Holidays and observances

Earliest day on which National Heroes' Day (Philippines) can fall, while August 28 is the latest; celebrated on the fourth Monday in August.

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances



851 - Battle of Jengland: Erispoe defeats Charles the Bald near the Breton town of Jengland.


1138 - Battle of the Standard between Scotland and England.

Events882 years ago

1485 - The Battle of Bosworth Field, the death of Richard III and the end of the House of Plantagenet.

Events535 years ago

1559 - Bartolomé Carranza, Spanish archbishop, is arrested for heresy.

Events461 years ago

1614 - Fettmilch Uprising: Jews are expelled from Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire, following the plundering of the Judengasse.

Events406 years ago

1639 - Madras (now Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers.

Events381 years ago

1642 - Charles I raises his standard in Nottingham, which marks the beginning of the English Civil War.

Events378 years ago

1654 - Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam. He is the first known Jewish immigrant to America.

Events366 years ago

1711 - Britain's Quebec Expedition loses eight ships and almost nine hundred soldiers, sailors and women to rocks at Pointe-aux-Anglais.

Events309 years ago

1717 - Spanish troops land on Sardinia.

Events303 years ago

1770 - James Cook names and lands on Possession Island, and claims the east coast of Australia for Britain as New South Wales.

Events250 years ago

1777 - British forces abandon the Siege of Fort Stanwix after hearing rumors of Continental Army reinforcements.

Events243 years ago

1780 - James Cook's ship HMS Resolution returns to England (Cook having been killed on Hawaii during the voyage).

Events240 years ago
Events229 years ago

1798 - French troops land at Kilcummin, County Mayo, Ireland to aid the rebellion.

Events222 years ago
Events193 years ago

1846 - The Second Federal Republic of Mexico is established.

Events174 years ago

1849 - The first air raid in history. Austria launches pilotless balloons against the city of Venice.

Events171 years ago

1851 - The first America's Cup is won by the yacht America.

Events169 years ago

1864 - Twelve nations sign the First Geneva Convention, establishing the rules of protection of the victims of armed conflicts.

Events156 years ago

1875 - The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.

Events145 years ago

1894 - Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal.

Events126 years ago

1902 - Cadillac Motor Company is founded.

Events118 years ago

1902 - Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to make a public appearance in an automobile.

Events118 years ago

1910 - Korea is annexed by Japan with the signing of the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, beginning a period of Japanese rule of Korea that lasted until the end of World War II.

Events110 years ago

1922 - Michael Collins, Commander-in-chief of the Irish Free State Army, is shot dead in an ambush during the Irish Civil War.

Events98 years ago

1934 - Bill Woodfull of Australia becomes the only cricket captain to twice regain The Ashes.

Events86 years ago

1941 - World War II: German troops begin the Siege of Leningrad.

Events79 years ago

1942 - Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan and Italy.

Events78 years ago

1944 - World War II: Holocaust of Kedros in Crete by German forces.

Events76 years ago

1949 - The Queen Charlotte earthquake is Canada's strongest since the 1700 Cascadia earthquake.

Events71 years ago

1953 - The penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed.

Events67 years ago

1962 - The OAS attempts to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle.

Events58 years ago

1963 - X-15 Flight 91 reaches the highest altitude of the X-15 program (107.96 km (67.08 mi) (354,200 feet)).

Events57 years ago

1966 - Labor movements NFWA and AWOC merge to become the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC), predecessor of the United Farm Workers.

Events54 years ago

1968 - Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogotá, Colombia. It is the first visit of a pope to Latin America.

Events52 years ago

1971 - J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the Camden 28.

Events49 years ago

1972 - Rhodesia is expelled by the IOC for its racist policies.

Events48 years ago

1973 - The Congress of Chile votes in favour of a resolution condemning President Salvador Allende's government and demands that he resign or else be unseated through force and new elections.

Events47 years ago

1978 - The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FLSN) occupies national palace in Nicaragua.

Events42 years ago

1978 - The District of Columbia Voting Rights Amendment is passed by the U.S. Congress. The proposed amendment would have provided the District of Columbia with full voting representation in the Congress, the Electoral College, and regarding amending the U.S. Constitution. The proposed amendment failed to be ratified by enough states (ratified by 16, needed 38) and so did not become part of the Constitution.

Events42 years ago

1981 - Far Eastern Air Transport Flight 103 disintegrates in mid-air and crashes in Sanyi Township, Miaoli County, Taiwan. All 110 people on board are killed.

Events39 years ago

1985 - British Airtours Flight 28M suffers an engine fire during takeoff at Manchester Airport. The pilots abort but due to inefficient evacuation procedures 55 people are killed, mostly from smoke inhalation.

Events35 years ago

1989 - Nolan Ryan strikes out Rickey Henderson to become the first Major League Baseball pitcher to record 5,000 strikeouts.

Events31 years ago

1991 - Iceland is the first nation in the world to recognize the independence of the Baltic states.

Events29 years ago

1992 - FBI sniper Lon Horiuchi shoots and kills Vicki Weaver during an 11-day siege at her home at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.

Events28 years ago

2003 - Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore is suspended after refusing to comply with a federal court order to remove a rock inscribed with the Ten Commandments from the lobby of the Alabama Supreme Court building.

Events17 years ago

2004 - Versions of The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway.

Events16 years ago

2006 - Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612 crashes near the Russian border over eastern Ukraine, killing all 170 people on board.

Events14 years ago

2006 - Grigori Perelman is awarded the Fields Medal for his proof of the Poincaré conjecture in mathematics but refuses to accept the medal.

Events14 years ago

2007 - The Texas Rangers defeat the Baltimore Orioles 30–3, the most runs scored by a team in modern Major League Baseball history.

Events13 years ago

2012 - Ethnic clashes over grazing rights for cattle in Kenya's Tana River District result in more than 52 deaths.

Events8 years ago


Births608 years ago

1570 - Franz von Dietrichstein, Roman Catholic archbishop and cardinal (d. 1636)

Births450 years ago

1599 - Agatha Marie of Hanau, German noblewoman (d. 1636)

Births421 years ago

1601 - Georges de Scudéry, French author, poet, and playwright (d. 1667)

Births419 years ago

1624 - Jean Regnault de Segrais, French author and poet (d. 1701)

Births396 years ago

1647 - Denis Papin, French physicist and mathematician, developed pressure cooking (d. 1712)

Births373 years ago

1679 - Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (d. 1758)

Births341 years ago

1760 - Pope Leo XII (d. 1829)

Births260 years ago

1764 - Charles Percier, French architect and interior designer (d. 1838)

Births256 years ago

1771 - Henry Maudslay, English engineer (d. 1831)

Births249 years ago

1773 - Aimé Bonpland, French botanist and explorer (d. 1858)

Births247 years ago

1778 - James Kirke Paulding, American poet, playwright, and politician, 11th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1860)

Births242 years ago

1788 - Thomas Tredgold, English engineer and author (d. 1829)

Births232 years ago

1800 - William S. Harney, American general (d. 1889)

Births220 years ago

1800 - Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian poet and scholar (d. 1865)

Births220 years ago

1827 - Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman and politician (d. 1906)

Births193 years ago

1834 - Samuel Pierpont Langley, American physicist and astronomer (d. 1906)

Births186 years ago

1836 - Archibald Willard, American soldier and painter (d. 1918)

Births184 years ago

1844 - George W. De Long, American Naval officer and explorer (d. 1881)

Births176 years ago

1845 - William Lewis Douglas, American businessman and politician, 42nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1924)

Births175 years ago

1847 - John Forrest, Australian politician, 1st Premier of Western Australia (d. 1918)

Births173 years ago

1848 - Melville Elijah Stone, American publisher, founded the Chicago Daily News (d. 1929)

Births172 years ago

1854 - Milan I of Serbia (d. 1901)

Births166 years ago

1857 - Ned Hanlon, American baseball player and manager (d. 1937)

Births163 years ago

1860 - Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Polish-German technician and inventor, created the Nipkow disk (d. 1940)

Births160 years ago

1860 - Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (d. 1940)

Births160 years ago

1862 - Claude Debussy, French pianist and composer (d. 1918)

Births158 years ago

1867 - Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (d. 1939)

Births153 years ago

1867 - Charles Francis Jenkins, American inventor (d. 1934)

Births153 years ago

1868 - Willis R. Whitney, American chemist (d. 1958)

Births152 years ago

1873 - Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (d. 1928)

Births147 years ago

1874 - Max Scheler, German philosopher and author (d. 1928)

Births146 years ago

1880 - Gorch Fock, German author and poet (d. 1916)

Births140 years ago

1880 - George Herriman, American cartoonist (d. 1944)

Births140 years ago

1881 - James Newland, Australian soldier and policeman (d. 1949)

Births139 years ago

1882 - Raymonde de Laroche, French pilot (d. 1919)

Births138 years ago

1887 - Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk, German jurist and politician, German Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1977)

Births133 years ago

1890 - Cecil Kellaway, South African actor (d. 1973)

Births130 years ago

1891 - Henry Bachtold, Australian soldier and railway engineer (d. 1983)

Births129 years ago

1891 - Jacques Lipchitz, Lithuanian-Italian sculptor (d. 1973)

Births129 years ago
Births127 years ago

1893 - Dorothy Parker, American poet, short story writer, critic, and satirist (d. 1967)

Births127 years ago

1893 - Ernest H. Volwiler, American chemist (d. 1992)

Births127 years ago

1895 - László Almásy, Hungarian captain, pilot, and explorer (d. 1951)

Births125 years ago

1895 - Paul Comtois, Canadian lawyer and politician, 21st Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1966)

Births125 years ago

1896 - Laurence McKinley Gould, American geologist, educator, and polar explorer (d. 1995)

Births124 years ago

1897 - Bill Woodfull, Australian cricketer and educator (d. 1965)

Births123 years ago

1900 - Lisy Fischer, Swiss-born pianist and child prodigy (d. 1999)

Births120 years ago

1902 - Thomas Pelly, American lawyer and politician (d. 1973)

Births118 years ago

1902 - Leni Riefenstahl, German actress, film director and propagandist (d. 2003)

Births118 years ago

1902 - Edward Rowe Snow, American historian and author (d. 1982)

Births118 years ago

1903 - Jerry Iger, American cartoonist, co-founded Eisner & Iger (d. 1990)

Births117 years ago

1904 - Deng Xiaoping, Chinese soldier and politician, 1st Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China (d. 1997)

Births116 years ago

1908 - Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer and painter (d. 2004)

Births112 years ago

1908 - Erwin Thiesies, German rugby player and coach (d. 1993)

Births112 years ago

1909 - Julius J. Epstein, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2000)

Births111 years ago

1909 - Mel Hein, American football player and coach (d. 1992)

Births111 years ago

1913 - Leonard Pagliero, English businessman and pilot (d. 2008)

Births107 years ago

1913 - Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian physicist and academic (d. 1993)

Births107 years ago

1914 - Jack Dunphy, American author and playwright (d. 1992)

Births106 years ago

1914 - Connie B. Gay, American businessman, co-founded the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum (d. 1989)

Births106 years ago

1915 - David Dellinger, American activist (d. 2004)

Births105 years ago

1915 - James Hillier, Canadian-American scientist, co-designed the electron microscope (d. 2007)

Births105 years ago

1915 - Edward Szczepanik, Polish economist and politician, 15th Prime Minister of the Polish Republic in Exile (d. 2005)

Births105 years ago

1917 - John Lee Hooker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2001)

Births103 years ago

1918 - Mary McGrory, American journalist and author (d. 2004)

Births102 years ago

1920 - Ray Bradbury, American science fiction writer and screenwriter (d. 2012)

Births100 years ago

1920 - Denton Cooley, American soldier and surgeon (d. 2016)

Births100 years ago

1921 - Dinos Dimopoulos, Greek director and screenwriter (d. 2003)

Births99 years ago

1921 - Tony Pawson, English cricketer, footballer, and journalist (d. 2012)

Births99 years ago

1922 - Roberto Aizenberg, Argentine painter and sculptor (d. 1996)

Births98 years ago

1922 - Theoni V. Aldredge, Greek-American costume designer (d. 2011)

Births98 years ago

1924 - James Kirkwood, Jr., American playwright and author (d. 1989)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Harishankar Parsai, Indian writer, satirist and humorist (d. 1995)

Births96 years ago

1925 - Honor Blackman, English actress and republican

Births95 years ago

1926 - Bob Flanigan, American pop singer (d. 2011)

Births94 years ago

1928 - Tinga Seisay, Sierra Leonean academic and diplomat (d.2015)

Births92 years ago

1928 - Karlheinz Stockhausen, German composer and academic (d. 2007)

Births92 years ago

1929 - Valery Alekseyev, Russian anthropologist and author (d. 1991)

Births91 years ago

1929 - Ulrich Wegener, German police officer and general (d. 2017)

Births91 years ago

1930 - Gylmar dos Santos Neves, Brazilian footballer (d. 2013)

Births90 years ago

1932 - Gerald P. Carr, American engineer, colonel, and astronaut

Births88 years ago

1933 - Sylva Koscina, Italian actress (d. 1994)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr., American general and engineer (d. 2012)

Births86 years ago

1935 - Annie Proulx, American novelist, short story writer, and journalist

Births85 years ago

1936 - Chuck Brown, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2012)

Births84 years ago

1936 - John Callaway, American journalist and producer (d. 2009)

Births84 years ago

1936 - Dale Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2010)

Births84 years ago

1936 - Werner Stengel, German roller coaster designer and engineer, designed the Maverick roller coaster

Births84 years ago

1938 - Jean Berkey, American businesswoman and politician (d. 2013)

Births82 years ago

1939 - Valerie Harper, American actress (d. 2019)

Births81 years ago

1939 - Fred Milano, American doo-wop singer (d. 2012)

Births81 years ago

1939 - Carl Yastrzemski, American baseball player

Births81 years ago

1940 - Bill McCartney, American football player and coach, founded Promise Keepers

Births80 years ago

1941 - Bill Parcells, American football player and coach

Births79 years ago

1942 - Uğur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and author (d. 1993)

Births78 years ago

1943 - Alun Michael, Welsh police commissioner and politician, inaugural First Minister of Wales

Births77 years ago

1943 - Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist and engineer, co-designed the Intel 4004

Births77 years ago

1944 - Roger Cashmore, English physicist and academic

Births76 years ago

1945 - David Chase, American director, producer, and screenwriter

Births75 years ago

1945 - Ron Dante, American singer-songwriter and producer

Births75 years ago

1947 - Donna Jean Godchaux, American singer-songwriter

Births73 years ago

1947 - Cindy Williams, American actress and producer

Births73 years ago

1948 - David Marks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births72 years ago

1949 - Doug Bair, American baseball player and coach

Births71 years ago

1949 - Diana Nyad, American swimmer and author

Births71 years ago

1950 - Ray Burris, American baseball player and coach

Births70 years ago
Births70 years ago

1952 - Peter Laughner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1977)

Births68 years ago

1953 - Paul Ellering, American weightlifter, wrestler, and manager

Births67 years ago

1955 - Chiranjeevi, Indian film actor, producer and politician

Births65 years ago

1956 - Paul Molitor, American baseball player and coach

Births64 years ago

1956 - Peter Taylor, Australian cricketer

Births64 years ago

1957 - Steve Davis, English snooker player, sportscaster, and author

Births63 years ago

1957 - Holly Dunn, American country music singer-songwriter (d. 2016)

Births63 years ago

1958 - Colm Feore, American-Canadian actor

Births62 years ago

1958 - Stevie Ray, American semi-retired wrestler

Births62 years ago

1958 - Vernon Reid, English-born American guitarist and songwriter

Births62 years ago

1959 - Juan Croucier, Cuban-American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer

Births61 years ago

1959 - Pia Gjellerup, Danish lawyer and politician, Danish Minister of Finance

Births61 years ago

1959 - Mark Williams, English actor

Births61 years ago

1960 - Holger Gehrke, German footballer and manager

Births60 years ago

1960 - Collin Raye, American country music singer

Births60 years ago

1961 - Andrés Calamaro, Argentine singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births59 years ago

1961 - Iain Coucher, English businessman

Births59 years ago

1961 - Roland Orzabal, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births59 years ago

1961 - Debbi Peterson, American singer-songwriter and drummer

Births59 years ago

1962 - Stefano Tilli, Italian sprinter

Births58 years ago

1963 - Tori Amos, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer

Births57 years ago

1963 - James DeBarge, American R&B/soul singer

Births57 years ago

1963 - Terry Catledge, American basketball player

Births57 years ago

1964 - Trey Gowdy, American lawyer and U.S. Representative

Births56 years ago

1964 - Mats Wilander, Swedish-American tennis player and coach

Births56 years ago

1965 - Wendy Botha, South African-Australian surfer

Births55 years ago

1965 - David Reimer, Canadian victim of a botched circumcision and transgender reassignment surgery (d. 2004)

Births55 years ago

1966 - GZA, American rapper and producer

Births54 years ago

1966 - Rob Witschge, Dutch footballer and manager

Births54 years ago

1967 - Ty Burrell, American actor and comedian

Births53 years ago

1967 - Paul Colman, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births53 years ago

1967 - Alfred Gough, American screenwriter and producer

Births53 years ago

1967 - Layne Staley, American singer-songwriter (d. 2002)

Births53 years ago

1968 - Casper Christensen, Danish comedian, actor, and screenwriter

Births52 years ago

1968 - Rich Lowry, American writer and magazine editor (National Review)

Births52 years ago

1968 - Aleksandr Mostovoi, Russian footballer

Births52 years ago

1968 - Elisabeth Murdoch, Australian businesswoman

Births52 years ago

1968 - Horst Skoff, Austrian tennis player (d. 2008)

Births52 years ago

1970 - Giada De Laurentiis, Italian-American chef and author

Births50 years ago

1970 - Charlie Connelly, English author and broadcaster

Births50 years ago

1971 - Craig Finn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births49 years ago

1972 - Okkert Brits, South African pole vaulter

Births48 years ago

1972 - Paul Doucette, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and drummer

Births48 years ago

1972 - Steve Kline, American baseball player and coach

Births48 years ago

1972 - Max Wilson, German-Brazilian race car driver

Births48 years ago

1973 - Howie Dorough, American singer-songwriter and dancer

Births47 years ago

1973 - Kristen Wiig, American actress, comedian, and screenwriter

Births47 years ago

1973 - Eurelijus Žukauskas, Lithuanian basketball player

Births47 years ago

1974 - Cory Gardner, American politician

Births46 years ago

1974 - Agustín Pichot, Argentinian rugby player

Births46 years ago

1975 - Clint Bolton, Australian footballer

Births45 years ago

1975 - Rodrigo Santoro, Brazilian actor

Births45 years ago

1976 - Marius Bezykornovas, Lithuanian footballer

Births44 years ago

1976 - Bryn Davies, American bassist, cellist, and pianist

Births44 years ago

1976 - Laurent Hernu, French decathlete

Births44 years ago

1976 - Randy Wolf, American baseball player

Births44 years ago

1977 - Heiðar Helguson, Icelandic footballer

Births43 years ago

1977 - Keren Cytter, Israeli visual artist and writer

Births43 years ago

1978 - James Corden, English actor, comedian, writer, and television presenter

Births42 years ago

1978 - Ioannis Gagaloudis, Greek basketball player

Births42 years ago

1979 - Matt Walters, American football player

Births41 years ago

1980 - Roland Benschneider, German footballer

Births40 years ago

1980 - Nicolas Macrozonaris, Canadian sprinter

Births40 years ago

1980 - Seiko Yamamoto, Japanese wrestler

Births40 years ago

1981 - Alex Holmes, American football player

Births39 years ago

1981 - Jang Hyun-kyu, South Korean footballer (d. 2012)

Births39 years ago

1981 - Christina Obergföll, German athlete

Births39 years ago

1983 - Theo Bos, Dutch cyclist

Births37 years ago

1983 - Jahri Evans, American football player

Births37 years ago

1984 - Lee Camp, English footballer

Births36 years ago

1984 - Lawrence Quaye, Ghanaian-Qatari footballer

Births36 years ago

1985 - Luke Russert, American journalist

Births35 years ago

1985 - Jey Uso, Samoan-American wrestler

Births35 years ago

1985 - Jimmy Uso, Samoan-American wrestler

Births35 years ago

1986 - Stephen Ireland, Irish footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Neville, English wrestler

Births34 years ago

1986 - Tokushōryū Makoto, Japanese sumo wrestler

Births34 years ago

1987 - Leonardo Moracci, Italian footballer

Births33 years ago

1987 - Apollo Crews, American wrestler

Births33 years ago

1989 - Giacomo Bonaventura, Italian footballer

Births31 years ago

1990 - Randall Cobb, American football player

Births30 years ago

1990 - Drew Hutchison, American baseball player

Births30 years ago

1990 - Robbie Rochow, Australian rugby league player

Births30 years ago

1991 - Federico Macheda, Italian footballer

Births29 years ago

1991 - Brayden Schenn, Canadian ice hockey player

Births29 years ago

1992 - Ema Burgić Bucko, Bosnian tennis player

Births28 years ago

1994 - Olli Määttä, Finnish ice hockey player

Births26 years ago

1995 - Dua Lipa, English singer-songwriter

Births25 years ago

1996 - Jessica-Jane Applegate, British Paralympic swimmer

Births24 years ago


408 - Stilicho, Roman general (b. 359)


1155 - Emperor Konoe of Japan (b. 1139)

Deaths865 years ago

1241 - Pope Gregory IX, (b. 1143)

Deaths779 years ago

1280 - Pope Nicholas III (b. 1216)

Deaths740 years ago
Deaths716 years ago
Deaths682 years ago
Deaths670 years ago

1358 - Isabella of France (b. 1295)

Deaths662 years ago
Deaths595 years ago
Deaths564 years ago
Deaths535 years ago

1485 - James Harrington, Yorkist knight

Deaths535 years ago
Deaths535 years ago

1485 - Richard Ratcliffe, supporter of Richard III

Deaths535 years ago

1485 - William Brandon, supporter of Henry VII (b. 1426)

Deaths535 years ago
Deaths488 years ago

1545 - Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English politician and husband of Mary Tudor (b. c. 1484)

Deaths475 years ago

1553 - John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English admiral and politician, Lord President of the Council (b. 1504)

Deaths467 years ago
Deaths448 years ago

1584 - Jan Kochanowski, Polish poet and playwright (b. 1530)

Deaths436 years ago

1599 - Luca Marenzio, Italian singer-songwriter (b. 1553)

Deaths421 years ago

1607 - Bartholomew Gosnold, English lawyer and explorer, founded the London Company (b. 1572)

Deaths413 years ago

1652 - Jacob De la Gardie, Estonian-Swedish soldier and politician, Lord High Constable of Sweden (b. 1583)

Deaths368 years ago

1664 - Maria Cunitz, Polish astronomer and author (b. 1610)

Deaths356 years ago
Deaths340 years ago

1681 - Philippe Delano, Dutch Plymouth Colony settler (b. 1602)

Deaths339 years ago

1701 - John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1628)

Deaths319 years ago

1711 - Louis François, duc de Boufflers, French general (b. 1644)

Deaths309 years ago

1752 - William Whiston, English mathematician, historian, and theologian (b. 1667)

Deaths268 years ago

1773 - George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton, English poet and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1709)

Deaths247 years ago

1793 - Louis de Noailles, French general (b. 1713)

Deaths227 years ago

1797 - Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, French-Austrian field marshal (b. 1724)

Deaths223 years ago

1806 - Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter and illustrator (b. 1732)

Deaths214 years ago

1818 - Warren Hastings, English lawyer and politician, 1st Governor-General of Bengal (b. 1732)

Deaths202 years ago

1828 - Franz Joseph Gall, Austrian neuroanatomist and physiologist (b. 1758)

Deaths192 years ago

1850 - Nikolaus Lenau, Romanian-Austrian poet and author (b. 1802)

Deaths170 years ago

1861 - Xianfeng, Emperor of China (b. 1831)

Deaths159 years ago

1888 - Ágoston Trefort, Hungarian jurist and politician, Hungarian Minister of Education (b. 1817)

Deaths132 years ago

1891 - Jan Neruda, Czech journalist, author, and poet (b. 1834)

Deaths129 years ago
Deaths117 years ago

1904 - Kate Chopin, American novelist and poet (b. 1850)

Deaths116 years ago

1909 - Henry Radcliffe Crocker, English dermatologist and author (b. 1846)

Deaths111 years ago

1914 - Giacomo Radini-Tedeschi, Italian bishop and academic (b. 1859)

Deaths106 years ago

1918 - Korbinian Brodmann, German neurologist and academic (b. 1868)

Deaths102 years ago

1920 - Anders Zorn, Swedish artist (b. 1860)

Deaths100 years ago

1922 - Michael Collins, Irish rebel, counter-intelligence and military tactician, and politician; 2nd Irish Minister of Finance (b. 1890)

Deaths98 years ago

1926 - Charles William Eliot, American academic (b. 1834)

Deaths94 years ago

1933 - Alexandros Kontoulis, Greek general and diplomat (b. 1858)

Deaths87 years ago

1940 - Oliver Lodge, English physicist and academic (b. 1851)

Deaths80 years ago

1940 - Gerald Strickland, 1st Baron Strickland, Maltese lawyer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1861)

Deaths80 years ago

1942 - Michel Fokine, Russian dancer and choreographer (b. 1880)

Deaths78 years ago

1946 - Döme Sztójay, Hungarian general and politician, 35th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1883)

Deaths74 years ago

1950 - Kirk Bryan, American geologist and academic (b. 1888)

Deaths70 years ago

1951 - Jack Bickell, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1884)

Deaths69 years ago

1953 - Jim Tabor, American baseball player (b. 1916)

Deaths67 years ago

1958 - Roger Martin du Gard, French novelist and paleographer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)

Deaths62 years ago

1960 - Johannes Sikkar, Estonian soldier and politician, Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (b. 1897)

Deaths60 years ago

1963 - William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, English businessman and philanthropist, founded Morris Motors (b. 1877)

Deaths57 years ago

1967 - Gregory Goodwin Pincus, American biologist and academic, co-created the birth-control pill (b. 1903)

Deaths53 years ago

1970 - Vladimir Propp, Russian philologist and scholar (b. 1895)

Deaths50 years ago

1974 - Jacob Bronowski, Polish-English mathematician, biologist, and author (b. 1908)

Deaths46 years ago

1976 - Gina Bachauer, Greek pianist and composer (b. 1913)

Deaths44 years ago

1976 - Juscelino Kubitschek, Brazilian physician and politician, 21st President of Brazil (b. 1902)

Deaths44 years ago

1977 - Sebastian Cabot, English actor (b. 1918)

Deaths43 years ago

1977 - Chunseong, Korean monk, philosopher and writer (b. 1891)

Deaths43 years ago

1978 - Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan journalist and politician, 1st President of Kenya (b. 1894)

Deaths42 years ago

1979 - James T. Farrell, American novelist, short-story writer, and poet (b. 1904)

Deaths41 years ago

1980 - James Smith McDonnell, American pilot, engineer, and businessman, founded McDonnell Aircraft (b. 1899)

Deaths40 years ago

1981 - Vicente Manansala, Filipino painter (b. 1910)

Deaths39 years ago

1985 - Charles Gibson (historian), Historian of Mexico and its Indians, President of the American Historical Association (b. 1920)

Deaths35 years ago

1986 - Celâl Bayar, Turkish lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Turkey (b. 1883)

Deaths34 years ago

1987 - Joseph P. Lash, American author and journalist (b. 1909)

Deaths33 years ago

1989 - Robert Grondelaers, Belgian cyclist (b. 1933)

Deaths31 years ago

1989 - Huey P. Newton, American activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party (b. 1942)

Deaths31 years ago

1991 - Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian-American actress (b. 1924)

Deaths29 years ago

1991 - Boris Pugo, Russian soldier and politician, Soviet Minister of Interior (b. 1937)

Deaths29 years ago

1994 - Gilles Groulx, Canadian director and screenwriter (b. 1931)

Deaths26 years ago

1994 - Allan Houser, American sculptor and painter (b. 1914)

Deaths26 years ago

1995 - Johnny Carey, Irish footballer and manager (b. 1919)

Deaths25 years ago

1996 - Erwin Komenda, Austrian car designer and engineer (b. 1904)

Deaths24 years ago
Deaths20 years ago

2003 - Arnold Gerschwiler, Swiss figure skater and coach (b. 1914)

Deaths17 years ago

2004 - Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player and trainer (b. 1960)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - Angus Bethune, Australian soldier and politician, 33rd Premier of Tasmania (b. 1908)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - Daniel Petrie, Canadian director and producer (b. 1920)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - Luc Ferrari, French-Italian director and composer (b. 1929)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Ernest Kirkendall, American chemist and metallurgist (b. 1914)

Deaths15 years ago

2007 - Grace Paley, American short story writer and poet (b. 1922)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Gladys Powers, English-Canadian soldier (b. 1899)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Elmer Kelton, American journalist and author (b. 1926)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - Stjepan Bobek, Croatian footballer and manager (b. 1923)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Nick Ashford, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1942)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Jack Layton, Canadian academic and politician (b. 1950)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Casey Ribicoff, American philanthropist (b. 1922)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Nina Bawden, English author (b. 1925)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, Chinese cardinal (b. 1923)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Jeffrey Stone, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1926)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Paul Poberezny, American pilot and businessman, founded the Experimental Aircraft Association (b. 1921)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Andrea Servi, Italian footballer (b. 1984)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - U. R. Ananthamurthy, Indian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1932)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Emmanuel Kriaras, Greek lexicographer and philologist (b. 1906)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Pete Ladygo, American football player and coach (b. 1928)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Noella Leduc, American baseball player (b. 1933)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - John Sperling, American businessman, founded the University of Phoenix (b. 1921)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - John S. Waugh, American chemist and academic (b. 1929)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Arthur Morris, Australian cricketer and journalist (b. 1922)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Ieng Thirith, Cambodian academic and politician (b. 1932)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Eric Thompson, English race car driver and book dealer (b. 1919)

Deaths5 years ago
Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Toots Thielemans, Belgian and American jazz musician (b. 1922)

Deaths4 years ago
Deaths3 years ago

2018 - Ed King, American musician (b. 1949)

Deaths2 years ago

2018 - Krishna Reddy Indian printmaker, sculptor and teacher (b. 1925)

Deaths2 years ago

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Immaculate Heart of Mary (Roman Catholic calendar of 1960)

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Christian feast day
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