Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances


161 - Marcus Aurelius and L. Commodus (who changes his name to Lucius Verus) become joint emperors of Rome on the death of Antoninus Pius.


1277 - Stephen Tempier, bishop of Paris, condemns 219 philosophical and theological theses.

Events743 years ago

1573 - A peace treaty is signed between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice, ending the Ottoman–Venetian War and leaving Cyprus in Ottoman hands.

Events447 years ago

1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.

Events221 years ago

1814 - Emperor Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.

Events206 years ago

1827 - Brazilian marines unsuccessfully attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina.

Events193 years ago

1827 - Shrigley abduction: Ellen Turner is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.

Events193 years ago

1850 - Senator Daniel Webster gives his "Seventh of March" speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850 in order to prevent a possible civil war.

Events170 years ago

1862 - American Civil War: Union forces engage Confederate troops at the Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas.

Events158 years ago

1876 - Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the "telephone".

Events144 years ago

1900 - The German liner SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse becomes the first ship to send wireless signals to shore.

Events120 years ago

1902 - Second Boer War: Boers, led by Koos de la Rey, inflict the biggest defeat upon the British since the beginning of the war, at Tweebosch.

Events118 years ago

1914 - Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign as King.

Events106 years ago

1936 - Prelude to World War II: In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.

Events84 years ago

1941 - Günther Prien and the crew of German submarine U-47, one of the most successful U-boats of World War II, disappear without a trace.

Events79 years ago

1945 - World War II: American troops seize the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine river at Remagen.

Events75 years ago

1950 - Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy.

Events70 years ago

1951 - Korean War: Operation Ripper: United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgway begin an assault against Chinese forces.

Events69 years ago

1951 - In a mosque in Tehran president Ali Razmara was shot by and Islamic fundamentalists of Fedayan I-Islam.

Events69 years ago

1965 - Bloody Sunday: A group of 600 civil rights marchers is brutally attacked by state and local police in Selma, Alabama.

Events55 years ago

1967 - The Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Sementara (MPRS), Indonesia's provisional parliament, revoked Sukarno's mandate as President of Indonesia.

Events53 years ago

1968 - Vietnam War: The United States and South Vietnamese military begin Operation Truong Cong Dinh to root out Viet Cong forces from the area surrounding Mỹ Tho.

Events52 years ago

1971 - Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, political leader of then East Pakistan (present day-Bangladesh), delivers his historic 7th March speech in the Racecourse Field (Now Suhrawardy Udyan) in Dhaka.

Events49 years ago

1986 - Challenger Disaster: Divers from the USS Preserver locate the crew cabin of Challenger on the ocean floor.

Events34 years ago

1987 - Lieyu massacre: Taiwanese military massacre of 19 unarmed Vietnamese refugees at Donggang, Lieyu, Kinmen.

Events33 years ago

1989 - Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a fight over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel, The Satanic Verses.

Events31 years ago

1993 - The tugboat Thomas Hebert sank off the coast of New Jersey, USA.

Events27 years ago

2006 - The terrorist organisation Lashkar-e-Taiba coordinates a series of bombings in Varanasi, India.

Events14 years ago

2007 - The British House of Commons votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected.

Events13 years ago

2009 - The Real Irish Republican Army kills two British soldiers and injures two other soldiers and two civilians at Massereene Barracks, the first British military deaths in Northern Ireland since the end of The Troubles.

Events11 years ago


189 - Publius Septimius Geta, Roman emperor (d. 211)


942 - Mu'ayyad al-Dawla, Buyid emir (d. 983)

Births583 years ago

1481 - Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (d. 1537)

Births539 years ago

1482 - Fray Thomas de San Martín, Roman Catholic prelate and bishop (d. 1555)

Births538 years ago

1543 - John Casimir of the Palatinate-Simmern, German prince and reigning count palatine of Simmern (d. 1592)

Births477 years ago

1556 - Guillaume du Vair, French lawyer and author (d. 1621)

Births464 years ago

1671 - Rob Roy MacGregor, Scottish outlaw (d. 1734)

Births349 years ago

1678 - Filippo Juvarra, Italian architect, designed the Basilica of Superga (d. 1736)

Births342 years ago

1693 - Clement XIII, pope of the Catholic Church (d. 1769)

Births327 years ago

1715 - Ewald Christian von Kleist, German soldier and poet (d. 1759)

Births305 years ago
Births297 years ago

1730 - Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, French soldier and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1807)

Births290 years ago

1765 - Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor, invented photography (d. 1833)

Births255 years ago

1785 - Alessandro Manzoni, Italian author and poet (d. 1873)

Births235 years ago

1788 - Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist and biochemist (d. 1878)

Births232 years ago

1792 - John Herschel, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871)

Births228 years ago

1811 - Increase A. Lapham, American botanist and author (d. 1875)

Births209 years ago

1837 - Henry Draper, American physician and astronomer (d. 1882)

Births183 years ago

1839 - Ludwig Mond, German-born chemist and British industrialist who discovered the metal carbonyls (d. 1909)

Births181 years ago

1841 - William Rockhill Nelson, American businessman and publisher, founded The Kansas City Star (d. 1915)

Births179 years ago

1843 - Marriott Henry Brosius, American senator (d. 1901)

Births177 years ago

1849 - Luther Burbank, American botanist and author (d. 1926)

Births171 years ago

1850 - Champ Clark, American lawyer and politician, 41st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1921)

Births170 years ago

1850 - Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, Austrian-Czech sociologist and politician, 1st President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1937)

Births170 years ago

1857 - Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)

Births163 years ago

1872 - Piet Mondrian, Dutch-American painter (d. 1944)

Births148 years ago

1873 - Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress (d. 1959)

Births147 years ago

1875 - Maurice Ravel, French pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1937)

Births145 years ago

1878 - Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter and stage designer (d. 1927)

Births142 years ago

1885 - Milton Avery, American painter (d. 1965)

Births135 years ago

1885 - John Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey, English admiral (d. 1971)

Births135 years ago

1886 - Virginia Pearson, American actress (d. 1958)

Births134 years ago

1886 - G. I. Taylor, English mathematician and physicist (d. 1975)

Births134 years ago

1886 - Wilson Dallam Wallis, American anthropologist (d. 1970)

Births134 years ago

1888 - William L. Laurence, Lithuanian-American journalist and author (d. 1977)

Births132 years ago
Births132 years ago

1894 - Ana María O'Neill, Puerto Rican scholar and activist (d. 1981)

Births126 years ago

1895 - Dorothy de Rothschild, English philanthropist and activist (d. 1988)

Births125 years ago

1902 - Heinz Rühmann, German actor (d. 1994)

Births118 years ago

1903 - Maud Lewis, Canadian folk artist (d. 1970)

Births117 years ago

1904 - Ivar Ballangrud, Norwegian speed skater (d. 1969)

Births116 years ago

1904 - Reinhard Heydrich, German SS officer (d. 1942)

Births116 years ago

1908 - Anna Magnani, Italian actress (d. 1973)

Births112 years ago

1910 - Will Glickman, American playwright (d. 1983)

Births110 years ago

1911 - Sachchidananda Vatsyayan, Indian modern poet, journalist and author (d. 1987)

Births109 years ago

1911 - Stefan Kisielewski, Polish libertarian writer and politician (d. 1991)

Births109 years ago

1912 - Adile Ayda, Turkish engineer and diplomat (d. 1992)

Births108 years ago

1913 - Dollard Ménard, Canadian general (d. 1997)

Births107 years ago

1915 - Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French general and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 2000)

Births105 years ago

1917 - Janet Collins, American ballerina and choreographer (d. 2003)

Births103 years ago

1917 - Betty Holberton, American engineer and programmer (d. 2001)

Births103 years ago

1922 - Olga Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 2004)

Births98 years ago

1922 - Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian journalist and author (d. 2004)

Births98 years ago

1924 - Morton Bard, American psychologist (d. 1997)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Bill Boedeker, American football player (d. 2014)

Births96 years ago

1925 - Rene Gagnon, American soldier (d. 1979)

Births95 years ago

1925 - Richard Vernon, British actor (d. 1997)

Births95 years ago

1927 - James Broderick, American actor and director (d. 1982)

Births93 years ago

1929 - Dan Jacobson, South African-English author and critic (d. 2014)

Births91 years ago

1930 - Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, English photographer and politician (d. 2017)

Births90 years ago

1930 - Robert Trotter, Scottish actor and photographer (d. 2013)

Births90 years ago

1933 - Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer and accountant (d. 1998)

Births87 years ago

1933 - Ed Bouchee, American baseball player (d. 2013)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Willard Scott, American television personality and actor

Births86 years ago

1936 - Florentino Fernández, Cuban-American boxer and coach (d. 2013)

Births84 years ago

1936 - Georges Perec, French author and screenwriter (d. 1982)

Births84 years ago

1938 - David Baltimore, American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births82 years ago

1939 - Danyel Gérard, French singer-songwriter

Births81 years ago

1940 - Daniel J. Travanti, American actor

Births80 years ago

1941 - Piers Paul Read, English historian and author

Births79 years ago

1942 - Michael Eisner, American businessman

Births78 years ago

1942 - Tammy Faye Messner, American evangelist, television personality, and talk show host (d. 2007)

Births78 years ago

1943 - Chris White, English singer-songwriter and bass player

Births77 years ago

1944 - Ranulph Fiennes, English soldier and explorer

Births76 years ago

1944 - Townes Van Zandt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1997)

Births76 years ago

1945 - Bob Herbert, American journalist

Births75 years ago

1945 - Arthur Lee, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2006)

Births75 years ago

1945 - Elizabeth Moon, American lieutenant and author

Births75 years ago

1946 - Matthew Fisher, English keyboard player, songwriter, and record producer

Births74 years ago

1946 - John Heard, American actor and producer (d. 2017)

Births74 years ago

1946 - Peter Wolf, American singer-songwriter and musician

Births74 years ago

1947 - Helen Eadie, Scottish politician (d. 2013)

Births73 years ago

1947 - Walter Röhrl, German race car driver

Births73 years ago
Births71 years ago

1949 - Rex Hunt, Australian television and radio personality

Births71 years ago

1950 - Billy Joe DuPree, American football player

Births70 years ago

1950 - Franco Harris, American football player and businessman

Births70 years ago

1950 - J. R. Richard, American baseball player and minister

Births70 years ago

1952 - William Boyd, Ghanaian-English author and screenwriter

Births68 years ago

1952 - Ernie Isley, American guitarist and songwriter

Births68 years ago

1952 - Viv Richards, Antiguan cricketer and footballer

Births68 years ago

1952 - Lynn Swann, American football player, sportscaster, and politician

Births68 years ago

1954 - Eva Brunne, Swedish bishop

Births66 years ago

1955 - Tommy Kramer, American football player

Births65 years ago

1956 - Bryan Cranston, American actor, director, and producer

Births64 years ago

1956 - Andrea Levy, English author (d. 2019)

Births64 years ago

1957 - Robert Harris, English journalist and author

Births63 years ago

1957 - Mark Richards, Australian surfer

Births63 years ago

1957 - Tomás Yarrington, Mexican economist and politician, Governor of Tamaulipas

Births63 years ago

1958 - Rick Bass, American author and environmentalist

Births62 years ago

1958 - Rik Mayall, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2014)

Births62 years ago

1958 - Merv Neagle, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2012)

Births62 years ago

1959 - Tom Lehman, American golfer

Births61 years ago

1959 - Donna Murphy, American actress and singer

Births61 years ago

1960 - Joe Carter, American baseball player and sportscaster

Births60 years ago

1960 - Ivan Lendl, Czech tennis player and coach

Births60 years ago

1960 - Jim Spivey, American runner and coach

Births60 years ago

1961 - David Rutley, English businessman and politician

Births59 years ago

1961 - Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, French politician

Births59 years ago

1962 - Taylor Dayne, American singer-songwriter and actress

Births58 years ago

1963 - Mike Eagles, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births57 years ago

1963 - E. L. James, English author

Births57 years ago

1964 - Bret Easton Ellis, American author and screenwriter

Births56 years ago

1964 - Wanda Sykes, American comedian, actress, and screenwriter

Births56 years ago

1965 - Steve Beuerlein, American football player and sportscaster

Births55 years ago

1965 - Jesper Parnevik, Swedish golfer

Births55 years ago

1966 - Terry Carkner, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births54 years ago

1966 - Tony Daly, Australian rugby player

Births54 years ago

1967 - Muhsin al-Ramli, Iraqi author, poet, translator, and academic

Births53 years ago

1967 - Ruthie Henshall, English actress, singer, and dancer

Births53 years ago

1967 - Ai Yazawa, Japanese author and illustrator

Births53 years ago

1968 - Jeff Kent, American baseball player

Births52 years ago

1969 - Massimo Lotti, Italian footballer

Births51 years ago

1969 - Hideki Noda, Japanese race car driver

Births51 years ago

1970 - Rachel Weisz, English-American actress and producer

Births50 years ago

1971 - Peter Sarsgaard, American actor

Births49 years ago

1971 - Matthew Vaughn, English director, producer, and screenwriter

Births49 years ago

1972 - Craig Polla-Mounter, Australian rugby league player

Births48 years ago

1973 - Jason Bright, Australian race car driver

Births47 years ago

1973 - Sébastien Izambard, French tenor and producer

Births47 years ago

1973 - Işın Karaca, English-Turkish singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

Births47 years ago

1974 - Jenna Fischer, American actress

Births46 years ago

1974 - Facundo Sava, Argentinian footballer and manager

Births46 years ago

1977 - Ronan O'Gara, Irish rugby player and coach

Births43 years ago

1977 - Paul Cattermole, British singer and actor

Births43 years ago

1978 - Jaqueline Jesus, Brazilian psychologist and activist

Births42 years ago

1979 - Rodrigo Braña, Argentinian footballer

Births41 years ago

1979 - Amanda Somerville, American singer-songwriter

Births41 years ago

1980 - Murat Boz, Turkish singer-songwriter

Births40 years ago

1980 - Eric Godard, Canadian ice hockey player

Births40 years ago

1980 - Laura Prepon, American actress

Births40 years ago

1981 - Brent Kite, Australian rugby league player

Births39 years ago

1983 - Manucho, Angolan footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Sebastián Viera, Uruguayan footballer

Births37 years ago

1984 - Mathieu Flamini, French footballer

Births36 years ago

1984 - Lindsay McCaul, American singer-songwriter

Births36 years ago

1985 - Andre Fluellen, American football player

Births35 years ago

1985 - Cameron Prosser, Australian swimmer

Births35 years ago

1985 - Gerwyn Price, Welsh darts player

Births35 years ago

1986 - Ben Griffin, Australian footballer

Births34 years ago

1987 - Hatem Ben Arfa, French footballer

Births33 years ago

1987 - Niclas Bergfors, Swedish ice hockey player

Births33 years ago

1988 - Larry Asante, American football player

Births32 years ago

1991 - Michele Rigione, Italian footballer

Births29 years ago

1995 - Jerome Binnom-Williams, English footballer

Births25 years ago

1996 - Liam Donnelly, Northern Irish footballer

Births24 years ago


161 - Antoninus Pius, Roman emperor (b. 86)


413 - Heraclianus, Roman politician and failed usurper


851 - Nominoe, King (or duke) of Brittany


974 - John of Gorze, Frankish abbot and diplomat


1226 - William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English commander (b. 1176)

Deaths794 years ago

1274 - Saint Thomas Aquinas, Italian priest and philosopher (b. 1225)

Deaths746 years ago
Deaths627 years ago

1407 - Francesco I Gonzaga, ruler of Mantua

Deaths613 years ago
Deaths503 years ago
Deaths470 years ago
Deaths442 years ago

1625 - Johann Bayer, German lawyer and cartographer (b. 1572)

Deaths395 years ago

1724 - Pope Innocent XIII (b. 1655)

Deaths296 years ago
Deaths253 years ago

1778 - Charles De Geer, Swedish entomologist and archaeologist (b. 1720)

Deaths242 years ago

1809 - Jean-Pierre Blanchard, French inventor, best known as a pioneer in balloon flight (b. 1753)

Deaths211 years ago

1810 - Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, English admiral (b. 1750)

Deaths210 years ago

1838 - Robert Townsend, American spy (b. 1753)

Deaths182 years ago

1897 - Harriet Ann Jacobs, African American Abolitionist and author (b. 1813)

Deaths123 years ago

1904 - Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist and petrologist (b. 1828)

Deaths116 years ago

1913 - Pauline Johnson, Canadian poet and author (b. 1861)

Deaths107 years ago

1920 - Jaan Poska, Estonian lawyer and politician, 1st Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1866)

Deaths100 years ago

1928 - Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist (b. 1851)

Deaths92 years ago

1932 - Aristide Briand, French journalist and politician, Prime Minister of France, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)

Deaths88 years ago

1934 - Ernst Enno, Estonian poet and author (b. 1875)

Deaths86 years ago

1938 - Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, 116th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1876)

Deaths82 years ago

1947 - Lucy Parsons, American communist anarchist labor organizer (b. c 1853)

Deaths73 years ago

1949 - Bradbury Robinson, American football player, physician, and politician (b. 1884)

Deaths71 years ago

1952 - Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru and philosopher (b. 1893)

Deaths68 years ago

1954 - Otto Diels, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)

Deaths66 years ago

1957 - Wyndham Lewis, English painter and critic (b. 1882)

Deaths63 years ago

1961 - Govind Ballabh Pant, Indian lawyer and politician, 2nd Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (b. 1887)

Deaths59 years ago

1967 - Alice B. Toklas, American writer (b. 1877)

Deaths53 years ago

1971 - Richard Montague, American mathematician and philosopher (b. 1930)

Deaths49 years ago

1975 - Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher and critic (b. 1895)

Deaths45 years ago

1976 - Wright Patman, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (b. 1893)

Deaths44 years ago

1981 - Kirill Kondrashin, Russian conductor (b. 1914)

Deaths39 years ago

1982 - Ida Barney, American astronomer, mathematician, and academic (b. 1886)

Deaths38 years ago

1983 - Igor Markevitch, Ukrainian conductor and composer (b. 1912)

Deaths37 years ago

1986 - Jacob K. Javits, American colonel and politician, 58th New York State Attorney General (b. 1904)

Deaths34 years ago

1988 - Divine, American drag queen and film actor (b. 1945)

Deaths32 years ago

1991 - Cool Papa Bell, American baseball player (b. 1903)

Deaths29 years ago

1993 - Tony Harris, South African cricketer (b. 1916)

Deaths27 years ago

1993 - J. Merrill Knapp, American musicologist (b. 1914)

Deaths27 years ago

1993 - Martti Larni, Finnish writer (b. 1909)

Deaths27 years ago

1993 - Carlo Mazzarella, Italian actor and journalist (b. 1919)

Deaths27 years ago

1993 - Angelo Piccaluga, Italian footballer (b. 1906)

Deaths27 years ago

1993 - Eleanor Sanger, American television producer (b. 1929)

Deaths27 years ago

1993 - Josef Steindl, Austrian economist (b. 1912)

Deaths27 years ago

1993 - Frank Wells, Australian rules footballer (b. 1909)

Deaths27 years ago

1997 - Edward Mills Purcell, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)

Deaths23 years ago

1999 - Sidney Gottlieb, American chemist and theorist (b. 1918)

Deaths21 years ago

1999 - Stanley Kubrick, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)

Deaths21 years ago

2000 - Pee Wee King, American singer-songwriter (b. 1914)

Deaths20 years ago

2001 - Frankie Carle, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1903)

Deaths19 years ago

2004 - Paul Winfield, American actor (b. 1941)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - John Box, English production designer and art director (b. 1920)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Debra Hill, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1950)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Gordon Parks, American photographer, director, and composer (b. 1912)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 - Ali Farka Touré, Malian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1939)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Ronnie Wells, American singer and educator (b. 1943)

Deaths13 years ago

2012 - Ravi, Indian director and composer (b. 1926)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Włodzimierz Smolarek, Polish footballer and manager (b. 1957)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Peter Banks, English guitarist and songwriter (b. 1947)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Sybil Christopher, Welsh actress (b. 1929)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Damiano Damiani, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1922)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Frederick B. Karl, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1924)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Claude King, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1923)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Anatoly Borisovich Kuznetsov, Russian actor and director (b. 1930)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Ned O'Gorman, American poet and educator (b. 1929)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Victor Shem-Tov, Israeli lawyer and politician, 8th Israeli Minister of Health (b. 1915)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - G. Karthikeyan, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1949)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - F. Ray Keyser, Jr., American lawyer and politician, 72nd Governor of Vermont (b. 1927)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Japanese author and illustrator (b. 1935)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Adrian Hardiman, Irish lawyer and judge (b. 1951)

Deaths4 years ago

2017 - Lynne Stewart, American attorney and activist (b. 1939)

Deaths3 years ago

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