Day of National Music (Azerbaijan)
Island Language Day (Okinawa Prefecture, Japan)
National Day or Dieciocho (Chile)
National HIV/AIDS and Aging Awareness Day (United States)
Navy Day (Croatia)
World Water Monitoring Day
AD 96 - Nerva is proclaimed Roman emperor after Domitian is assassinated.
324 - Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine's sole control over the Roman Empire.
1048 - Battle of Kapetron between a combined Byzantine-Georgian army and a Seljuq army.
1066 - Norwegian king Harald Hardrada lands with Tostig Godwinson at the mouth of the Humber River and begins his invasion of England.
1180 - Philip Augustus becomes king of France.
1454 - Thirteen Years' War: In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic knights.
1618 - The twelfth baktun in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar begins.
1714 - George I arrives in Great Britain after becoming king on August 1.
1739 - The Treaty of Belgrade is signed, whereby Austria cedes lands south of the Sava and Danube rivers to the Ottoman Empire.
1759 - French and Indian War: The Articles of Capitulation of Quebec are signed.
1793 - The first cornerstone of the United States Capitol is laid by George Washington.
1809 - The Royal Opera House in London opens.
1810 - First Government Junta in Chile. Though supposed to rule only during the Peninsular War in Spain, it is in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and is commemorated as such.
1812 - The 1812 Fire of Moscow dies down after destroying more than three-quarters of the city. Napoleon returns from the Petrovsky Palace to the Moscow Kremlin, spared from the fire.
1837 - Tiffany & Co. (first named Tiffany & Young) is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City. The store is called a "stationery and fancy goods emporium".
1838 - The Anti-Corn Law League is established by Richard Cobden.
1850 - The U.S. Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
1851 - First publication of The New-York Daily Times, which later becomes The New York Times.
1862 - The Confederate States celebrate for the first and only time a Thanksgiving Day.
1864 - American Civil War: John Bell Hood begins the Franklin–Nashville Campaign in an unsuccessful attempt to draw William Tecumseh Sherman back out of Georgia.
1870 - Old Faithful Geyser is observed and named by Henry D. Washburn.
1872 - King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden–Norway.
1873 - The bank Jay Cooke & Company declares bankruptcy, contributing to the Panic of 1873.
1879 - The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time.
1882 - The Pacific Stock Exchange opens.
1895 - The Atlanta Exposition Speech on race relations is delivered by Booker T. Washington.
1898 - The Fashoda Incident triggers the last war scare between Britain and France.
1906 - The 1906 Hong Kong typhoon kills an estimated 10,000 people.
1911 - Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin is shot at the Kiev Opera House.
1914 - The Irish Home Rule Act becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.
1919 - The Netherlands gives women the right to vote.
1919 - Fritz Pollard becomes the first African American to play professional football for a major team, the Akron Pros.
1922 - The Kingdom of Hungary is admitted to the League of Nations.
1927 - The Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air.
1928 - Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro crossing of the English Channel.
1931 - The Mukden Incident gives Japan a pretext to invade and occupy Manchuria.
1934 - The Soviet Union is admitted to the League of Nations.
1939 - World War II: The Polish government of Ignacy Mościcki flees to Romania.
1939 - World War II: The radio show Germany Calling begins transmitting Nazi propaganda.
1940 - World War II: The British liner SS City of Benares is sunk by German submarine U-48; those killed include 77 child refugees.
1943 - World War II: Adolf Hitler orders the deportation of Danish Jews.
1944 - World War II: The British submarine HMS Tradewind torpedoes Jun'yō Maru, killing 5,600, mostly slave labourers and POWs.
1945 - General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.
1947 - The National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency are established in the United States by the National Security Act. It also establishes the Air Force as an equal partner of the Army and Navy.
1948 - Operation Polo is terminated after the Indian Army accepts the surrender of the army of Hyderabad.
1948 - Margaret Chase Smith of Maine becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate without completing another senator's term.
1959 - Vanguard 3 is launched into Earth orbit.
1960 - Fidel Castro arrives in New York City as the head of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations.
1961 - U.N. Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld dies in an air crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
1961 - CONCACAF is established as the governing body for association football in North America, Central America and the Caribbean.
1962 - Burundi, Jamaica, Rwanda and Trinidad and Tobago are admitted to the United Nations.
1973 - The Bahamas, East Germany and West Germany are admitted to the United Nations.
1974 - Hurricane Fifi strikes Honduras with 110 mph winds, killing 5,000 people.
1977 - Voyager I takes the first distant photograph of the Earth and the Moon together.
1980 - Soyuz 38 carries two cosmonauts (including one Cuban) to the Salyut 6 space station.
1981 - The Assemblée Nationale votes to abolish capital punishment in France.
1982 - The Sabra and Shatila massacre in Lebanon comes to an end.
1984 - Joe Kittinger completes the first solo balloon crossing of the Atlantic.
1988 - The 8888 Uprising in Myanmar comes to an end.
1990 - Liechtenstein becomes a member of the United Nations.
1992 - An explosion rocks Giant Mine at the height of a labor dispute, killing nine replacement workers in Yellowknife, Canada.
1997 - United States media magnate Ted Turner donates US$1 billion to the United Nations.
1997 - The Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention is adopted.
2001 - First mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
2007 - Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some call the Saffron Revolution.
2011 - The 2011 Sikkim earthquake is felt across northeastern India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and southern Tibet.
2012 - Greater Manchester Police officers PC Nicola Hughes and PC Fiona Bone are murdered in a gun and grenade ambush attack in Greater Manchester, England.
2014 - Scotland votes against independence from the United Kingdom, by 55% to 45%.
2015 - Two security personnel, 17 worshippers in a mosque, and 13 militants are killed during a Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan attack on a Pakistan Air Force base on the outskirts of Peshawar.
2016 - The 2016 Uri attack in Jammu and Kashmir, India by terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed results in the deaths of nineteen Indian Army soldiers and all four attackers.
AD 53 - Trajan, Roman emperor (d. 117)
524 - Kan B'alam I, ruler of Palenque (d. 583)
1091 - Andronikos Komnenos, Byzantine prince and general (d. 1130/31)
1344 - Marie of France, Duchess of Bar (d. 1404)
1434 - Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress (d. 1467)
1501 - Henry Stafford, 1st Baron Stafford (d. 1563)
1554 - Haydar Mirza Safavi, Safavid prince (d. 1576)
1587 - Francesca Caccini, Italian singer-songwriter and lute player (d. 1640)
1606 - Zhang Xianzhong, Chinese rebel leader (d. 1647)
1643 - Gilbert Burnet, Scottish bishop, historian, and theologian (d. 1715)
1676 - Eberhard Louis, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1733)
1684 - Johann Gottfried Walther, German organist and composer (d. 1748)
1709 - Samuel Johnson, English lexicographer and poet (d. 1784)
1711 - Ignaz Holzbauer, Austrian composer and educator (d. 1783)
1733 - George Read, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Delaware (d. 1798)
1750 - Tomás de Iriarte y Oropesa, Spanish poet and playwright (d. 1791)
1752 - Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1833)
1765 - Pope Gregory XVI (d. 1846)
1779 - Joseph Story, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1845)
1786 - Christian VIII of Denmark (d. 1848)
1786 - Justinus Kerner, German poet and author (d. 1862)
1812 - Herschel Vespasian Johnson, American lawyer and politician, 41st Governor of Georgia (d. 1880)
1819 - Léon Foucault, French physicist and academic (d. 1868)
1837 - Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Portuguese archbishop (d. 1880)
1838 - Anton Mauve, Dutch painter and educator (d. 1888)
1846 - Richard With, Norwegian captain, businessman, and politician, founded Vesteraalens Dampskibsselskab (d. 1930)
1848 - Francis Grierson, English-American pianist and composer (d. 1927)
1857 - John Hessin Clarke, American lawyer and judge (d. 1945)
1858 - Kate Booth, English Salvation Army officer (d. 1955)
1859 - John L. Bates, American lawyer and politician, 41st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)
1859 - Lincoln Loy McCandless, American businessman and politician (d. 1940)
1860 - Alberto Franchetti, Italian-American composer and educator (d. 1942)
1870 - Clark Wissler, American anthropologist, author, and educator (d. 1947)
1872 - Carl Friedberg, German-Italian pianist and educator (d. 1955)
1872 - Adolf Schmal, Austrian fencer and cyclist (d. 1919)
1875 - Tomás Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (d. 1945)
1876 - James Scullin, Australian journalist and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1953)
1878 - James O. Richardson, American admiral (d. 1974)
1883 - Gerald Tyrwhitt-Wilson, 14th Baron Berners, English composer, painter, and author (d. 1950)
1885 - Uzeyir Hajibeyov, Azerbaijani composer, conductor, and playwright (d. 1948)
1888 - Grey Owl, English-Canadian environmentalist and author (d. 1938)
1888 - Toni Wolff, Swiss psychologist and author (d. 1953)
1889 - Doris Blackburn, Australian activist and politician (d. 1970)
1889 - Leslie Morshead, Australian general, businessman, and educator (d. 1959)
1891 - Rafael Pérez y Pérez, Spanish author (d. 1984)
1893 - Arthur Benjamin, Australian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1960)
1893 - William March, American soldier and author (d. 1954)
1894 - Fay Compton, English actress (d. 1978)
1895 - Jean Batmale, French footballer and manager (d. 1973)
1895 - John Diefenbaker, Canadian lawyer and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1979)
1895 - Walter Koch, German astrologer and author (d. 1970)
1895 - Tomoji Tanabe, Japanese super-centenarian (d. 2009)
1897 - Pablo Sorozábal, Spanish composer and conductor (d. 1988)
1900 - Willis Laurence James, American violinist and educator (d. 1966)
1900 - Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, Mauritian philanthropist and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Mauritius (d. 1985)
1901 - Harold Clurman, American director and producer (d. 1980)
1904 - Bun Cook, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1988)
1904 - Jose de Rivera, American soldier and sculptor (d. 1985)
1904 - David Eccles, 1st Viscount Eccles, English businessman and politician, Secretary of State for Education (d. 1999)
1905 - Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, American actor (d. 1977)
1905 - Agnes de Mille, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1993)
1905 - Greta Garbo, Swedish-American actress (d. 1990)
1906 - Kaka Hathrasi, Indian poet and author (d. 1995)
1906 - Maurice Maillot, French actor (d. 1968)
1906 - Julio Rosales, Filipino cardinal (d. 1983)
1907 - Leon Askin, Austrian actor (d. 2005)
1907 - Edwin McMillan, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
1908 - Victor Ambartsumian, Georgian-Armenian astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic (d. 1996)
1910 - Joseph F. Enright, American captain (d. 2000)
1910 - Bernard Kangro, Estonian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1994)
1910 - Josef Tal, Israeli pianist and composer (d. 2008)
1911 - Syd Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1976)
1911 - Brinsley Le Poer Trench, 8th Earl of Clancarty, Irish ufologist and politician (d. 1995)
1912 - María de la Cruz, Chilean journalist and activist (d. 1995)
1914 - Jack Cardiff, English director, cinematographer, and photographer (d. 2009)
1916 - Frank Bell, English soldier and educator (d. 1989)
1916 - Rossano Brazzi, Italian actor (d. 1994)
1916 - John Jacob Rhodes, American lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
1917 - June Foray, American actress and voice artist (d. 2017)
1917 - Phil Taylor, English footballer and manager (d. 2012)
1917 - Francis Parker Yockey, American lawyer and philosopher (d. 1960)
1918 - Johnny Mantz, American race car driver (d. 1972)
1919 - Tommy Hunter, American fiddler (d. 1993)
1920 - Jack Warden, American actor (d. 2006)
1922 - Grayson Hall, American actress (d. 1985)
1922 - Ray Steadman-Allen, English composer (d. 2014)
1923 - Queen Anne of Romania (d. 2016)
1923 - Peter Smithson, English architect, co-designed Robin Hood Gardens (d. 2003)
1923 - Bertha Wilson, Scottish-Canadian lawyer and jurist, 60th Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada (d. 2007)
1924 - J. D. Tippit, American police officer (d. 1963)
1924 - Eloísa Mafalda, Brazilian actress (d. 2018)
1925 - Harvey Haddix, American baseball player and coach (d. 1994)
1925 - Dorothy Wedderburn, English economist and academic (d. 2012)
1926 - Bud Greenspan, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
1926 - Joe Kubert, American author and illustrator, founded The Kubert School (d. 2012)
1926 - Bob Toski, American golfer and coach
1927 - Phyllis Kirk, American actress (d. 2006)
1927 - Muriel Turner, Baroness Turner of Camden, English politician
1929 - Teddi King, American singer (d. 1977)
1929 - Nancy Littlefield, American director and producer (d. 2007)
1930 - John Tolos, Greek-Canadian wrestler (d. 2009)
1931 - Julio Grondona, Argentinian businessman (d. 2014)
1932 - Nikolay Rukavishnikov, Russian physicist and astronaut (d. 2002)
1933 - Bob Bennett, American soldier and politician (d. 2016)
1933 - Robert Blake, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1933 - Scotty Bowman, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1933 - Mark di Suvero, Italian-American sculptor
1933 - Leonid Kharitonov, Russian actor and singer
1933 - Christopher Ricks, English scholar and critic
1933 - Charles Roach, Trinidadian-Canadian lawyer and activist (d. 2012)
1933 - Jimmie Rodgers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1935 - Peter Clarke, English cartoonist (d. 2012)
1935 - John Spencer, English snooker player and sportscaster (d. 2006)
1936 - Big Tom, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2018)
1937 - Ralph Backstrom, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1937 - Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri, South African politician (d. 2009)
1938 - Billy Robinson, English-American wrestler and trainer (d. 2014)
1939 - Gerry Harvey, Australian businessman, co-founded Harvey Norman
1939 - Jorge Sampaio, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 18th President of Portugal
1939 - Fred Willard, American actor and comedian
1939 - Jan Camiel Willems, Belgian mathematician and theorist (d. 2013)
1940 - Frankie Avalon, American singer and actor
1942 - Şenes Erzik, Turkish businessman
1942 - Alex Stepney, English footballer and coach
1944 - Michael Franks, American singer-songwriter
1944 - Rocío Jurado, Spanish singer and actress (d. 2006)
1944 - Charles L. Veach, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1995)
1945 - P. F. Sloan, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2015)
1945 - John McAfee, Scottish-American computer programmer, founded McAfee
1946 - Benjamín Brea, Spanish-Venezuelan saxophonist, clarinet player, and conductor (d. 2014)
1946 - Nicholas Clay, English actor (d. 2000)
1946 - Kelvin Coe, Australian ballet dancer (d. 1992)
1946 - Meredith Oakes, Australian-English playwright, translator, and educator
1946 - Gailard Sartain, American actor
1946 - Otis Sistrunk, American football player and wrestler
1947 - Russ Abbot, English comedian, actor, and singer
1947 - Drew Gilpin Faust, American historian and academic
1947 - Giancarlo Minardi, Italian businessman, founded the Minardi Racing Team
1948 - Lynn Abbey, American computer programmer and author
1948 - Christopher Skase, Australian businessman (d. 2001)
1949 - Kerry Livgren, American guitarist and songwriter
1949 - Jim McCrery, American lawyer and politician
1949 - Mo Mowlam, English academic and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office (d. 2005)
1949 - Peter Shilton, English footballer and manager
1950 - Siobhan Davies, English dancer and choreographer
1950 - Vishnuvardhan, Indian actor (d. 2009)
1950 - Chris Heister, Swedish politician, Governor of Stockholm County
1950 - Darryl Sittler, Canadian ice hockey player
1950 - Anna Deavere Smith, American actress and playwright
1951 - Ben Carson, American neurosurgeon, author, and politician
1951 - Dee Dee Ramone, American singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2002)
1951 - Tony Scott, American baseball player and coach
1951 - Darryl Stingley, American football player and scout (d. 2007)
1951 - Marc Surer, Swiss racing driver and sportscaster
1952 - Giorgos Dimitrakopoulos, Greek politician
1952 - Rick Pitino, American basketball player and coach
1953 - Carl Jackson, American singer-songwriter and producer
1953 - John McGlinn, American conductor and historian (d. 2009)
1954 - Murtaza Bhutto, Pakistani politician (d. 1996)
1954 - Takao Doi, Japanese engineer and astronaut
1954 - Dennis Johnson, American basketball player and coach (d. 2007)
1954 - Steven Pinker, Canadian-American psychologist, linguist, and author
1954 - Tommy Tuberville, American football player and coach
1955 - Paul Butler, English bishop
1955 - Keith Morris, American singer-songwriter
1956 - Chris Hedges, American journalist and author
1956 - Peter Šťastný, Slovak ice hockey player and politician
1958 - John Aldridge, English-Irish footballer and manager
1958 - Winston Davis, Vincentian cricketer
1958 - Malcolm Press, English ecologist and academic
1958 - Derek Pringle, Kenyan-English cricketer and journalist
1959 - Ian Arkwright, English footballer
1959 - Mark Romanek, American director and screenwriter
1959 - Ryne Sandberg, American baseball player, coach, and manager
1960 - Stephen Flaherty, American composer
1960 - Carolyn Harris, British politician
1960 - Ian Lucas, English lawyer and politician
1960 - Blue Panther, Mexican wrestler
1961 - James Gandolfini, American actor and producer (d. 2013)
1961 - Konstantin Kakanias, Greek-American painter and illustrator
1961 - Mark Olson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1962 - Joanne Catherall, English singer
1962 - John Fashanu, English footballer and manager
1962 - John Mann, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
1962 - Aden Ridgeway, Australian public servant and politician
1962 - Boris Said, American race car driver
1963 - Jim Pocklington, English racing driver
1963 - John Powell, English-Canadian composer and conductor
1963 - Dan Povenmire, American animator
1964 - Jens Henschel, German footballer
1964 - Marco Masini, Italian singer-songwriter
1964 - Holly Robinson Peete, American actress and singer
1966 - Tom Chorske, American ice hockey player and sportscaster
1967 - Tara Fitzgerald, English actress
1968 - Toni Kukoč, Croatian basketball player
1968 - Upendra Rao, Indian actor, director, and politician
1969 - Brad Beven, Australian triathlete
1969 - Cappadonna, American rapper
1970 - Mike Compton, American football player and coach
1970 - Dan Eldon, English photographer and journalist (d. 1993)
1970 - Darren Gough, English cricketer
1970 - Aisha Tyler, American actress, television host, and author
1971 - Lance Armstrong, American cyclist and activist, founded the Lance Armstrong Foundation
1971 - Anna Netrebko, Russian-Austrian soprano and actress
1971 - Jada Pinkett Smith, American actress
1972 - Brigitte Becue, Belgian swimmer
1972 - Adam Cohen, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
1972 - David Jefferies, English motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
1972 - Iain Stewart, Scottish accountant and politician
1973 - Paul Brousseau, Canadian ice hockey player
1973 - Mário Jardel, Brazilian footballer
1973 - James Marsden, American actor
1973 - Ami Onuki, Japanese singer and voice actress
1973 - Louise Sauvage, Australian wheelchair racer
1973 - Mark Shuttleworth, South African-English businessman, founded Canonical Ltd.
1973 - Aitor Karanka, Spanish footballer and manager
1974 - Sol Campbell, English footballer and politician
1974 - Andrew Hansen, Australian comedian, singer, and screenwriter
1974 - Damon Jones, American football player and coach
1974 - Ticha Penicheiro, Portuguese basketball player
1974 - Xzibit, American rapper, actor, and television host
1975 - Kanstantsin Lukashyk, Belarusian target shooter
1975 - Jason Sudeikis, American actor and comedian
1975 - Guillermo Vargas, Costa Rican photographer and painter
1976 - Gabriel Gervais, Canadian soccer player
1976 - Ronaldo, Brazilian footballer
1977 - Kieran West, English rower
1978 - Iain Lees-Galloway, New Zealand politician
1978 - Ryan Lowe, English footballer
1978 - Augustine Simo, Cameroonian footballer
1979 - Daniel Aranzubia, Spanish footballer
1979 - Robert Pruett, American criminal
1980 - Mickey Higham, English rugby league player
1980 - Avi Strool, Israeli footballer
1980 - Chris Tarrant, Australian footballer
1980 - Petri Virtanen, Finnish basketball player
1981 - Lucy Aharish, Israeli journalist and actress
1981 - Sebastián Decoud, Argentinian tennis player
1981 - Jennifer Tisdale, American actress and singer
1981 - Kristaps Valters, Latvian basketball player
1981 - Han Ye-seul, South Korean actress
1982 - Alessandro Cibocchi, Italian footballer
1982 - Arvydas Eitutavičius, Lithuanian basketball player
1982 - Leono, Mexican wrestler
1982 - Alfredo Talavera, Mexican footballer
1983 - Kevin Doyle, Irish footballer
1983 - Giulio Scandella, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 - Dashon Goldson, American football player
1984 - Anthony Gonzalez, American football player
1984 - Dizzee Rascal, British hip hop musician
1985 - Tarah Gieger, Puerto Rican-American motocross racer
1989 - Serge Ibaka, Congolese-Spanish basketball player
1990 - Lewis Holtby, German footballer
1992 - Edrick Lee, Australian rugby league player
1995 - Max Meyer, German footballer
1995 - Matt Targett, English footballer
1998 - Christian Pulisic, American soccer player
96 - Domitian, Roman emperor (b. AD 51)
411 - Constantine III, Roman usurper
869 - Wenilo, Frankish archbishop
887 - Pietro I Candiano, doge of Venice (b. 842)
893 - Zhang Xiong, Chinese warlord
958 - Liu Sheng, Chinese emperor (b. 920)
1137 - Eric II, king of Denmark
1180 - Louis VII, king of France (b. 1120)
1261 - Konrad von Hochstaden, archbishop of Cologne
1302 - Eudokia Palaiologina, empress of Trebizond (b. c. 1265)
1345 - Andrew, Duke of Calabria (b. 1327)
1361 - Louis V, duke of Bavaria (b. 1315)
1385 - Balša II, ruler of Zeta
1443 - Lewis of Luxembourg, archbishop of Rouen
1598 - Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japanese daimyō (b. 1536)
1630 - Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal (b. 1552)
1675 - Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1604)
1721 - Matthew Prior, English poet, politician, and diplomat, British Ambassador to France (b. 1664)
1722 - André Dacier, French scholar and academic (b. 1651)
1783 - Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1707)
1783 - Benjamin Kennicott, English theologian and scholar (b. 1718)
1792 - August Gottlieb Spangenberg, German bishop and theologian (b. 1704)
1812 - Safranbolulu Izzet Mehmet Pasha, Ottoman politician, 186th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1743)
1830 - William Hazlitt, English philosopher, painter, and critic (b. 1778)
1857 - Karol Kurpiński, Polish composer and conductor (b. 1785)
1860 - Joseph Locke, English engineer and politician (b. 1805)
1872 - Charles XV of Sweden (b. 1826)
1890 - Dion Boucicault, Irish-American actor and playwright (b. 1820)
1896 - Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist and academic (b. 1819)
1905 - George MacDonald, Scottish minister, author, and poet (b. 1824)
1909 - Grigore Tocilescu, Romanian archaeologist and historian (b. 1850)
1911 - Pyotr Stolypin, Russian lawyer and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (b. 1862)
1915 - Susan La Flesche Picotte, doctor, teacher, and social reformer, first Native American to earn a medical degree
1924 - F. H. Bradley, English philosopher and author (b. 1846)
1939 - Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish author, painter, and photographer (b. 1885)
1941 - Fred Karno, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1866)
1944 - Robert G. Cole, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1915)
1949 - Frank Morgan, American actor (b. 1890)
1951 - Gelett Burgess, American author and poet (b. 1866)
1952 - Frances Alda, New Zealand-Australian soprano and actress (b. 1879)
1953 - Charles de Tornaco, Belgian racing driver (b. 1927)
1956 - Adélard Godbout, Canadian agronomist and politician, 15th Premier of Quebec (b. 1892)
1958 - Olaf Gulbransson, Norwegian painter and illustrator (b. 1873)
1959 - Benjamin Péret, French poet and journalist (b. 1899)
1961 - Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish economist and diplomat, 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
1962 - Therese Neumann, German mystic (b. 1898)
1964 - Clive Bell, English philosopher and critic (b. 1881)
1964 - Seán O'Casey, Irish dramatist and memoirist (b. 1880)
1967 - John Cockcroft, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
1968 - Franchot Tone, American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1905)
1970 - Jimi Hendrix, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1942)
1974 - Amanat Ali Khan, Pakistani classical singer (b. 1922)
1975 - Fairfield Porter, American painter and critic (b. 1907)
1977 - Paul Bernays, English-Swiss mathematician and philosopher (b. 1888)
1980 - Katherine Anne Porter, American short story writer, novelist, and essayist (b. 1890)
1987 - Américo Tomás, Portuguese admiral and politician, 14th President of Portugal (b. 1894)
1988 - Alan Watt, Australian public servant and diplomat, Australian Ambassador to Japan (b. 1901)
1992 - Mohammad Hidayatullah, Indian lawyer, judge, and politician, 6th Vice President of India (b. 1905)
1997 - Jimmy Witherspoon, American singer (b. 1920)
1998 - Charlie Foxx, American singer and guitarist (Inez and Charlie Foxx) (b. 1939)
2001 - Ernie Coombs, American-Canadian television host (b. 1927)
2002 - Bob Hayes, American sprinter and football player (b. 1942)
2002 - Mauro Ramos, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1930)
2002 - Margita Stefanović, Serbian keyboard player (b. 1959)
2003 - Emil Fackenheim, German rabbi and philosopher (b. 1916)
2003 - Bob Mitchell, English educator and politician (b. 1927)
2004 - Norman Cantor, Canadian-American historian and educator (b. 1929)
2004 - Russ Meyer, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
2005 - Michael Park, English racing driver (b. 1966)
2005 - Clint C. Wilson, Sr., American cartoonist (b. 1914)
2006 - Edward J. King, American football player, lawyer, and politician, 66th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1925)
2007 - Pepsi Tate, Welsh bass player and producer (b. 1965)
2008 - Leo de Berardinis, Italian actor and director (b. 1940)
2008 - Mauricio Kagel, Argentinian-German composer and educator (b. 1931)
2008 - Ron Lancaster, American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1938)
2012 - Santiago Carrillo, Spanish theorist and politician (b. 1915)
2012 - Haim Hefer, Polish-Israeli songwriter and poet (b. 1925)
2012 - Jack Kralick, American baseball player (b. 1935)
2012 - Steve Sabol, American director and producer, co-founded NFL Films (b. 1942)
2013 - Veliyam Bharghavan, Indian politician (b. 1928)
2013 - Lindsay Cooper, English bassoon player and composer (b. 1951)
2013 - Arthur Lamothe, French-Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
2013 - Ken Norton, American boxer (b. 1943)
2013 - Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-German author and critic (b. 1920)
2013 - Richard C. Sarafian, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
2014 - Milan Marcetta, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1936)
2014 - Earl Ross, Canadian racing driver (b. 1941)
2014 - Hirofumi Uzawa, Japanese economist and academic (b. 1928)
2014 - Kenny Wheeler, Canadian-English trumpet player and composer (b. 1930)
2015 - Eduardo Bonvallet, Chilean footballer and manager (b. 1955)
2015 - James R. Houck, American astrophysicist and academic (b. 1940)
2015 - Mario Benjamín Menéndez, Argentinian general and politician (b. 1930)
2015 - Marcin Wrona, Polish director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1973)
2017 - Afzal Ahsan Randhawa, Pakistani writer, poet, translator and playwright (b. 1937)
Constantius (Theban Legion)
Edward Bouverie Pusey (Episcopal Church)
Joseph of Cupertino
Methodius of Olympus
September 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)