Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Saint Patrick's Day, a public holiday in Ireland, Montserrat and the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, widely celebrated in the English-speaking world and to a lesser degree in other parts of the world.

Holidays and observances


45 BC - In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.


180 - Commodus becomes sole emperor of the Roman Empire at the age of eighteen, following the death of his father, Marcus Aurelius.


455 - Petronius Maximus becomes, with support of the Roman Senate, emperor of the Western Roman Empire; he forces Licinia Eudoxia, the widow of his predecessor, Valentinian III, to marry him.


1001 - The Raja of Butuan in what is now the Philippines sends a tributary mission to the Song dynasty.

Events1019 years ago
Events683 years ago

1452 - The Battle of Los Alporchones is fought in the context of the Spanish Reconquista between the Emirate of Granada and the combined forces of the Kingdom of Castile and Murcia resulting in a Christian victory.

Events568 years ago

1560 - Fort Coligny on Villegagnon Island in Rio de Janeiro is attacked and destroyed during the Portuguese campaign against France Antarctique.

Events460 years ago

1677 - The Siege of Valenciennes, during the Franco-Dutch War, ends with France's taking of the city.

Events343 years ago

1776 - American Revolution: The British Army evacuates Boston, ending the Siege of Boston, after George Washington and Henry Knox place artillery in positions overlooking the city.

Events244 years ago

1780 - American Revolution: George Washington grants the Continental Army a holiday "as an act of solidarity with the Irish in their fight for independence".

Events240 years ago

1805 - The Italian Republic, with Napoleon as president, becomes the Kingdom of Italy, with Napoleon as King of Italy.

Events215 years ago

1824 - The Anglo-Dutch Treaty is signed in London, dividing the Malay archipelago. As a result, the Malay Peninsula is dominated by the British, while Sumatra and Java and surrounding areas are dominated by the Dutch.

Events196 years ago
Events178 years ago

1852 - Annibale De Gasparis discovers in Naples the asteroid Psyche from the north dome of the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte

Events168 years ago

1860 - The First Taranaki War begins in Taranaki, New Zealand, a major phase of the New Zealand Wars.

Events160 years ago

1861 - The Kingdom of Italy is proclaimed.

Events159 years ago

1891 - SS Utopia collides with HMS Anson in the Bay of Gibraltar and sinks, killing 562 of the 880 passengers on board.

Events129 years ago
Events99 years ago
Events81 years ago

1941 - In Washington, D.C., the National Gallery of Art is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Events79 years ago

1942 - Holocaust: The first Jews from the Lvov Ghetto are gassed at the Belzec death camp in what is today eastern Poland.

Events78 years ago

1945 - The Ludendorff Bridge in Remagen, Germany, collapses, ten days after its capture.

Events75 years ago

1947 - First flight of the B-45 Tornado strategic bomber.

Events73 years ago

1948 - Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Brussels, a precursor to the North Atlantic Treaty establishing NATO.

Events72 years ago

1950 - Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley announce the creation of element 98, which they name "californium".

Events70 years ago
Events63 years ago

1958 - The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.

Events62 years ago

1959 - Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, flees Tibet for India.

Events61 years ago

1960 - U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the National Security Council directive on the anti-Cuban covert action program that will ultimately lead to the Bay of Pigs Invasion.

Events60 years ago

1963 - Mount Agung erupted on Bali killing more than 1,100 people.

Events57 years ago

1966 - Off the coast of Spain in the Mediterranean, the DSV Alvin submarine finds a missing American hydrogen bomb.

Events54 years ago

1968 - As a result of nerve gas testing by the U.S. Army Chemical Corps in Skull Valley, Utah, over 6,000 sheep are found dead.

Events52 years ago

1969 - Golda Meir becomes the first female Prime Minister of Israel.

Events51 years ago

1973 - The Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph Burst of Joy is taken, depicting a former prisoner of war being reunited with his family, which came to symbolize the end of United States involvement in the Vietnam War.

Events47 years ago

1979 - The Penmanshiel Tunnel collapses during engineering works, killing two workers.

Events41 years ago

1985 - Serial killer Richard Ramirez, aka the "Night Stalker", commits the first two murders in his Los Angeles murder spree.

Events35 years ago

1988 - A Colombian Boeing 727 jetliner, Avianca Flight 410, crashes into a mountainside near the Venezuelan border killing 143.

Events32 years ago

1988 - Eritrean War of Independence: The Nadew Command, an Ethiopian army corps in Eritrea, is attacked on three sides by military units of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front in the opening action of the Battle of Afabet.

Events32 years ago

1992 - Israeli Embassy attack in Buenos Aires: Car bomb attack kills 29 and injures 242.

Events28 years ago

1992 - A referendum to end apartheid in South Africa is passed 68.7% to 31.2%.

Events28 years ago

2000 - Five hundred thirty members of the Ugandan cult Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God die in a fire, considered to be a mass murder or suicide orchestrated by leaders of the cult. Elsewhere another 248 members are later found dead.

Events20 years ago

2003 - Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Robin Cook, resigns from the British Cabinet in disagreement with government plans for the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Events17 years ago

2004 - Unrest in Kosovo: More than 22 are killed and 200 wounded. Thirty-five Serbian Orthodox shrines in Kosovo and two mosques in Serbia are destroyed.

Events16 years ago


763 - Harun al-Rashid, Abbasid caliph (d. 809)


1231 - Emperor Shijō of Japan (d. 1242)

Births789 years ago
Births547 years ago

1523 - Giovanni Francesco Commendone, Catholic cardinal (d. 1584)

Births497 years ago

1537 - Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japanese daimyō (d. 1598)

Births483 years ago

1611 - Robert Douglas, Count of Skenninge, Swedish field marshal (d. 1662)

Births409 years ago

1665 - Élisabeth Jacquet de La Guerre, French harpsichord player and composer (d. 1729)

Births355 years ago

1676 - Thomas Boston, Scottish philosopher and theologian (d. 1732)

Births344 years ago

1686 - Jean-Baptiste Oudry, French painter and engraver (d. 1755)

Births334 years ago

1725 - Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-American general and politician (d. 1806)

Births295 years ago

1777 - Patrick Brontë, Irish-English priest and author (d. 1861)

Births243 years ago

1777 - Roger B. Taney, American politician and jurist, 5th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1864)

Births243 years ago

1780 - Thomas Chalmers, Scottish minister, economist, and educator (d. 1847)

Births240 years ago

1781 - Ebenezer Elliott, English poet and educator (d. 1849)

Births239 years ago

1804 - Jim Bridger, American fur trader and explorer (d. 1881)

Births216 years ago

1806 - Norbert Rillieux, African American inventor and chemical engineer (d. 1894)

Births214 years ago

1820 - Jean Ingelow, English poet and author (d. 1897)

Births200 years ago

1834 - Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and businessman, co-founded Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (d. 1900)

Births186 years ago

1839 - Josef Rheinberger, Liechtensteiner-German organist and composer (d. 1901)

Births181 years ago

1846 - Kate Greenaway, English author and illustrator (d. 1901)

Births174 years ago

1849 - Charles F. Brush, American businessman and philanthropist, co-invented the Arc lamp (d. 1929)

Births171 years ago

1849 - Cornelia Clapp, American marine biologist (d. 1934)

Births171 years ago

1856 - Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910)

Births164 years ago

1862 - Silvio Gesell, Belgian merchant and economist (d. 1930)

Births158 years ago

1864 - Joseph Baptista, Indian engineer, lawyer, and politician (d. 1930)

Births156 years ago

1866 - Pierce Butler, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1939)

Births154 years ago

1867 - Patrice Contamine de Latour, Spanish poet (d. 1926)

Births153 years ago

1877 - Edith New, British militant suffragette (d. 1951)

Births143 years ago

1877 - Otto Gross, Austrian-German psychoanalyst and philosopher (d. 1920)

Births143 years ago

1880 - Patrick Hastings, English lawyer and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (d. 1952)

Births140 years ago

1880 - Lawrence Oates, English lieutenant and explorer (d. 1912)

Births140 years ago

1881 - Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)

Births139 years ago

1884 - Alcide Nunez, American clarinet player (d. 1934)

Births136 years ago

1885 - Ralph Rose, American shot putter, discus thrower, and tug of war competitor (d. 1913)

Births135 years ago
Births134 years ago

1888 - Paul Ramadier, French lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1961)

Births132 years ago

1889 - Harry Clarke, Irish stained-glass artist and book illustrator (d. 1931)

Births131 years ago

1891 - Ross McLarty, Australian politician, 17th Premier of Western Australia (d. 1962)

Births129 years ago

1892 - Sayed Darwish, Egyptian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1923)

Births128 years ago

1894 - Paul Green, American playwright and academic (d. 1981)

Births126 years ago

1895 - Lloyd Rees, Australian painter (d. 1988)

Births125 years ago

1901 - Alfred Newman, American composer and conductor (d. 1970)

Births119 years ago

1902 - Bobby Jones, American golfer and lawyer (d. 1971)

Births118 years ago

1904 - Chaim Gross, Austrian-American sculptor and educator (d. 1991)

Births116 years ago

1906 - Brigitte Helm, German-Swiss actress (d. 1996)

Births114 years ago

1907 - Jean Van Houtte, Belgian academic and politician, 50th Prime Minister of Belgium (d. 1991)

Births113 years ago

1907 - Takeo Miki, Japanese politician, 41st Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1988)

Births113 years ago

1910 - Sonny Werblin, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1991)

Births110 years ago

1912 - Bayard Rustin, American activist (d. 1987)

Births108 years ago

1912 - Manohar Aich, Indian bodybuilder and Mr. Universe (d. 2016)

Births108 years ago

1914 - Sammy Baugh, American football player and coach (d. 2008)

Births106 years ago

1915 - Robert S. Arbib Jr., American ornithologist, writer and conservationist (d. 1987)

Births105 years ago

1915 - Ray Ellington, English drummer and bandleader (d. 1985)

Births105 years ago

1915 - Bill Roycroft, Australian equestrian rider (d. 2011)

Births105 years ago

1919 - Nat King Cole, American singer, pianist, and television host (d. 1965)

Births101 years ago

1920 - Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Bangladeshi politician, 1st President of Bangladesh (d. 1975)

Births100 years ago

1921 - Meir Amit, Israeli general and politician, 12th Israeli Minister of Communications (d. 2009)

Births99 years ago

1922 - Patrick Suppes, American psychologist and philosopher (d. 2014)

Births98 years ago

1924 - Stephen Dodgson, English composer and educator (d. 2013)

Births96 years ago

1925 - Gabriele Ferzetti, Italian actor (d. 2015)

Births95 years ago

1926 - Siegfried Lenz, Polish-German author and playwright (d. 2014)

Births94 years ago

1927 - Betty Allen, American soprano and educator (d. 2009)

Births93 years ago

1928 - William John McKeag, Canadian businessman and politician, 17th Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba (d. 2007)

Births92 years ago

1930 - Paul Horn, American-Canadian flute player and saxophonist (d. 2014)

Births90 years ago

1930 - James Irwin, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1991)

Births90 years ago

1931 - Patricia Breslin, American actress (d. 2011)

Births89 years ago

1931 - David Peakall, English-American chemist and toxicologist (d. 2001)

Births89 years ago

1933 - Myrlie Evers-Williams, American journalist and activist

Births87 years ago

1933 - Penelope Lively, English author

Births87 years ago

1935 - Fred T. Mackenzie, American biologist and academic

Births85 years ago

1935 - Adam Wade, American singer, drummer, and actor

Births85 years ago

1936 - Ladislav Kupkovič, Slovakian composer and conductor (d. 2016)

Births84 years ago

1936 - Ken Mattingly, American admiral, pilot, and astronaut

Births84 years ago

1937 - Galina Samsova, Russian ballerina

Births83 years ago

1938 - Rudolf Nureyev, Russian-French dancer and choreographer (d. 1993)

Births82 years ago

1938 - Keith O'Brien, Northern Ireland-born Scottish cleric, theologian, and cardinal (d. 2018)

Births82 years ago

1938 - Zola Taylor, American singer (d. 2007)

Births82 years ago

1939 - Jim Gary, American sculptor (d. 2006)

Births81 years ago

1939 - Bill Graham, Canadian academic and politician, 4th Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs

Births81 years ago

1939 - Robin Knox-Johnston, English sailor and first person to perform a single-handed non-stop circumnavigation of the globe

Births81 years ago

1939 - Giovanni Trapattoni, Italian footballer and manager

Births81 years ago

1940 - Mark White, American lawyer and politician, 43rd Governor of Texas

Births80 years ago

1941 - Wang Jin-pyng, Taiwanese soldier and politician

Births79 years ago

1941 - Paul Kantner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)

Births79 years ago

1941 - Max Stafford-Clark, English director and academic

Births79 years ago

1942 - John Wayne Gacy, American serial killer and rapist (d. 1994)

Births78 years ago

1943 - Jeff Banks, Welsh fashion designer

Births77 years ago

1943 - Andrew Brook, Canadian philosopher, author, and academic

Births77 years ago

1944 - Pattie Boyd, English model, author, and photographer

Births76 years ago

1944 - Cito Gaston, American baseball player and manager

Births76 years ago

1944 - John Sebastian, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births76 years ago
Births75 years ago

1947 - Yury Chernavsky, Russian-American songwriter and producer

Births73 years ago

1948 - William Gibson, American-Canadian author and screenwriter

Births72 years ago

1948 - Alex MacDonald, Scottish footballer and manager

Births72 years ago

1949 - Patrick Duffy, American actor, director, and producer

Births71 years ago

1949 - Pat Rice, Irish footballer and coach

Births71 years ago

1949 - Stuart Rose, English businessman

Births71 years ago

1951 - Scott Gorham, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births69 years ago

1951 - Craig Ramsay, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births69 years ago

1951 - Kurt Russell, American actor and producer

Births69 years ago

1952 - Barry Horne, English activist (d. 2001)

Births68 years ago

1953 - Filemon Lagman, Filipino activist (d. 2001)

Births67 years ago

1953 - Chuck Muncie, American football player (d. 2013)

Births67 years ago

1954 - Lesley-Anne Down, English actress

Births66 years ago

1955 - Cynthia McKinney, American activist and politician

Births65 years ago

1955 - Paul Overstreet, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births65 years ago

1955 - Gary Sinise, American actor, director, and bass player

Births65 years ago

1956 - Patrick McDonnell, American author and illustrator

Births64 years ago

1956 - Rory McGrath, British comedian, television personality, and writer

Births64 years ago

1957 - Michael Kelly, American journalist and author (d. 2003)

Births63 years ago

1958 - Christian Clemenson, American actor

Births62 years ago

1958 - Jorge Ramos, Mexican-American journalist and author

Births62 years ago

1959 - Danny Ainge, American baseball and basketball player

Births61 years ago

1959 - Paul Black, American singer-songwriter and drummer

Births61 years ago

1960 - Arye Gross, American actor

Births60 years ago

1960 - Vicki Lewis, American actress and singer

Births60 years ago

1961 - Sam Bowie, American basketball player

Births59 years ago

1961 - Dana Reeve, American actress, singer, and activist (d. 2006)

Births59 years ago

1961 - Casey Siemaszko, American actor

Births59 years ago

1962 - Carsten Almqvist, Swedish business executive

Births58 years ago

1962 - Ank Bijleveld, Dutch politician

Births58 years ago

1962 - Kalpana Chawla, Indian-American astronaut (d. 2003)

Births58 years ago

1962 - Janet Gardner, American singer and guitarist

Births58 years ago

1962 - Clare Grogan, Scottish singer and actress

Births58 years ago

1962 - Rob Sitch, Australian actor, director, and producer

Births58 years ago

1963 - Roger Harper, Guyanese cricketer and coach

Births57 years ago

1964 - Stefano Borgonovo, Italian footballer (d. 2013)

Births56 years ago

1964 - Lee Dixon, English footballer and journalist

Births56 years ago

1964 - Rob Lowe, American actor and producer

Births56 years ago

1964 - Jacques Songo'o, Cameroonian footballer and coach

Births56 years ago

1965 - Andrew Hudson, South African cricketer

Births55 years ago

1966 - Andrew Rosindell, English journalist and politician

Births54 years ago

1967 - Jason Alchin, Australian rugby league player

Births53 years ago

1967 - Billy Corgan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, pianist, and producer

Births53 years ago

1967 - Barry Minkow, American pastor and businessman

Births53 years ago

1968 - Eri Nitta, Japanese singer-songwriter and actress

Births52 years ago

1968 - Mathew St. Patrick, American actor and producer

Births52 years ago

1969 - Edgar Grospiron, French skier

Births51 years ago

1969 - Alexander McQueen, English fashion designer, founded own eponymous brand (d. 2010)

Births51 years ago

1970 - Patrick Lebeau, Canadian ice hockey player

Births50 years ago

1970 - Gene Ween, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births50 years ago

1971 - Bill Mueller, American baseball player and coach

Births49 years ago

1972 - Melissa Auf der Maur, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and bass player

Births48 years ago

1972 - Torquil Campbell, English-Canadian singer-songwriter and actor

Births48 years ago

1972 - Mia Hamm, American soccer player

Births48 years ago

1973 - Rico Blanco, Filipino singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor

Births47 years ago

1973 - Caroline Corr, Irish singer and drummer

Births47 years ago

1973 - Vance Wilson, American baseball player and manager

Births47 years ago

1974 - Mark Dolan, English comedian and television host

Births46 years ago

1975 - Justin Hawkins, English singer-songwriter

Births45 years ago

1975 - Puneeth Rajkumar, Indian actor, singer, and producer

Births45 years ago

1975 - Test, Canadian-American wrestler (d. 2009)

Births45 years ago

1975 - Natalie Zea, American actress

Births45 years ago

1976 - Scott Downs, American baseball player

Births44 years ago

1976 - Stephen Gately, Irish singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2009)

Births44 years ago

1976 - Álvaro Recoba, Uruguayan footballer

Births44 years ago

1977 - Tamar Braxton, American singer-songwriter and actress

Births43 years ago

1978 - Zachery Kouwe, American journalist

Births42 years ago

1979 - Stormy Daniels, born Stephanie Gregory, American adult film actress

Births41 years ago

1979 - Andrew Ference, Canadian ice hockey player

Births41 years ago

1979 - Stephen Kramer Glickman, Canadian-American actor, director, producer, and fashion designer

Births41 years ago

1979 - Samoa Joe, American professional wrestler

Births41 years ago

1980 - Danny Califf, American soccer player

Births40 years ago

1980 - Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi, Pakistani tennis player

Births40 years ago

1981 - Aaron Baddeley, American-Australian golfer

Births39 years ago

1981 - Servet Çetin, Turkish footballer

Births39 years ago

1981 - Kyle Korver, American basketball player

Births39 years ago

1982 - Steven Pienaar, South African footballer

Births38 years ago

1983 - Raul Meireles, Portuguese footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - James Heath, English golfer

Births37 years ago

1984 - Ryan Rottman, American actor, producer, and screenwriter

Births36 years ago

1985 - Tuğba Karademir, Turkish-Canadian figure skater

Births35 years ago

1986 - Chris Davis, American baseball player

Births34 years ago

1986 - Edin Džeko, Bosnian footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Miles Kane, English singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births34 years ago

1986 - Silke Spiegelburg, German pole vaulter

Births34 years ago

1987 - Federico Fazio, Argentinian footballer

Births33 years ago

1987 - Krisnan Inu, New Zealand rugby league player

Births33 years ago

1987 - Ryan Parent, Canadian ice hockey player

Births33 years ago

1987 - Bobby Ryan, American ice hockey player

Births33 years ago

1988 - Rasmus Elm, Swedish footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Fraser Forster, English footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Grimes, Canadian artist, musician and music video director

Births32 years ago

1988 - Ryan White, Canadian ice hockey player

Births32 years ago

1989 - Shinji Kagawa, Japanese footballer

Births31 years ago

1990 - Hozier, Irish singer-songwriter and musician

Births30 years ago

1990 - Saina Nehwal, Indian badminton player

Births30 years ago

1991 - Jack De Belin, Australian rugby league player

Births29 years ago

1992 - Patrick Cantlay, American golfer

Births28 years ago

1992 - John Boyega, English actor

Births28 years ago

1993 - Matteo Bianchetti, Italian footballer

Births27 years ago

1994 - Dean Britt, Australian rugby league player

Births26 years ago

1995 - Ashley Taylor, Australian rugby league player

Births25 years ago

1997 - Katie Ledecky, American swimmer

Births23 years ago


45 BC - Titus Labienus, Roman general (b. 100 BC)


45 BC - Publius Attius Varus, Roman governor of Africa

Deaths1975 years ago

180 - Marcus Aurelius, Roman emperor (b. 121)


624 - Amr ibn Hishām, Arab polytheist


659 - Gertrude of Nivelles, Frankish abbess


836 - Haito, bishop of Basel


905 - Li Yu, Prince of De, prince and emperor of the Tang Dynasty


1008 - Kazan, emperor of Japan (b. 968)

Deaths1012 years ago

1040 - Harold Harefoot, king of England

Deaths980 years ago

1058 - Lulach, king of Scotland

Deaths962 years ago

1199 - Jocelin of Glasgow, Scottish monk and bishop (b. 1130)

Deaths821 years ago

1267 - Pierre de Montreuil, French architect

Deaths753 years ago

1270 - Philip of Montfort, French knight and nobleman

Deaths750 years ago

1272 - Go-Saga, emperor of Japan (b. 1220)

Deaths748 years ago

1361 - An-Nasir Hasan, Mamluk sultan of Egypt

Deaths659 years ago

1394 - Louis of Enghien, French nobleman

Deaths626 years ago

1406 - Ibn Khaldun, Tunisian sociologist, historian, and scholar (b. 1332)

Deaths614 years ago

1425 - Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shōgun (b. 1407)

Deaths595 years ago

1516 - Giuliano de' Medici, Italian nobleman (b. 1479)

Deaths504 years ago

1527 - Rana Sanga, Indian ruler (b. 1482)

Deaths493 years ago

1565 - Alexander Ales, Scottish theologian and academic (b. 1500)

Deaths455 years ago

1611 - Sophia of Sweden, duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg (b. 1547)

Deaths409 years ago

1620 - John Sarkander, Polish-Moravian priest and saint (b. 1576)

Deaths400 years ago

1640 - Philip Massinger, English playwright (b. 1583)

Deaths380 years ago

1649 - Gabriel Lalemant, French missionary and saint (b. 1610)

Deaths371 years ago

1663 - Jerome Weston, 2nd Earl of Portland, English diplomat (b. 1605)

Deaths357 years ago

1680 - François de La Rochefoucauld, French author (b. 1613)

Deaths340 years ago

1704 - Menno van Coehoorn, Dutch soldier and engineer (b. 1641)

Deaths316 years ago

1715 - Gilbert Burnet, Scottish bishop and historian (b. 1643)

Deaths305 years ago

1741 - Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet and playwright (b. 1671)

Deaths279 years ago

1764 - George Parker, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, English astronomer and politician (b. 1695)

Deaths256 years ago

1782 - Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1700)

Deaths238 years ago

1828 - James Edward Smith, English botanist and entomologist (b. 1759)

Deaths192 years ago

1829 - Sophia Albertina, princess-abbess of Quedlinburg (b. 1753)

Deaths191 years ago

1830 - Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French general and politician (b. 1764)

Deaths190 years ago

1846 - Friedrich Bessel, German astronomer, mathematician, and physicist (b. 1784)

Deaths174 years ago

1849 - William II, Dutch sovereign prince and king (b. 1792)

Deaths171 years ago

1853 - Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist and mathematician (b. 1803)

Deaths167 years ago

1871 - Robert Chambers, Scottish geologist and publisher, co-founded Chambers Harrap (b. 1802)

Deaths149 years ago

1875 - Ferdinand Laub, Czech violinist and composer (b. 1832)

Deaths145 years ago

1893 - Jules Ferry, French lawyer and politician, 44th Prime Minister of France (b. 1832)

Deaths127 years ago

1917 - Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (b. 1838)

Deaths103 years ago

1926 - Aleksei Brusilov, Georgian-Russian general (b. 1853)

Deaths94 years ago
Deaths83 years ago

1940 - Philomène Belliveau, Canadian artist (b. 1854)

Deaths80 years ago

1946 - Dai Li, Chinese general (b. 1897)

Deaths74 years ago

1949 - Aleksandra Ekster, Russian-French painter and set designer (b. 1882)

Deaths71 years ago

1956 - Fred Allen, American actor, comedian, screenwriter, and author (b. 1894)

Deaths64 years ago

1956 - Irène Joliot-Curie, French physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)

Deaths64 years ago

1957 - Ramon Magsaysay, Filipino captain and politician, 7th President of the Philippines (b. 1907)

Deaths63 years ago

1958 - John Pius Boland, Irish tennis player and politician (b. 1870)

Deaths62 years ago

1958 - Bertha De Vriese, Belgian physician (b. 1877)

Deaths62 years ago

1961 - Susanna M. Salter, American activist and politician (b. 1860)

Deaths59 years ago

1965 - Amos Alonzo Stagg, American football player and coach (b. 1862)

Deaths55 years ago

1974 - Louis Kahn, American architect and academic, designed Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban (b. 1901)

Deaths46 years ago

1976 - Luchino Visconti, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1906)

Deaths44 years ago

1981 - Paul Dean, American baseball player (b. 1913)

Deaths39 years ago

1983 - Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)

Deaths37 years ago

1983 - Louisa E. Rhine, American botanist and parapsychologist (b. 1891)

Deaths37 years ago

1986 - Clarence D. Lester, African-American fighter pilot (b.1923)

Deaths34 years ago

1990 - Capucine, French model and actress (b. 1928)

Deaths30 years ago

1992 - Grace Stafford, American actress (b. 1903)

Deaths28 years ago

1993 - Helen Hayes, American actress (b. 1900)

Deaths27 years ago

1994 - Mai Zetterling, Swedish-English actress and director (b. 1925)

Deaths26 years ago

1996 - René Clément, French director and screenwriter (b. 1913)

Deaths24 years ago

1996 - Terry Stafford, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)

Deaths24 years ago

1997 - Jermaine Stewart, American singer-songwriter and dancer (b. 1957)

Deaths23 years ago

1999 - Ernest Gold, Austrian-American composer (b. 1921)

Deaths21 years ago

1999 - Jean Pierre-Bloch, French activist (b. 1905)

Deaths21 years ago

2002 - Rosetta LeNoire, American actress and producer (b. 1911)

Deaths18 years ago

2002 - Văn Tiến Dũng, Vietnamese general and politician, 6th Minister of Defence for Vietnam (b. 1917)

Deaths18 years ago

2002 - Sylvester "Pat" Weaver, American television broadcaster and producer (b. 1908)

Deaths18 years ago

2005 - Royce Frith, Canadian lawyer, politician, and diplomat, Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom (b. 1923)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - George F. Kennan, American historian and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union (b. 1904)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Andre Norton, American author (b. 1912)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Oleg Cassini, French-American fashion designer (b. 1913)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 - Ray Meyer, American basketball player and coach (b. 1913)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 - İstemihan Taviloğlu, Turkish composer and educator (b. 1945)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - John Backus, American mathematician and computer scientist, designed Fortran (b. 1924)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Roger Bennett, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1959)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Roland Arnall, French-American businessman and diplomat, 63rd United States Ambassador to the Netherlands (b. 1939)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Clodovil Hernandes, Brazilian television host and politician (b. 1937)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - Alex Chilton, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1950)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - Sid Fleischman, American author and screenwriter (b. 1920)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Michael Gough, English actor (b. 1916)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Ferlin Husky, American country music singer (b. 1925)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Shenouda III, pope of Alexandria (b. 1923)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Margaret Whitlam, Australian swimmer and author (b. 1919)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - William B. Caldwell III, American general (b. 1925)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Lawrence Fuchs, American scholar and academic (b. 1927)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - A.B.C. Whipple, American journalist and historian (b. 1918)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Marek Galiński, Polish cyclist (b. 1974)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Joseph Kerman, American musicologist and critic (b. 1924)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Rachel Lambert Mellon, American gardener, philanthropist, art collector and political patron (b. 1910)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Frank Perris, Canadian motorcycle racer (b. 1931)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Meir Dagan, Israeli general (b. 1945)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Zoltán Kamondi, Hungarian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1960)

Deaths4 years ago

2018 - Mike MacDonald, Canadian comedian (b. 1954)

Deaths2 years ago

2018 - Phan Văn Khải, the fifth Prime Minister of Vietnam (b. 1933)

Deaths2 years ago

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