Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Events

477 BC - Battle of the Cremera as part of the Roman–Etruscan Wars. Veii ambushes and defeats the Roman army.

Events

387 BC - Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia: A Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.

Events

362 - Roman–Persian Wars: Emperor Julian arrives at Antioch with a Roman expeditionary force (60,000 men) and stays there for nine months to launch a campaign against the Persian Empire.

Events

452 - Sack of Aquileia: After an earlier defeat on the Catalaunian Plains, Attila lays siege to the metropolis of Aquileia and eventually destroys it.

Events

645 - Chinese forces under general Li Shiji besiege the strategic fortress city of Anshi (Liaoning) during the Goguryeo–Tang War.

Events

1195 - Battle of Alarcos: Almohad forces defeat the Castilian army of Alfonso VIII and force its retreat to Toledo.

Events825 years ago

1290 - King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews (numbering about 16,000) from England; this was Tisha B'Av on the Hebrew calendar, a day that commemorates many Jewish calamities.

Events730 years ago

1334 - The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.

Events686 years ago

1389 - France and England agree to the Truce of Leulinghem, inaugurating a 13-year peace, the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years' War.

Events631 years ago

1391 - Tokhtamysh–Timur war: Battle of the Kondurcha River: Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present-day southeast Russia.

Events629 years ago

1507 - In Brussels, Prince Charles I, is crowned Duke of Burgundy and Count of Flanders, a year after inheriting the title.

Events513 years ago

1555 - The College of Arms is reincorporated by Royal charter signed by Queen Mary I of England and King Philip II of Spain.

Events465 years ago

1806 - A gunpowder magazine explosion in Birgu, Malta, kills around 200 people.

Events214 years ago
Events208 years ago

1841 - Coronation of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.

Events179 years ago

1857 - Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.

Events163 years ago

1862 - First ascent of Dent Blanche, one of the highest summits in the Alps.

Events158 years ago

1863 - American Civil War: Second Battle of Fort Wagner: One of the first formal African American military units, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, supported by several white regiments, attempts an unsuccessful assault on Confederate-held Battery Wagner.

Events157 years ago

1870 - The First Vatican Council decrees the dogma of papal infallibility.

Events150 years ago

1872 - The Ballot Act 1872 in the United Kingdom introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections be held by secret ballot.

Events148 years ago

1914 - The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, giving official status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.

Events106 years ago
Events95 years ago

1936 - On the Spanish mainland, a faction of the army supported by fascists, rises up against the Second Spanish Republic in a coup d'etat starting the 3-year-long Civil War, resulting in the longest dictatorship in modern European history.

Events84 years ago

1942 - World War II: During the Beisfjord massacre in Norway, 15 Norwegian paramilitary guards help members of the SS to kill 288 political prisoners from Yugoslavia.

Events78 years ago

1942 - The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me 262 using its jet engines for the first time.

Events78 years ago

1944 - World War II: Hideki Tōjō resigns as Prime Minister of Japan because of numerous setbacks in the war effort.

Events76 years ago

1966 - Human spaceflight: Gemini 10 is launched from Cape Kennedy on a 70-hour mission that includes docking with an orbiting Agena target vehicle.

Events54 years ago

1966 - A racially charged incident in a bar sparks the six-day Hough riots in Cleveland, Ohio; 1,700 Ohio National Guard troops intervene to restore order.

Events54 years ago
Events52 years ago

1976 - Nadia Comăneci becomes the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.

Events44 years ago

1982 - Two hundred sixty-eight Guatemalan campesinos ("peasants" or "country people") are slain in the Plan de Sánchez massacre.

Events38 years ago

1984 - McDonald's massacre in San Ysidro, California: In a fast-food restaurant, James Oliver Huberty opens fire, killing 21 people and injuring 19 others before being shot dead by police.

Events36 years ago

1992 - A picture of Les Horribles Cernettes was taken, which became the first ever photo posted to the World Wide Web.

Events28 years ago

1994 - The bombing of the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (Argentine Jewish Community Center) in Buenos Aires kills 85 people (mostly Jewish) and injures 300.

Events26 years ago

1994 - Rwandan genocide: The Rwandan Patriotic Front takes control of Gisenyi and north western Rwanda, forcing the interim government into Zaire and ending the genocide.

Events26 years ago

1995 - On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufrière Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital, forcing most of the population to flee.

Events25 years ago

1996 - Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Quebec's costliest natural disasters ever.

Events24 years ago

1996 - Battle of Mullaitivu: The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam capture the Sri Lanka Army's base, killing over 1200 soldiers.

Events24 years ago

2012 - At least seven people are killed and 32 others are injured after a bomb explodes on an Israeli tour bus at Burgas Airport, Bulgaria.

Events8 years ago

2013 - The Government of Detroit, with up to $20 billion in debt, files for the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.

Events7 years ago

2019 - A man sets fire to an anime studio in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan, killing at 35 people and injuring dozens of others.

Events1 years ago

Births

1013 - Hermann of Reichenau, German music theorist (d. 1054)

Births1007 years ago

1439 - John V, duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1507)

Births581 years ago

1501 - Isabella of Austria, queen of Denmark (d. 1526)

Births519 years ago

1504 - Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss pastor and reformer (d. 1575)

Births516 years ago

1534 - Zacharius Ursinus, German theologian (d. 1583)

Births486 years ago

1552 - Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1612)

Births468 years ago
Births386 years ago

1659 - Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (d. 1743)

Births361 years ago

1670 - Giovanni Bononcini, Italian cellist and composer (d. 1747)

Births350 years ago

1702 - Maria Clementina Sobieska, Polish noble (d. 1735)

Births318 years ago

1718 - Saverio Bettinelli, Italian poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1808)

Births302 years ago

1720 - Gilbert White, English ornithologist and ecologist (d. 1793)

Births300 years ago

1724 - Maria Antonia of Bavaria, Electress of Saxony (d. 1780)

Births296 years ago

1750 - Frederick Adolf, duke of Östergötland (d. 1803)

Births270 years ago

1796 - Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher and academic (d. 1879)

Births224 years ago

1811 - William Makepeace Thackeray, English author and poet (d. 1863)

Births209 years ago

1818 - Louis Gerhard De Geer, Swedish lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1896)

Births202 years ago

1821 - Pauline Viardot, French soprano and composer (d. 1910)

Births199 years ago

1837 - Vasil Levski, Bulgarian priest and activist (d. 1873)

Births183 years ago

1843 - Virgil Earp, American marshal (d. 1905)

Births177 years ago

1845 - Tristan Corbière, French poet (d. 1875)

Births175 years ago

1848 - W. G. Grace, English cricketer and physician (d. 1915)

Births172 years ago

1853 - Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)

Births167 years ago

1861 - Kadambini Ganguly, Indian physician, one of the first Indian women to obtain a degree (d. 1923)

Births159 years ago
Births156 years ago

1867 - Margaret Brown, American philanthropist and activist (d. 1932)

Births153 years ago

1871 - Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (d.1958)

Births149 years ago

1871 - Sada Yacco, Japanese actress and dancer (d. 1946)

Births149 years ago

1881 - Larry McLean, Canadian-American baseball player (d. 1921)

Births139 years ago

1884 - Alberto di Jorio, Italian cardinal (d. 1979)

Births136 years ago

1886 - Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr., American general (d. 1945)

Births134 years ago

1887 - Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian military officer and politician, Minister President of Norway (d. 1945)

Births133 years ago

1889 - Kōichi Kido, Japanese politician, 13th Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan (d. 1977)

Births131 years ago

1890 - Frank Forde, Australian educator and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983)

Births130 years ago

1892 - Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian footballer (d. 1969)

Births128 years ago

1893 - David Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie, Scottish peer, soldier and courtier (d. 1968)

Births127 years ago

1895 - Olga Spessivtseva, Russian-American ballerina (d. 1991)

Births125 years ago

1895 - Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (d. 1954)

Births125 years ago

1897 - Ernest Eldridge, English race car driver and engineer (d. 1935)

Births123 years ago

1898 - John Stuart, Scottish-English actor (d. 1979)

Births122 years ago

1899 - Ernst Scheller, German soldier and politician, 8th Mayor of Marburg (d. 1942)

Births121 years ago

1900 - Nathalie Sarraute, French lawyer and author (d. 1999)

Births120 years ago

1902 - Jessamyn West, American author (d. 1984)

Births118 years ago

1902 - Chill Wills, American actor (d. 1978)

Births118 years ago

1905 - Robert Elton Brooker, American business executive (d. 2000)

Births115 years ago

1906 - S. I. Hayakawa, Canadian-American academic and politician (d. 1992)

Births114 years ago

1906 - Clifford Odets, American director, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1963)

Births114 years ago

1908 - Peace Pilgrim, American mystic and activist (d. 1981)

Births112 years ago

1908 - Lupe Vélez, Mexican-American actress and dancer (d. 1944)

Births112 years ago

1908 - Beatrice Aitchison, American mathematician, statistician, and transportation economist (d. 1997)

Births112 years ago

1909 - Bishnu Dey, Indian poet, critic, and academic (d. 1982)

Births111 years ago

1909 - Andrei Gromyko, Belarusian-Russian economist and politician, Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1989)

Births111 years ago

1909 - Mohammed Daoud Khan, Afghan commander and politician, 1st President of Afghanistan (d. 1978)

Births111 years ago

1909 - Harriet Nelson, American singer and actress (d. 1994)

Births111 years ago

1910 - Diptendu Pramanick, Indian businessman (d. 1989)

Births110 years ago

1910 - Mamadou Dia, Senegalese politician; 1st Prime Minister of Senegal (d. 2009)

Births110 years ago

1911 - Hume Cronyn, Canadian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003)

Births109 years ago

1913 - Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)

Births107 years ago

1914 - Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (d. 2000)

Births106 years ago

1914 - Oscar Heisserer, French footballer (d. 2004)

Births106 years ago

1915 - Carequinha, Brazilian clown and actor (d. 2006)

Births105 years ago

1915 - Roxana Cannon Arsht, American judge (d. 2003)

Births105 years ago

1915 - Louis Le Bailly, British Royal Navy officer (d. 2010)

Births105 years ago

1916 - Charles Kittel, American physicist (d. 2019)

Births104 years ago

1917 - Henri Salvador, French singer and guitarist (d. 2008)

Births103 years ago

1917 - Paul Streeten, Austrian-born British economics professor (d. 2019)

Births103 years ago

1918 - Nelson Mandela, South African lawyer and politician, 1st President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Lilia Dale, Italian actress

Births101 years ago

1920 - Eric Brandon, English race car driver and businessman (d. 1982)

Births100 years ago

1921 - Peter Austin, English brewer, founded Ringwood Brewery (d. 2014)

Births99 years ago

1921 - Aaron T. Beck, American psychiatrist and academic

Births99 years ago

1921 - John Glenn, American colonel, astronaut, and politician (d. 2016)

Births99 years ago

1921 - Richard Leacock, English-French director and producer (d. 2011)

Births99 years ago

1921 - Heinz Bennent, German actor (d. 2011)

Births99 years ago

1922 - Thomas Kuhn, American physicist, historian, and philosopher (d. 1996)

Births98 years ago

1923 - Jerome H. Lemelson, American engineer and businessman (d. 1997)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Michael Medwin, English actor

Births97 years ago

1924 - Inge Sørensen, Danish swimmer (d. 2011)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Tullio Altamura, Italian actor

Births96 years ago

1925 - Shirley Strickland, Australian runner and hurdler (d. 2004)

Births95 years ago

1925 - Friedrich Zimmermann, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of the Interior (d. 2012)

Births95 years ago

1925 - Raymond Jones, Australian Modernist architect

Births95 years ago

1925 - Windy McCall, American baseball relief pitcher (d. 2015)

Births95 years ago

1926 - Margaret Laurence, Canadian author and academic (d. 1987)

Births94 years ago

1926 - Nita Bieber, American actress

Births94 years ago

1926 - Bernard Pons, French politician and medical doctor

Births94 years ago

1926 - Maunu Kurkvaara, Finnish film director and screenwriter

Births94 years ago

1927 - Mehdi Hassan, Pakistani ghazal singer and playback singer (d. 2012)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Kurt Masur, German conductor and educator (d. 2015)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Antonio García-Trevijano, Spanish republican, political activist, and author (d. 2018)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Keith MacDonald, Canadian politician

Births93 years ago

1927 - Anthony Mirra, American gangster, member of the Bonanno Crime Family (d. 1982)

Births93 years ago

1928 - Andrea Gallo, Italian priest and author (d. 2013)

Births92 years ago

1928 - Baddiewinkle, American internet personality

Births92 years ago

1929 - Dick Button, American figure skater and actor

Births91 years ago

1929 - Screamin' Jay Hawkins, American R&B singer-songwriter, musician, and actor (d. 2000)

Births91 years ago

1932 - Robert Ellis Miller, American director and screenwriter

Births88 years ago

1933 - Jean Yanne, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003)

Births87 years ago

1933 - Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet and playwright (d. 2017)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Edward Bond, English director, playwright, and screenwriter

Births86 years ago

1934 - Darlene Conley, American actress (d. 2007)

Births86 years ago

1935 - Tenley Albright, American figure skater and physician

Births85 years ago

1935 - Jayendra Saraswathi, Indian guru, 69th Shankaracharya

Births85 years ago

1937 - Roald Hoffmann, Polish chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births83 years ago

1937 - Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)

Births83 years ago

1938 - John Connelly, English footballer (d. 2012)

Births82 years ago

1938 - Ian Stewart, Scottish keyboard player and manager (d. 1985)

Births82 years ago

1938 - Paul Verhoeven, Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter

Births82 years ago

1939 - Brian Auger, English rock and jazz keyboard player

Births81 years ago

1939 - Dion DiMucci, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births81 years ago

1939 - Jerry Moore, American football player and coach

Births81 years ago

1940 - James Brolin, American actor

Births80 years ago

1940 - Joe Torre, American baseball player and manager

Births80 years ago

1941 - Frank Farian, German songwriter and producer

Births79 years ago

1941 - Lonnie Mack, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)

Births79 years ago

1941 - Martha Reeves, American singer and politician

Births79 years ago

1942 - Giacinto Facchetti, Italian footballer (d. 2006)

Births78 years ago

1942 - Adolf Ogi, Swiss politician, 84th President of the Swiss Confederation

Births78 years ago

1943 - Joseph J. Ellis, American historian and author

Births77 years ago

1944 - David Hemery, English hurdler and author

Births76 years ago

1945 - Pat Doherty, Irish Republican politician

Births75 years ago

1946 - Kalpana Mohan, Indian actress

Births74 years ago

1946 - John Naughton, Scottish-Irish journalist, author, and academic

Births74 years ago

1947 - Steve Forbes, American publisher and politician

Births73 years ago

1948 - Carlos Colón Sr., Puerto Rican-American wrestler and promoter

Births72 years ago

1948 - Jeanne Córdova, American journalist and activist (d. 2016)

Births72 years ago

1948 - Graham Spanier, 16th President of Pennsylvania State University

Births72 years ago

1948 - Hartmut Michel, German biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births72 years ago

1949 - Dennis Lillee, Australian cricketer and coach

Births71 years ago

1950 - Richard Branson, English businessman, founded Virgin Group

Births70 years ago

1950 - Jack Dongarra, American computer scientist and academic

Births70 years ago

1950 - Kostas Eleftherakis, Greek footballer

Births70 years ago

1950 - Glenn Hughes, American disco singer (Village People) and actor (d. 2001)

Births70 years ago

1950 - Jack Layton, Canadian political scientist, academic, and politician (d. 2011)

Births70 years ago

1950 - Mark Udall, American educator and politician

Births70 years ago

1951 - Elio Di Rupo, Belgian chemist, academic, and politician, 68th Prime Minister of Belgium

Births69 years ago

1951 - Margo Martindale, American actress

Births69 years ago

1954 - Ricky Skaggs, American singer-songwriter, mandolin player, and producer

Births66 years ago

1955 - Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor

Births65 years ago

1957 - Nick Faldo, English golfer and sportscaster

Births63 years ago

1957 - Keith Levene, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer

Births63 years ago

1960 - Simon Heffer, English journalist and author

Births60 years ago

1961 - Elizabeth McGovern, American actress

Births59 years ago

1961 - Alan Pardew, English footballer and manager

Births59 years ago

1961 - Pasi Rautiainen, Finnish footballer, coach, and manager

Births59 years ago

1962 - Shaun Micallef, Australian comedian, producer, and screenwriter

Births58 years ago

1963 - Marc Girardelli, Austrian-Luxembourgian skier

Births57 years ago

1963 - Martín Torrijos, Panamanian economist and politician, 35th President of Panama

Births57 years ago

1964 - Wendy Williams, American talk show host

Births56 years ago

1965 - Vesselina Kasarova, Bulgarian soprano

Births55 years ago

1966 - Dan O'Brien, American decathlete and coach

Births54 years ago

1967 - Vin Diesel, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

Births53 years ago

1968 - Grant Bowler, New Zealand-Australian actor

Births52 years ago

1968 - Scott Gourley, Australian rugby player

Births52 years ago

1969 - Elizabeth Gilbert, American author

Births51 years ago

1969 - The Great Sasuke, Japanese wrestler and politician

Births51 years ago

1971 - Penny Hardaway, American basketball player and coach

Births49 years ago

1971 - Sukhwinder Singh, Indian singer-songwriter and actor

Births49 years ago

1974 - Alan Morrison, British poet

Births46 years ago

1975 - Torii Hunter, American baseball player

Births45 years ago

1975 - Daron Malakian, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births45 years ago

1975 - M.I.A., English rapper and producer5

Births45 years ago

1976 - Elsa Pataky, Spanish actress

Births44 years ago

1976 - Go Soo-hee, South Korean actress

Births44 years ago

1977 - Alexander Morozevich, Russian chess player and author

Births43 years ago

1978 - Adabel Guerrero, Argentinian actress, singer, and dancer

Births42 years ago

1978 - Shane Horgan, Irish rugby player and sportscaster

Births42 years ago

1978 - Crystal Mangum, American murderer responsible for making false rape allegations in the Duke lacrosse case

Births42 years ago

1978 - Joo Sang-wook, South Korean actor

Births42 years ago

1978 - Ben Sheets, American baseball player and coach

Births42 years ago

1978 - Mélissa Theuriau, French journalist

Births42 years ago

1979 - Deion Branch, American football player

Births41 years ago

1979 - Joey Mercury, American wrestler and producer

Births41 years ago

1980 - Kristen Bell, American actress

Births40 years ago

1981 - Dennis Seidenberg, German ice hockey player

Births39 years ago

1982 - Ryan Cabrera, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births38 years ago

1982 - Priyanka Chopra, Indian actress, singer, and film producer

Births38 years ago

1982 - Carlo Costly, Honduran footballer

Births38 years ago

1983 - Carlos Diogo, Uruguayan footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Aaron Gillespie, American singer-songwriter and drummer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Mikk Pahapill, Estonian decathlete

Births37 years ago

1983 - Jan Schlaudraff, German footballer

Births37 years ago

1985 - Chace Crawford, American actor

Births35 years ago

1985 - Panagiotis Lagos, Greek footballer

Births35 years ago

1985 - James Norton, English actor

Births35 years ago

1986 - Natalia Mikhailova, Russian ice dancer

Births34 years ago

1987 - Tontowi Ahmad, Indonesian badminton player

Births33 years ago

1988 - Änis Ben-Hatira, German-Tunisian footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - César Villaluz, Mexican footballer

Births32 years ago

1989 - Jamie Benn, Canadian ice hockey player

Births31 years ago

1989 - Sebastian Mielitz, German footballer

Births31 years ago

1989 - Yohan Mollo, French footballer

Births31 years ago

1993 - Nabil Fekir, French footballer

Births27 years ago

1993 - Lee Tae-min, South Korean singer and actor

Births27 years ago

1993 - Michael Lichaa, Australian rugby league player

Births27 years ago

1994 - Nilo Soares, East Timorese footballer

Births26 years ago

Deaths

707 - Emperor Monmu of Japan (b. 683)

Deaths

715 - Muhammad bin Qasim, Umayyad general (b. 695)

Deaths

912 - Zhu Wen, Chinese emperor (b. 852)

Deaths

924 - Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Furat, Abbasid vizier (b. 855)

Deaths

928 - Stephen II, patriarch of Constantinople

Deaths

984 - Dietrich I, bishop of Metz

Deaths

1100 - Godfrey of Bouillon, Frankish knight (b. 1016)

Deaths920 years ago

1185 - Stefan, first Archbishop of Uppsala (b. before 1143)

Deaths835 years ago

1194 - Guy of Lusignan, king consort of Jerusalem (b. c. 1150)

Deaths826 years ago

1232 - John de Braose, Marcher Lord of Bramber and Gower

Deaths788 years ago

1300 - Gerard Segarelli, Italian religious leader, founded the Apostolic Brethren (b. 1240)

Deaths720 years ago
Deaths570 years ago

1488 - Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)

Deaths532 years ago

1566 - Bartolomé de las Casas, Spanish bishop and historian (b. 1484)

Deaths454 years ago

1591 - Jacobus Gallus, Slovenian composer (b. 1550)

Deaths429 years ago
Deaths412 years ago

1610 - Caravaggio, Italian painter (b. 1571)

Deaths410 years ago

1639 - Bernard of Saxe-Weimar, German general (b. 1604)

Deaths381 years ago

1650 - Robert Levinz, English Royalist, hanged in London by Parliamentary forces as a spy (b. 1615)

Deaths370 years ago
Deaths325 years ago

1698 - Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian and author (b. 1633)

Deaths322 years ago

1721 - Jean-Antoine Watteau, French painter (b. 1684)

Deaths299 years ago

1730 - François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy, French general (b. 1644)

Deaths290 years ago

1756 - Pieter Langendijk, Dutch poet and playwright (b. 1683)

Deaths264 years ago

1792 - John Paul Jones, Scottish-American admiral and diplomat (b. 1747)

Deaths228 years ago

1817 - Jane Austen, English novelist (b. 1775)

Deaths203 years ago

1837 - Vincenzo Borg, Maltese merchant and rebel leader (b. 1777)

Deaths183 years ago

1863 - Robert Gould Shaw, American colonel (b. 1837)

Deaths157 years ago

1872 - Benito Juárez, Mexican lawyer and politician, 26th President of Mexico (b. 1806)

Deaths148 years ago

1884 - Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist and academic (b. 1829)

Deaths136 years ago

1887 - Dorothea Dix, American social reformer and activist (b. 1802)

Deaths133 years ago

1890 - Lydia Becker, English journalist, author, and activist, co-founded the Women's Suffrage Journal (b. 1827)

Deaths130 years ago

1892 - Thomas Cook, English travel agent, founded the Thomas Cook Group (b. 1808)

Deaths128 years ago

1899 - Horatio Alger, American novelist and journalist (b. 1832)

Deaths121 years ago

1916 - Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author (b. 1835)

Deaths104 years ago

1925 - Louis-Nazaire Bégin, Canadian cardinal (b. 1840)

Deaths95 years ago

1932 - Jean Jules Jusserand, French author and diplomat, French Ambassador to the United States (b. 1855)

Deaths88 years ago

1937 - Julian Bell, English poet and academic (b. 1908)

Deaths83 years ago

1938 - Marie of Romania (b. 1875)

Deaths82 years ago

1944 - Thomas Sturge Moore, English author, poet, and playwright (b. 1870)

Deaths76 years ago

1947 - Evald Tipner, Estonian footballer and ice hockey player (b. 1906)

Deaths73 years ago

1948 - Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian, academic, and politician (b. 1877)

Deaths72 years ago

1949 - Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer and educator (b. 1870)

Deaths71 years ago

1949 - Francisco Javier Arana, Guatemalan Army colonel and briefly Guatemalan head of state (b.1905)

Deaths71 years ago

1950 - Carl Clinton Van Doren, American critic and biographer (b. 1885)

Deaths70 years ago

1952 - Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect and historian (b. 1862)

Deaths68 years ago

1954 - Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (b. 1895)

Deaths66 years ago

1966 - Bobby Fuller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)

Deaths54 years ago

1968 - Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)

Deaths52 years ago

1969 - Mary Jo Kopechne, American educator and secretary (b. 1940)

Deaths51 years ago

1973 - Jack Hawkins, English actor (b. 1910)

Deaths47 years ago

1975 - Vaughn Bodē, American illustrator (b. 1941)

Deaths45 years ago

1981 - Sonja Branting-Westerståhl, Swedish lawyer (b. 1890)

Deaths39 years ago

1982 - Roman Jakobson, Russian–American linguist and theorist (b. 1896)

Deaths38 years ago

1984 - Lally Bowers, English actress (b. 1914)

Deaths36 years ago

1984 - Grigori Kromanov, Estonian director and screenwriter (b. 1926)

Deaths36 years ago

1987 - Gilberto Freyre, Brazilian sociologist, anthropologist, historian, writer, painter, journalist and congressman (b. 1907)

Deaths33 years ago

1988 - Nico, German singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and actress (b. 1938)

Deaths32 years ago

1988 - Joly Braga Santos, Portuguese composer and conductor (b. 1924)

Deaths32 years ago

1989 - Donnie Moore, American baseball player (b. 1954)

Deaths31 years ago

1989 - Rebecca Schaeffer, American model and actress (b.1967)

Deaths31 years ago

1990 - Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1896)

Deaths30 years ago

1990 - Yun Posun, South Korean politician, 2nd President of South Korea (b. 1897)

Deaths30 years ago

2001 - Mimi Fariña, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1945)

Deaths19 years ago

2002 - Metin Toker, Turkish journalist and author (b. 1924)

Deaths18 years ago

2004 - André Castelot, Belgian-French historian and author (b. 1911)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - Émile Peynaud, French wine maker (b. 1912)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - Amy Gillett, Australian cyclist and rower (b. 1976)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - William Westmoreland, American general (b. 1914)

Deaths15 years ago

2007 - Jerry Hadley, American tenor (b. 1952)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese politician (b. 1908)

Deaths13 years ago

2009 - Henry Allingham, English soldier (b. 1896)

Deaths11 years ago

2009 - Jill Balcon, English actress (b. 1925)

Deaths11 years ago

2012 - Yosef Shalom Eliashiv, Lithuanian-Israeli rabbi and author (b. 1910)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Jean François-Poncet, French politician and diplomat, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1928)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Dawoud Rajiha, Syrian general and politician, Syrian Minister of Defense (b. 1947)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Assef Shawkat, Syrian general and politician (b. 1950)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Hasan Turkmani, Syrian general and politician, Syrian Minister of Defense (b. 1935)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor (b. 1942)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Vaali, Indian poet, songwriter, and actor (b. 1931)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Olivier Ameisen, French-American cardiologist and academic (b. 1953)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Andreas Biermann, German footballer (b. 1980)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - João Ubaldo Ribeiro, Brazilian journalist, author, and academic (b. 1941)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Dietmar Schönherr, Austrian-Spanish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1926)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Alex Rocco, American actor (b. 1936)

Deaths5 years ago

2018 - Jonathan Gold, American food critic (b. 1960)

Deaths2 years ago

2018 - Adrian Cronauer, American Radio personality (b. 1938)

Deaths2 years ago

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Camillus de Lellis (optional memorial, United States only)

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