Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

World Elephant Day (International)

Holidays and observances

Events

1099 - First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid forces led by Al-Afdal Shahanshah. This is considered the last engagement of the First Crusade.

Events921 years ago

1121 - Battle of Didgori: The Georgian army under King David IV wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi.

Events899 years ago
Events856 years ago

1323 - Signature of the Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod Republic, which regulates the border between the two countries for the first time.

Events697 years ago

1492 - Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World.

Events528 years ago

1499 - First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets.

Events521 years ago

1624 - The president of Louis XIII of France's royal council is arrested, leaving Cardinal Richelieu in the role of the King's principal minister.

Events396 years ago

1676 - Praying Indian John Alderman shoots and kills Metacomet, the Wampanoag war chief, ending King Philip's War.

Events344 years ago
Events333 years ago

1765 - Treaty of Allahabad is signed. The Treaty marks the political and constitutional involvement and the beginning of Company rule in India.

Events255 years ago

1793 - The Rhône and Loire départments are created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire is split into two.

Events227 years ago

1831 - French intervention forces William I of the Netherlands to abandon his attempt to suppress the Belgian Revolution.

Events189 years ago

1851 - Isaac Singer is granted a patent for his sewing machine.

Events169 years ago

1865 - Joseph Lister, British surgeon and scientist, performs 1st antiseptic surgery.

Events155 years ago

1883 - The last quagga dies at the Natura Artis Magistra, a zoo in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Events137 years ago

1898 - The Hawaiian flag is lowered from ʻIolani Palace in an elaborate annexation ceremony and replaced with the flag of the United States to signify the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Hawaii to the United States.

Events122 years ago

1914 - World War I: The United Kingdom declares war on Austria-Hungary; the countries of the British Empire follow suit.

Events106 years ago

1914 - World War I: The Battle of Halen a.k.a. Battle of the Silver Helmets a clash between large Belgian and German cavalry formations at Halen, Belgium.

Events106 years ago

1944 - Waffen-SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.

Events76 years ago

1944 - Nazi German troops end the week-long Wola massacre, during which time at least 40,000 people are killed indiscriminately or in mass executions.

Events76 years ago

1944 - Alençon is liberated by General Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, the first city in France to be liberated from the Nazis by French forces.

Events76 years ago

1948 - Babrra massacre: About 600 unarmed members of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement are shot dead on the orders of the Chief Minister of the North-West Frontier Province, Abdul Qayyum Khan Kashmiri, on Babrra ground in the Hashtnagar region of Charsadda District, North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Pakistan.

Events72 years ago

1950 - Korean War: Bloody Gulch massacre: 75 American POWs are massacred by North Korean Army.

Events70 years ago

1952 - The Night of the Murdered Poets: Thirteen prominent Jewish intellectuals are murdered in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union.

Events68 years ago

1953 - The first testing of a real thermonuclear weapon (not test devices): The Soviet atomic bomb project continues with the detonation of "RDS-6s" (Joe 4), the first Soviet thermonuclear bomb.

Events67 years ago

1953 - The 7.2 MsIonian earthquake shakes the southern Ionian Islands with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). Between 445 and 800 people are killed.

Events67 years ago

1960 - Echo 1A, NASA's first successful communications satellite, is launched.

Events60 years ago

1964 - South Africa is banned from the Olympic Games due to the country's racist policies.

Events56 years ago

1969 - Violence erupts after the Apprentice Boys of Derry march in Derry, Northern Ireland, resulting in a three-day communal riot known as the Battle of the Bogside.

Events51 years ago

1976 - Between 1,000 and 3,500 Palestinians are killed in the Tel al-Zaatar massacre, one of the bloodiest events of the Lebanese Civil War.

Events44 years ago
Events43 years ago

1977 - The Sri Lanka Riots:, targeting the minority Sri Lankan Tamils, begin, less than a month after the United National Party came to power. Over 300 Tamils are killed.

Events43 years ago

1981 - The IBM Personal Computer is released.

Events39 years ago

1985 - Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes into Osutaka ridge in Gunma Prefecture, Japan, killing 520, to become the worst single-plane air disaster.

Events35 years ago

1990 - Sue, the largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton found to date, is discovered by Sue Hendrickson in South Dakota.

Events30 years ago

1992 - Canada, Mexico and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

Events28 years ago

1994 - Major League Baseball players go on strike, forcing the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.

Events26 years ago

2000 - The Russian Navy submarine Kursk explodes and sinks in the Barents Sea during a military exercise, killing her entire 118-man crew.

Events20 years ago

2015 - At least two massive explosions kill 173 people and injure nearly 800 more in Tianjin, China.

Events5 years ago

2018 - Thirty-nine civilians, including a dozen children, are killed in an explosion at a weapons depot in a rebel-held town in northwest Syria.

Events2 years ago

Births

1452 - Abraham Zacuto, Jewish astronomer, astrologer, mathematician, rabbi and historian (d. 1515)

Births568 years ago
Births517 years ago

1506 - Franciscus Sonnius, Dutch counter-Reformation theologian (d. 1576)

Births514 years ago

1591 - Louise de Marillac, co-founder of the Daughters of Charity (d. 1660)

Births429 years ago

1599 - Sir William Curtius FRS, German magistrate, English baronet (d. 1678)

Births421 years ago

1604 - Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shōgun (d. 1651)

Births416 years ago

1626 - Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian composer (d. 1690)

Births394 years ago

1629 - Archduchess Isabella Clara of Austria, Austrian archduchess (d. 1685)

Births391 years ago

1644 - Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber, Bohemian-Austrian violinist and composer (d. 1704)

Births376 years ago

1686 - John Balguy, English philosopher and author (d. 1748)

Births334 years ago

1696 - Maurice Greene, English organist and composer (d. 1755)

Births324 years ago
Births258 years ago

1773 - Karl Faber, Prussian historian and academic (d. 1853)

Births247 years ago

1774 - Robert Southey, English poet and author (d. 1843)

Births246 years ago

1831 - Helena Blavatsky, Russian theosophist and scholar (d. 1891)

Births189 years ago

1852 - Michael J. McGivney, American priest, founded the Knights of Columbus (d. 1890)

Births168 years ago

1856 - Diamond Jim Brady, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1917)

Births164 years ago

1857 - Ernestine von Kirchsberg, Austrian painter and educator (d. 1924)

Births163 years ago

1859 - Katharine Lee Bates, American poet and author (d. 1929)

Births161 years ago

1860 - Klara Hitler, Austrian mother of Adolf Hitler (d. 1907)

Births160 years ago

1866 - Jacinto Benavente, Spanish playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)

Births154 years ago

1866 - Henrik Sillem, Dutch target shooter, mountaineer, and jurist (d. 1907)

Births154 years ago

1867 - Edith Hamilton, German-American author and educator (d. 1963)

Births153 years ago

1870 - Henry Reuterdahl, Swedish-American artist (d. 1925)

Births150 years ago

1871 - Gustavs Zemgals, Latvian politician, 2nd President of Latvia (d. 1939)

Births149 years ago

1876 - Mary Roberts Rinehart, American author and playwright (d. 1958)

Births144 years ago

1877 - Albert Bartha, Hungarian general and politician, Hungarian Minister of Defence (d. 1960)

Births143 years ago

1880 - Radclyffe Hall, English poet, author, and activist (d. 1943)

Births140 years ago

1880 - Christy Mathewson, American baseball player and manager (d. 1925)

Births140 years ago

1881 - Cecil B. DeMille, American director and producer (d. 1959)

Births139 years ago

1883 - Martha Hedman, Swedish-American actress and playwright (d. 1974)

Births137 years ago

1883 - Marion Lorne, American actress (d. 1968)

Births137 years ago

1885 - Jean Cabannes, French physicist and academic (d. 1959)

Births135 years ago

1885 - Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist (d. 1952)

Births135 years ago

1885 - Juhan Simm, Estonian composer and conductor (d. 1959)

Births135 years ago

1887 - Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1961)

Births133 years ago

1889 - Zerna Sharp, American author and educator (d. 1981)

Births131 years ago

1891 - C. E. M. Joad, English philosopher and academic (d. 1953)

Births129 years ago

1891 - John McDermott, American golfer (d. 1971)

Births129 years ago

1892 - Alfred Lunt, American actor and director (d. 1977)

Births128 years ago

1897 - Maurice Fernandes, Guyanese cricketer (d. 1981)

Births123 years ago

1899 - Ben Sealey, Trinidadian cricketer (d. 1963)

Births121 years ago

1902 - Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician, 1st Vice President of Indonesia (d. 1980)

Births118 years ago

1904 - Idel Jakobson, Latvian-Estonian NKVD officer (d. 1997)

Births116 years ago

1904 - Tamás Lossonczy, Hungarian painter (d. 2009)

Births116 years ago
Births116 years ago

1906 - Harry Hopman, Australian tennis player and coach (d. 1985)

Births114 years ago

1906 - Tedd Pierce, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1972)

Births114 years ago

1907 - Gladys Bentley, American blues singer (d. 1960)

Births113 years ago

1907 - Joe Besser, American actor (d. 1988)

Births113 years ago

1907 - Boy Charlton, Australian swimmer (d. 1975)

Births113 years ago

1907 - Benjamin Sheares, Singaporean physician and politician, 2nd President of Singapore (d. 1981)

Births113 years ago

1909 - Bruce Matthews, Canadian general and businessman (d. 1991)

Births111 years ago

1910 - Yusof bin Ishak, Singaporean journalist and politician, 1st President of Singapore (d. 1970)

Births110 years ago

1910 - Jane Wyatt, American actress (d. 2006)

Births110 years ago

1911 - Cantinflas, Mexican actor, screenwriter, and producer (d. 1993)

Births109 years ago

1912 - Samuel Fuller, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1997)

Births108 years ago

1913 - Richard L. Bare, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)

Births107 years ago

1914 - Gerd Buchdahl, German-English philosopher and author (d. 2001)

Births106 years ago

1914 - Ruth Lowe, Canadian pianist and songwriter (d. 1981)

Births106 years ago

1915 - Michael Kidd, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2007)

Births105 years ago

1916 - Ioan Dicezare, Romanian general and pilot (d. 2012)

Births104 years ago

1916 - Edward Pinkowski, American writer, journalist and Polonia historian

Births104 years ago

1917 - Oliver Crawford, American screenwriter and author (d. 2008)

Births103 years ago

1918 - Sid Bernstein, American record producer (d. 2013)

Births102 years ago

1918 - Guy Gibson, Anglo-Indian commander and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1944)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Margaret Burbidge, English-American astrophysicist and academic

Births101 years ago

1919 - Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist and academic (d. 1971)

Births101 years ago

1920 - Charles Gibson, American ethnohistorian (d. 1985)

Births100 years ago

1920 - Percy Mayfield, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 1984)

Births100 years ago

1922 - Fulton Mackay, Scottish actor and playwright (d. 1987)

Births98 years ago

1922 - Miloš Jakeš, Czech communist politician

Births98 years ago

1923 - John Holt, Jamaican cricketer (d. 1997)

Births97 years ago

1924 - Derek Shackleton, English cricketer, coach, and umpire (d. 2007)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Pakistani general and politician, 6th President of Pakistan (d. 1988)

Births96 years ago

1925 - Dale Bumpers, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 38th Governor of Arkansas (d. 2016)

Births95 years ago

1925 - Guillermo Cano Isaza, Colombian journalist (d. 1986)

Births95 years ago

1925 - Donald Justice, American poet and writing teacher (d. 2004)

Births95 years ago

1925 - Norris McWhirter, Scottish publisher and activist co-founded the Guinness World Records (d. 2004)

Births95 years ago

1925 - Ross McWhirter, Scottish publisher and activist, co-founded the Guinness World Records (d. 1975)

Births95 years ago

1925 - George Wetherill, American physicist and academic (d. 2006)

Births95 years ago

1926 - Douglas Croft, American child actor (d. 1963)

Births94 years ago

1926 - John Derek, American actor, director, and cinematographer (d. 1998)

Births94 years ago

1926 - Joe Jones, American R&B singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2005)

Births94 years ago

1927 - Porter Wagoner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2007)

Births93 years ago

1928 - Charles Blackman, Australian painter and illustrator (d. 2018)

Births92 years ago

1928 - Bob Buhl, American baseball player (d. 2001)

Births92 years ago

1928 - Dan Curtis, American director and producer (d. 2006)

Births92 years ago

1929 - Buck Owens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)

Births91 years ago

1930 - George Soros, Hungarian-American businessman and investor, founded the Soros Fund Management

Births90 years ago

1930 - Kanagaratnam Sriskandan, Sri Lankan engineer and civil servant (d. 2010)

Births90 years ago

1930 - Jacques Tits, Belgian-French mathematician and academic

Births90 years ago

1931 - William Goldman, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 2018)

Births89 years ago

1932 - Dallin H. Oaks, American lawyer, jurist, and religious leader

Births88 years ago

1932 - Charlie O'Donnell, American radio and television announcer (d. 2010)

Births88 years ago

1932 - Sirikit, Queen mother of Thailand

Births88 years ago

1933 - Parnelli Jones, American race car driver and businessman

Births87 years ago

1933 - Frederic Lindsay, Scottish author and educator (d. 2013)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Robin Nicholson, English metallurgist and academic

Births86 years ago

1935 - John Cazale, American actor (d. 1978)

Births85 years ago

1936 - Kjell Grede, Swedish director and screenwriter (d. 2017)

Births84 years ago

1937 - Walter Dean Myers, American author and poet (d. 2014)

Births83 years ago

1938 - Jean-Paul L'Allier, Canadian journalist and politician, 38th Mayor of Quebec City (d. 2016)

Births82 years ago

1939 - George Hamilton, American actor

Births81 years ago

1939 - Pam Kilborn, Australian track and field athlete

Births81 years ago

1939 - David King, South African chemist and academic

Births81 years ago

1939 - Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, 37th Prime Minister of Nepal (d. 2016)

Births81 years ago

1939 - Roy Romanow, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Premier of Saskatchewan

Births81 years ago

1940 - Eddie Barlow, South African cricketer and coach (d. 2005)

Births80 years ago

1941 - L. M. Kit Carson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)

Births79 years ago

1941 - Réjean Ducharme, Canadian author and playwright (d. 2017)

Births79 years ago

1941 - Dana Ivey, American actress

Births79 years ago

1942 - Hans-Wilhelm Müller-Wohlfahrt, German physician and author

Births78 years ago

1945 - Dorothy E. Denning, American computer scientist and academic

Births75 years ago

1945 - Ron Mael, American keyboard player and songwriter

Births75 years ago

1946 - Terry Nutkins, English television host and author (d. 2012)

Births74 years ago

1947 - John Nathan-Turner, English author and television director, producer, and writer (d. 2002)

Births73 years ago

1948 - Siddaramaiah, Indian lawyer and politician, 22nd Chief Minister of Karnataka

Births72 years ago

1948 - Graham J. Zellick, English academic and jurist

Births72 years ago

1949 - Panagiotis Chinofotis, Greek admiral and politician

Births71 years ago

1949 - Mark Knopfler, Scottish-English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births71 years ago

1949 - Lou Martin, Northern Irish pianist, songwriter, and producer (d. 2012)

Births71 years ago

1949 - Alex Naumik, Lithuanian-Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2013)

Births71 years ago

1949 - Rick Ridgeway, American mountaineer and photographer

Births71 years ago

1950 - Jim Beaver, American actor, director, and screenwriter

Births70 years ago

1950 - August "Kid Creole" Darnell, American musician, bandleader, singer-songwriter, and record producer

Births70 years ago

1951 - Klaus Toppmöller, German football manager and former player

Births69 years ago

1952 - Daniel Biles, American associate justice of the Kansas Supreme Court

Births68 years ago

1954 - Rob Borbidge, Australian politician, 35th Premier of Queensland

Births66 years ago

1954 - Leung Chun-ying, Hong Kong businessman and politician, 3rd Chief Executive of Hong Kong

Births66 years ago

1954 - Ibolya Dávid, Hungarian lawyer and politician, Minister of Justice of Hungary

Births66 years ago

1954 - François Hollande, French lawyer and politician, 24th President of France

Births66 years ago

1954 - Sam J. Jones, American actor

Births66 years ago

1954 - Pat Metheny, American jazz guitarist and composer

Births66 years ago

1956 - Lee Freedman, Australian horse trainer

Births64 years ago

1956 - Bruce Greenwood, Canadian actor and producer

Births64 years ago

1956 - Sidath Wettimuny, Sri Lankan cricketer

Births64 years ago

1957 - Friedhelm Schütte, German footballer

Births63 years ago

1957 - Amanda Redman, English actress

Births63 years ago

1958 - Jürgen Dehmel, German bass player and songwriter

Births62 years ago

1959 - Kerry Boustead, Australian rugby league player

Births61 years ago

1960 - Laurent Fignon, French cyclist and sportscaster (d. 2010)

Births60 years ago

1960 - Greg Thomas, Welsh-English cricketer

Births60 years ago

1961 - Roy Hay, English guitarist, keyboard player, and composer

Births59 years ago

1961 - Mark Priest, New Zealand cricketer

Births59 years ago

1963 - Kōji Kitao, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 60th Yokozuna

Births57 years ago

1963 - Campbell Newman, Australian politician, 38th Premier of Queensland

Births57 years ago

1963 - Sir Mix-a-Lot, American rapper, producer, and actor

Births57 years ago

1964 - Txiki Begiristain, Spanish footballer

Births56 years ago

1964 - Michael Hagan, Australian rugby league player and coach

Births56 years ago

1965 - Peter Krause, American actor

Births55 years ago

1966 - Tobias Ellwood, American-English captain and politician

Births54 years ago

1967 - Andy Hui, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actor

Births53 years ago

1967 - Andrey Plotnikov, Russian race walker

Births53 years ago

1967 - Regilio Tuur, Dutch boxer

Births53 years ago

1968 - Thorsten Boer, German footballer and manager

Births52 years ago

1968 - Ülar Mark, Estonian architect

Births52 years ago

1969 - Aga Muhlach, Filipino actor and politician

Births51 years ago

1969 - Stuart Williams, Nevisian cricketer

Births51 years ago

1970 - Aleksandar Đurić, Bosnian footballer

Births50 years ago

1970 - Charles Mesure, English-Australian actor and screenwriter

Births50 years ago

1970 - Toby Perkins, English businessman and politician

Births50 years ago

1970 - Jim Schlossnagle, American baseball player and coach

Births50 years ago

1970 - Anthony Swofford, American soldier and author

Births50 years ago

1971 - Michael Ian Black, American comedian, actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

Births49 years ago

1971 - Rebecca Gayheart, American actress

Births49 years ago

1971 - Pete Sampras, American tennis player

Births49 years ago

1972 - Demir Demirkan, Turkish singer-songwriter and producer

Births48 years ago

1972 - Mark Kinsella, Irish footballer and manager

Births48 years ago

1972 - Takanohana Kōji, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 65th Yokozuna

Births48 years ago

1972 - Gyanendra Pandey, Indian cricketer

Births48 years ago

1973 - Jonathan Coachman, American basketball player, wrestler, and sportscaster

Births47 years ago

1973 - Mark Iuliano, Italian footballer and manager

Births47 years ago

1973 - Todd Marchant, American ice hockey player and coach

Births47 years ago

1974 - Matt Clement, American baseball player and coach

Births46 years ago

1974 - Karl Stefanovic, Australian television host

Births46 years ago

1975 - Casey Affleck, American actor

Births45 years ago

1976 - Pedro Collins, Barbadian cricketer

Births44 years ago

1976 - Mikko Lindström, Finnish guitarist

Births44 years ago

1976 - Henry Tuilagi, Samoan rugby player

Births44 years ago

1976 - Antoine Walker, American basketball player

Births44 years ago

1977 - Plaxico Burress, American football player

Births43 years ago

1977 - Jesper Grønkjær, Danish footballer

Births43 years ago

1977 - Park Yong-ha, South Korean actor (d. 2010)

Births43 years ago

1978 - Chris Chambers, American football player

Births42 years ago

1978 - Hayley Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player

Births42 years ago

1979 - D. J. Houlton, American baseball player

Births41 years ago

1979 - Ian Hutchinson, English motorcycle racer

Births41 years ago

1979 - Cindy Klassen, Canadian speed skater

Births41 years ago

1979 - Austra Skujytė, Lithuanian pentathlete

Births41 years ago

1980 - Javier Chevantón, Uruguayan footballer

Births40 years ago

1980 - Maggie Lawson, American actress

Births40 years ago

1980 - Dominique Swain, American actress

Births40 years ago

1980 - Matt Thiessen, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births40 years ago

1981 - Tony Capaldi, Norwegian-Northern Irish footballer

Births39 years ago

1981 - Djibril Cissé, French footballer

Births39 years ago

1982 - Boban Grnčarov, Macedonian footballer

Births38 years ago

1982 - Alexandros Tzorvas, Greek footballer

Births38 years ago

1983 - Klaas-Jan Huntelaar, Dutch footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Kléber Giacomance de Souza Freitas, Brazilian footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Manoa Vosawai, Italian rugby player

Births37 years ago

1984 - Bryan Pata, American football player (d. 2006)

Births36 years ago

1985 - Danny Graham, English footballer

Births35 years ago

1985 - Franck Moutsinga, German rugby player

Births35 years ago

1986 - Andrei Agius, Maltese footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Kyle Arrington, American football player

Births34 years ago

1987 - Vanessa Watts, West Indian cricketer

Births33 years ago

1988 - Tyson Fury, English boxer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Matt Gillett, Australian rugby league player

Births32 years ago

1989 - Tom Cleverley, English footballer

Births31 years ago

1989 - Hong Jeong-ho, South Korean footballer

Births31 years ago

1989 - Sunye, South Korean singer

Births31 years ago

1990 - Mario Balotelli, Italian footballer

Births30 years ago

1990 - Marvin Zeegelaar, Dutch footballer

Births30 years ago

1990 - Martin Zurawsky, German footballer

Births30 years ago

1991 - Jesinta Campbell, Australian model

Births29 years ago

1991 - Sam Hoare, Australian rugby league player

Births29 years ago

1992 - Cara Delevingne, English model and actress

Births28 years ago

1992 - Isabella Escobar, Guatemalan tennis player

Births28 years ago

1992 - Jacob Loko, Australian rugby player

Births28 years ago

1992 - Teo Gheorghiu, Swiss pianist and actor

Births28 years ago

1993 - Ewa Farna, Czech singer-songwriter

Births27 years ago

1993 - Luna, South Korean singer, actress and presenter

Births27 years ago

1996 - Julio Urías, Mexican baseball player

Births24 years ago

1998 - Stefanos Tsitsipas, Greek tennis player

Births22 years ago

1999 - Matthijs de Ligt, Dutch footballer

Births21 years ago

Deaths

30 BC- Cleopatra, Egyptian queen (b. 69 BC)

Deaths

792 - Jænberht, archbishop of Canterbury

Deaths

875 - Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 825)

Deaths

960 - Li Gu, chancellor of Later Zhou (b. 903)

Deaths

961 - Yuan Zong, emperor of Southern Tang (b. 916)

Deaths

1222 - Vladislaus III, duke of Bohemia

Deaths798 years ago

1295 - Charles Martel, king of Hungary (b. 1271)

Deaths725 years ago

1319 - Rudolf I, duke of Bavaria (b. 1274)

Deaths701 years ago
Deaths705 years ago

1335 - Prince Moriyoshi, Japanese shōgun (b. 1308)

Deaths685 years ago

1399 - Demetrius I Starshy, Prince of Trubczewsk (in battle) (b. 1327)

Deaths621 years ago

1424 - Yongle, emperor of the Ming Empire (b. 1360)

Deaths596 years ago

1484 - Sixtus IV, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1414)

Deaths536 years ago

1546 - Francisco de Vitoria, Spanish theologian (b. 1492)

Deaths474 years ago

1577 - Thomas Smith, English scholar and diplomat (b. 1513)

Deaths443 years ago

1588 - Alfonso Ferrabosco the elder, Italian-English composer (b. 1543)

Deaths432 years ago

1602 - Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, Mughal vizier and historian (b. 1551)

Deaths418 years ago

1612 - Giovanni Gabrieli, Italian organist and composer (b. 1557)

Deaths408 years ago

1638 - Johannes Althusius, German jurist and philosopher (b. 1557)

Deaths382 years ago

1674 - Philippe de Champaigne, Belgian-French painter and educator (b. 1602)

Deaths346 years ago

1689 - Pope Innocent XI (b. 1611)

Deaths331 years ago
Deaths242 years ago

1809 - Mikhail Kamensky, Russian field marshal (b. 1738)

Deaths211 years ago

1810 - Étienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (b. 1725)

Deaths210 years ago
Deaths198 years ago

1827 - William Blake, English poet and painter (b. 1757)

Deaths193 years ago

1829 - Charles Sapinaud de La Rairie, French general (b. 1760)

Deaths191 years ago

1848 - George Stephenson, English engineer and academic (b. 1781)

Deaths172 years ago

1849 - Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, and politician, 4th United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1761)

Deaths171 years ago

1861 - Eliphalet Remington, American inventor and businessman, founded Remington Arms (b. 1793)

Deaths159 years ago

1864 - Sakuma Shōzan, Japanese scholar and politician (b. 1811)

Deaths156 years ago

1865 - William Jackson Hooker, English botanist and academic (b. 1785)

Deaths155 years ago

1891 - James Russell Lowell, American poet and critic (b. 1819)

Deaths129 years ago

1896 - Thomas Chamberlain, American colonel (b. 1841)

Deaths124 years ago

1900 - Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player and theoretician (b. 1836)

Deaths120 years ago

1901 - Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish botanist, geologist, mineralogist, and explorer (b. 1832)

Deaths119 years ago

1904 - William Renshaw, English tennis player (b. 1861)

Deaths116 years ago

1914 - John Philip Holland, Irish engineer, designed HMS Holland 1 (b. 1840)

Deaths106 years ago

1918 - William Thompson, American archer (b. 1848)

Deaths102 years ago

1921 - Pyotr Boborykin, Russian playwright and journalist (b. 1836)

Deaths99 years ago

1922 - Arthur Griffith, Irish journalist and politician, 3rd President of Dáil Éireann (b. 1871)

Deaths98 years ago

1924 - Sándor Bródy, Hungarian journalist and author (b. 1863)

Deaths96 years ago

1928 - Leoš Janáček, Czech composer and educator (b. 1854)

Deaths92 years ago

1934 - Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Dutch architect, designed the Beurs van Berlage (b. 1856)

Deaths86 years ago

1935 - Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician and academic (b. 1851)

Deaths85 years ago

1940 - Nikolai Triik, Estonian painter, illustrator, and academic (b. 1884)

Deaths80 years ago

1941 - Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon, English soldier and politician, 56th Governor General of Canada (b. 1866)

Deaths79 years ago

1941 - Bobby Peel, English cricketer and umpire (b. 1857)

Deaths79 years ago

1943 - Vittorio Sella, Italian photographer and mountaineer (b. 1859)

Deaths77 years ago

1944 - Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1915)

Deaths76 years ago

1952 - David Bergelson, Ukrainian author and playwright (b. 1884)

Deaths68 years ago

1955 - Thomas Mann, German author and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1875)

Deaths65 years ago

1955 - James B. Sumner, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)

Deaths65 years ago

1959 - Mike O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player and manager (b. 1877)

Deaths61 years ago

1964 - Ian Fleming, English spy, journalist, and author (b. 1908)

Deaths56 years ago

1966 - Artur Alliksaar, Estonian poet and author (b. 1923)

Deaths54 years ago

1967 - Esther Forbes, American historian and author (b. 1891)

Deaths53 years ago

1973 - Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)

Deaths47 years ago

1973 - Karl Ziegler, German chemist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)

Deaths47 years ago

1978 - John Williams, English motorcycle racer (b. 1946)

Deaths42 years ago

1979 - Ernst Boris Chain, German-Irish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)

Deaths41 years ago

1982 - Henry Fonda, American actor (b. 1905)

Deaths38 years ago

1982 - Salvador Sánchez, Mexican boxer (b. 1959)

Deaths38 years ago

1983 - Theodor Burchardi, German admiral (b. 1892)

Deaths37 years ago

1984 - Ladi Kwali, Nigerian potter (b. 1925)

Deaths36 years ago

1985 - Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer-songwriter (b. 1941)

Deaths35 years ago

1985 - Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver (b. 1951)

Deaths35 years ago

1986 - Evaline Ness, American author and illustrator (b. 1911)

Deaths34 years ago

1988 - Jean-Michel Basquiat, American painter (b. 1960)

Deaths32 years ago

1989 - William Shockley, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)

Deaths31 years ago

1990 - Dorothy Mackaill, English-American actress (b. 1903)

Deaths30 years ago

1992 - John Cage, American composer and theorist (b. 1912)

Deaths28 years ago

1996 - Victor Ambartsumian, Georgian-Armenian astrophysicist and academic (b. 1908)

Deaths24 years ago

1996 - Mark Gruenwald, American author and illustrator (b. 1953)

Deaths24 years ago

1997 - Jack Delano, American photographer and composer (b. 1914)

Deaths23 years ago

1999 - Jean Drapeau, Canadian lawyer and politician, 37th Mayor of Montreal (b. 1916)

Deaths21 years ago

2000 - Gennady Lyachin, Russian captain (b. 1955)

Deaths20 years ago

2000 - Loretta Young, American actress (b. 1913)

Deaths20 years ago

2002 - Enos Slaughter, American baseball player and manager (b. 1916)

Deaths18 years ago

2004 - Godfrey Hounsfield, English biophysicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1919)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - John Loder, English sound engineer and producer, founded Southern Studios (b. 1946)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Victoria Gray Adams, American civil rights activist (b. 1926)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Merv Griffin, American actor, singer, and producer, created Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune (b. 1925)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Mike Wieringo, American author and illustrator (b. 1963)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Christie Allen, English-Australian singer (b. 1954)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Helge Hagerup, Norwegian playwright, poet and novelist (b. 1933)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Les Paul, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1915)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - Isaac Bonewits, American Druid, author, and activist; founded Ár nDraíocht Féin (b. 1949)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - Guido de Marco, Maltese lawyer and politician, 6th President of Malta (b. 1931)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - Richie Hayward, American drummer and songwriter (b. 1946)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - André Kim, South Korean fashion designer (b. 1935)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Robert Robinson, English journalist and author (b. 1927)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Jimmy Carr, American football player and coach (b. 1933)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Jerry Grant, American race car driver (b. 1935)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Joe Kubert, Polish-American illustrator, founded The Kubert School (b. 1926)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Édgar Morales Pérez, Mexican engineer and politician

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Alf Morris, English politician and activist (b. 1928)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Tereza de Arriaga, Portuguese painter (b. 1915)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Hans-Ekkehard Bob, German soldier and pilot (b. 1917)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Pauline Maier, American historian and academic (b. 1938)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - David McLetchie, Scottish lawyer and politician (b. 1952)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Vasiliy Mihaylovich Peskov, Russian ecologist and journalist (b. 1930)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Lauren Bacall, American model, actress, and singer (b. 1924)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Futatsuryū Jun'ichi, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1950)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Kongō Masahiro, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1948)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Jaakko Hintikka, Finnish philosopher and academic (b. 1929)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Stephen Lewis, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1926)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Meshulim Feish Lowy, Hungarian-Canadian rabbi and author (b. 1921)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - John Scott, English organist and conductor (b. 1956)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Juan Pedro de Miguel, Spanish handball player (b. 1958)

Deaths4 years ago

2017 - Bryan Murray, Canadian ice hockey coach (b. 1942)

Deaths3 years ago

2019 - DJ Arafat, Ivoirian DJ and singer (b. 1986)

Deaths1 years ago

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