Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances


1792 - Robert Gray commands the first expedition to sail into the Columbia River.

Events228 years ago

1813 - William Lawson, Gregory Blaxland and William Wentworth discover a route across the Blue Mountains, opening up inland Australia to settlement.

Events207 years ago

1833 - The Lady of the Lake strikes an iceberg off Newfoundland and sinks with the loss of up to 265 passengers and crew.

Events187 years ago

1846 - President James K. Polk asked for a Declaration of War against Mexico, starting the Mexican–American War.

Events174 years ago

1858 - Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd state of the United States.

Events162 years ago

1880 - Seven people are killed in the Mussel Slough Tragedy, a gun battle in California.

Events140 years ago

1894 - Four thousand Pullman Palace Car Company workers go on a wildcat strike.

Events126 years ago

1943 - World War II: American troops invade Attu Island in the Aleutian Islands in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces.

Events77 years ago

1945 - World War II: Off the coast of Okinawa, the aircraft carrier USS Bunker Hill is hit by two kamikazes

Events75 years ago

1970 - The 1970 Lubbock tornado kills 26 and causes $250 million in damage.

Events50 years ago

1973 - Citing government misconduct, Daniel Ellsberg's charges for his involvement in releasing the Pentagon Papers to The New York Times are dismissed.

Events47 years ago

1985 - Fifty-six spectators die and more than 200 are injured in the Bradford City stadium fire.

Events35 years ago

1996 - After the aircraft's departure from Miami, a fire started by improperly handled chemical oxygen generators in the cargo hold of Atlanta-bound ValuJet Flight 592 causes the Douglas DC-9 to crash in the Florida Everglades, killing all 110 on board.

Events24 years ago

1997 - Deep Blue, a chess-playing supercomputer, defeats Garry Kasparov in the last game of the rematch, becoming the first computer to beat a world-champion chess player in a classic match format.

Events23 years ago

1998 - India conducts three underground atomic tests in Pokhran.

Events22 years ago

2013 - Fifty-two people are killed in a bombing in Reyhanlı, Turkey.

Events7 years ago

2014 - Fifteen people are killed and 46 injured in Kinshasa in a stampede caused by tear gas being thrown into soccer stands by police officers.

Events6 years ago

2016 - 103 people are killed in an ISIL bombing in Baghdad.

Events4 years ago


1571 - Niwa Nagashige, Japanese daimyō (d. 1637)

Births449 years ago

1715 - Johann Gottfried Bernhard Bach, German organist (d. 1739)

Births305 years ago

1752 - Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German physician, physiologist, and anthropologist (d. 1840)

Births268 years ago

1797 - José Mariano Salas, Mexican general and politician. President (1846, 1859) Regent during the Second Mexican Empire (d. 1867)

Births223 years ago

1811 - Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, Swiss politician (d. 1893)

Births209 years ago

1852 - Charles W. Fairbanks, American journalist and politician, 26th United States Vice President (d. 1918)

Births168 years ago

1854 - Jack Blackham, Australian cricketer (d. 1932)

Births166 years ago

1869 - Archibald Warden, English tennis player (d. 1943)

Births151 years ago

1871 - Frank Schlesinger, American astronomer and author (d. 1943)

Births149 years ago

1875 - Harriet Quimby, American pilot and screenwriter (d. 1912)

Births145 years ago

1881 - Al Cabrera, Spanish-Cuban baseball player and manager (d. 1964)

Births139 years ago

1881 - Jan van Gilse, Dutch composer and conductor (d. 1944)

Births139 years ago

1881 - Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, and engineer (d. 1963)

Births139 years ago

1888 - Irving Berlin, Belarusian-American pianist and composer (d. 1989)

Births132 years ago

1888 - Willis Augustus Lee, American admiral (d. 1945)

Births132 years ago

1889 - Paul Nash, British painter (d. 1946)

Births131 years ago

1890 - Willie Applegarth, English-American sprinter (d. 1958)

Births130 years ago

1890 - Helge Løvland, Norwegian decathlete (d. 1984)

Births130 years ago

1894 - Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1991)

Births126 years ago

1895 - Jacques Brugnon, French tennis player (d. 1978)

Births125 years ago

1895 - William Grant Still, American composer and conductor (d. 1978)

Births125 years ago

1896 - Josip Štolcer-Slavenski, Croatian composer and academic (d. 1955)

Births124 years ago

1897 - Robert E. Gross, American businessman (d. 1961)

Births123 years ago

1901 - Rose Ausländer, Ukrainian-English poet and author (d. 1988)

Births119 years ago

1901 - Gladys Rockmore Davis, American painter (d. 1967)

Births119 years ago

1902 - Edna Ernestine Kramer, American mathematician (d. 1984)

Births118 years ago

1903 - Charlie Gehringer, American baseball player and manager (d. 1993)

Births117 years ago

1905 - Lise de Baissac, Mauritian-born SOE agent, war hero (d. 2004)

Births115 years ago

1905 – Catherine Bauer Wurster, American architect and public housing advocate (d. 1964)

Births115 years ago

1907 - Rip Sewell, American baseball player and coach (d. 1989)

Births113 years ago

1911 - Mitchell Sharp, Canadian economist and politician, 23rd Canadian Minister of Finance (d. 2004)

Births109 years ago

1911 - Phil Silvers, American actor and comedian (d. 1985)

Births109 years ago

1912 - Saadat Hasan Manto, Indian-Pakistani author and screenwriter (d. 1955)

Births108 years ago

1916 - Camilo José Cela, Spanish author and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)

Births104 years ago

1918 - Richard Feynman, American physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1988)

Births102 years ago

1921 - Robin Barbour, Scottish minister and author (d. 2014)

Births99 years ago

1921 - Hildegard Hamm-Brücher, German politician (d. 2016)

Births99 years ago

1924 - Antony Hewish, English astronomer and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births96 years ago

1925 - Edward J. King, American football player and politician, 66th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 2006)

Births95 years ago

1927 - Bernard Fox, British actor (d. 2016)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Gene Savoy, American explorer, author, and scholar (d. 2007)

Births93 years ago

1930 - Edsger W. Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist and academic (d. 2002)

Births90 years ago

1930 - Stanley Elkin, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (d. 1995)

Births90 years ago

1932 - Valentino Garavani, Italian fashion designer

Births88 years ago

1933 - Louis Farrakhan, American religious leader

Births87 years ago

1934 - Jim Jeffords, American captain, lawyer, and politician (d. 2014)

Births86 years ago

1935 - Francisco Umbral, Spanish journalist and author (d. 2007)

Births85 years ago

1937 - Ildikó Újlaky-Rejtő, Hungarian Olympic and world champion foil fencer

Births83 years ago

1938 - Narendra Patel, Baron Patel, Tanzanian-English obstetrician, academic, and politician

Births82 years ago

1941 - Eric Burdon, English musician

Births79 years ago

1941 - Ian Redpath, Australian cricketer and coach

Births79 years ago

1943 - Nancy Greene, Canadian skier and politician

Births77 years ago

1944 - John Benaud, Australian cricketer

Births76 years ago

1948 - Jack Cantoni, French rugby player (d. 2013)

Births72 years ago

1948 - Nirj Deva, Sri Lankan-English politician

Births72 years ago

1950 - Jeremy Paxman, English journalist and author

Births70 years ago

1950 - Sadashiv Amrapurkar, Indian actor (d. 2014)

Births70 years ago

1951 - Ed Stelmach, Canadian farmer and politician, 13th Premier of Alberta

Births69 years ago

1954 - John Gregory, English footballer and manager

Births66 years ago

1955 - John DeStefano, Jr., American politician, 49th Mayor of New Haven

Births65 years ago

1957 - Mike Nesbitt, Northern Irish journalist and politician

Births63 years ago

1962 - Steve Bono, American football player

Births58 years ago

1964 - Bobby Witt, American baseball player

Births56 years ago

1964 - Floyd Youmans, American baseball player, coach, and manager

Births56 years ago

1967 - Alberto García Aspe, Mexican footballer and manager

Births53 years ago

1969 - Mitch Healey, Australian rugby league player and coach

Births51 years ago

1969 - Simon Vroemen, Dutch runner

Births51 years ago

1970 - Harold Ford, Jr., American lawyer and politician

Births50 years ago

1970 - Jason Queally, English cyclist

Births50 years ago

1972 - Tomáš Dvořák, Czech decathlete and coach

Births48 years ago

1973 - Tsuyoshi Ogata, Japanese runner

Births47 years ago

1974 - Darren Ward, English-Welsh footballer and coach

Births46 years ago

1975 - Francisco Cordero, Dominican-American baseball player

Births45 years ago

1976 - Kardinal Offishall, American rapper and record producer/executive

Births44 years ago

1977 - Pablo Gabriel García, Uruguayan footballer

Births43 years ago

1977 - Victor Matfield, South African rugby player, coach, and sportscaster

Births43 years ago

1977 - Bobby Roode, Canadian professional wrestler

Births43 years ago

1978 - Laetitia Casta, French model and actress

Births42 years ago

1982 - Cory Monteith, Canadian actor and singer (d. 2013)

Births38 years ago

1983 - Matt Leinart, American football player

Births37 years ago

1983 - Steven Sotloff, American-Israeli journalist (d. 2014)

Births37 years ago

1983 - Holly Valance, Australian actress, singer and model

Births37 years ago

1984 - Andrés Iniesta, Spanish footballer

Births36 years ago

1986 - Abou Diaby, French footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Miguel Veloso, Portuguese footballer

Births34 years ago

1987 - Lim Seul-ong, South Korean singer and actor

Births33 years ago

1987 - Monica Roșu, Romanian gymnast

Births33 years ago

1988 - Jeremy Maclin, American football player

Births32 years ago

1988 - Brad Marchand, Canadian ice hockey player

Births32 years ago

1989 - Giovani dos Santos, Mexican footballer

Births31 years ago

1989 - Cam Newton, American football player

Births31 years ago

1992 - Thibaut Courtois, Belgian footballer

Births28 years ago

1992 - Pablo Sarabia, Spanish footballer

Births28 years ago

1993 - Maurice Harkless, American-Puerto Rican basketball player

Births27 years ago

1994 - Hagos Gebrhiwet, Ethiopian runner

Births26 years ago

1995 - Gelson Martins, Portuguese footballer

Births25 years ago

1999 - Sabrina Carpenter, American singer and actress

Births21 years ago

1999 - Kaitlyn Dias, American actress and voice artist

Births21 years ago


1610 - Matteo Ricci, Italian priest and mathematician (b. 1552)

Deaths410 years ago

1686 - Otto von Guericke, German physicist and politician (b. 1602)

Deaths334 years ago

1778 - William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1708)

Deaths242 years ago

1779 - John Hart, American lawyer and politician (b. 1711)

Deaths241 years ago

1812 - Spencer Perceval, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1762)

Deaths208 years ago

1848 - Tom Cribb, English boxer (b. 1781)

Deaths172 years ago

1849 - Juliette Récamier, French businesswoman (b. 1777)

Deaths171 years ago

1882 - Frederick Innes, Scottish-Australian politician, 9th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1816)

Deaths138 years ago

1889 - John Cadbury, English businessman and philanthropist, founded the Cadbury Company (b. 1801)

Deaths131 years ago

1908 - Charles Kingston, Australian politician, 20th Premier of South Australia (b. 1850)

Deaths112 years ago

1916 - Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer and physicist (b. 1873)

Deaths104 years ago

1918 - George Elmslie, Australian politician, 25th Premier of Victoria (b. 1861)

Deaths102 years ago

1920 - James Colosimo, Italian-American mob boss (b. 1878)

Deaths100 years ago

1920 - William Dean Howells, American novelist, literary critic, and playwright (b. 1837)

Deaths100 years ago

1927 - Juan Gris, Spanish painter and sculptor (b. 1887)

Deaths93 years ago

1929 - Jozef Murgaš, Slovak-American priest, architect, botanist, and painter (b. 1864)

Deaths91 years ago

1938 - George Lyon, Canadian golfer and cricketer (b. 1858)

Deaths82 years ago

1955 - Gilbert Jessop, English cricketer (b. 1874)

Deaths65 years ago

1960 - John D. Rockefeller Jr., American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1874)

Deaths60 years ago

1963 - Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)

Deaths57 years ago

1967 - James E. Brewton, American painter (b. 1930)

Deaths53 years ago

1979 - Lester Flatt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1914)

Deaths41 years ago

1981 - Odd Hassel, Norwegian chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)

Deaths39 years ago

1981 - Bob Marley, Jamaican singer-songwriter and guitarist (Bob Marley and the Wailers) (b. 1945)

Deaths39 years ago

1983 - Zenna Henderson, American writer (b. 1917)

Deaths37 years ago

1985 - Chester Gould, American cartoonist, created Dick Tracy (b. 1900)

Deaths35 years ago

1986 - Fritz Pollard, American football player and coach (b. 1894)

Deaths34 years ago

1988 - Kim Philby, British-Soviet double agent (b. 1912)

Deaths32 years ago

1994 - Timothy Carey, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1928)

Deaths26 years ago

2001 - Douglas Adams, English novelist and screenwriter (b. 1952)

Deaths19 years ago

2002 - Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and politician (b. 1912)

Deaths18 years ago

2002 - Bill Peet, American animator and screenwriter (b. 1915)

Deaths18 years ago

2003 - Noel Redding, English bass player (b. 1945)

Deaths17 years ago

2005 - Léo Cadieux, Canadian politician, 17th Canadian Minister of National Defence (b. 1908)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Floyd Patterson, American boxer and actor (b. 1935)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Malietoa Tanumafili II, Samoan ruler (b. 1913)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - John Rutsey, Canadian drummer (b. 1953)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Abel Goumba, Central African physician and politician, Prime Minister of the Central African Republic (b. 1926)

Deaths11 years ago

2009 - Claudio Huepe, Chilean economist and politician, Chilean Minister Secretary-General of Government (b. 1939)

Deaths11 years ago

2009 - Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda, Indian admiral (b. 1915)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - Doris Eaton Travis, American dancer and vaudevillian (b. 1904)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Robert Traylor, American basketball player (b. 1977)

Deaths9 years ago

Christian feast day

Christian feast day
Christian feast day
Christian feast day

Mamertus, the first of the Ice Saints

Christian feast day