1898 - The steam ship SS Mohegan sinks near the Lizard peninsula, Cornwall, killing 106.
1908 - The Chicago Cubs defeat the Detroit Tigers, 2–0, clinching the 1908 World Series; this would be their last until winning the 2016 World Series.
1910 - English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his aircraft on Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, D.C.
1912 - Former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot and mildly wounded by John Flammang Schrank. With the fresh wound in his chest, and the bullet still within it, Roosevelt delivers his scheduled speech.
1964 - The Soviet Presidium and the Communist Party Central Committee each vote to accept Nikita Khrushchev's "voluntary" request to retire from his offices.
1966 - The city of Montreal begins the operation of its underground Montreal Metro rapid transit system.
1968 - The first live TV broadcast by American astronauts in orbit is performed by the Apollo 7 crew.
1968 - The 6.5 MwMeckering earthquake shook the southwest portion of Western Australia with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), causing $2.2 million in damage and leaving 20–28 people injured.
1968 - Jim Hines becomes the first man ever to break the so-called "ten-second barrier" in the 100-meter sprint with a time of 9.95 seconds.
1973 - In the Thammasat student uprising, over 100,000 people protest in Thailand against the military government. Seventy-seven are killed and 857 are injured by soldiers.
1977 - Anita Bryant gets a pie thrown in her face at a news conference in Des Moines by gay rights activist Tom Higgins for her anti-LGBT commentary.