic (b. 1912)

Deaths29 years ago

1992 - Freddie Bartholomew, American actor (b. 1924)

Deaths28 years ago

1993 - Keith Laumer, American soldier, author, and diplomat (b. 1925)

Deaths27 years ago

1994 - Nikolai Ogarkov, Russian field marshal (b. 1917)

Deaths26 years ago

1994 - Brian Redhead, English journalist and author (b. 1929)

Deaths26 years ago

1999 - Joe D'Amato, Italian director and cinematographer (b. 1936)

Deaths21 years ago

1999 - Jay Pritzker, American businessman, co-founded the Hyatt Corporation (b. 1922)

Deaths21 years ago

2002 - Paul Aars, American race car driver (b. 1934)

Deaths18 years ago

2002 - Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher (b. 1930)

Deaths18 years ago

2002 - Robert Nozick, American philosopher, author, and academic (b. 1938)

Deaths18 years ago

2003 - Nell Carter, American actress and singer (b. 1948)

Deaths17 years ago

2004 - Bob Keeshan, American television personality and producer (b. 1927)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - Helmut Newton, German-Australian photographer (b. 1920)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - Morys Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare, English lieutenant and politician (b. 1921)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Johnny Carson, American talk show host, television personality, and producer (b. 1925)

Deaths15 years ago

2007 - Syed Hussein Alatas, Malaysian sociologist and politician (b. 1928)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - E. Howard Hunt, American CIA officer (b. 1918)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Ryszard Kapuściński, Polish journalist and author (b. 1932)

Deaths13 years ago

2009 - Robert W. Scott, American farmer and politician, 67th Governor of North Carolina (b. 1929)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - Kermit Tyler, American colonel and pilot (b. 1913)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - Earl Wild, American pianist and composer (b. 1915)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Jack LaLanne, American fitness instructor, author, and television host (b. 1914)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Wesley E. Brown, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1907)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Maurice Meisner, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1931)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Bingham Ray, American businessman, co-founded October Films (b. 1954)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Józef Glemp, Polish cardinal (b. 1929)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Peter van der Merwe, South African cricketer and referee (b. 1937)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Jean-Félix-Albert-Marie Vilnet, French bishop (b. 1922)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Yuri Izrael, Russian meteorologist and journalist (b. 1930)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Riz Ortolani, Italian composer and conductor (b. 1926)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Ernie Banks, American baseball player and coach (b. 1931)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Prosper Ego, Dutch activist, founded the Oud-Strijders Legioen (b. 1927)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Abdullah of Saudi Arabia (b. 1924)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Jimmy Bain, Scottish bassist (b. 1947)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Bobby Wanzer, American basketball player and coach (b. 1921)

Deaths4 years ago

2017 - Bobby Freeman, American singer, songwriter and record producer (b. 1940)

Deaths3 years ago

2017 - Gorden Kaye, English actor (b. 1941)

Deaths3 years ago

2018 - Hugh Masekela, South African trumpeter, composer and singer (b. 1939)

Deaths2 years ago

2018 - Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet (b. 1914)

Deaths2 years ago

2018 - Wyatt Tee Walker, American civil rights activist and pastor (b. 1928)

Deaths2 years ago

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