Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances

Independence Day (Transnistria, unrecognized)

Holidays and observances

Independence Day (Artsakh, unrecognized)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

National Day, celebrates the independence of Vietnam from Japan and France in 1945

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Events

44 BC - Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.

Events

44 BC - Cicero launches the first of his Philippicae (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the following months.

Events1976 years ago

31 BC - Final War of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium: Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.

Events

1192 - The Treaty of Jaffa is signed between Richard I of England and Saladin, leading to the end of the Third Crusade.

Events828 years ago

1649 - The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.

Events371 years ago

1666 - The Great Fire of London breaks out and burns for three days, destroying 10,000 buildings, including Old St Paul's Cathedral.

Events354 years ago

1752 - Great Britain, along with its overseas possessions, adopts the Gregorian calendar.

Events268 years ago
Events231 years ago

1792 - During what became known as the September Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughter three Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.

Events228 years ago

1806 - A massive landslide destroys the town of Goldau, Switzerland, killing 457.

Events214 years ago

1807 - The British Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.

Events213 years ago

1856 - The Tianjing incident takes place in Nanjing, China.

Events164 years ago

1862 - American Civil War: United States President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George B. McClellan to full command after General John Pope's disastrous defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run.

Events158 years ago

1864 - American Civil War: Union forces enter Atlanta, a day after the Confederate defenders flee the city, ending the Atlanta Campaign.

Events156 years ago

1867 - Mutsuhito, Emperor Meiji of Japan, marries Masako Ichijō, thereafter known as Empress Shōken.

Events153 years ago

1870 - Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan: Prussian forces take Napoleon III of France and 100,000 of his soldiers prisoner.

Events150 years ago

1885 - Rock Springs massacre: In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who are struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers killing 28, wounding 15 and forcing several hundred more out of town.

Events135 years ago

1898 - Battle of Omdurman: British and Egyptian troops defeat Sudanese tribesmen and establish British dominance in Sudan.

Events122 years ago

1901 - Vice President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair.

Events119 years ago

1912 - Arthur Rose Eldred is awarded the first Eagle Scout award of the Boy Scouts of America.

Events108 years ago

1935 - The Labor Day Hurricane, the most intense hurricane to strike the United States, makes landfall at Long Key, Florida, killing at least 400.

Events85 years ago

1939 - World War II: Following the start of the invasion of Poland the previous day, the Free City of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) is annexed by Nazi Germany.

Events81 years ago

1945 - World War II: Combat ends in the Pacific Theater: The Japanese Instrument of Surrender is signed by Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and accepted aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.

Events75 years ago

1945 - Vietnam declares its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

Events75 years ago

1946 - The Interim Government of India is formed, headed by Jawaharlal Nehru as Vice President with the powers of a Prime Minister.

Events74 years ago

1958 - United States Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan in Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew members are killed.

Events62 years ago

1960 - The first election of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration, in history of Tibet. The Tibetan community observes this date as Democracy Day.

Events60 years ago

1963 - CBS Evening News becomes U.S. network television's first half-hour weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.

Events57 years ago

1968 - Operation OAU begins during the Nigerian Civil War.

Events52 years ago

1970 - NASA announces the cancellation of two Apollo missions to the Moon, Apollo 15 (the designation is re-used by a later mission), and Apollo 19.

Events50 years ago

1984 - Seven people are shot and killed and 12 wounded in the Milperra massacre, a shootout between the rival motorcycle gangs Bandidos and Comancheros in Sydney, Australia.

Events36 years ago

1985 - Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Tamil politicians and former MPs M. Alalasundaram and V. Dharmalingam are shot dead.

Events35 years ago

1987 - In Moscow, the trial begins for 19-year-old pilot Mathias Rust, who flew his Cessna airplane into Red Square in May.

Events33 years ago

1990 - Transnistria is unilaterally proclaimed a Soviet republic; the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev declares the decision null and void.

Events30 years ago

1992 - The 7.7 MwNicaragua earthquake affected the west coast of Nicaragua. With a MsMw disparity of half a unit, this tsunami earthquake triggered a tsunami that caused most of the damage and casualties, with at least 116 killed. Typical runup heights were 3–8 meters (9.8–26.2 ft).

Events28 years ago

1998 - Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggy's Cove, Nova Scotia; all 229 people onboard are killed.

Events22 years ago

1998 - The UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.

Events22 years ago

2009 - The Andhra Pradesh, India helicopter crash occurred near Rudrakonda Hill, 40 nautical miles (74 km) from Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India. Fatalities included Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, the Chief Minister of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Events11 years ago

2010 - Israel-Palestinian conflict: the 2010 Israeli-Palestinian peace talks are launched by the United States.

Events10 years ago

2013 - The Eastern span replacement of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge opens at 10:15 PM at a cost of $6.4 billion, after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake damaged the old span.

Events7 years ago

2018 - The National Museum of Brazil is destroyed by a fire, with the loss of over 90% of the museum's collection.

Events2 years ago

2019 - Hurricane Dorian, a category 5 hurricane, devastates the Bahamas, killing at least five.

Events1 years ago

Births

Births777 years ago

1251 - Francis of Fabriano, Italian writer (d. 1322)

Births769 years ago
Births504 years ago

1531 - Francesco Cattani da Diacceto, Bishop of Fiesole (d. 1595)

Births489 years ago

1548 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (d. 1616)

Births472 years ago

1661 - Georg Böhm, German organist and composer (d. 1733)

Births359 years ago

1675 - William Somervile, English poet and author (d. 1742)

Births345 years ago
Births267 years ago

1778 - Louis Bonaparte, French-Dutch king (d. 1846)

Births242 years ago

1805 - Esteban Echeverría, Argentinian poet and author (d. 1851)

Births215 years ago

1810 - Lysander Button, American engineer (d. 1898)

Births210 years ago

1810 - William Seymour Tyler, American historian and educator (d. 1897)

Births210 years ago

1812 - William Fox, English-New Zealand lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1893)

Births208 years ago

1814 - Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist and historian (d. 1896)

Births206 years ago

1820 - Lucretia Hale, American journalist and author (d. 1900)

Births200 years ago

1830 - William P. Frye, American lawyer and politician (d. 1911)

Births190 years ago

1838 - Bhaktivinoda Thakur, Indian guru and philosopher (d. 1914)

Births182 years ago

1838 - Liliʻuokalani of Hawaii (d. 1917)

Births182 years ago

1839 - Henry George, American economist and author (d. 1897)

Births181 years ago

1850 - Eugene Field, American author and poet (d. 1895)

Births170 years ago

1850 - Albert Spalding, American baseball player, manager, and businessman, co-founded the Spalding Sporting Goods Company (d. 1915)

Births170 years ago

1850 - Woldemar Voigt, German physicist and academic (d. 1919)

Births170 years ago

1852 - Paul Bourget, French author and critic (d. 1935)

Births168 years ago

1853 - Wilhelm Ostwald, Latvian-German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1932)

Births167 years ago

1854 - Hans Jæger, Norwegian philosopher and activist (d. 1910)

Births166 years ago

1856 - John Bowser, English-Australian politician, 26th Premier of Victoria (d. 1936)

Births164 years ago

1862 - Franjo Krežma, Croatian violinist and composer (d. 1881)

Births158 years ago

1865 - Simeón Ola, Filipino general and politician (d. 1952)

Births155 years ago

1866 - Charles Vintcent, South African cricketer and rugby player (d. 1943)

Births154 years ago

1873 - Lily Poulett-Harris, Australian cricketer and educator (d. 1897)

Births147 years ago

1877 - Frederick Soddy, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1956)

Births143 years ago

1878 - Herman, Estonian-Finnish archbishop (d. 1961)

Births142 years ago

1878 - Ion Dragoumis, Greek philosopher and diplomat (d. 1920)

Births142 years ago

1878 - Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal (d. 1946)

Births142 years ago
Births137 years ago

1884 - Frank Laubach, American missionary and mystic (d. 1970)

Births136 years ago

1892 - Dezső Kertész, Hungarian actor and film director (d. 1965)

Births128 years ago

1894 - Joseph Roth, Austrian journalist and author (d. 1939)

Births126 years ago

1897 - Fazlollah Zahedi, Iranian general and statesman, 36th Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1963)

Births123 years ago

1901 - Andreas Embirikos, Greek psychoanalyst and poet (d. 1975)

Births119 years ago

1901 - Adolph Rupp, American basketball player and coach (d. 1977)

Births119 years ago

1904 - August Jakobson, Estonian author and politician (d. 1963)

Births116 years ago

1907 - Pertev Naili Boratav, Turkish author and educator (d. 1998)

Births113 years ago

1908 - Ruth Bancroft, American landscape and garden designer (d. 2017)

Births112 years ago

1910 - Paul Saagpakk, Estonian linguist, lexicographer, and academic (d. 1996)

Births110 years ago

1910 - Donald Watson, English activist, founded the Vegan Society (d. 2005)

Births110 years ago

1911 - Romare Bearden, American painter and author (d. 1988)

Births109 years ago

1911 - William F. Harrah, American businessman, founded the Caesars Entertainment Corporation (d. 1978)

Births109 years ago

1911 - Lill Tschudi, Swiss artist (d. 2004)

Births109 years ago

1912 - Ernest Bromley, Australian cricketer (d. 1967)

Births108 years ago

1913 - Israel Gelfand, Russian-American mathematician and biologist (d. 2009)

Births107 years ago

1913 - Bill Shankly, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 1981)

Births107 years ago

1915 - Benjamin Aaron, American lawyer and scholar (d. 2007)

Births105 years ago

1916 - Ömer Lütfi Akad, Turkish director and screenwriter (d. 2011)

Births104 years ago

1917 - Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian-American guitarist and composer (d. 1995)

Births103 years ago

1917 - Cleveland Amory, American author and critic (d. 1997)

Births103 years ago

1918 - Allen Drury, American journalist and author (d. 1998)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Marge Champion, American actress, dancer, and choreographer

Births101 years ago

1919 - Lance Macklin, English race car driver and businessman (d. 2002)

Births101 years ago

1922 - Arthur Ashkin, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate

Births98 years ago

1922 - Leigh Kamman, American radio host (d. 2014)

Births98 years ago

1923 - René Thom, French mathematician, biologist, and academic (d. 2002)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Ramón Valdés, Mexican actor and comedian (d. 1988)

Births97 years ago

1924 - Daniel arap Moi, Kenyan educator and politician, 2nd President of Kenya

Births96 years ago

1925 - Hugo Montenegro, American composer and conductor (d. 1981)

Births95 years ago

1927 - Milo Hamilton, American sportscaster (d. 2015)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Francis Matthews, English actor (d. 2014)

Births93 years ago

1928 - Jim Jordan, Canadian educator and politician (d. 2012)

Births92 years ago

1928 - Horace Silver, American pianist and composer (d. 2014)

Births92 years ago

1928 - Mel Stuart, American director and producer (d. 2012)

Births92 years ago

1929 - Hal Ashby, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1988)

Births91 years ago

1929 - Beulah Bewley, English physician and academic (d. 2018)

Births91 years ago

1929 - Rex Hartwig, Australian tennis player

Births91 years ago

1929 - Victor Spinetti, Welsh actor and director (d. 2012)

Births91 years ago

1931 - Clifford Jordan, American saxophonist (d. 1993)

Births89 years ago

1931 - Alan K. Simpson, American politician, senator of Wyoming

Births89 years ago

1932 - Walter Davis, Jr., American pianist (d. 1990)

Births88 years ago

1932 - Arnold Greenberg, American businessman, co-founded Snapple (d. 2012)

Births88 years ago

1933 - Ed Conlin, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012)

Births87 years ago

1933 - Mathieu Kérékou, Beninese soldier and politician, President of Benin (d. 2015)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Hilla Becher, German Conceptual Photographer (d. 2015)

Births86 years ago

1934 - Sam Gooden, American soul singer (The Impressions)

Births86 years ago

1934 - Chuck McCann, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2018)

Births86 years ago

1934 - Grady Nutt, American comedian, minister, and author (d. 1982)

Births86 years ago

1935 - D. Wayne Lukas, American horse trainer

Births85 years ago

1936 - Andrew Grove, Hungarian-American businessman, engineer, and author (d. 2016)

Births84 years ago

1936 - Károly Krajczár, Hungarian-Slovene author and educator (d. 2018)

Births84 years ago

1937 - Len Carlson, Canadian voice actor (d. 2006)

Births83 years ago

1937 - Peter Ueberroth, American businessman

Births83 years ago
Births82 years ago

1938 - Jimmy Clanton, American pop singer-songwriter

Births82 years ago

1938 - Ernie Sigley, Australian television host

Births82 years ago

1941 - Jyrki Otila, Finnish economist and politician (d. 2003)

Births79 years ago

1941 - Sadhana Shivdasani, Indian actress (d. 2015)

Births79 years ago

1941 - John Thompson, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster

Births79 years ago

1943 - Rosalind Ashford, American singer

Births77 years ago

1943 - Glen Sather, Canadian ice hockey player and manager

Births77 years ago

1943 - Joe Simon, American singer-songwriter and producer

Births77 years ago

1944 - Janet Simpson, English sprinter (d. 2010)

Births76 years ago

1946 - Luis Ávalos, Cuban-American actor (d. 2014)

Births74 years ago

1946 - Mary Goudie, Baroness Goudie, English humanitarian and politician

Births74 years ago

1946 - Marty Grebb, American keyboardist, guitarist, saxophonist, and music producer/arranger

Births74 years ago

1946 - Billy Preston, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 2006)

Births74 years ago

1946 - Walt Simonson, American author and illustrator

Births74 years ago

1946 - Dan White, American assassin and politician (d. 1985)

Births74 years ago

1947 - Louis Michel, Belgian educator and politician, Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs

Births73 years ago

1947 - Jim Richards, New Zealand race car driver

Births73 years ago

1948 - Nate Archibald, American basketball player and coach

Births72 years ago

1948 - Terry Bradshaw, American football player, sportscaster, and actor

Births72 years ago

1948 - Christa McAuliffe, American educator and astronaut (d. 1986)

Births72 years ago

1949 - Moira Stuart, British broadcaster

Births71 years ago

1949 - Hans-Hermann Hoppe, American economist and philosopher

Births71 years ago

1950 - Rosanna DeSoto, American actress

Births70 years ago

1950 - Michael Rother, German guitarist, keyboard player, and songwriter

Births70 years ago

1951 - Jim DeMint, American politician

Births69 years ago

1951 - Mark Harmon, American actor and producer

Births69 years ago

1951 - Mik Kaminski, English musician, rock violinist

Births69 years ago

1952 - Jimmy Connors, American tennis player, coach, and sportscaster

Births68 years ago

1952 - Mihhail Lotman, Estonian linguist, scholar, and politician

Births68 years ago

1953 - Maurice Colclough, English rugby player (d. 2006)

Births67 years ago

1953 - Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan commander and politician, Afghan Minister of Defense (d. 2001)

Births67 years ago

1953 - John Zorn, American saxophonist, composer, and producer

Births67 years ago

1954 - Billi Gordon, American neuroscientist, author, and actor. (d. 2018)

Births66 years ago

1954 - Gai Waterhouse, Scottish-Australian horse trainer and businesswoman

Births66 years ago

1956 - Mario Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births64 years ago

1957 - Tony Alva, American skateboarder and bass player

Births63 years ago

1957 - Steve Porcaro, American keyboard player and songwriter

Births63 years ago

1958 - Olivier Grouillard, French race car driver

Births62 years ago

1958 - Lynne Kosky, Australian social worker and politician (d. 2014)

Births62 years ago

1959 - Drungo Hazewood, American baseball player (d. 2013)

Births61 years ago

1959 - Guy Laliberté, Canadian businessman, philanthropist, and poker player, founded Cirque du Soleil

Births61 years ago

1960 - Eric Dickerson, American football player and sportscaster

Births60 years ago

1960 - Kristin Halvorsen, Norwegian politician, Norwegian Minister of Finance

Births60 years ago

1960 - Rex Hudler, American baseball player and sportscaster

Births60 years ago

1961 - Carlos Valderrama, Colombian footballer and manager

Births59 years ago

1961 - Ron Wasserman, American singer-songwriter and producer

Births59 years ago

1962 - Eugenio Derbez, Mexican actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

Births58 years ago

1962 - Alonso Lujambio, Mexican academic and politician (d. 2012)

Births58 years ago

1962 - Prachya Pinkaew, Thai director, producer, and screenwriter

Births58 years ago

1962 - Keir Starmer, English lawyer and politician

Births58 years ago

1962 - Tracy Smothers, American wrestler

Births58 years ago

1963 - Sam Mitchell, American basketball player and coach

Births57 years ago

1964 - Andrea Illy, Italian businessman

Births56 years ago

1964 - Keanu Reeves, Lebanese-Canadian actor, singer, and producer

Births56 years ago

1965 - Lennox Lewis, English-Canadian boxer

Births55 years ago

1965 - Partho Sen-Gupta, Indian director and screenwriter

Births55 years ago

1966 - Dino Cazares, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer

Births54 years ago

1966 - Massimo Cuttitta, Italian rugby player and coach

Births54 years ago

1966 - Salma Hayek, Mexican-American actress, director, and producer

Births54 years ago

1966 - Olivier Panis, French race car driver

Births54 years ago

1966 - Tuc Watkins, American actor

Births54 years ago

1967 - Frank Fontsere, American drummer and songwriter

Births53 years ago

1967 - Andreas Möller, German footballer and manager

Births53 years ago

1968 - David Dinsmore, Scottish journalist

Births52 years ago

1968 - Cynthia Watros, American actress

Births52 years ago

1969 - K-Ci, American R&B singer-songwriter

Births51 years ago

1969 - Stéphane Matteau, Canadian ice hockey player

Births51 years ago

1969 - Dave Naz, American photographer and director

Births51 years ago

1971 - Kjetil André Aamodt, Norwegian skier

Births49 years ago

1971 - Pawan Kalyan, Indian actor politician

Births49 years ago

1971 - Tommy Maddox, American football player and coach

Births49 years ago

1971 - César Sánchez, Spanish footballer

Births49 years ago

1971 - Tom Steels, Belgian cyclist

Births49 years ago

1971 - Katt Williams, American comedian and actor

Births49 years ago

1972 - Robert Coles, English golfer

Births48 years ago

1973 - Matthew Dunn, Australian swimmer

Births47 years ago

1973 - Jason Blake, American ice hockey player

Births47 years ago

1973 - Indika de Saram, Sri Lankan cricketer

Births47 years ago

1973 - Sudeep, Indian actor, filmmaker and television presenter

Births47 years ago

1974 - Steven Johnson, Australian race car driver

Births46 years ago

1975 - Jill Janus, American singer (d. 2018)

Births45 years ago

1975 - MC Chris, American rapper, actor, and screenwriter

Births45 years ago

1976 - Syleena Johnson, American R&B and soul singer-songwriter and actress

Births44 years ago

1976 - Aziz Zakari, Ghanaian sprinter

Births44 years ago

1977 - Frédéric Kanouté, Malian footballer

Births43 years ago

1979 - Tomer Ben Yosef, Israeli footballer

Births41 years ago

1979 - Brian Westbrook, American football player

Births41 years ago

1980 - Dany Sabourin, Canadian ice hockey player

Births40 years ago

1980 - Danny Shittu, Nigerian footballer

Births40 years ago

1980 - Hiroki Yoshimoto, Japanese race car driver

Births40 years ago

1981 - Fariborz Kamkari, Iranian director, producer, and screenwriter

Births39 years ago

1981 - Jennifer Hopkins, American tennis player

Births39 years ago

1981 - Chris Tremlett, English cricketer

Births39 years ago

1982 - Joey Barton, English footballer

Births38 years ago

1982 - Jason Hammel, American baseball player

Births38 years ago

1982 - Mark Phillips, English footballer

Births38 years ago

1983 - Rich Boy, American rapper and producer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Mark Foster, English rugby player

Births37 years ago

1984 - Jack Peñate, English singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births36 years ago

1985 - Keith Galloway, Australian rugby league player

Births35 years ago

1986 - Gélson Fernandes, Swiss footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Kyle Hines, American basketball player

Births34 years ago

1987 - Scott Moir, Canadian ice dancer

Births33 years ago

1988 - Ibrahim Šehić, Bosnian footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Keisuke Kato, Japanese actor and singer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Javi Martínez, Spanish footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Ishant Sharma, Indian cricketer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Ishmeet Singh, Indian singer (d. 2008)

Births32 years ago

1989 - Marcus Morris, American basketball player

Births31 years ago

1989 - Zedd, Russian-German record producer, DJ, multi-instrumentalist and songwriter

Births31 years ago

1989 - Markieff Morris, American basketball player

Births31 years ago

1989 - Alexandre Pato, Brazilian footballer

Births31 years ago

1990 - Marcus Ericsson, Swedish race car driver

Births30 years ago

1990 - Shayla Worley, American gymnast

Births30 years ago

1991 - Gyasi Zardes, American footballer

Births29 years ago

1992 - Xenia Knoll, Swiss tennis player

Births28 years ago

1992 - Nenad Lukić, Serbian footballer

Births28 years ago

1992 - Alberto Masi, Italian footballer

Births28 years ago

1993 - Tom Anderson, English footballer

Births27 years ago

1993 - Robert Rooba, Estonian ice hockey player

Births27 years ago

1994 - Kishen Velani, English cricketer

Births26 years ago

1995 - İbrahim Demir, Turkish footballer

Births25 years ago

1995 - Deimantas Petravičius, Lithuanian footballer

Births25 years ago

1995 - Kian Lawley, American internet celebrity and actor

Births25 years ago

1996 - Lilla Barzó, Hungarian tennis player

Births24 years ago

1998 - Austin Cindric, American race car driver

Births22 years ago

Deaths

421 - Constantius III, Roman emperor

Deaths

459 - Simeon Stylites, Byzantine saint (b. 390)

Deaths
Deaths989 years ago

1083 - King Munjong of Goryeo (b. 1019)

Deaths937 years ago

1274 - Prince Munetaka, Japanese shōgun (b. 1242)

Deaths746 years ago

1397 - Francesco Landini, Italian composer

Deaths623 years ago

1540 - Dawit II of Ethiopia (b. 1501)

Deaths480 years ago

1606 - Karel van Mander, Dutch painter and poet (b. 1548)

Deaths414 years ago

1651 - Kosem Sultan, Ottoman Valide Sultan and regent (b.1589)

Deaths369 years ago

1680 - Per Brahe the Younger, Swedish soldier and politician, Lord High Steward of Sweden (b. 1602)

Deaths340 years ago

1688 - Sir Robert Vyner, 1st Baronet, English businessman and politician, Lord Mayor of London (b. 1631)

Deaths332 years ago

1690 - Philip William, Elector Palatine, German Count Palatine of Neuburg (b. 1615)

Deaths330 years ago

1764 - Nathaniel Bliss, English astronomer and mathematician (b. 1700)

Deaths256 years ago

1765 - Henry Bouquet, Swiss-English colonel (b. 1719)

Deaths255 years ago

1768 - Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1703)

Deaths252 years ago

1790 - Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian and theologian (b. 1701)

Deaths230 years ago

1813 - Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (b. 1763)

Deaths207 years ago

1820 - Jiaqing Emperor of China (b. 1760)

Deaths200 years ago

1832 - Franz Xaver von Zach, Hungarian-French astronomer and academic (b. 1754)

Deaths188 years ago

1834 - Thomas Telford, Scottish engineer and architect, designed the Menai Suspension Bridge (b. 1757)

Deaths186 years ago

1865 - William Rowan Hamilton, Irish physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (b. 1805)

Deaths155 years ago

1872 - N. F. S. Grundtvig, Danish pastor, philosopher, and author (b. 1783)

Deaths148 years ago

1877 - Constantine Kanaris, Greek admiral and politician, 16th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1793)

Deaths143 years ago

1885 - Giuseppe Bonavia, Maltese architect (b. 1821)

Deaths135 years ago
Deaths122 years ago

1910 - Henri Rousseau, French painter (b. 1844)

Deaths110 years ago

1918 - John Forrest, Australian politician, 1st Premier of Western Australia (b. 1847)

Deaths102 years ago

1921 - Henry Austin Dobson, English poet and critic (b. 1840)

Deaths99 years ago

1922 - Henry Lawson, Australian poet and author (b. 1867)

Deaths98 years ago

1927 - Umegatani Tōtarō II, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 20th Yokozuna (b. 1878)

Deaths93 years ago

1934 - James Allan, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1860)

Deaths86 years ago

1934 - Russ Columbo, American singer, violinist, and actor (b. 1908)

Deaths86 years ago

1934 - Alcide Nunez, American clarinet player (Original Dixieland Jass Band) (b. 1884)

Deaths86 years ago

1937 - Pierre de Coubertin, French historian and educator, founded the International Olympic Committee (b. 1863)

Deaths83 years ago

1941 - Lloyd Seay, American race car driver (b. 1919)

Deaths79 years ago

1942 - James Juvenal, American rower (b. 1874)

Deaths78 years ago

1943 - Marsden Hartley, American painter and poet (b. 1877)

Deaths77 years ago

1944 - Bella Rosenfeld, Russian-American model and author (b. 1895)

Deaths76 years ago

1945 - Mason Phelps, American golfer (b. 1885)

Deaths75 years ago

1948 - Sylvanus Morley, American archaeologist and spy (b. 1883)

Deaths72 years ago

1953 - Hendrik Offerhaus, Dutch rower (b. 1875)

Deaths67 years ago

1953 - Jonathan M. Wainwright, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1883)

Deaths67 years ago

1954 - Franz Leopold Neumann, German lawyer and political scientist (b. 1900)

Deaths66 years ago

1962 - William Wilkerson, American publisher and businessman (b. 1890)

Deaths58 years ago

1964 - Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist and scholar (b. 1900)

Deaths56 years ago

1964 - Alvin C. York, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1887)

Deaths56 years ago

1965 - Johannes Bobrowski, German poet and author (b. 1917)

Deaths55 years ago

1969 - Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese politician, 1st President of Vietnam (b. 1890)

Deaths51 years ago

1971 - Robert Mensah, Ghanaian footballer (b. 1939)

Deaths49 years ago

1973 - Carl Dudley, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1910)

Deaths47 years ago

1973 - J. R. R. Tolkien, English novelist, short story writer, poet, and philologist (b. 1892)

Deaths47 years ago

1975 - Mabel Vernon, American activist (b. 1883)

Deaths45 years ago

1976 - Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet and playwright (b. 1934)

Deaths44 years ago

1977 - Stephen Dunne, American actor (b. 1918)

Deaths43 years ago

1978 - Fred G. Meyer, American businessman, founded Fred Meyer (b. 1886)

Deaths42 years ago

1979 - Otto P. Weyland, American general (b. 1903)

Deaths41 years ago

1983 - Feri Cansel, Turkish-Cypriot actress (b. 1944)

Deaths37 years ago

1984 - Manos Katrakis, Greek actor (b. 1908)

Deaths36 years ago

1985 - M. Alalasundaram, Sri Lankan Tamil teacher and politician

Deaths35 years ago

1985 - Abe Lenstra, Dutch footballer (b. 1920)

Deaths35 years ago

1985 - V. Dharmalingam, Sri Lankan Tamil politician (b. 1918)

Deaths35 years ago

1985 - Jay Youngblood, American wrestler (b. 1955)

Deaths35 years ago

1987 - Brian Clay, Australian rugby league player (b. 1935)

Deaths33 years ago

1990 - Robert Holmes à Court, South African-Australian businessman and lawyer (b. 1937)

Deaths30 years ago

1991 - Alfonso García Robles, Mexican politician and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)

Deaths29 years ago

1992 - Barbara McClintock, American geneticist and botanist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)

Deaths28 years ago

1996 - Paddy Clift, Zimbabwean cricketer (b. 1953)

Deaths24 years ago

1997 - Rudolf Bing, Austrian-American manager (b. 1902)

Deaths23 years ago

1997 - Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (b. 1905)

Deaths23 years ago

1998 - Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1933)

Deaths22 years ago

1998 - Allen Drury, American journalist and author (b. 1918)

Deaths22 years ago

2000 - Elvera Sanchez, American dancer (b. 1905)

Deaths20 years ago

2000 - Curt Siodmak, German-American author and screenwriter (b. 1907)

Deaths20 years ago

2001 - Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon and academic (b. 1922)

Deaths19 years ago

2001 - Troy Donahue, American actor (b. 1936)

Deaths19 years ago

2002 - Dick Reynolds, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1915)

Deaths18 years ago

2004 - Joan Oró, Catalan biochemist and academic (b. 1923)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - Bob Denver, American actor (b. 1935)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Bob Mathias, American decathlete and politician (b. 1930)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 - Willi Ninja, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1961)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 - Dewey Redman, American saxophonist (b. 1931)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Franz-Benno Delonge, German game designer, created TransAmerica (b. 1957)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Max McNab, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1924)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Bill Melendez, Mexican-American animator, director, producer, and voice actor (b. 1916)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Alan Waddell, Australian walker

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, Indian politician, 14th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (b. 1949)

Deaths11 years ago

2011 - Roberto Bruce, Chilean journalist (b. 1979)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Felipe Camiroaga, Chilean television presenter (b. 1966)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Mark Abrahamian, American guitarist (b. 1966)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Jack Boucher, American photographer and director (b. 1931)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - John C. Marshall, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1941)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Emmanuel Nunes, Portuguese-French composer and educator (b. 1941)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Valérie Benguigui, French actress and director (b. 1965)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Terry Clawson, English rugby player and coach (b. 1940)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Ronald Coase, English-American economist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - David Jacobs, English radio and television host (b. 1926)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Frederik Pohl, American author and publisher (b. 1919)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Paul Scoon, Grenadian politician, 2nd Governor-General of Grenada (b. 1935)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Peter Carter, Nigerian-English diplomat, British Ambassador to Estonia (b. 1956)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - F. Emmett Fitzpatrick, American lawyer and politician, 20th District Attorney of Philadelphia (b. 1930)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Norman Gordon, South African cricketer (b. 1911)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Helena Rakoczy, Polish gymnast (b. 1921)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Goolam Essaji Vahanvati, Indian lawyer and politician, 13th Attorney General of India (b. 1949)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Ephraim Engleman, American rheumatologist, author, and academic (b. 1911)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Islam Karimov, Uzbek politician, 1st President of Uzbekistan (b. 1938)

Deaths4 years ago

2018 - Conway Savage, Australian musician Nick Cave and The Bad Seeds (b. 1960)

Deaths2 years ago

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