Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances

Shōwa Day, traditionally the start of the Golden Week holiday period, which is April 29 and May 3–5. (Japan)

Holidays and observances

Events

Events929 years ago

1386 - Battle of the Vikhra River: The Principality of Smolensk is defeated by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and becomes its vassal.

Events634 years ago

1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orléans.

Events591 years ago

1483 - Gran Canaria, the main island of the Canary Islands, is conquered by the Kingdom of Castile.

Events537 years ago

1521 - Swedish War of Liberation: Swedish troops defeat a Danish force in the Battle of Västerås.

Events499 years ago

1770 - James Cook arrives in Australia at Botany Bay, which he names.

Events250 years ago

1781 - American Revolutionary War: British and French ships clash in the Battle of Fort Royal off the coast of Martinique.

Events239 years ago

1834 - Charles Darwin during the second survey voyage of HMS Beagle, ascended the Bell mountain, Cerro La Campana on 17 August 1834, his visit being commemorated by a memorial plaque.

Events186 years ago

1861 - American Civil War: Maryland's House of Delegates votes not to secede from the Union.

Events159 years ago

1862 - American Civil War: The Capture of New Orleans by Union forces under David Farragut.

Events158 years ago

1864 - Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the only fraternity to be founded during the American Civil War.

Events156 years ago

1903 - A 30 million cubic-metre landslide kills 70 people in Frank, in the District of Alberta, Canada.

Events117 years ago

1910 - The Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the People's Budget, the first budget in British history with the expressed intent of redistributing wealth among the British public.

Events110 years ago

1911 - Tsinghua University, one of mainland China's leading universities, is founded.

Events109 years ago

1916 - World War I: The UK's 6th Indian Division surrenders to Ottoman Forces at the Siege of Kut in one of the largest surrenders of British forces up to that point.

Events104 years ago

1916 - Easter Rising: After six days of fighting, Irish rebel leaders surrender to British forces in Dublin, bringing the Easter Rising to an end.

Events104 years ago

1944 - World War II: British agent Nancy Wake, a leading figure in the French Resistance and the Gestapo's most wanted person, parachutes back into France to be a liaison between London and the local maquis group.

Events76 years ago

1945 - World War II: The German army in Italy surrenders to the Allies.

Events75 years ago

1945 - World War II: Start of Operation Manna.

Events75 years ago

1945 - World War II: The Captain-class frigate HMS Goodall (K479) is torpedoed by U-286 outside the Kola Inlet becoming the last Royal Navy ship to be sunk in the European theatre of World War II.

Events75 years ago

1945 - World War II: Führerbunker: Adolf Hitler marries his longtime partner Eva Braun in a Berlin bunker and designates Admiral Karl Dönitz as his successor; Hitler and Braun both commit suicide the following day.

Events75 years ago

1945 - Dachau concentration camp is liberated by United States troops.

Events75 years ago

1945 - The Italian commune of Fornovo di Taro is liberated from German forces by Brazilian forces.

Events75 years ago

1946 - The International Military Tribunal for the Far East convenes and indicts former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders for war crimes.

Events74 years ago

1951 - Tibetan delegates to the Central People's Government arrive in Beijing and draft a Seventeen Point Agreement for Chinese sovereignty and Tibetan autonomy.

Events69 years ago

1953 - The first U.S. experimental 3D television broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.

Events67 years ago

1965 - Pakistan's Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) successfully launches its seventh rocket in its Rehber series.

Events55 years ago

1967 - After refusing induction into the United States Army the previous day, Muhammad Ali is stripped of his boxing title.

Events53 years ago

1968 - The controversial musical Hair, a product of the hippie counter-culture and sexual revolution of the 1960s, opens at the Biltmore Theatre on Broadway, with some of its songs becoming anthems of the anti-Vietnam War movement.

Events52 years ago

1970 - Vietnam War: United States and South Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.

Events50 years ago

1974 - Watergate scandal: United States President Richard Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of White House tape recordings relating to the scandal.

Events46 years ago

1975 - Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. begins to evacuate U.S. citizens from Saigon before an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end.

Events45 years ago

1975 - Vietnam War: The North Vietnamese army completes its capture of all parts of South Vietnamese-held Trường Sa Islands.

Events45 years ago

1986 - A fire at the Central library of the City of Los Angeles Public Library damages or destroys 400,000 books and other items.

Events34 years ago

1986 - Chernobyl disaster: American and European spy satellites capture the ruins of the 4th Reactor at the Chernobyl Power Plant.

Events34 years ago

1991 - A cyclone strikes the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 miles per hour (249 km/h), killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as ten million homeless.

Events29 years ago

1991 - The 7.0 MwRacha earthquake affects Georgia with a maximum MSK intensity of IX (Destructive), killing 270 people.

Events29 years ago

1992 - Riots in Los Angeles, following the acquittal of police officers charged with excessive force in the beating of Rodney King. Over the next three days 63 people are killed and hundreds of buildings are destroyed.

Events28 years ago

1997 - The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlawing the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons by its signatories.

Events23 years ago
Events9 years ago

2013 - A powerful explosion occurs in an office building in Prague, believed to have been caused by natural gas, injures 43 people.

Events7 years ago

2013 - National Airlines Flight 102, a Boeing 747-400, crashes during takeoff from Bagram Airfield in Afghanistan, killing all seven people on board.

Events7 years ago

2015 - A baseball game between the Baltimore Orioles and the Chicago White Sox sets the all-time low attendance mark for Major League Baseball. Zero fans were in attendance for the game, as the stadium was officially closed to the public due to the 2015 Baltimore protests.

Events5 years ago

Births

912 - Minamoto no Mitsunaka, Japanese samurai (d. 997)

Births
Births551 years ago
Births433 years ago

1636 - Esaias Reusner, German lute player and composer (d. 1679)

Births384 years ago

1665 - James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1745)

Births355 years ago

1667 - John Arbuthnot, Scottish-English physician and polymath (d. 1735)

Births353 years ago
Births334 years ago

1727 - Jean-Georges Noverre, French actor and dancer (d. 1810)

Births293 years ago

1745 - Oliver Ellsworth, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1807)

Births275 years ago

1758 - Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish general (d. 1820)

Births262 years ago

1762 - Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French general and politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1833)

Births258 years ago

1780 - Charles Nodier, French librarian and author (d. 1844)

Births240 years ago

1783 - David Cox, English landscape painter (d. 1859)

Births237 years ago

1784 - Samuel Turell Armstrong, American publisher and politician, 14th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1850)

Births236 years ago

1810 - Thomas Adolphus Trollope, English journalist and author (d. 1892)

Births210 years ago

1814 - Sadok Barącz, Galician religious leader, historian, folklorist, archivist (d. 1892)

Births206 years ago
Births202 years ago

1837 - Georges Ernest Boulanger, French general and politician, French Minister of War (d. 1891)

Births183 years ago

1842 - Carl Millöcker, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1899)

Births178 years ago

1847 - Joachim Andersen, Danish flautist, composer, conductor, and co-founder of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra (d. 1907)

Births173 years ago

1848 - Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter and academic (d. 1906)

Births172 years ago

1854 - Henri Poincaré, French mathematician, physicist, and engineer (d. 1912)

Births166 years ago

1858 - Georgia Hopley, American journalist, temperance advocate, and the first woman prohibition agent (d. 1944)

Births162 years ago

1863 - Constantine P. Cavafy, Egyptian-Greek journalist and poet (d. 1933)

Births157 years ago

1863 - William Randolph Hearst, American publisher and politician, founded the Hearst Corporation (d. 1951)

Births157 years ago

1863 - Maria Teresia Ledóchowska, Austrian nun and missionary (d. 1922)

Births157 years ago

1872 - Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman and lawyer (d. 1930)

Births148 years ago

1872 - Forest Ray Moulton, American astronomer and academic (d. 1952)

Births148 years ago

1875 - Rafael Sabatini, Italian-English novelist and short story writer (d. 1950)

Births145 years ago

1878 - Friedrich Adler, Jewish-German academic, artist and designer (d.1945)

Births142 years ago

1879 - Thomas Beecham, English conductor (d. 1961, March 8)

Births141 years ago

1880 - Fethi Okyar, Turkish military officer, diplomat and politician (d. 1943)

Births140 years ago

1882 - Auguste Herbin, French painter (d. 1960)

Births138 years ago

1882 - Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch printer, typographer, and Nazi resister (d. 1945)

Births138 years ago

1891 - Bharathidasan, Indian poet and activist (d. 1964)

Births129 years ago

1894 - Marietta Blau, Austrian physicist and academic (d. 1970)

Births126 years ago

1885 - Egon Erwin Kisch, Czech journalist and author (d. 1948)

Births135 years ago

1887 - Raymond Thorne, American swimmer (d. 1921)

Births133 years ago

1893 - Harold Urey, American chemist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)

Births127 years ago

1895 - Vladimir Propp, Russian scholar and critic (d. 1970)

Births125 years ago

1895 - Malcolm Sargent, English organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1967)

Births125 years ago

1899 - Duke Ellington, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1974)

Births121 years ago

1899 - Mary Petty, American illustrator (d. 1976)

Births121 years ago

1900 - Concha de Albornoz, Spanish feminist and intellectual, exiled during the Spanish Civil War (d. 1972)

Births120 years ago

1900 - Amelia Best, Australian politician, one of the first women elected to the Tasmanian House of Assembly (d. 1979)

Births120 years ago

1901 - Hirohito, Japanese emperor (d. 1989)

Births119 years ago

1907 - Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-American director and producer (d. 1997)

Births113 years ago

1908 - Jack Williamson, American author and academic (d. 2006)

Births112 years ago

1909 - Tom Ewell, American actor (d. 1994)

Births111 years ago

1912 - Richard Carlson, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1977)

Births108 years ago

1915 - Henry H. Barschall, German-American physicist and academic (d. 1997)

Births105 years ago

1917 - Maya Deren, Ukrainian-American director, poet, and photographer (d. 1961)

Births103 years ago

1917 - Celeste Holm, American actress and singer (d. 2012)

Births103 years ago

1918 - George Allen, American football player and coach (d. 1990)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Gérard Oury, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2006)

Births101 years ago

1920 - Edward Blishen, English author and radio host (d. 1996)

Births100 years ago

1920 - Harold Shapero, American composer (d. 2013)

Births100 years ago

1922 - Helmut Krackowizer, Austrian motorcycle racer and journalist (d. 2001)

Births98 years ago

1922 - Toots Thielemans, Belgian guitarist and harmonica player (d. 2016)

Births98 years ago

1923 - Irvin Kershner, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2010)

Births97 years ago

1924 - Al Balding, Canadian golfer (d. 2006)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Zizi Jeanmaire, French ballerina and actress

Births96 years ago

1925 - John Compton, Saint Lucian lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (d. 2007)

Births95 years ago

1925 - Iwao Takamoto, American animator, director, and producer (d. 2007)

Births95 years ago

1926 - Elmer Kelton, American journalist and author (d. 2009)

Births94 years ago

1927 - Dorothy Manley, English sprinter

Births93 years ago

1927 - Bill Slater, English footballer (d. 2018)

Births93 years ago

1928 - Carl Gardner, American R&B/rock & roll singer (The Robins, The Coasters) (d. 2011)

Births92 years ago

1928 - Heinz Wolff, German-English physiologist, engineer, and academic (d. 2017)

Births92 years ago

1929 - Walter Kempowski, German author and academic (d. 2007)

Births91 years ago

1929 - Mickey McDermott, American baseball player and coach (d. 2003)

Births91 years ago

1929 - Peter Sculthorpe, Australian composer and conductor (d. 2014)

Births91 years ago

1929 - Maurice Strong, Canadian businessman and diplomat (d. 2015)

Births91 years ago

1929 - Jeremy Thorpe, English lawyer and politician (d. 2014)

Births91 years ago

1930 - Jean Rochefort, French actor and director (d. 2017)

Births90 years ago

1931 - Frank Auerbach, British-German painter

Births89 years ago

1931 - Lonnie Donegan, Scottish-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2002)

Births89 years ago

1931 - Chris Pearson, Canadian politician, 1st Premier of Yukon (d. 2014)

Births89 years ago

1932 - Joy Clements, American soprano and actress (d. 2005)

Births88 years ago

1932 - David Tindle, English painter and educator

Births88 years ago

1933 - Ed Charles, African-American baseball player and coach (d. 2018)

Births87 years ago

1933 - Mark Eyskens, Belgian economist and politician, 61st Prime Minister of Belgium

Births87 years ago

1933 - Rod McKuen, American singer-songwriter and poet (d. 2015)

Births87 years ago

1933 - Willie Nelson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor

Births87 years ago

1934 - Luis Aparicio, Venezuelan-American baseball player

Births86 years ago

1934 - Peter de la Billière, English general

Births86 years ago

1934 - Erika Fisch, German sprinter and hurdler

Births86 years ago

1934 - Pedro Pires, Cape Verdean politician, 3rd President of Cape Verde

Births86 years ago

1935 - Otis Rush, American blues singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2018)

Births85 years ago

1936 - Zubin Mehta, Indian bassist and conductor

Births84 years ago
Births84 years ago

1936 - Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, English banker and philanthropist

Births84 years ago

1936 - April Stevens, American pop singer

Births84 years ago

1937 - Arvo Mets, Estonian-Russian poet and translator (d. 1997)

Births83 years ago

1937 - Jill Paton Walsh, English author

Births83 years ago

1938 - Bernard Madoff, American businessman and financier

Births82 years ago

1938 - Klaus Voormann, German artist, bass player, and producer

Births82 years ago

1940 - Stephanos of Tallinn, Estonian metropolitan

Births80 years ago

1940 - Brian Taber, Australian cricketer

Births80 years ago

1941 - Jonah Barrington, English-Irish squash player

Births79 years ago

1941 - Dorothy Edgington, British philosopher

Births79 years ago

1941 - Hanne Darboven, German painter (d. 2009)

Births79 years ago

1942 - Rennie Fritchie, Baroness Fritchie, English civil servant and academic

Births78 years ago

1942 - Galina Kulakova, Russian skier

Births78 years ago

1943 - Duane Allen, American country singer (The Oak Ridge Boys)

Births77 years ago

1943 - Brenda Dean, Baroness Dean of Thornton-le-Fylde, English union leader and politician (d. 2018)

Births77 years ago

1943 - Ruth Deech, Baroness Deech, English lawyer and academic

Births77 years ago

1944 - Francis Lee, English footballer and businessman

Births76 years ago

1945 - Brian Charlesworth, English biologist, geneticist, and academic

Births75 years ago

1945 - Hugh Hopper, English bass guitarist (d. 2009)

Births75 years ago

1945 - Catherine Lara, French singer-songwriter and violinist

Births75 years ago

1945 - Tammi Terrell, American soul singer-songwriter (d. 1970)

Births75 years ago

1946 - Aleksander Wolszczan, Polish astronomer

Births74 years ago

1947 - Serge Bernier, Canadian ice hockey player

Births73 years ago

1947 - Tommy James, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births73 years ago

1947 - Johnny Miller, American golfer and sportscaster

Births73 years ago

1947 - Jim Ryun, American runner and politician

Births73 years ago

1948 - Bruce Cutler, American lawyer

Births72 years ago

1950 - Paul Holmes, New Zealand journalist (d. 2013)

Births70 years ago

1950 - Phillip Noyce, Australian director and producer

Births70 years ago

1950 - Debbie Stabenow, American social worker and politician

Births70 years ago

1951 - Rick Burleson, American baseball player

Births69 years ago

1951 - Dale Earnhardt, American race car driver (d. 2001)

Births69 years ago

1951 - John Holmes, English diplomat, British Ambassador to France

Births69 years ago

1952 - Nora Dunn, American actress and comedian

Births68 years ago

1952 - David Icke, English footballer and sportscaster

Births68 years ago

1952 - Bob McClure, American baseball player and coach

Births68 years ago

1952 - Rob Nicholson, Canadian lawyer and politician, 11th Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs

Births68 years ago

1952 - Ron Washington, American baseball player and manager

Births68 years ago

1954 - Jake Burton Carpenter, American snowboarder and businessman, founded Burton Snowboards

Births66 years ago

1954 - Jerry Seinfeld, American comedian, actor, and producer

Births66 years ago

1955 - Don McKinnon, Australian rugby league player

Births65 years ago

1955 - Kate Mulgrew, American actress

Births65 years ago

1956 - Karen Barad, American physicist and philosopher

Births64 years ago

1957 - Daniel Day-Lewis, British-Irish actor

Births63 years ago

1957 - Mark Kendall, American guitarist and songwriter

Births63 years ago

1958 - Michelle Pfeiffer, American actress

Births62 years ago

1958 - Eve Plumb, American actress

Births62 years ago

1958 - Gary Cohen, American baseball play-by-play announcer (New York Mets)

Births62 years ago

1960 - Bill Glasson, American golfer

Births60 years ago

1960 - Robert J. Sawyer, Canadian author and academic

Births60 years ago

1962 - Bruce Driver, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births58 years ago

1962 - Rob Druppers, Dutch runner

Births58 years ago

1962 - Stephan Burger, German Catholic archbishop

Births58 years ago

1963 - Mike Babcock, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births57 years ago

1964 - Federico Castelluccio, Italian-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

Births56 years ago

1964 - Radek Jaroš, Czech mountaineer and author

Births56 years ago

1965 - Michel Bussi, French geographer, author, and academic

Births55 years ago

1965 - Peter Rauhofer, Austrian-American disc jockey and producer (d. 2013)

Births55 years ago

1965 - Larisa Turchinskaya, Russian-Australian heptathlete and coach

Births55 years ago

1965 - Brendon Tuuta, New Zealand rugby league player

Births55 years ago

1966 - Christian Tetzlaff, German violinist

Births54 years ago

1966 - Phil Tufnell, English cricketer and radio host

Births54 years ago

1967 - Marcel Albers, Dutch race car driver (d. 1992)

Births53 years ago

1967 - Curtis Joseph, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births53 years ago

1968 - Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, 4th President of Croatia (2015–)

Births52 years ago

1968 - Carnie Wilson, American singer-songwriter

Births52 years ago

1969 - Jack Mackenroth, American swimmer, model, and fashion designer

Births51 years ago

1970 - Andre Agassi, American tennis player

Births50 years ago

1970 - Uma Thurman, American actress

Births50 years ago

1972 - Dustin McDaniel, American lawyer and politician, 55th Arkansas Attorney General

Births48 years ago

1974 - Jasper Wood, Canadian violinist and educator

Births46 years ago
Births46 years ago

1975 - Rafael Betancourt, Venezuelan baseball player

Births45 years ago

1975 - Artem Yashkin, Ukrainian footballer

Births45 years ago

1976 - Fabio Liverani, Italian footballer and manager

Births44 years ago

1976 - Chiyotaikai Ryūji, Japanese sumo wrestler

Births44 years ago

1977 - Zuzana Hejdová, Czech tennis player

Births43 years ago

1977 - Claus Jensen, Danish footballer and sportscaster

Births43 years ago

1977 - Titus O'Neil, American football player and wrestler

Births43 years ago

1977 - Attila Zsivoczky, Hungarian decathlete and high jumper

Births43 years ago

1978 - Tony Armas, Jr., Venezuelan baseball player

Births42 years ago

1978 - Bob Bryan, American tennis player

Births42 years ago

1978 - Mike Bryan, American tennis player

Births42 years ago

1978 - Javier Colon, American singer-songwriter and musician

Births42 years ago

1978 - Craig Gower, Australian rugby player

Births42 years ago

1978 - Tyler Labine, Canadian actor and comedian

Births42 years ago

1979 - Lee Dong-gook, South Korean footballer

Births41 years ago

1979 - Ryan Sharp, Scottish race car driver and manager

Births41 years ago

1980 - Mathieu Biron, Canadian ice hockey player

Births40 years ago

1980 - Kelly Shoppach, American baseball player

Births40 years ago

1981 - Lisa Allen, English chef

Births39 years ago

1981 - George McCartney, Northern Irish footballer

Births39 years ago

1981 - Émilie Mondor, Canadian runner (d. 2006)

Births39 years ago

1983 - Jay Cutler, American football player

Births37 years ago

1983 - Tommie Harris, American football player

Births37 years ago

1983 - David Lee, American basketball player

Births37 years ago

1984 - Kirby Cote, Canadian swimmer

Births36 years ago

1984 - Paulius Jankūnas, Lithuanian basketball player

Births36 years ago

1984 - Lina Krasnoroutskaya, Russian tennis player

Births36 years ago

1984 - Vassilis Xanthopoulos, Greek basketball player

Births36 years ago

1985 - Jean-François Jacques, Canadian ice hockey player

Births35 years ago

1986 - Byun Yo-han, South Korean actor

Births34 years ago

1986 - Lee Chae-young, South Korean actress

Births34 years ago

1986 - Viljar Veski, Estonian basketball player

Births34 years ago

1986 - Sisa Waqa, Fijian rugby league player

Births34 years ago

1986 - Monique Alfradique, Brazilian actress

Births34 years ago

1987 - Knut Børsheim, Norwegian golfer

Births33 years ago

1987 - Sara Errani, Italian tennis player

Births33 years ago

1988 - Elías Hernández, Mexican footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Alfred Hui, Hong Kong singer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Jovan Leacock, American football player

Births32 years ago

1988 - Jonathan Toews, Canadian ice hockey player

Births32 years ago

1988 - Younha, South Korean singer-songwriter and record producer

Births32 years ago

1991 - Adam Smith, English footballer

Births29 years ago

1991 - Jung Hye-sung, South Korean actress

Births29 years ago

1992 - Emilio Orozco, American soccer player

Births28 years ago

1994 - Christina Shakovets, German tennis player

Births26 years ago

1995 - Victoria Sinitsina, Russian ice dancer

Births25 years ago

1996 - Katherine Langford, Australian actress

Births24 years ago

1998 - Kimberly Birrell, Australian tennis player

Births22 years ago

2007 - Infanta Sofía of Spain, Spanish princess

Births13 years ago

Deaths

643 - Hou Junji, Chinese general and politician, Chancellor of the Tang dynasty

Deaths
Deaths

1380 - Catherine of Siena, Italian mystic, philosopher, and saint (b. 1347)

Deaths640 years ago

1417 - Louis II of Anjou (b. 1377)

Deaths603 years ago

1594 - Thomas Cooper, English bishop, lexicographer, and theologian (b. 1517)

Deaths426 years ago

1630 - Agrippa d'Aubigné, French soldier and poet (b. 1552)

Deaths390 years ago

1658 - John Cleveland, English poet and author (b. 1613)

Deaths362 years ago

1676 - Michiel de Ruyter, Dutch admiral (b. 1607)

Deaths344 years ago
Deaths332 years ago
Deaths322 years ago

1707 - George Farquhar, Irish-English actor and playwright (b. 1678)

Deaths313 years ago

1743 - Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French theorist and author (b. 1658)

Deaths277 years ago

1768 - Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist (b. 1694)

Deaths252 years ago

1771 - Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli, French-Italian architect, designed Winter Palace and Catherine Palace (b. 1700)

Deaths249 years ago

1776 - Edward Wortley Montagu, English explorer and author (b. 1713)

Deaths244 years ago

1793 - John Michell, English geologist and astronomer (b. 1724)

Deaths227 years ago

1798 - Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, Austrian entomologist and author (b. 1723)

Deaths222 years ago

1833 - William Babington, Anglo-Irish physician and mineralogist (b. 1756)

Deaths187 years ago

1854 - Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English field marshal and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1768)

Deaths166 years ago

1903 - Paul Du Chaillu, French-American anthropologist and zoologist (b. 1835)

Deaths117 years ago

1905 - Ignacio Cervantes, Cuban pianist and composer (b. 1847)

Deaths115 years ago

1916 - Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician and academic (b. 1850)

Deaths104 years ago

1920 - William H. Seward Jr., American general and banker (b. 1839)

Deaths100 years ago

1921 - Arthur Mold, English cricketer (b. 1863)

Deaths99 years ago

1933 - Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet and journalist (b. 1863)

Deaths87 years ago

1937 - William Gillette, American actor and playwright (b. 1853)

Deaths83 years ago

1944 - Bernardino Machado, Portuguese academic and politician, 3rd President of Portugal (b. 1851)

Deaths76 years ago

1945 - Matthias Kleinheisterkamp, German SS officer (b. 1893)

Deaths75 years ago

1947 - Irving Fisher, American economist and statistician (b. 1867)

Deaths73 years ago

1951 - Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian-English philosopher and academic (b. 1889)

Deaths69 years ago

1954 - Kathleen Clarice Groom, Australian-English author and screenwriter (b. 1872)

Deaths66 years ago

1956 - Harold Bride, English soldier and operator (b. 1890)

Deaths64 years ago

1956 - Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (b. 1876)

Deaths64 years ago

1959 - Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson, India-born English soldier and Governor of Gibraltar (b. 1891)

Deaths61 years ago

1964 - Rae Johnstone, Australian jockey (b. 1905)

Deaths56 years ago

1966 - William Eccles, English physicist and engineer (b. 1875)

Deaths54 years ago

1966 - Paula Strasberg, American actress, acting coach, and member of the Communist Party (b. 1909)

Deaths54 years ago

1967 - J. B. Lenoir, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1929)

Deaths53 years ago

1968 - Lin Zhao, Chinese dissident and Christian executed during the Cultural Revolution (b. 1932)

Deaths52 years ago

1976 - Edvard Drabløs, Norwegian actor and director (b. 1883)

Deaths44 years ago

1978 - Theo Helfrich, German race car driver (b. 1913)

Deaths42 years ago

1979 - Muhsin Ertuğrul, Turkish actor and director (b. 1892)

Deaths41 years ago

1979 - Hardie Gramatky, American author and illustrator (b. 1907)

Deaths41 years ago

1980 - Alfred Hitchcock, English-American director and producer (b. 1899)

Deaths40 years ago

1982 - Raymond Bussières, French actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1907)

Deaths38 years ago

1992 - Mae Clarke, American actress (b. 1910)

Deaths28 years ago

1993 - Michael Gordon, American actor and director (b. 1909)

Deaths27 years ago

1993 - Mick Ronson, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1946)

Deaths27 years ago

1997 - Mike Royko, American journalist and author (b. 1932)

Deaths23 years ago

1998 - Hal Laycoe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1922)

Deaths22 years ago

2000 - Phạm Văn Đồng, Vietnamese lieutenant and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Vietnam (b. 1906)

Deaths20 years ago

2001 - Arthur B. C. Walker, Jr., American physicist and academic (b. 1936)

Deaths19 years ago

2002 - Bob Akin, American race car driver and journalist (b. 1936)

Deaths18 years ago

2003 - Janko Bobetko, Croatian Army general and Chief of the General Staff (b. 1919)

Deaths17 years ago

2004 - Sid Smith, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1925)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - William J. Bell, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1927)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Louis Leithold, American mathematician and academic (b. 1924)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian-American economist and diplomat, United States Ambassador to India (b. 1908)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Milt Bocek, American baseball player and soldier (b. 1912)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Josh Hancock, American baseball player (b. 1978)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Dick Motz, New Zealand cricketer and rugby player (b. 1940)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Ivica Račan, Croatian politician, 7th Prime Minister of Croatia (b. 1944)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Chuck Daigh, American race car driver (b. 1923)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist and academic (b. 1906)

Deaths12 years ago

2010 - Sandy Douglas, English computer scientist and academic, designed OXO (b. 1921)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Siamak Pourzand, Iranian journalist and critic (b. 1931)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Joanna Russ, American writer, academic and radical feminist (b. 1937)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Shukri Ghanem, Libyan politician, Prime Minister of Libya (b. 1942)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Joel Goldsmith, American composer and conductor (b. 1957)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Roland Moreno. French engineer, invented the smart card (b. 1945)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Kenny Roberts, American singer-songwriter (b. 1926)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Alex Elisala, New Zealand-Australian rugby player (b. 1992)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Pesah Grupper, Israeli politician, 13th Israel Minister of Agriculture (b. 1924)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Parekura Horomia, New Zealand politician, 40th Minister of Māori Affairs (b. 1950)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - John La Montaine, American pianist and composer (b. 1920)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Ernest Michael, American mathematician and scholar (b. 1925)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Kevin Moore, English footballer (b. 1958)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Marianna Zachariadi, Greek pole vaulter (b. 1990)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Iveta Bartošová, Czech singer and actress (b. 1966)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Al Feldstein, American author and illustrator (b. 1925)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Bob Hoskins, English actor (b. 1942)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Michael Kadosh, Israeli footballer and manager (b. 1940)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - François Michelin, French businessman (b. 1926)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Jean Nidetch, American businesswoman, co-founded Weight Watchers (b. 1923)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Calvin Peete, American golfer (b. 1943)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Dan Walker, American lawyer and politician, 36th Governor of Illinois (b. 1922)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Renato Corona, Filipino lawyer and jurist, 23rd Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines (b. 1948)

Deaths4 years ago

2019 - John Singleton, American film director, producer and screenwriter (b. 1968)

Deaths1 years ago

2019 - Josef Šural, Czech footballer (b. 1990)

Deaths1 years ago

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