Harriet Tubman Day (United States of America)
Holocaust Remembrance Day (Bulgaria)
Hote Matsuri (Shiogama, Japan)
Mario Day (Globally)
National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day (United States)
Tibetan Uprising Day (Tibetan independence movement)
Theatre Day (Azerbaijan)
241 BC - First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates: The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.
298 - Roman Emperor Maximian concludes his campaign in North Africa against the Berbers, and makes a triumphal entry into Carthage.
947 - The Later Han is founded by Liu Zhiyuan. He declares himself emperor and establishes the capital in Bian, present-day Kaifeng.
1607 - Susenyos I defeats the combined armies of Yaqob and Abuna Petros II at the Battle of Gol in Gojjam, making him Emperor of Ethiopia.
1629 - Charles I dissolves the Parliament of England, beginning the eleven-year period known as the Personal Rule.
1735 - An agreement between Nader Shah and Russia is signed near Ganja, Azerbaijan and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku.
1762 - French Huguenot Jean Calas, who had been wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform.
1804 - Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, Missouri, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of the Louisiana Territory from France to the United States.
1814 - Emperor Napoleon I is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.
1816 - Crossing of the Andes: A group of royalist scouts are captured during the Action of Juncalito.
1830 - The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.
1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by the United States Senate, ending the Mexican–American War.
1861 - El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Ségou, destroying the Bamana Empire of Mali.
1865 - Amy Spain, American slave, is executed for stealing from her owner; believed to have been the last legal execution of a female slave in America.
1873 - The first Azerbaijani play "The Adventures of the Vizier of the Khan of Lenkaran" prepared by Akhundov was performed by Hassan-bey Zardabi and dramatist and Najaf-bey Vezirov.
1876 - The first successful test of a telephone is made by Alexander Graham Bell.
1891 - Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the Strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
1906 - The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst ever, kills 1099 miners in northern France.
1909 - By signing the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, Thailand relinquishes its sovereignty over the Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Terengganu, which become British protectorates.
1915 - World War I: The Battle of Neuve Chapelle begins. This is the first large-scale operation by the British Army in the war.
1916 - The McMahon–Hussein Correspondence between Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca and the British official Henry McMahon concerning the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire ends.
1917 - Some provinces and cities in the Philippines are incorporated due to the ratification of Act No. 2711 or the Administrative Code of the Philippines.
1922 - Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in India, tried for sedition, and sentenced to six years in prison, only to be released after nearly two years for an appendicitis operation.
1933 - The 6.4 Mw Long Beach earthquake affects the Greater Los Angeles Area with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), leaving 115–120 people dead, and causing an estimated $40 million in damage.
1944 - Greek Civil War: The Political Committee of National Liberation is established in Greece by the National Liberation Front.
1945 - World War II: The U.S. Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting conflagration kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians.
1949 - Mildred Gillars ("Axis Sally") is convicted of treason.
1952 - Fulgencio Batista leads a successful coup in Cuba and appoints himself as the "provisional president".
1959 - Tibetan uprising: Fearing an abduction attempt by China, thousands of Tibetans surround the Dalai Lama's palace to prevent his removal.
1966 - Military Prime Minister of South Vietnam Nguyễn Cao Kỳ sacked rival General Nguyễn Chánh Thi, precipitating large-scale civil and military dissension in parts of the nation.
1968 - Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, concluding the 11th with largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during that war.
1969 - In Memphis, Tennessee, James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King, Jr. He later unsuccessfully attempts to recant.
1970 - Vietnam War: Captain Ernest Medina is charged by the U.S. military with My Lai war crimes.
1975 - Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh Campaign: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Mê Thuột in the South on their way to capturing Saigon in the final push for victory over South Vietnam.
1977 - Astronomers discover the rings of Uranus.
1990 - In Haiti, Prosper Avril is ousted 18 months after seizing power in a coup.
2000 - The Nasdaq Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signaling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom.
2006 - The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars.
2017 - The impeachment of President Park Geun-hye of South Korea in response to a major political scandal is unanimously upheld by the country's Constitutional Court, ending her presidency.
2019 - Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302, a Boeing 737 MAX, crashes, leading to all 737 MAX aircraft being grounded worldwide.
852 - Qian Liu, Chinese warlord and king (d. 932)
1415 - Vasily II, Grand Prince of Moscow (d. 1462)
1430 - Oliviero Carafa, Catholic cardinal (d. 1511)
1452 - Ferdinand II, king of Castile and León (d. 1516)
1503 - Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1564)
1536 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, English politician, Earl Marshal of the United Kingdom (d. 1572)
1549 - Francis Solanus, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1610)
1590 - Dietrich Reinkingk, German lawyer and politician (d. 1664)
1604 - Johann Rudolf Glauber, German-Dutch alchemist and chemist (d. 1670)
1607 - Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton, English statesman (d. 1667)
1628 - François Girardon, French sculptor (d. 1715)
1628 - Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician and biologist (d. 1694)
1652 - Giacomo Serpotta, Italian Rococo sculptor (d. 1732)
1653 - John Benbow, Royal Navy admiral (d. 1702)
1709 - Georg Wilhelm Steller, German botanist, zoologist, physician, and explorer (d. 1746)
1745 - John Gunby, American general (d. 1807)
1749 - Lorenzo Da Ponte, Italian-American priest and poet (d. 1838)
1769 - Joseph Williamson, English businessman and philanthropist (d. 1840)
1772 - Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel, German poet and critic (d. 1829)
1777 - Louis Hersent, French painter (d. 1860)
1787 - Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa y Berdejo, Spanish playwright and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1862)
1787 - William Etty, English painter and academic (d. 1849)
1788 - Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German author, poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1857)
1788 - Edward Hodges Baily, English sculptor (d. 1867)
1789 - Manuel de la Peña y Peña, Mexican lawyer and 20th President (1847) (d. 1850)
1795 - Joseph Légaré, Canadian painter and glazier, artist, seigneur and political figure (d. 1855)
1810 - Samuel Ferguson, Irish poet and lawyer (d. 1886)
1844 - Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist and composer (d. 1908)
1844 - Marie Euphrosyne Spartali, British Pre-Raphaelite painter (d. 1927)
1845 - Alexander III of Russia (d. 1894)
1846 - Edward Baker Lincoln, American son of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1850)
1849 - Hallie Quinn Brown, African-American educator, writer and activist (d. 1949)
1850 - Spencer Gore, English tennis player and cricketer (d. 1906)
1853 - Thomas Mackenzie, Scottish-New Zealand cartographer and politician, 18th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1930)
1864 - Ādams Alksnis, Latvian painter (d. 1897)
1867 - Hector Guimard, French-American architect, designed the La Bluette (d. 1942)
1867 - Lillian Wald, American nurse, humanitarian, and author, founded the Henry Street Settlement (d. 1940)
1870 - David Riazanov, Russian theorist and politician (d. 1938)
1873 - Jakob Wassermann, German-Austrian soldier and author (d. 1934)
1876 - Edvard Eriksen, Danish-Icelandic sculptor and woodcarver (d. 1959)
1876 - Anna Hyatt Huntington, American sculptor (d. 1973)
1877 - Pascual Ortiz Rubio, Mexican diplomat and president (1930-1932) (d. 1963)
1881 - Jessie Boswell, English painter (d. 1956)
1885 - Tamara Karsavina, Russian-English ballerina and educator (d. 1978)
1888 - Barry Fitzgerald, Irish actor (d. 1961)
1889 - Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Japanese martial artist and educator (d. 1972)
1890 - Gakuryō Nakamura, Japanese painter and designer (d. 1969)
1890 - Albert Ogilvie, Australian politician, 28th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1939)
1891 - Sam Jaffe, American actor and engineer (d. 1984)
1892 - Arthur Honegger, French-Swiss composer and educator (d. 1955)
1892 - Gregory La Cava, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1952)
1896 - Frederick Coulton Waugh, British cartoonist, painter, teacher and author (d. 1973)
1900 - Violet Brown, Jamaican supercentenarian, oldest Jamaican ever (d. 2017)
1900 – Pandelis Pouliopoulos, Greek lawyer and politician (d. 1943)
1901 - Michel Seuphor, Belgian painter (d. 1999)
1903 - Bix Beiderbecke, American cornet player, pianist, and composer (d. 1931)
1903 - Clare Boothe Luce, American playwright, journalist, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Italy (d. 1987)
1903 - Edward Bawden, British artist and illustrator (d. 1989)
1914 - Chandler Harper, American golfer (d. 2004)
1914 - K. P. Ratnam, Sri Lankan academic and politician (d. 2010)
1915 - Harry Bertoia, Italian-American sculptor and furniture designer (d. 1978)
1915 - Joža Horvat, Croatian writer (d. 2012)
1916 - Davie Fulton, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 2000)
1917 - David Hare, American Surrealist artist, sculptor, photographer and painter (d. 1992)
1918 - Günther Rall, German general and pilot (d. 2009)
1919 - Marion Hutton, American singer and actress (d. 1987)
1920 - Alfred Peet, Dutch-American businessman, founded Peet's Coffee & Tea (d. 2007)
1920 - Boris Vian, French author and playwright (d. 1959)
1922 - Kiyoshi Yamashita, Japanese painter (d. 1971)
1923 - Val Logsdon Fitch, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
1924 - Judith Jones, literary and cookbook editor (d. 2017)
1925 - Bob Lanier, American lawyer, banker, and politician, 58th Mayor of Houston (d. 2014)
1926 - Marques Haynes, American basketball player (d. 2015)
1927 - Claude Laydu, Belgian-French actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2011)
1927 - Paul Wunderlich, German painter, sculptor and graphic artist (d. 2010)
1928 - Sara Montiel, Spanish actress (d. 2013)
1928 - James Earl Ray, American criminal; assassin of Martin Luther King Jr. (d. 1998)
1929 - Sam Steiger, American journalist and politician (d. 2012)
1930 - Sándor Iharos, Hungarian runner (d. 1996)
1931 - Georges Dor, Canadian author, playwright, and composer (d. 2001)
1932 - Marcia Falkender, Baroness Falkender, English politician (d. 2019)
1932 - Udupi Ramachandra Rao, Indian physicist and engineer (d. 2017)
1933 - Perunchithiranar, Tamil poet (d. 1995)
1933 - Elizabeth Azcona Cranwell, Argentinian poet and translator (d. 2004)
1934 - Gergely Kulcsár, Hungarian javelin thrower and coach
1935 - Graham Farmer, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2019)
1936 - Sepp Blatter, Swiss businessman
1936 - Alfredo Zitarrosa, Uruguayan singer-songwriter and journalist (d. 1989)
1938 - Norman Blake, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1938 - Ieronymos II of Athens, Greek archbishop
1939 - Asghar Ali Engineer, Indian activist and author (d. 2013)
1939 - Hugh Johnson, English author and critic
1939 - Irina Press, Ukrainian-Russian hurdler and pentathlete (d. 2004)
1940 - Chuck Norris, American actor, producer, and martial artist
1940 - David Rabe, American playwright and screenwriter
1943 - Peter Berresford Ellis, English historian and author
1944 - Gail North-Saunders, Bahamian historian, archivist, and author who established the Bahamian National Archives
1945 - Katharine Houghton, American actress and playwright
1945 - Madhavrao Scindia, Indian politician, Indian Minister of Railways (d. 2001)
1946 - Gérard Garouste, French contemporary artist
1946 - Mike Hollands, Australian animator and director, founded Act3animation
1946 - Jim Valvano, American basketball player and coach (d. 1993)
1947 - Kim Campbell, Canadian lawyer and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Canada
1947 - Tom Scholz, American rock musician (Boston), songwriter, inventor, and engineer
1948 - Austin Carr, American basketball player and sportscaster
1949 - Bill Buxton, Canadian computer scientist and academic
1949 - Barbara Corcoran, American businesswoman and television personality
1952 - Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwean politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Zimbabwe (d. 2018)
1953 - Paul Haggis, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter
1954 - Didier Barbelivien, French singer-songwriter
1955 - Toshio Suzuki, Japanese race car driver
1956 - Robert Llewellyn, English actor, producer, and screenwriter
1956 - Larry Myricks, American long jumper and sprinter
1957 - Osama bin Laden, Saudi Arabian terrorist, founded al-Qaeda (d. 2011)
1958 - Garth Crooks, English footballer and sportscaster
1958 - Steve Howe, American baseball player (d. 2006)
1958 - Sharon Stone, American actress and producer
1961 - Laurel Clark, American captain, physician, and astronaut (d. 2003)
1961 - Bobby Petrino, American football player and coach
1962 - Jasmine Guy, American actress, singer, and director
1962 - Seiko Matsuda, Japanese singer-songwriter and actress
1963 - Jeff Ament, American bass player and songwriter
1963 - Felipe Ramos, Mexican footballer and referee
1963 - Rick Rubin, American record producer, founded Def Jam Recordings
1964 - Neneh Cherry, Swedish singer-songwriter
1964 - Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
1964 - Jojo Lastimosa, Filipino basketball player and coach
1964 - Nikola Mladenov, Macedonian journalist (d. 2013)
1964 - Toni Polster, Austrian footballer and manager
1965 - Jillian Richardson, Canadian sprinter
1965 - Rod Woodson, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
1966 - Edie Brickell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1966 - Mike Timlin, American baseball player
1967 - Omer Tarin, Pakistani-English poet and scholar
1968 - Thio Li-ann, Singaporean lawyer and academic
1968 - Pavel Srníček, Czech footballer and coach (d. 2015)
1970 - Matt Barlow, American singer-songwriter
1971 - Jon Hamm, American actor and director
1972 - Matt Kenseth, American race car driver
1972 - Timbaland, American rapper and producer
1973 - Jason Croker, Australian rugby league player and coach
1973 - Chris Sutton, English footballer and manager
1973 - Mauricio Taricco, Argentinian footballer and manager
1974 - Cristián de la Fuente, Chilean-American model, actor, and producer
1975 - Jamie Arnold, American-Israeli basketball player and coach
1976 - Barbara Schett, Austrian tennis player and sportscaster
1977 - Robin Thicke, American singer
1978 - Camille, French singer-songwriter and actress
1978 - Neil Alexander, Scottish footballer
1978 - Benjamin Burnley, American musician Breaking Benjamin
1980 - Lars Horntveth, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
1981 - Samuel Eto'o, Cameroonian footballer and manager
1981 - Ángel López, Spanish footballer
1981 - Steven Reid, English-Irish footballer and manager
1982 - Kwame Brown, American basketball player
1982 - Keke Wyatt, American singer-songwriter and actress
1983 - Étienne Boulay, Canadian football player
1983 - Rafe Spall, English actor
1983 - Janet Mock, American journalist, author, and activist
1983 - Carrie Underwood, American singer-songwriter and actress
1984 - Ben May, English footballer
1984 - Olivia Wilde, American actress and producer
1985 - Lassana Diarra, French footballer
1985 - Casey Dienel, American singer-songwriter and pianist
1987 - Martellus Bennett, American football player
1987 - Greg Eastwood, New Zealand rugby league player
1987 - Ebba Jungmark, Swedish high jumper
1987 - Tuukka Rask, Finnish ice hockey player
1987 - Liu Shishi, Chinese actress and ballerina
1988 - Josh Hoffman, Australian-New Zealand rugby league player
1988 - Kang In-soo, South Korean singer
1988 - Ivan Rakitić, Croatian football player, plays for FC Barcelona
1992 - Emily Osment, American actress, singer, and songwriter
1992 - Neeskens Kebano, French-born Congolese football player
1993 - Jack Butland, English footballer
1995 - Zach LaVine, American basketball player
1995 - Sergey Mozgov, Russian ice dancer
1997 - Julia Barretto, Filipino actress and singer
1997 - Belinda Bencic, Swiss tennis player
1999 - Max Bryant, Australian cricketer
483 - Pope Simplicius
933 - Li Renfu, Chinese warlord and governor
948 - Liu Zhiyuan, Shatuo founder of the Later Han dynasty (b. 895)
1039 - Eudes, Duke of Gascony
1222 - Johan Sverkersson, king of Sweden since 1216 (b. 1201)
1289 - Maud de Lacy, Countess of Hertford and Gloucester, English noble (b. 1223)
1291 - Arghun, Mongol ruler in Persia
1315 - Agnes Blannbekin, Austrian mystic (b. c.1244)
1391 - Tvrtko I of Bosnia (b. 1338)
1476 - Richard West, 7th Baron De La Warr (b. 1430)
1510 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss priest and theologian (b. 1445)
1513 - John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, English commander and politician, Lord High Constable of England (b. 1443)
1527 - Nam Gon, Korean writer and prime minister (b. 1471)
1528 - Balthasar Hübmaier, influential German/Moravian Anabaptist leader (b. 1480)
1572 - William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester (b. c. 1483)
1585 - Rembert Dodoens, Flemish physician and botanist (b. 1517)
1588 - Theodor Zwinger, Swiss physician and scholar (b. 1533)
1670 - Johann Rudolf Glauber, German-Dutch chemist and engineer (b. 1604)
1682 - Jacob van Ruisdael, Dutch painter and etcher (b. 1628)
1724 - Urban Hjärne, Swedish chemist, geologist, and physician (b. 1641)
1776 - Élie Catherine Fréron, French author and critic (b. 1719)
1792 - John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, Scottish politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1713)
1823 - George Elphinstone, 1st Viscount Keith, Scottish admiral and politician (b. 1746)
1826 - John Pinkerton, Scottish antiquarian, cartographer, author, numismatist and historian (b. 1758)
1832 - Muzio Clementi, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1752)
1861 - Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet, playwright, and ethnographer (b. 1814)
1872 - Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian journalist and politician (b. 1805)
1898 - Marie-Eugénie de Jésus, French nun and saint, founded the Religious of the Assumption (b. 1817)
1895 - Charles Frederick Worth, English-French fashion designer, founded the House of Worth (b. 1826)
1897 - Savitribai Phule, Indian poet and activist (b. 1831)
1910 - Karl Lueger, Austrian lawyer and politician Mayor of Vienna (b. 1844)
1910 - Carl Reinecke, German pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1824)
1913 - Harriet Tubman, American nurse and activist (b. 1820)
1925 - Myer Prinstein, Polish-American jumper and lawyer (b. 1878)
1930 - Misuzu Kaneko, Japanese poet and songwriter (b. 1903)
1937 - Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian journalist and author (b. 1884)
1940 - Mikhail Bulgakov, Russian novelist and playwright (b. 1891)
1942 - Wilbur Scoville, American pharmacist and chemist (b. 1865)
1948 - Zelda Fitzgerald, American author, poet, and dancer (b. 1900)
1948 - Jan Masaryk, Czech soldier and politician (b. 1886)
1951 - Kijūrō Shidehara, Japanese lawyer and politician, 44th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1872)
1965 - Archibald Frazer-Nash, English engineer, founded Frazer Nash (b. 1889)
1966 - Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
1966 - Frank O'Connor, Irish short story writer, novelist, and poet (b. 1903)
1977 - E. Power Biggs, English-American organist and composer (b. 1906)
1982 - Minoru Shirota, Japanese physician and microbiologist, invented Yakult (b. 1899)
1985 - Konstantin Chernenko, Russian soldier and politician, 8th Head of State of The Soviet Union (b. 1911)
1985 - Bob Nieman, American baseball player and scout (b. 1927)
1986 - Ray Milland, Welsh-American actor and director (b. 1905)
1988 - Andy Gibb, Manx-Australian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1958)
1989 - Kermit Beahan, American colonel and pilot (b. 1918)
1990 - Pat McDonald, Australian actress (b. 1921)
1992 - Giorgos Zampetas, Greek bouzouki player and composer (b. 1925)
1995 - Agepê, Brazilian singer/composer (b. 1942)
1996 - Ross Hunter, American film producer (b. 1926)
1997 - LaVern Baker, American singer and actress (b. 1929)
1998 - Lloyd Bridges, American actor and director (b. 1913)
1999 - Oswaldo Guayasamín, Ecuadorian painter and sculptor (b. 1919)
2001 - Massimo Morsello, Italian singer-songwriter (b. 1958)
2004 - Renos Apostolidis, Greek philologist, author, and critic (b. 1924)
2005 - Dave Allen, Irish-English comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1936)
2006 - Anna Moffo, American soprano (b. 1932)
2007 - Ernie Ladd, American football player and wrestler (b. 1938)
2010 - Muhammad Sayyid Tantawy, Egyptian scholar and academic (b. 1928)
2010 - Corey Haim, Canadian actor (b. 1971)
2011 - Bill Blackbeard, American author and illustrator (b. 1926)
2012 - Bert R. Bulkin, American engineer (b. 1929)
2012 - Jean Giraud, French author and illustrator (b. 1938)
2012 - Mykola Plaviuk, Ukrainian politician, President Ukrainian People's Republic in Exile (b. 1925)
2012 - Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1927)
2012 - Tan Boon Teik, Malaysian-Singaporean lawyer and politician, Attorney-General of Singapore (b. 1929)
2015 - Richard Glatzer, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1952)
2016 - Ken Adam, German-English production designer and art director (b. 1921)
2016 - Keith Emerson, English keyboard player and songwriter (b. 1944)
2016 - Roberto Perfumo, Argentinian footballer and sportscaster (b. 1942)
2016 - Jovito Salonga, Filipino lawyer and politician, 14th President of the Senate of the Philippines (b. 1920)
2016 - Anita Brookner, English novelist and art historian (b. 1928)
Anastasia the Patrician
Harriet Tubman (Lutheran)
Macarius of Jerusalem
Marie-Eugénie de Jésus
Sojourner Truth (Lutheran)
March 10 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)