Day of the Shining Star (Kim Jong-il's Birthday) (North Korea)
Restoration of Lithuania's Statehood Day, celebrate the independence of Lithuania from Russia and Germany in 1918 (Lithuania)
116 - Emperor Trajan sends laureatae to the Roman Senate at Rome on account of his victories and conquest of Parthia.
1249 - Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khagan of the Mongol Empire.
1270 - Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order in the Battle of Karuse.
1630 - Dutch forces led by Hendrick Lonck capture Olinda in what was to become part of Dutch Brazil.
1646 - Battle of Torrington, Devon: The last major battle of the first English Civil War.
1699 - First Leopoldine Diploma is issued by the Holy Roman Emperor, recognizing the Greek Catholic clergy enjoyed the same privileges as Roman Catholic priests in the Principality of Transylvania.
1742 - Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister.
1796 - Colombo in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) falls to the British, completing their invasion of Ceylon.
1804 - First Barbary War: Stephen Decatur leads a raid to burn the pirate-held frigate USS Philadelphia.
1862 - American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
1866 - Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes British Secretary of State for War.
1881 - The Canadian Pacific Railway is incorporated by Act of Parliament at Ottawa (44th Vic., c.1).
1899 - Iceland's first football club, Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur, is founded.
1918 - The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.
1923 - Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.
1930 - The Romanian Football Federation joins FIFA.
1934 - The Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republikanischer Schutzbund.
1936 - Elections bring the Popular Front to power in Spain.
1937 - Wallace H. Carothers receives a United States patent for nylon.
1940 - World War II: Altmark Incident: The German tanker Altmark is boarded by sailors from the British destroyer HMS Cossack. 299 British prisoners are freed.
1943 - World War II: In the early phases of the Third Battle of Kharkov, Red Army troops re-enter the city.
1945 - World War II: American forces land on Corregidor Island in the Philippines.
1959 - Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1.
1960 - The U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton begins Operation Sandblast, setting sail from New London, Connecticut, to begin the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe.
1961 - Explorer program: Explorer 9 (S-56a) is launched.
1962 - Flooding in the coastal areas of West Germany kills 315 and destroys the homes of about 60,000 people.
1968 - In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service.
1978 - The first computer bulletin board system is created (CBBS in Chicago).
1983 - The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia kill 75.
1985 - Hezbollah is founded.
1986 - The Soviet liner MS Mikhail Lermontov runs aground in the Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand.
1986 - China Airlines Flight 2265 crashes into the Pacific Ocean near Penghu Airport in Taiwan, killing all 13 aboard.
1991 - Nicaraguan Contras leader Enrique Bermúdez is assassinated in Managua.
1996 - A Chicago-bound Amtrak train, the Capitol Limited, collides with a MARC commuter train bound for Washington, D.C., killing 11 people.
1998 - China Airlines Flight 676 crashes into a road and residential area near Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan, killing all 196 aboard and seven more on the ground.
2005 - The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.
2005 - The National Hockey League cancels the entire 2004–05 regular season and playoffs.
2006 - The last Mobile army surgical hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.
2013 - A bomb blast at a market in Hazara Town, Quetta, Pakistan kills more than 80 people and injures 190 others.
1032 - Ying Zong, Chinese emperor (d. 1067)
1222 - Nichiren, founder of Nichiren Buddhism (d. 1282)
1304 - Jayaatu Khan Tugh Temür, Chinese emperor (d. 1332)
1331 - Coluccio Salutati, Italian political leader (d. 1406)
1419 - John I, Duke of Cleves (d. 1481)
1470 - Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1540)
1471 - Krishnadevaraya, emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire (d. 1529)
1497 - Philip Melanchthon, German astronomer, theologian, and academic (d. 1560)
1514 - Georg Joachim Rheticus, Austrian cartographer and instrument maker (d. 1574)
1519 - Gaspard II de Coligny, French admiral (d. 1572)
1543 - Kanō Eitoku, Japanese painter and educator (d. 1590)
1620 - Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1688)
1643 - John Sharp, English archbishop (d. 1714)
1698 - Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician, geophysicist, and astronomer (d. 1758)
1727 - Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian botanist, chemist, and mycologist (d. 1817)
1740 - Giambattista Bodoni, Italian publisher and engraver (d. 1813)
1761 - Jean-Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)
1774 - Pierre Rode, French violinist and composer (d. 1830)
1786 - Maria Pavlovna, Russian Grand Duchess (d. 1859)
1802 - Phineas Quimby, American mystic and philosopher (d. 1866)
1804 - Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist and zoologist (d. 1885)
1812 - Henry Wilson, American colonel and politician, 18th Vice President of the United States (d. 1875)
1821 - Heinrich Barth, German explorer and scholar (d. 1865)
1822 - Francis Galton, English biologist and statistician (d. 1911)
1824 - Peter Kosler, Slovenian lawyer, geographer, and cartographer (d. 1879)
1826 - Joseph Victor von Scheffel, German poet and author (d. 1886)
1830 - Lars Hertervig, Norwegian painter (d. 1902)
1831 - Nikolai Leskov, Russian author, playwright, and journalist (d. 1895)
1834 - Ernst Haeckel, German biologist, physician, and philosopher (d. 1919)
1838 - Henry Adams, American journalist, historian, and author (d. 1918)
1841 - Armand Guillaumin, French painter (d. 1927)
1843 - Henry M. Leland, American engineer and businessman, founded Cadillac and Lincoln (d. 1932)
1845 - George Kennan, American journalist and explorer (d. 1924)
1848 - Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist, geneticist, and academic (d. 1935)
1848 - Octave Mirbeau, French journalist, novelist, and playwright (d. 1917)
1856 - Ossian Everett Mills, American academic, founded Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia (d. 1920)
1866 - Billy Hamilton, American baseball player and manager (d. 1940)
1868 - Edward S. Curtis, American ethnologist and photographer (d. 1952)
1873 - Radoje Domanović, Serbian journalist and author (d. 1908)
1876 - G. M. Trevelyan, English historian and academic (d. 1962)
1878 - Pamela Colman Smith, English occultist and illustrator (d. 1951)
1878 - James Colosimo, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1920)
1884 - Robert J. Flaherty, German-Irish American director and producer (d. 1951)
1887 - Kathleen Clifford, American actress (d. 1962)
1891 - Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist and academic (d. 1968)
1893 - Katharine Cornell, American actress and producer (d. 1974)
1896 - Eugénie Blanchard, French super-centenarian (d. 2010)
1901 - Wayne King, American singer-songwriter and conductor (d. 1985)
1901 - Chester Morris, American actor (d. 1970)
1902 - Cyril Vincent, South African cricketer (d. 1968)
1903 - Edgar Bergen, Swedish-American ventriloquist and actor (d. 1978)
1904 - James Baskett, African-American actor and singer (d. 1948)
1904 - George F. Kennan, Scotch-Irish American historian and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union (d. 2005)
1905 – Henrietta Barnett, British Women's Royal Air Force officer (d. 1985)
1906 - Vera Menchik, British-Czechoslovak-Russian chess player (d. 1944)
1909 - Hugh Beaumont, American actor and director (d. 1982)
1909 - Jeffrey Lynn, American actor (d. 1995)
1909 - Richard McDonald, Irish-American businessman, co-founded McDonald's (d. 1998)
1914 - Jimmy Wakely, American country music singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1982)
1916 - Bill Doggett, African-American pianist and composer (d. 1996)
1919 - Georges Ulmer, Danish-French actor and composer (d. 1989)
1920 - Anna Mae Hays, American general (d. 2018)
1921 - Vera-Ellen, German-American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1981)
1921 - Jean Behra, French race car driver (d. 1959)
1921 - John Galbraith Graham, English priest and academic (d. 2013)
1922 - Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, German soldier and pilot (d. 1950)
1923 - Samuel Willenberg, Polish-Israeli sculptor and painter (d. 2016)
1926 - Margot Frank, German-Dutch holocaust victim (d. 1945)
1926 - John Schlesinger, English actor and director (d. 2003)
1927 - June Brown, English actress
1929 - Gerhard Hanappi, Austrian footballer and architect (d. 1980)
1929 - Peter Porter, Australian-English poet and educator (d. 2010)
1931 - Otis Blackwell, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2002)
1931 - Ken Takakura, Japanese actor and singer (d. 2014)
1932 - Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, Sierra Leonean economist, lawyer, and politician, 3rd President of Sierra Leone (d. 2014)
1932 - Gretchen Wyler, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2007)
1934 - August Coppola, American author and academic (d. 2009)
1934 - Marlene Hagge, American golfer
1935 - Brian Bedford, English-American actor and director (d. 2016)
1935 - Sonny Bono, American actor, singer, and politician (d. 1998)
1935 - Stephen Gaskin, American activist, co-founded The Farm (d. 2014)
1935 - Bradford Parkinson, American colonel and engineer
1935 - Kenneth Price, American painter and sculptor (d. 2012)
1937 - Paul Bailey, British novelist, critic, and biographer
1937 - Yuri Manin, Russian-German mathematician and academic
1938 - John Corigliano, American composer and academic
1939 - Adolfo Azcuna, Filipino lawyer and judge
1940 - Hannelore Schmatz, German mountaineer (d. 1979)
1941 - Kim Jong-il, North Korean commander and politician, 2nd Supreme Leader of North Korea (d. 2011)
1942 - Richard Williams, American tennis player and coach
1944 - Glyn Davies, Welsh farmer and politician
1944 - Richard Ford, American novelist and short story writer
1944 - António Mascarenhas Monteiro, Cape Verdean politician, 2nd President of Cape Verde (d. 2016)
1948 - Kaiketsu Masateru, Japanese sumo wrestler and coach (d. 2014)
1949 - Bob O'Reilly, Australian rugby league player
1950 - Peter Hain, Kenyan-Welsh politician, Secretary of State for Wales
1951 - Barry Foote, American baseball player and coach
1952 - William Katt, American actor, director, and screenwriter
1952 - James Ingram, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2019)
1953 - John Bradbury, English drummer, songwriter, and producer (d. 2015)
1953 - Lanny McDonald, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
1953 - Roberta Williams, American video game designer, co-founded Sierra Entertainment
1954 - Iain Banks, Scottish author and playwright (d. 2013)
1954 - Margaux Hemingway, American model and actress (d. 1996)
1954 - Michael Holding, Jamaican cricketer and sportscaster
1956 - Vincent Ward, New Zealand director and screenwriter
1957 - LeVar Burton, German-born American actor, director, and producer
1958 - Natalie Angier, American author
1958 - Ice-T, American rapper and actor
1958 - Oscar Schmidt, Brazilian basketball player
1958 - Herb Williams, American basketball player and coach
1959 - John McEnroe, German-American tennis player and sportscaster
1959 - Kelly Tripucka, American basketball player and sportscaster
1960 - Pete Willis, English guitarist and songwriter
1961 - Des Hasler, Australian rugby league player and coach
1961 - Liu Kang, Chinese footballer and manager (d. 2013)
1961 - Andy Taylor, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1962 - John Balance, English singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
1964 - Bebeto, Brazilian footballer and manager
1964 - Christopher Eccleston, English actor
1965 - Dave Lombardo, Cuban-American drummer
1967 - Keith Gretzky, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1968 - Warren Ellis, English author and screenwriter
1970 - Angelo Peruzzi, Italian footballer and manager
1971 - Michael Avenatti, American attorney and pundit
1971 - Craig Laundy, Australian politician
1972 - Jerome Bettis, American football player and sportscaster
1972 - Zoran Čampara, Bosnian football player
1972 - Sarah Clarke, American actress
1972 - Naomi Nishida, Japanese actress
1972 - Darrell Trindall, Australian rugby league player
1973 - Cathy Freeman, Australian sprinter
1974 - Mahershala Ali, American actor
1976 - Eric Byrnes, American baseball player and sportscaster
1976 - Kyo, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer
1977 - Ian Clarke, Irish-American computer scientist, founded Freenet
1977 - Ahman Green, American football player
1978 - Tia Hellebaut, Belgian high jumper and chemist
1978 - Wasim Jaffer, Indian cricketer
1978 - John Tartaglia, American actor, singer, and puppeteer
1979 - Eric Mun, American-South Korean singer and actor
1979 - Valentino Rossi, Italian motorcycle racer
1980 - Longineu W. Parsons III, French-American drummer
1981 - Jay Howard, English race car driver
1981 - Jerry Owens, American baseball player
1981 - Qyntel Woods, American basketball player
1982 - Aleksandr Dmitrijev, Estonian footballer
1982 - Rickie Lambert, English footballer
1982 - Lupe Fiasco, American rapper
1983 - Agyness Deyn, English model, actress, and singer
1984 - Sofia Arvidsson, Swedish tennis player
1984 - Oussama Mellouli, Tunisian swimmer
1985 - Simon Francis, English footballer
1985 - Stacy Lewis, American golfer
1985 - Ron Vlaar, Dutch footballer
1986 - Diego Godín, Uruguayan footballer
1987 - Luc Bourdon, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2008)
1987 - Theresa Goh, Singaporean swimmer
1987 - Hasheem Thabeet, Tanzanian basketball player
1988 - Diego Capel, Spanish footballer
1988 - Zhang Jike, Chinese table tennis player
1988 - Denílson Pereira Neves, Brazilian footballer
1988 - Andrea Ranocchia, Italian footballer
1988 - Kim Soo-hyun, South Korean actor and singer
1989 - Elizabeth Olsen, American actress
1990 - Dunamis Lui, Australian-Samoan rugby league player
1990 - The Weeknd, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer
1991 - Sergio Canales, Spanish footballer
1992 - Nicolai Boilesen, Danish footballer
1992 - Zsófia Susányi, Hungarian tennis player
1994 - Annika Beck, German tennis player
1994 - Federico Bernardeschi, Italian footballer
1994 - Ava Max, American singer and songwriter
1995 - Katy Dunne, English tennis player
1995 - Carina Witthöft, German tennis player
1997 - Pardeep Narwal, Indian Kabaddi athlete
549 - Zhu Yi, Chinese general (b. 483)
902 - Mary the Younger, Byzantine saint (b. 875)
1184 - Richard of Dover, Archbishop of Canterbury
1247 - Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia (b. 1204)
1279 - Afonso III of Portugal (b. 1210)
1281 - Gertrude of Hohenburg, queen consort of Germany (b. c.1225)
1390 - Rupert I, Elector Palatine (b. 1309)
1391 - John V Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1332)
1531 - Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1452)
1560 - Jean du Bellay, French cardinal and diplomat (b. 1493)
1579 - Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, Spanish explorer (b. 1509)
1645 - Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general and politician, 24th Governor of the Duchy of Milan (b. 1585)
1710 - Esprit Fléchier, French bishop and author (b. 1632)
1721 - James Craggs the Younger, English politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (b. 1686)
1754 - Richard Mead, English physician (b. 1673)
1820 - Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish general (b. 1758)
1862 - William Pennington American lawyer and politician, 13th Governor of New Jersey, 23rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1796)
1898 - Thomas Bracken, Irish-New Zealand journalist, poet, and politician (b. 1843)
1899 - Félix Faure, French merchant and politician, 7th President of France (b. 1841)
1907 - Giosuè Carducci, Italian poet and educator, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1835)
1912 - Nicholas of Japan, Russian-Japanese monk and saint (b. 1836)
1917 - Octave Mirbeau, French journalist, novelist, and playwright ( (b. 1848)
1919 - Vera Kholodnaya, Ukrainian actress (b. 1893)
1928 - Eddie Foy, Sr., American actor and dancer (b. 1856)
1932 - Ferdinand Buisson, French academic and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1841)
1932 - Edgar Speyer, American-English financier and philanthropist (b. 1862)
1944 - Dadasaheb Phalke, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1870)
1957 - Josef Hofmann, Polish-American pianist and composer (b. 1876)
1961 - Dazzy Vance, American baseball player (b. 1891)
1967 - Smiley Burnette, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1911)
1974 - John Garand, Canadian-American engineer, designed the M1 Garand Rifle(b. 1888)
1975 - Morgan Taylor, American hurdler and coach (b. 1903)
1977 - Janani Luwum, bishop, Church of Uganda, martyr (b. c.1922)
1977 - Rózsa Péter, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1905)
1980 - Erich Hückel, German physicist and chemist (b. 1895)
1984 - M. A. G. Osmani, Bangladeshi general (b. 1918)
1990 - Keith Haring, American painter and activist (b. 1958)
1991 - Enrique Bermúdez, Nicaraguan lieutenant and engineer (b. 1932)
1992 - Angela Carter, English novelist, short story writer (b. 1940)
1992 - Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician, 22nd President of Brazil (b. 1917)
1992 - Herman Wold, Norwegian-Swedish economist and statistician (b. 1908)
1996 - Roberto Aizenberg, Argentinian painter and sculptor (b. 1922)
1996 - Roger Bowen, American actor and author (b. 1932)
1996 - Pat Brown, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Governor of California (b. 1905)
1996 - Brownie McGhee, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1915)
1997 - Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American physicist and academic (b. 1912)
1998 - Mary Amdur, American toxicologist and public health researcher (b. 1908)
2000 - Marceline Day, American actress (b. 1908)
2000 - Lila Kedrova, Russian-French actress and singer
2000 - Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-American businessman, founded PING (b. 1911)
2001 - Howard W. Koch, American director and producer (b. 1916)
2001 - William Masters, American gynecologist and sexologist (b. 1915)
2002 - Walter Winterbottom, English footballer and manager (b. 1913)
2003 - Rusty Magee, American actor and composer (b. 1955)
2004 - Doris Troy, American singer-songwriter (b. 1937)
2006 - Johnny Grunge, American wrestler (b. 1966)
2006 - Ernie Stautner, German-American football player and coach (b. 1925)
2009 - Stephen Kim Sou-hwan, South Korean cardinal (b. 1921)
2011 - Len Lesser, American actor (b. 1922)
2011 - Justinas Marcinkevičius, Lithuanian poet and playwright (b. 1930)
2012 - Gary Carter, American baseball player and coach (b. 1954)
2012 - Elyse Knox, American model, actress, and fashion designer (b. 1917)
2012 - John Macionis, American swimmer and lieutenant (b. 1916)
2012 - Anthony Shadid, American journalist (b. 1968)
2013 - Colin Edwards, Guyanese footballer (b. 1991)
2013 - Grigory Pomerants, Russian philosopher and author (b. 1918)
2013 - Tony Sheridan, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1940)
2014 - Ken Farragut, American football player (b. 1928)
2014 - Gert Krawinkel, German guitarist (b. 1947)
2014 - Michael Shea, American author (b. 1946)
2015 - Lasse Braun, Algerian-Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1936)
2015 - Lesley Gore, American singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
2015 - R. R. Patil, Indian lawyer and politician, Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra (b. 1957)
2015 - Lorena Rojas, Mexican actress and singer (b. 1971)
2016 - Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian politician and diplomat, 6th Secretary-General of the United Nations (b. 1922)
2019 - Bruno Ganz, Swiss actor (b. 1941)
Abda of Edessa
Elias and companions
Juliana of Nicomedia (Catholic Church)
Charles Todd Quintard (Episcopal Church (USA))
February 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)