Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

World Art Nouveau Day (Worldwide)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Portugal Day, also Day of Camões (Portugal and the Portuguese communities)

Holidays and observances

Events

671Emperor Tenji of Japan introduces a water clock (clepsydra) called Rokoku. The instrument, which measures time and indicates hours, is placed in the capital of Ōtsu.

Events

1190Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the river Saleph while leading an army to Jerusalem.

Events830 years ago

1329 – The Battle of Pelekanon results in a Byzantine defeat by the Ottoman Empire.

Events691 years ago

1523Copenhagen is surrounded by the army of Frederick I of Denmark, as the city will not recognise him as the successor of Christian II of Denmark.

Events497 years ago

1539Council of Trent: Pope Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice.

Events481 years ago
Events424 years ago
Events401 years ago

1624 – Signing of the Treaty of Compiègne between France and the Netherlands.

Events396 years ago

1692Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for "certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft and Sorceries".

Events328 years ago
Events301 years ago

1782 – King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama I) of Siam (modern day Thailand) is crowned.

Events238 years ago

1786 – A landslide dam on the Dadu River created by an earthquake ten days earlier collapses, killing 100,000 in the Sichuan province of China.

Events234 years ago

1793 – The Jardin des Plantes museum opens in Paris. A year later, it becomes the first public zoo.

Events227 years ago

1793 – French Revolution: Following the arrests of Girondin leaders, the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the revolutionary dictatorship.

Events227 years ago

1805First Barbary War: Yusuf Karamanli signs a treaty ending the hostilities between Tripolitania and the United States.

Events215 years ago

1829 – The first Boat Race between the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge takes place on the Thames in London.

Events191 years ago

1838Myall Creek massacre: Twenty-eight Aboriginal Australians are murdered.

Events182 years ago

1854 – The United States Naval Academy graduates its first class of students.

Events166 years ago

1861American Civil War: Battle of Big Bethel: Confederate troops under John B. Magruder defeat a much larger Union force led by General Ebenezer W. Pierce in Virginia.

Events159 years ago

1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Brice's Crossroads: Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.

Events156 years ago
Events152 years ago

1871Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 US Marines in a naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.

Events149 years ago

1878League of Prizren is established, to oppose the decisions of the Congress of Berlin and the Treaty of San Stefano, as a consequence of which the Albanian lands in the Balkans were being partitioned and given to the neighbor states of Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria, and Greece.

Events142 years ago

1886Mount Tarawera in New Zealand erupts, killing 153 people and burying the famous Pink and White Terraces. Eruptions continue for three months creating a large, 17 km long fissure across the mountain peak.

Events134 years ago

1898Spanish–American War: In the Battle of Guantánamo Bay, U.S. Marines begin the American invasion of Spanish-held Cuba.

Events122 years ago

1916 – The Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire was declared by Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca.

Events104 years ago

1918 – The Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent István sinks off the Croatian coast after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat; the event is recorded by camera from a nearby vessel.

Events102 years ago

1924Fascists kidnap and kill Italian Socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.

Events96 years ago

1935 – Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by him and Bill Wilson.

Events85 years ago

1935Chaco War ends: A truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay who had been fighting since 1932.

Events85 years ago

1940World War II: The Kingdom of Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.

Events80 years ago

1940 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy's actions in his "Stab in the Back" speech at the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.

Events80 years ago

1940 – World War II: Military resistance to the German occupation of Norway ends.

Events80 years ago

1942 – World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice in reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.

Events78 years ago

1944 – World War II: Six hundred forty-two men, women and children massacred at Oradour-sur-Glane, France.

Events76 years ago

1944 – World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia, Greece, 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops.

Events76 years ago

1944 – In baseball, 15-year-old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds becomes the youngest player ever in a major-league game.

Events76 years ago
Events75 years ago

1947Saab produces its first automobile.

Events73 years ago

1957John Diefenbaker leads the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada to a stunning upset in the 1957 Canadian federal election, ending 22 years of Liberal Party government.

Events63 years ago

1963 – The Equal Pay Act of 1963, aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex, was signed into law by John F. Kennedy as part of his New Frontier Program.

Events57 years ago

1964 – United States Senate breaks a 75-day filibuster against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, leading to the bill's passage.

Events56 years ago

1967 – The Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.

Events53 years ago

1977James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee. He is recaptured three days later.

Events43 years ago

1980 – The African National Congress in South Africa publishes a call to fight from their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela.

Events40 years ago

1982 – The Syrian Arab Army led by generals Ali and Habib Mahmood defeat the Israeli Defense Forces near Sultan Yacoub, Lebanon, during the 1982 Lebanon War resulting in 30 dead and three missing for the IDF, ten tanks lost and three APCs destroyed.

Events38 years ago

1990British Airways Flight 5390 lands safely at Southampton Airport after a blowout in the cockpit causes the captain to be partially sucked from the cockpit. There are no fatalities.

Events30 years ago

1991 – Eleven-year-old Jaycee Lee Dugard is kidnapped in South Lake Tahoe, California; she would remain a captive until 2009.

Events29 years ago

1994 – China conducts a nuclear test for DF-31 warhead at Area C (Beishan), Lop Nur, its prominence being due to the Cox Report.

Events26 years ago

1996 – Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without the participation of Sinn Féin.

Events24 years ago

1997 – Before fleeing his northern stronghold, Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen's family members.

Events23 years ago

1999Kosovo War: NATO suspends its airstrikes after Slobodan Milošević agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.

Events21 years ago

2001Pope John Paul II canonizes Lebanon's first female saint, Saint Rafqa.

Events19 years ago

2002 – The first direct electronic communication experiment between the nervous systems of two humans is carried out by Kevin Warwick in the United Kingdom.

Events18 years ago

2003 – The Spirit rover is launched, beginning NASA's Mars Exploration Rover mission.

Events17 years ago

2009 – 88-year-old James Wenneker von Brunn opened fire inside the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and fatally shot Museum Special Police Officer Stephen Tyrone Johns. Other security guards returned fire, wounding von Brunn, who was apprehended.

Events11 years ago

2019 - An Agusta A109E Power crashed onto the AXA Equitable Center on Seventh Avenue in Manhattan, New York City, which sparked a fire on the top of the building. The pilot of the helicopter was killed.

Events1 years ago

Births

867Emperor Uda of Japan (d. 931)

Births

940Abu al-Wafa' Buzjani, Persian mathematician and astronomer (d. 998)

Births

1213Fakhr-al-Din Iraqi, Persian poet and philosopher (d. 1289)

Births807 years ago

1465Mercurino Gattinara, Italian statesman and jurist (d. 1530)

Births555 years ago

1513Louis, Duke of Montpensier (1561–1582) (d. 1582)

Births507 years ago

1557Leandro Bassano, Italian painter (d. 1622)

Births463 years ago

1632Esprit Fléchier, French bishop and author (d. 1710)

Births388 years ago

1688James Francis Edward Stuart, claimant to the English and Scottish throne (d. 1766)

Births332 years ago
Births307 years ago

1716Carl Gustaf Ekeberg, Swedish physician and explorer (d. 1784)

Births304 years ago

1753William Eustis, American physician and politician, 12th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)

Births267 years ago

1804Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist and herpetologist (d. 1884)

Births216 years ago

1819Gustave Courbet, French-Swiss painter and sculptor (d. 1877)

Births201 years ago

1825Sondre Norheim, Norwegian-American skier (d. 1897)

Births195 years ago

1832Edwin Arnold, English poet and journalist (d. 1904)

Births188 years ago

1832Nikolaus Otto, German engineer (d. 1891)

Births188 years ago

1832Stephen Mosher Wood, American lieutenant and politician (d. 1920)

Births188 years ago

1835Rebecca Latimer Felton, American educator and politician (d. 1930)

Births185 years ago

1839Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Danish lawyer and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1912)

Births181 years ago

1840Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter (d. 1920)

Births180 years ago

1843Heinrich von Herzogenberg, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1900)

Births177 years ago

1854Sarah Grand, Irish feminist writer (d. 1943)

Births166 years ago

1859Emanuel Nobel, Swedish-Russian businessman (d. 1932)

Births161 years ago

1862Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress (d. 1937)

Births158 years ago

1863Louis Couperus, Dutch author and poet (d. 1923)

Births157 years ago

1864Ninian Comper, Scottish architect (d. 1960)

Births156 years ago

1865Frederick Cook, American physician and explorer (d. 1940)

Births155 years ago

1880André Derain, French painter and sculptor (d. 1954)

Births140 years ago

1882Nils Økland, Norwegian Esperantist and teacher (d. 1969)

Births138 years ago

1884Leone Sextus Tollemache, English captain (d. 1917)

Births136 years ago

1886Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor and producer (d. 1973)

Births134 years ago

1891Al Dubin, Swiss-American songwriter (d. 1945)

Births129 years ago

1895Hattie McDaniel, American actress (d. 1952)

Births125 years ago
Births123 years ago
Births122 years ago

1899Stanisław Czaykowski, Polish race car driver (d. 1933)

Births121 years ago

1901Frederick Loewe, Austrian-American composer (d. 1988)

Births119 years ago

1904Lin Huiyin, Chinese architect and poet (d. 1955)

Births116 years ago

1907Fairfield Porter, American painter and critic (d. 1975)

Births113 years ago

1907 – Dicky Wells, American jazz trombonist (d. 1985)

Births113 years ago

1909Lang Hancock, Australian soldier and businessman (d. 1992)

Births111 years ago

1910Frank Demaree, American baseball player and manager (d. 1958)

Births110 years ago

1910 – Robert Still, English composer and educator (d. 1971)

Births110 years ago

1910 – Howlin' Wolf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1976)

Births110 years ago

1911Ralph Kirkpatrick, American harpsichord player and musicologist (d. 1984)

Births109 years ago

1911 – Terence Rattigan, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 1977)

Births109 years ago

1912Jean Lesage, Canadian lawyer and politician, 11th Premier of Quebec (d. 1980)

Births108 years ago

1913Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian pianist and composer (d. 2007)

Births107 years ago

1913 – Benjamin Shapira, German-Israeli biochemist and academic (d. 1993)

Births107 years ago

1914Oktay Rıfat Horozcu, Turkish poet and playwright (d. 1988)

Births106 years ago

1915Saul Bellow, Canadian-American novelist, essayist and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)

Births105 years ago

1916Peride Celal, Turkish author (d. 2013)

Births104 years ago

1916 – William Rosenberg, American entrepreneur, founded Dunkin' Donuts (d. 2002)

Births104 years ago

1918Patachou, French singer and actress (d. 2015)

Births102 years ago

1918 – Barry Morse, English-Canadian actor and director (d. 2008)

Births102 years ago

1919Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian physician and politician (d. 2007)

Births101 years ago

1919 – Kevin O'Flanagan, Irish footballer, rugby player, and physician (d. 2006)

Births101 years ago
Births99 years ago

1921 – Jean Robic, French cyclist (d. 1980)

Births99 years ago

1922Judy Garland, American singer, actress, and vaudevillian (d. 1969)

Births98 years ago

1922 – Bill Kerr, South African-Australian actor (d. 2014)

Births98 years ago

1923Paul Brunelle, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1994)

Births97 years ago

1923 – Robert Maxwell, Czech-English captain, publisher, and politician (d. 1991)

Births97 years ago

1924Friedrich L. Bauer, German mathematician, computer scientist, and academic (d. 2015)

Births96 years ago

1925Leo Gravelle, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2013)

Births95 years ago

1925 – Nat Hentoff, American historian, author, and journalist (d. 2017)

Births95 years ago

1925 – James Salter, American novelist and short-story writer (d. 2015)

Births95 years ago

1926Bruno Bartoletti, Italian conductor (d. 2013)

Births94 years ago

1926 – Lionel Jeffries, English actor, screenwriter and film director (d. 2010)

Births94 years ago

1927Claudio Gilberto Froehlich, Brazilian zoologist

Births93 years ago

1927 – László Kubala, Hungarian footballer, coach, and manager (d. 2002)

Births93 years ago

1927 – Lin Yang-kang, Chinese politician, 29th Vice Premier of the Republic of China (d. 2013)

Births93 years ago

1927 – Johnny Orr, American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)

Births93 years ago

1927 – Eugene Parker, American astrophysicist and academic

Births93 years ago

1928Maurice Sendak, American author and illustrator (d. 2012)

Births92 years ago

1929James McDivitt, American general, pilot, and astronaut

Births91 years ago

1929 – Ian Sinclair, Australian farmer and politician, 42nd Australian Minister for Defence

Births91 years ago

1929 – Thomas Taylor, Baron Taylor of Blackburn, British Labour Party politician (d. 2016)

Births91 years ago

1929 – E. O. Wilson, American biologist, author, and academic

Births91 years ago

1930Aranka Siegal, Czech-American author and Holocaust survivor

Births90 years ago

1930 – Carmen Cozza, American baseball and football player (d. 2018)

Births90 years ago

1930 – Chen Xitong, Chinese politician, 8th Mayor of Beijing (d. 2013)

Births90 years ago

1931Bryan Cartledge, English academic and diplomat, British Ambassador to Russia

Births89 years ago

1931 – João Gilberto, Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2019)

Births89 years ago

1932Pierre Cartier, French mathematician and academic

Births88 years ago

1933Chuck Fairbanks, American football player and coach (d. 2013)

Births87 years ago

1934Peter Gibson, English lawyer and judge

Births86 years ago

1934 – Tom Pendry, Baron Pendry, English politician

Births86 years ago

1935Vic Elford, English race car driver

Births85 years ago

1935 – Lu Jiaxi, Chinese self-taught mathematician (d. 1983)

Births85 years ago

1935 – Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Japanese author and illustrator (d. 2015)

Births85 years ago

1938Rahul Bajaj, Indian businessman and politician

Births82 years ago

1938 – Violetta Villas, Belgian-Polish singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2011)

Births82 years ago

1938 – Vasanti N. Bhat-Nayak, Indian mathematician and academic (d. 2009)

Births82 years ago

1940Augie Auer, American-New Zealand meteorologist (d. 2007)

Births80 years ago

1940 – John Stevens, English drummer (d. 1994)

Births80 years ago

1941Mickey Jones, American drummer (d. 2018)

Births79 years ago

1941 – Shirley Owens, American singer

Births79 years ago

1941 – Jürgen Prochnow, German actor

Births79 years ago

1941 – David Walker, Australian race car driver

Births79 years ago

1942Gordon Burns, Northern Irish journalist

Births78 years ago

1942 – Chantal Goya, French singer and actress

Births78 years ago

1942 – Arthur Hamilton, Lord Hamilton, Scottish lawyer and judge

Births78 years ago

1942 – Preston Manning, Canadian politician

Births78 years ago

1943Simon Jenkins, English journalist and author

Births77 years ago

1944Ze'ev Friedman, Polish-Israeli weightlifter (d. 1972)

Births76 years ago

1944 – Rick Price, English rock bass player

Births76 years ago

1947Michel Bastarache, Canadian businessman, lawyer, and jurist

Births73 years ago

1947 – Ken Singleton, American baseball player and sportscaster

Births73 years ago

1947 – Robert Wright, English air marshal

Births73 years ago

1950Elías Sosa, Dominican-American baseball player

Births70 years ago

1951Dan Fouts, American football player and sportscaster

Births69 years ago

1951 – Tony Mundine, Australian boxer

Births69 years ago

1951 – Burglinde Pollak, German pentathlete

Births69 years ago

1952Kage Baker, American author (d. 2010)

Births68 years ago

1953Eileen Cooper, English painter and academic

Births67 years ago

1953 – John Edwards, American lawyer and politician

Births67 years ago

1953 – Garry Hynes, Irish director and producer

Births67 years ago

1953 – Christine St-Pierre, Canadian journalist and politician

Births67 years ago

1954Moya Greene, Canadian businesswoman

Births66 years ago

1954 – Rich Hall, American actor, producer, and screenwriter

Births66 years ago

1955Annette Schavan, German theologian and politician

Births65 years ago

1955 – Andrew Stevens, American actor and producer

Births65 years ago

1958Yu Suzuki, Japanese game designer and producer

Births62 years ago

1959Carlo Ancelotti, Italian footballer and manager

Births61 years ago

1959 – Ernie C, American heavy metal guitarist, songwriter, and producer

Births61 years ago

1959 – Eliot Spitzer, American lawyer and politician, 54th Governor of New York

Births61 years ago

1960Nandamuri Balakrishna, Indian film actor and politician

Births60 years ago

1961Kim Deal, American singer-songwriter and musician

Births59 years ago

1961 – Maxi Priest, English singer-songwriter

Births59 years ago

1962Gina Gershon, American actress, singer and author

Births58 years ago

1962 – Anderson Bigode Herzer, Brazilian poet and author (d. 1982)

Births58 years ago

1962 – Wong Ka Kui, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)

Births58 years ago

1962 – Tzi Ma, Hong Kong American character actor

Births58 years ago

1962 – Brent Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births58 years ago

1963Brad Henry, American lawyer and politician, 26th Governor of Oklahoma

Births57 years ago

1963 – Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress

Births57 years ago

1965Susanne Albers, German computer scientist and academic

Births55 years ago

1965 – Elizabeth Hurley, English model, actress, and producer

Births55 years ago

1965 – Joey Santiago, American alternative rock musician

Births55 years ago

1966David Platt, English footballer and manager

Births54 years ago

1967Emma Anderson, English singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births53 years ago

1967 – Darren Robinson, American rapper (d. 1995)

Births53 years ago

1968Bill Burr, American comedian and actor

Births52 years ago

1968 – Derek Dooley, American football player and coach

Births52 years ago

1969Craig Hancock, Australian rugby league player

Births51 years ago

1969 – Ronny Johnsen, Norwegian footballer

Births51 years ago

1969 – Kate Snow, American journalist

Births51 years ago

1970Mike Doughty, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births50 years ago

1970 – Katsuhiro Harada, Japanese game designer, director, and producer

Births50 years ago

1970 – Alex Santos, Filipino journalist

Births50 years ago

1970 – Shane Whereat, Australian rugby league player

Births50 years ago

1971JoJo Hailey, American singer

Births49 years ago

1971 – Bobby Jindal, American journalist and politician, 55th Governor of Louisiana

Births49 years ago

1971 – Bruno N'Gotty, French footballer

Births49 years ago

1971 – Erik Rutan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births49 years ago

1972Steven Fischer, American director and producer

Births48 years ago
Births48 years ago

1972 – Eric Upashantha, Sri Lankan cricketer

Births48 years ago

1973Faith Evans, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

Births47 years ago

1973 – Flesh-n-Bone, American rapper and actor

Births47 years ago

1973 – Pokey Reese, American baseball player

Births47 years ago

1975Henrik Pedersen, Danish footballer

Births45 years ago

1976Alari Lell, Estonian footballer

Births44 years ago

1976 – Esther Ouwehand, Dutch politician

Births44 years ago

1976 – Stefan Postma, Dutch footballer and coach

Births44 years ago

1976 – Hadi Saei, Iranian martial artist

Births44 years ago

1977Adam Darski, Polish singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births43 years ago

1977 – Mike Rosenthal, American football player and coach

Births43 years ago

1978Raheem Brock, American football player

Births42 years ago

1979Evgeni Borounov, Russian ice dancer and coach

Births41 years ago

1979 – Kostas Louboutis, Greek footballer

Births41 years ago

1980Matuzalém, Brazilian footballer

Births40 years ago

1980 – Ovie Mughelli, American football player

Births40 years ago

1980 – Dmitri Uchaykin, Russian ice hockey player (d. 2013)

Births40 years ago

1980 – Daniele Seccarecci, Italian bodybuilder (d. 2013)

Births40 years ago

1980 – James Walsh, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and pianist

Births40 years ago

1981Mat Jackson, English race car driver

Births39 years ago

1981 – Albie Morkel, South African cricketer

Births39 years ago

1981 – Andrey Yepishin, Russian sprinter

Births39 years ago

1982Tara Lipinski, American figure skater

Births38 years ago

1982 – Ana Lúcia Souza, Brazilian ballerina and journalist

Births38 years ago

1983Marion Barber III, American football player

Births37 years ago

1983 – Aaron Davey, Australian footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 – Leelee Sobieski, American actress and producer

Births37 years ago

1983 – Steve von Bergen, Swiss footballer

Births37 years ago

1984Johanna Kedzierski, German sprinter

Births36 years ago

1984 – Dirk Van Tichelt, Belgian martial artist

Births36 years ago

1985Richard Chambers, Irish rower

Births35 years ago

1985 – Gert Dorbek, Estonian basketball player

Births35 years ago

1985 – Kaia Kanepi, Estonian tennis player

Births35 years ago

1985 – Kristina Lundberg, Swedish ice hockey player

Births35 years ago

1985 – Dane Nielsen, Australian rugby league player

Births35 years ago

1985 – Andy Schleck, Luxembourger cyclist

Births35 years ago

1985 – Vasilis Torosidis, Greek footballer

Births35 years ago

1985 – Kreesha Turner, Canadian singer-songwriter and dancer

Births35 years ago

1986Al Alburquerque, Dominican baseball player

Births34 years ago

1986 – Marco Andreolli, Italian footballer

Births34 years ago

1987Martin Harnik, German-Austrian footballer

Births33 years ago

1987 – Amobi Okoye, Nigerian-American football player

Births33 years ago

1988Jeff Teague, American basketball player

Births32 years ago

1989DeAndre Kane, American basketball player

Births31 years ago

1989 – David Miller, South African cricketer

Births31 years ago

1989 – Mustapha Carayol, Gambian footballer

Births31 years ago

1989 – Alexandra Stan, Romanian singer-songwriter, dancer, and model

Births31 years ago

1991Alexa Scimeca Knierim, American figure skater

Births29 years ago

1992Saulius Ambrulevičius, Lithuanian figure skater

Births28 years ago

1992 – Kate Upton, American model and actress

Births28 years ago

Deaths

323 BCAlexander the Great, Macedonian king (b. 356 BC)

Deaths

AD 38Julia Drusilla, Roman sister of Caligula (b. 16 AD)

Deaths

223Liu Bei, Chinese emperor (b. 161)

Deaths
Deaths

754Abul Abbas al-Saffah, Muslim caliph (b. 721)

Deaths

871Odo I, Frankish nobleman

Deaths

903Cheng Rui, Chinese warlord

Deaths

932Dong Zhang, Chinese general

Deaths

942Liu Yan, emperor of Southern Han (b. 889)

Deaths
Deaths945 years ago

1141Richenza of Northeim (b. 1087)

Deaths879 years ago
Deaths830 years ago

1338Kitabatake Akiie, Japanese governor (b. 1318)

Deaths682 years ago

1364Agnes of Austria (b. 1281)

Deaths656 years ago
Deaths596 years ago
Deaths583 years ago

1468Idris Imad al-Din, supreme leader of Tayyibi Isma'ilism, scholar and historian (b. 1392)

Deaths552 years ago

1552Alexander Barclay, English poet and author (b. 1476)

Deaths468 years ago

1556Martin Agricola, German composer and theorist (b. 1486)

Deaths464 years ago

1580Luís de Camões, Portuguese poet (b. 1524–25)

Deaths440 years ago

1604Isabella Andreini, Italian actress (b. 1562)

Deaths416 years ago

1607John Popham, English politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (b. 1531)

Deaths413 years ago

1654Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor (b. 1598)

Deaths366 years ago

1680Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish lawyer and politician (b. 1635)

Deaths340 years ago

1692Bridget Bishop, Colonial Massachusetts woman hanged as a witch during the Salem witch trials (b. 1632)

Deaths328 years ago

1735Thomas Hearne, English historian and author (b. 1678)

Deaths285 years ago

1753Joachim Ludwig Schultheiss von Unfriedt, German architect (b. 1678)

Deaths267 years ago

1776Hsinbyushin, Burmese king (b. 1736)

Deaths244 years ago

1776 – Leopold Widhalm, Austrian instrument maker (b. 1722)

Deaths244 years ago

1791Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1720)

Deaths229 years ago

1799Chevalier de Saint-Georges, Caribbean-French violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1745)

Deaths221 years ago
Deaths209 years ago

1831Hans Karl von Diebitsch, German-Russian field marshal (b. 1785)

Deaths189 years ago

1836André-Marie Ampère, French physicist and mathematician (b. 1775)

Deaths184 years ago

1849Thomas Robert Bugeaud, French general and politician (b. 1784)

Deaths171 years ago

1849 – Robert Brown, Scottish botanist (b. 1773)

Deaths171 years ago
Deaths152 years ago

1899Ernest Chausson, French composer (b. 1855)

Deaths121 years ago

1901Robert Williams Buchanan, Scottish poet, author, and playwright (b. 1841)

Deaths119 years ago

1902Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan priest and poet (b. 1845)

Deaths118 years ago

1906Richard Seddon, English-New Zealand politician, 15th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1845)

Deaths114 years ago

1909Edward Everett Hale, American minister, historian, and author (b. 1822)

Deaths111 years ago

1914Ödön Lechner, Hungarian architect (b. 1845)

Deaths106 years ago

1918Arrigo Boito, Italian author, poet, and composer (b. 1842)

Deaths102 years ago

1923Pierre Loti, French soldier and author (b. 1850)

Deaths97 years ago

1924Giacomo Matteotti, Italian lawyer and politician (b. 1885)

Deaths96 years ago

1926Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect, designed the Park Güell (b. 1852)

Deaths94 years ago

1930Adolf von Harnack, German historian and theologian (b. 1851)

Deaths90 years ago

1934Frederick Delius, English composer and educator (b. 1862)

Deaths86 years ago

1936John Bowser, English-Australian politician, 26th Premier of Victoria (b. 1856)

Deaths84 years ago

1937Robert Borden, Canadian lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1854)

Deaths83 years ago

1939Albert Ogilvie, Australian politician, 28th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1890)

Deaths81 years ago

1940Marcus Garvey, Jamaican journalist and activist, founded the Black Star Line (b. 1887)

Deaths80 years ago

1944Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1910)

Deaths76 years ago

1946Jack Johnson, American boxer (b. 1878)

Deaths74 years ago

1947Alexander Bethune, Canadian businessman and politician, 12th Mayor of Vancouver (b. 1852)

Deaths73 years ago

1949Sigrid Undset, Danish-Norwegian novelist, essayist, and translator, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)

Deaths71 years ago

1955Margaret Abbott, Indian-American golfer (b. 1876)

Deaths65 years ago

1958Angelina Weld Grimké, American journalist, poet, and playwright (b. 1880)

Deaths62 years ago

1959Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian politician (b. 1883)

Deaths61 years ago

1963Timothy Birdsall, English cartoonist (b. 1936)

Deaths57 years ago

1965Vahap Özaltay, Turkish footballer and manager (b. 1908)

Deaths55 years ago

1967Spencer Tracy, American actor (b. 1900)

Deaths53 years ago

1971Michael Rennie, English actor (b. 1909)

Deaths49 years ago

1973William Inge, American playwright and novelist (b. 1913)

Deaths47 years ago
Deaths46 years ago

1976Adolph Zukor, American film producer, co-founded Paramount Pictures (b. 1873)

Deaths44 years ago

1982Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1945)

Deaths38 years ago

1984Halide Nusret Zorlutuna, Turkish author and poet (b. 1901)

Deaths36 years ago

1986Merle Miller, American author and playwright (b. 1919)

Deaths34 years ago

1987Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (b. 1943)

Deaths33 years ago

1988Louis L'Amour, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1908)

Deaths32 years ago

1991Jean Bruller, French author and illustrator, co-founded Les Éditions de Minuit (b. 1902)

Deaths29 years ago

1992Hachidai Nakamura, Chinese-Japanese pianist and composer (b. 1931)

Deaths28 years ago

1993Les Dawson, English comedian, actor, writer and presenter (b. 1931)

Deaths27 years ago

1996George Hees, Canadian soldier, football player, and politician (b. 1910)

Deaths24 years ago

1996 – Jo Van Fleet, American actress (b. 1915)

Deaths24 years ago

1998Jim Hearn, American baseball player (b. 1921)

Deaths22 years ago

1998 – Hammond Innes, English soldier and author (b. 1914)

Deaths22 years ago

2000Hafez al-Assad, Syrian general and politician, 18th President of Syria (b. 1930)

Deaths20 years ago

2000 – Brian Statham, English cricketer (b. 1930)

Deaths20 years ago

2001Leila Pahlavi, Princess of Iran (b. 1970)

Deaths19 years ago

2002John Gotti, American mobster (b. 1940)

Deaths18 years ago

2003Donald Regan, American colonel and politician, 11th White House Chief of Staff (b. 1918)

Deaths17 years ago

2003 – Bernard Williams, English philosopher and academic (b. 1929)

Deaths17 years ago

2003 – Phil Williams, Welsh academic and politician (b. 1939)

Deaths17 years ago

2004Ray Charles, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (b. 1930)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 – Odette Laure, French actress and singer (b. 1917)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 – Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist and politician, 177th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1904)

Deaths16 years ago

2005Curtis Pitts, American aircraft designer, designed the Pitts Special (b. 1915)

Deaths15 years ago

2007Augie Auer, American-New Zealand meteorologist (b. 1940)

Deaths13 years ago

2008Chinghiz Aitmatov, Kyrgyzstani author and diplomat (b. 1928)

Deaths12 years ago

2009Stelios Skevofilakas, Greek footballer (b. 1940)

Deaths11 years ago

2010Basil Schott, American archbishop (b. 1939)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 – Sigmar Polke, German painter and photographer (b. 1941)

Deaths10 years ago

2011Brian Lenihan Jnr, Irish lawyer and politician, 25th Irish Minister for Finance (b. 1959)

Deaths9 years ago

2012Piero Bellugi, Italian conductor (b. 1924)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 – Warner Fusselle, American sportscaster (b. 1944)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 – Will Hoebee, Dutch songwriter and producer (b. 1947)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 – Georges Mathieu, French painter and academic (b. 1921)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 – Joshua Orwa Ojode, Kenyan politician (b. 1958)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 – George Saitoti, Kenyan economist and politician, 6th Vice-President of Kenya (b. 1945)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 – Sudono Salim, Chinese-Indonesian businessman, founded Bank Central Asia (b. 1916)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 – Gordon West, English footballer (b. 1943)

Deaths8 years ago

2013Doug Bailey, American political consultant (b. 1933)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 – Enrique Orizaola, Spanish footballer and coach (b. 1922)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 – Barbara Vucanovich, American lawyer and politician (b. 1921)

Deaths7 years ago

2014Marcello Alencar, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 57th Governor of Rio de Janeiro (b. 1925)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 – Gary Gilmour, Australian cricketer and manager (b. 1951)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 – Robert M. Grant, American theologian and academic (b. 1917)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 – Jack Lee, American radio host and politician (b. 1920)

Deaths6 years ago

2015Robert Chartoff, American film producer and philanthropist (b. 1933)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 – Wolfgang Jeschke, German author and publisher (b. 1936)

Deaths5 years ago

2016Christina Grimmie, American singer-songwriter (b. 1994)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 – Gordie Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1928)

Deaths4 years ago

2017Julia Perez, Indonesian singer and actress (b. 1980)

Deaths3 years ago

2018Neal E. Boyd, American singer, winner of the third season of America's Got Talent (b. 1975)

Deaths2 years ago

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