Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

National Purple Heart Day (United States)

Holidays and observances

Events

Events

461 - Roman Emperor Majorian is beheaded near the river Iria in north-west Italy following his arrest and deposition by the magister militum Ricimer.

Events

626 - The Avar and Slav armies leave the siege of Constantinople.

Events

768 - Pope Stephen III is elected to office, and quickly seeks Frankish protection against the Lombard threat, since the Byzantine Empire is no longer able to help.

Events

936 - Coronation of King Otto I of Germany.

Events

1420 - Construction of the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore begins in Florence.

Events600 years ago

1427 - The Visconti of Milan's fleet is destroyed by the Venetians on the Po River.

Events593 years ago
Events559 years ago

1479 - Battle of Guinegate, French troops of King Louis XI were defeated by the Burgundians led by Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg.

Events541 years ago

1679 - The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the south-eastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America.

Events341 years ago

1714 - The Battle of Gangut: The first important victory of the Russian Navy.

Events306 years ago

1782 - George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.

Events238 years ago

1786 - The first federal Indian Reservation is created by the United States.

Events234 years ago

1789 - The United States Department of War is established.

Events231 years ago

1791 - American troops destroy the Miami town of Kenapacomaqua near the site of present-day Logansport, Indiana in the Northwest Indian War.

Events229 years ago

1794 - U.S. President George Washington invokes the Militia Acts of 1792 to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania.

Events226 years ago

1819 - Simón Bolívar triumphs over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá.

Events201 years ago

1858 - The first Australian rules football match is played between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College.

Events162 years ago

1879 - The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester, England.

Events141 years ago

1890 - Anna Månsdotter becomes the last woman in Sweden to be executed, for the 1889 Yngsjö murder.

Events130 years ago

1909 - Alice Huyler Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York, New York to San Francisco, California.

Events111 years ago
Events93 years ago

1930 - The last confirmed lynching of blacks in the Northern United States occurs in Marion, Indiana; two men, Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, are killed.

Events90 years ago

1933 - The Kingdom of Iraq slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Simele.

Events87 years ago

1938 - The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.

Events82 years ago

1940 - World War II: Alsace-Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich.

Events80 years ago

1942 - World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal begins as the United States Marines initiate the first American offensive of the war with landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.

Events78 years ago

1944 - IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).

Events76 years ago

1946 - The government of the Soviet Union presented a note to its Turkish counterparts which refuted the latter's sovereignty over the Turkish Straits, thus beginning the Turkish Straits crisis.

Events74 years ago

1947 - Thor Heyerdahl's balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki, smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) journey across the Pacific Ocean in an attempt to prove that pre-historic peoples could have traveled from South America.

Events73 years ago

1947 - The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST).

Events73 years ago

1955 - Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, sells its first transistor radios in Japan.

Events65 years ago

1959 - The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the "sheaves of wheat" design, and was minted until 2008.

Events61 years ago
Events61 years ago

1960 - Ivory Coast becomes independent from France.

Events60 years ago

1962 - Canadian-born American pharmacologist Frances Oldham Kelsey awarded the U.S. President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service for her refusal to authorize thalidomide.

Events58 years ago

1964 - Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.

Events56 years ago

1969 - Richard Nixon appoints Luis R. Bruce, a Mohawk-Oglala Sioux and co-founder of the National Congress of American Indians, as the new commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Events51 years ago

1970 - California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed during an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.

Events50 years ago

1974 - Philippe Petit performs a high wire act between the twin towers of the World Trade Center 1,368 feet (417 m) in the air.

Events46 years ago

1976 - Viking program: Viking 2 enters orbit around Mars.

Events44 years ago

1978 - U.S. President Jimmy Carter declares a federal emergency at Love Canal due to toxic waste that had been disposed of negligently.

Events42 years ago

1981 - The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication.

Events39 years ago

1985 - Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts.

Events35 years ago

1987 - Lynne Cox becomes first person to swim from the United States to the Soviet Union, crossing the Bering Strait from Little Diomede Island in Alaska to Big Diomede in the Soviet Union

Events33 years ago

1989 - U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.

Events31 years ago

1990 - First American soldiers arrive in Saudi Arabia as part of the Gulf War.

Events30 years ago

1993 - Ada Deer, a Menominee activist, sworn in as the head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Events27 years ago
Events22 years ago
Events21 years ago

2008 - The start of the Russo-Georgian War over the territory of South Ossetia.

Events12 years ago

Births

317 - Constantius II, Roman emperor (d. 361)

Births
Births738 years ago

1533 - Alonso de Ercilla, Spanish soldier and poet (d. 1595)

Births487 years ago

1560 - Elizabeth Báthory, Hungarian aristocrat and serial killer (d. 1614)

Births460 years ago

1571 - Thomas Lupo, English viol player and composer (d. 1627)

Births449 years ago

1574 - Robert Dudley, English explorer and cartographer (d. 1649)

Births446 years ago

1598 - Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish poet and linguist (d. 1672)

Births422 years ago

1613 - William Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Dutch stadtholder (d. 1664)

Births407 years ago

1702 - Muhammad Shah, Mughal emperor of India (d. 1748)

Births318 years ago

1726 - James Bowdoin, American banker and politician, 2nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1790)

Births294 years ago

1742 - Nathanael Greene, American general (d. 1786)

Births278 years ago
Births269 years ago

1779 - Louis de Freycinet, French navigator and explorer (d. 1842)

Births241 years ago

1779 - Carl Ritter, German geographer and academic (d. 1859)

Births241 years ago

1844 - Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist and author (d. 1911)

Births176 years ago

1860 - Alan Leo, English astrologer and author (d. 1917)

Births160 years ago

1862 - Henri Le Sidaner, French painter (d. 1939)

Births158 years ago

1862 - Victoria of Baden (d. 1931)

Births158 years ago

1867 - Emil Nolde, Danish-German painter and illustrator (d. 1956)

Births153 years ago

1868 - Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian-German economist and statistician (d. 1931)

Births152 years ago

1868 - Huntley Wright, English actor (d. 1941)

Births152 years ago

1876 - Mata Hari, Dutch dancer and spy (d. 1917)

Births144 years ago

1879 - Johannes Kotze, South African cricketer (d. 1931)

Births141 years ago

1884 - Billie Burke, American actress and singer (d. 1970)

Births136 years ago

1884 - Nikolai Triik, Estonian painter and illustrator (d. 1940)

Births136 years ago

1887 - Anna Elisabet Weirauch, German author and playwright (d. 1970)

Births133 years ago

1890 - Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, American author and activist (d. 1964)

Births130 years ago

1901 - Ann Harding, American actress and singer (d. 1981)

Births119 years ago

1903 - Louis Leakey, Kenyan-English palaeontologist and archaeologist (d. 1972)

Births117 years ago

1904 - Ralph Bunche, American political scientist, academic, and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)

Births116 years ago

1907 - Albert Kotin, Belarusian-American soldier and painter (d. 1980)

Births113 years ago

1910 - Freddie Slack, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1965)

Births110 years ago

1911 - István Bibó, Hungarian lawyer and politician (d. 1979)

Births109 years ago

1911 - Nicholas Ray, American director and screenwriter (d. 1979)

Births109 years ago

1913 - George Van Eps, American guitarist (d. 1998)

Births107 years ago

1916 - Kermit Love, American actor, puppeteer, and costume designer (d. 2008)

Births104 years ago

1918 - C. Buddingh', Dutch poet and translator (d. 1985)

Births102 years ago

1918 - Gordon Zahn, American sociologist and author (d. 2007)

Births102 years ago

1921 - Manitas de Plata, French guitarist (d. 2014)

Births99 years ago

1921 - Karel Husa, Czech-American composer and conductor (d. 2016)

Births99 years ago

1924 - Kenneth Kendall, Indian-English journalist and actor (d. 2012)

Births96 years ago

1925 - Felice Bryant, American songwriter (d. 2003)

Births95 years ago

1926 - Stan Freberg, American puppeteer, voice actor, and singer (d. 2015)

Births94 years ago

1927 - Rocky Bridges, American baseball player and coach (d. 2015)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Edwin Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 50th Governor of Louisiana

Births93 years ago

1927 - Art Houtteman, American baseball player and journalist (d. 2003)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Carl Switzer, American child actor and hunting guide (d. 1959)

Births93 years ago

1928 - Betsy Byars, American author and academic

Births92 years ago

1928 - Owen Luder, English architect, designed Tricorn Centre and Trinity Square

Births92 years ago

1928 - James Randi, Canadian-American magician and author

Births92 years ago

1929 - Don Larsen, American baseball player (d. 2020)

Births91 years ago

1930 - Togrul Narimanbekov, Azerbaijani-French painter and academic (d. 2013)

Births90 years ago

1930 - Veljo Tormis, Estonian composer and educator

Births90 years ago

1931 - Jack Good, British television producer (d. 2017)

Births89 years ago

1931 - Charles E. Rice, American scholar and author (d. 2015)

Births89 years ago

1932 - Abebe Bikila, Ethiopian runner (d. 1973)

Births88 years ago

1932 - Edward Hardwicke, English actor (d. 2011)

Births88 years ago

1932 - Rien Poortvliet, Dutch painter and illustrator (d. 1995)

Births88 years ago

1932 - Maurice Rabb, Jr., American ophthalmologist and academic (d. 2005)

Births88 years ago

1933 - Eddie Firmani, South African footballer and manager

Births87 years ago

1933 - Elinor Ostrom, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)

Births87 years ago

1933 - Jerry Pournelle, American journalist and author (d. 2017)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Sándor Simó, Hungarian director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2001)

Births86 years ago

1935 - Rahsaan Roland Kirk, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1977)

Births85 years ago

1937 - Zoltán Berczik, Hungarian table tennis player and coach (d. 2011)

Births83 years ago

1937 - Don Wilson, English cricketer and coach (d. 2012)

Births83 years ago

1940 - Jean-Luc Dehaene, French-Belgian lawyer and politician, 63rd Prime Minister of Belgium (d. 2014)

Births80 years ago

1941 - Matthew Evans, Baron Evans of Temple Guiting, English publisher and politician

Births79 years ago

1942 - Garrison Keillor, American humorist, novelist, short story writer, and radio host

Births78 years ago

1942 - Carlos Monzon, Argentinian boxer and actor (d. 1995)

Births78 years ago

1942 - Richard Sykes, English biochemist and academic

Births78 years ago

1942 - B. J. Thomas, American singer

Births78 years ago

1943 - Mohammed Badie, Egyptian religious leader

Births77 years ago

1943 - Lana Cantrell, Australian singer-songwriter and lawyer

Births77 years ago

1943 - Alain Corneau, French director and screenwriter (d. 2010)

Births77 years ago

1944 - John Glover, American actor

Births76 years ago

1944 - Robert Mueller, American soldier and lawyer, 6th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation

Births76 years ago

1945 - Kenny Ireland, Scottish actor and director (d. 2014)

Births75 years ago

1945 - Alan Page, American football player and jurist

Births75 years ago

1947 - Franciscus Henri, Dutch-Australian singer-songwriter

Births73 years ago

1947 - Sofia Rotaru, Ukrainian singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

Births73 years ago

1948 - Marty Appel, American businessman and author

Births72 years ago

1948 - Greg Chappell, Australian cricketer and coach

Births72 years ago

1949 - Walid Jumblatt, Lebanese journalist and politician

Births71 years ago

1949 - Matthew Parris, South African-English journalist and politician

Births71 years ago

1950 - Rodney Crowell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births70 years ago
Births70 years ago

1950 - S. Thandayuthapani, Sri Lankan educator and politician

Births70 years ago

1952 - Caroline Aaron, American actress and producer

Births68 years ago

1952 - Eamonn Darcy, Irish golfer

Births68 years ago

1952 - Kees Kist, Dutch footballer

Births68 years ago

1952 - Alexei Sayle, English comedian, actor, and author

Births68 years ago

1953 - Anne Fadiman, American journalist and author

Births67 years ago

1954 - Valery Gazzaev, Russian footballer, manager and politician

Births66 years ago

1954 - Jonathan Pollard, Israeli spy

Births66 years ago

1954 - Alan Reid, Scottish politician

Births66 years ago

1955 - Wayne Knight, American actor, comedian and voice actor

Births65 years ago

1955 - Greg Nickels, American lawyer and politician, 51st Mayor of Seattle

Births65 years ago

1955 - Vladimir Sorokin, Russian author and playwright

Births65 years ago

1957 - Daire Brehan, Irish journalist, lawyer, and actress (d. 2012)

Births63 years ago

1957 - Alexander Dityatin, Russian gymnast and colonel

Births63 years ago

1958 - Russell Baze, Canadian-American jockey

Births62 years ago

1958 - Bruce Dickinson, English singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births62 years ago

1958 - Alberto Salazar, Cuban-American runner and coach

Births62 years ago

1959 - Koenraad Elst, Belgian orientalist and author

Births61 years ago

1959 - Ali Shah, Zimbabwean cricketer and coach

Births61 years ago

1960 - David Duchovny, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

Births60 years ago

1961 - Brian Conley, English actor and singer

Births59 years ago

1961 - Yelena Davydova, Russian gymnast

Births59 years ago

1961 - Walter Swinburn, English jockey and trainer (d. 2016)

Births59 years ago

1962 - Alison Brown, American banjo player, songwriter, and producer

Births58 years ago

1963 - Paul Dunn, Australian rugby league player

Births57 years ago

1963 - Nick Gillespie, American journalist and author

Births57 years ago

1963 - Marcus Roberts, American pianist and educator

Births57 years ago

1964 - John Birmingham, English-Australian journalist and author

Births56 years ago

1964 - Ian Dench, English guitarist and songwriter (EMF)

Births56 years ago

1964 - Peter Niven, Scottish jockey

Births56 years ago

1965 - Raul Malo, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births55 years ago

1965 - Elizabeth Manley, Canadian figure skater

Births55 years ago

1966 - David Cairns, Scottish laicised priest and politician, Minister of State for Scotland (d. 2011)

Births54 years ago

1966 - Shobna Gulati, British actress

Births54 years ago

1966 - Kristin Hersh, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births54 years ago

1966 - Jimmy Wales, American businessman, co-founder of Wikipedia

Births54 years ago

1967 - Jason Grimsley, American baseball player

Births53 years ago

1968 - Francesca Gregorini, Italian-American director and screenwriter

Births52 years ago

1968 - Trevor Hendy, Australian surfer and coach

Births52 years ago

1968 - Sophie Lee, Australian actress and author

Births52 years ago

1969 - Paul Lambert, Scottish footballer and manager

Births51 years ago

1969 - Dana G. Peleg, Israeli writer and LGBT activist

Births51 years ago

1970 - Eric Namesnik, American swimmer (d. 2006)

Births50 years ago

1971 - Dominic Cork, England cricketer and sportscaster

Births49 years ago

1971 - Rachel York, American actress and singer

Births49 years ago

1972 - Gerry Peñalosa, Filipino boxer and promoter

Births48 years ago

1973 - Mikhail Gorsheniov, Russian singer-songwriter (d. 2013)

Births47 years ago

1973 - Danny Graves, Vietnamese-American baseball player

Births47 years ago

1973 - Kevin Muscat, English-Australian footballer, coach, and manager

Births47 years ago

1974 - Chico Benymon, American actor

Births46 years ago

1974 - Michael Shannon, American actor

Births46 years ago

1975 - Koray Candemir, Turkish singer-songwriter

Births45 years ago

1975 - Gerard Denton, Australian cricketer

Births45 years ago

1975 - Megan Gale, Australian model and actress

Births45 years ago

1975 - Ray Hill, American football player (d. 2015)

Births45 years ago

1975 - Rebecca Kleefisch, American journalist and politician, 44th Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin

Births45 years ago

1975 - Édgar Rentería, Colombian baseball player

Births45 years ago

1975 - Charlize Theron, South African-American actress and producer

Births45 years ago

1976 - Dimitrios Eleftheropoulos, Greek footballer and manager

Births44 years ago

1976 - Shane Lechler, American football player

Births44 years ago

1977 - Charlotte Ronson, English fashion designer

Births43 years ago

1977 - Samantha Ronson, English singer-songwriter and DJ

Births43 years ago

1977 - Justin Brooker, Rugby League Player

Births43 years ago

1978 - Alexandre Aja, French director, producer, and screenwriter

Births42 years ago

1978 - Jamey Jasta, American singer-songwriter

Births42 years ago

1978 - Mark McCammon, English-Barbadian footballer

Births42 years ago

1978 - Cirroc Lofton, American actor

Births42 years ago

1979 - Eric Johnson, American actor, director, and screenwriter

Births41 years ago

1979 - Miguel Llera, Spanish footballer

Births41 years ago

1979 - Birgit Zotz, Austrian anthropologist and author

Births41 years ago

1980 - Carsten Busch, German footballer

Births40 years ago

1980 - Aurélie Claudel, French model and actress

Births40 years ago

1980 - Tácio Caetano Cruz Queiroz, Brazilian footballer

Births40 years ago

1980 - Seiichiro Maki, Japanese footballer

Births40 years ago

1981 - David Testo, American soccer player

Births39 years ago

1981 - Randy Wayne, American actor and producer

Births39 years ago

1982 - Ángeles Balbiani, Argentine actress and singer

Births38 years ago

1982 - Abbie Cornish, Australian actress

Births38 years ago

1982 - Juan Martín Hernández, Argentine rugby player

Births38 years ago

1982 - Marquise Hill, American football player (d. 2007)

Births38 years ago

1982 - Vassilis Spanoulis, Greek basketball player

Births38 years ago

1982 - Martin Vučić, Macedonian singer and drummer

Births38 years ago

1983 - Christian Chávez, Mexican singer-songwriter and actor

Births37 years ago

1983 - Murat Dalkılıç, Turkish singer-songwriter

Births37 years ago

1983 - Danny, Portuguese footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Andriy Hrivko, Ukrainian cyclist

Births37 years ago

1983 - Mark Pettini, English cricketer and journalist

Births37 years ago

1984 - Stratos Perperoglou, Greek basketball player

Births36 years ago

1984 - Tooba Siddiqui, Pakistani model and actress

Births36 years ago

1984 - Yun Hyon-seok, South Korean poet and author (d. 2003)

Births36 years ago

1986 - Paul Biedermann, German swimmer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Valter Birsa, Slovenian footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Altaír Jarabo, Mexican model and actress

Births34 years ago

1986 - Juan de la Rosa, Mexican boxer

Births34 years ago

1987 - Sidney Crosby, Canadian ice hockey player

Births33 years ago

1987 - Mustapha Dumbuya, Sierra Leonean footballer

Births33 years ago

1987 - Ryan Lavarnway, American baseball player

Births33 years ago

1987 - Rouven Sattelmaier, German footballer

Births33 years ago

1988 - Jonathan Bernier, Canadian ice hockey player

Births32 years ago

1988 - Mohamed Coulibaly, Senegalese footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Anisa Mohammed, West Indian cricketer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Melody Oliveria, American blogger

Births32 years ago

1988 - Erik Pieters, Dutch footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Beanie Wells, American football player

Births32 years ago

1989 - DeMar DeRozan, American basketball player

Births31 years ago

1990 - Josh Franceschi, English singer-songwriter

Births30 years ago

1991 - Luis Salom, Spanish motorcycle racer (d. 2016)

Births29 years ago

1991 - Mitchell te Vrede, Dutch footballer

Births29 years ago

1991 - Mike Trout, American baseball player

Births29 years ago

1992 - Adam Yates, English cyclist

Births28 years ago

1992 - Simon Yates, English cyclist

Births28 years ago

1992 - E. J. Tackett, American bowler

Births28 years ago

1993 - Martti Nõmme, Estonian ski jumper

Births27 years ago

1993 - Karol Zalewski, Polish sprinter

Births27 years ago

Deaths

461 - Majorian, Roman emperor (b. 420)

Deaths

707 - Li Chongjun, Chinese prince

Deaths

1028 - Alfonso V, king of León (b. 994)

Deaths992 years ago

1106 - Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1050)

Deaths914 years ago

1234 - Hugh Foliot, bishop of Hereford (b. c. 1155)

Deaths786 years ago
Deaths748 years ago

1296 - Heinrich II von Rotteneck, prince-bishop of Regensburg

Deaths724 years ago

1385 - Joan of Kent, mother of Richard II (b. 1328)

Deaths635 years ago

1485 - Alexander Stewart, duke of Albany (b. 1454)

Deaths535 years ago

1547 - Cajetan, Italian priest and saint (b. 1480)

Deaths473 years ago

1613 - Thomas Fleming, English judge and politician, Lord Chief Justice of England (b. 1544)

Deaths407 years ago

1616 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect, designed Teatro Olimpico (b. 1548)

Deaths404 years ago

1632 - Robert de Vere, 19th Earl of Oxford, English soldier (b. 1575)

Deaths388 years ago

1635 - Friedrich Spee, German poet and academic (b. 1591)

Deaths385 years ago

1639 - Martin van den Hove, Dutch astronomer and mathematician (b. 1605)

Deaths381 years ago

1661 - Jin Shengtan, Chinese journalist and critic (b. 1608)

Deaths359 years ago

1787 - Francis Blackburne, English Anglican churchman and activist (b. 1705)

Deaths233 years ago

1817 - Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, French economist and politician (b. 1739)

Deaths203 years ago

1834 - Joseph Marie Jacquard, French weaver and inventor, invented the Jacquard loom (b. 1752)

Deaths186 years ago

1848 - Jöns Jacob Berzelius, Swedish chemist and academic (b. 1779)

Deaths172 years ago

1855 - Mariano Arista, Mexican general and politician, 19th President of Mexico (b. 1802)

Deaths165 years ago

1864 - Li Xiucheng, Chinese field marshal (b. 1823)

Deaths156 years ago

1893 - Alfredo Catalani, Italian composer and academic (b. 1854)

Deaths127 years ago

1899 - Jacob Maris, Dutch painter and educator (b. 1837)

Deaths121 years ago

1900 - Wilhelm Liebknecht, German lawyer and politician (b. 1826)

Deaths120 years ago

1912 - François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss limnologist and academic (b. 1841)

Deaths108 years ago

1917 - Edwin Harris Dunning, South African-English commander and pilot (b. 1891)

Deaths103 years ago

1938 - Konstantin Stanislavski, Russian actor and director (b. 1863)

Deaths82 years ago

1941 - Rabindranath Tagore, Indian author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1861)

Deaths79 years ago

1948 - Charles Bryant, English-American actor and director (b. 1879)

Deaths72 years ago

1953 - Abner Powell, American baseball player and manager (b. 1860)

Deaths67 years ago

1957 - Oliver Hardy, American actor, singer, and director (b. 1892)

Deaths63 years ago

1958 - Elizabeth Foreman Lewis, American author and educator (b. 1892)

Deaths62 years ago

1960 - Luis Ángel Firpo, Argentine boxer (b. 1894)

Deaths60 years ago

1963 - Ramon Vila Capdevila, last of the Spanish Maquis, holding out after the end of the Spanish Civil War(b.1908)

Deaths57 years ago

1968 - Giovanni Bracco, Italian race car driver (b. 1908)

Deaths52 years ago

1969 - Jean Bastien, French professional footballer (b. 1915)

Deaths51 years ago

1969 - Joseph Kosma, Hungarian-French composer (b. 1905)

Deaths51 years ago

1970 - Harold Haley, American lawyer and judge (b. 1904)

Deaths50 years ago

1970 - Jonathan P. Jackson, American bodyguard (b. 1953)

Deaths50 years ago

1972 - Joi Lansing, American model, actress, and singer (b. 1929)

Deaths48 years ago

1973 - Jack Gregory, Australian cricketer (b. 1895)

Deaths47 years ago

1974 - Rosario Castellanos, Mexican poet and author (b. 1925)

Deaths46 years ago

1974 - Sylvio Mantha, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1902)

Deaths46 years ago

1978 - Eddie Calvert, English trumpeter (b. 1922)

Deaths42 years ago

1981 - Gunnar Uusi, Estonian chess player (b. 1931)

Deaths39 years ago

1985 - Grayson Hall, American actress (b. 1922)

Deaths35 years ago

1987 - Camille Chamoun, Lebanese lawyer and politician, 7th President of Lebanon (b. 1900)

Deaths33 years ago

1989 - Mickey Leland, American lawyer and politician (b. 1944)

Deaths31 years ago

1994 - Larry Martyn, English actor (b. 1934)

Deaths26 years ago

1995 - Brigid Brophy, English author and critic (b. 1929)

Deaths25 years ago

2001 - Algirdas Lauritėnas, Lithuanian basketball player (b. 1932)

Deaths19 years ago

2003 - K. D. Arulpragasam, Sri Lankan zoologist and academic (b. 1931)

Deaths17 years ago

2003 - Mickey McDermott, American baseball player and coach (b. 1929)

Deaths17 years ago

2004 - Red Adair, American firefighter (b. 1915)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - Colin Bibby, English ornithologist and academic (b. 1948)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - Peter Jennings, Canadian-American journalist and author (b. 1938)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Mary Anderson Bain, American lawyer and politician (b. 1911)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Ernesto Alonso, Mexican actor, director, and producer (b. 1917)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Angus Tait, New Zealand businessman, founded Tait Communications (b. 1919)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Bernie Brillstein, American talent agent and producer (b. 1931)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Andrea Pininfarina, Italian engineer and businessman (b. 1957)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Louis E. Saavedra, American educator and politician, 48th Mayor of Albuquerque (b. 1933)

Deaths11 years ago

2009 - Mike Seeger, American singer-songwriter (b. 1933)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - John Nelder, English mathematician and statistician (b. 1924)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Mark Hatfield, American soldier, academic, and politician, 29th Governor of Oregon (b. 1922)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Nancy Wake, New Zealand-English captain and spy (b. 1912)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Murtuz Alasgarov, Azerbaijani academic and politician, Speaker of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan (b. 1928)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Judith Crist, American critic and academic (b. 1922)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Vladimir Kobzev, Russian footballer and coach (b. 1959)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Anna Piaggi, Italian journalist and author (b. 1931)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Mayer Zald, American sociologist and academic (b. 1931)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Dušan Zbavitel, Czech indologist and author (b. 1925)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Samuel G. Armistead, American linguist, historian, and academic (b. 1927)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Almir Kayumov, Russian footballer (b. 1964)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Anthony Pawson, English-Canadian biologist, chemist, and academic (b. 1952)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Margaret Pellegrini, American actress and dancer (b. 1923)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Meeli Truu, Estonian architect (d. 1946)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Alexander Yagubkin, Russian boxer (b. 1961)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Víctor Fayad, Argentine lawyer and politician (b. 1955)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Perry Moss, American football player and coach (b. 1926)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Henry Stone, American record producer (b. 1921)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Manuel Contreras, Chilean general (b. 1929)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian pharmacologist and physician (b. 1914)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Louise Suggs, American golfer, co-founded LPGA (b. 1923)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Bryan Clauson, American racing driver (b. 1989)

Deaths4 years ago

2017 - Don Baylor, American baseball player (b. 1949)

Deaths3 years ago

2017 - David Maslanka, American composer (b. 1943)

Deaths3 years ago

2018 - M. Karunanidhi, Indian politician, former Tamil Nadu Chief Minister and prominent leader of Tamils (b. 1924)

Deaths2 years ago

2018 - Stan Mikita, Slovakian hockey player (b. 1940)

Deaths2 years ago

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