Holidays and observances

All Saints' Day, a holy day of obligation in some areas (a national holiday in many historically Catholic countries), and its related observance:Day of the Innocents, The first day of Day of the Dead or El Dia de los Muertos celebration. (Mexico, Haiti)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Earliest day on which Arbor Day can fall, while 7 November is the latest; celebrated on the first Friday in November. (Samoa)

Holidays and observances

Earliest day on which Children's Day can fall, while 7 November is the latest; celebrated on the first Saturday in November. (South Africa)

Holidays and observances

Earliest day on which Health Day can fall, while 7 November is the latest; celebrated on the first Saturday in November. (Turkmenistan)

Holidays and observances

Earliest day on which National Bison Day can fall, while 7 November is the latest; celebrated on the first Saturday in November. (United States)

Holidays and observances

Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Antigua and Barbuda from the United Kingdom in 1981.

Holidays and observances

Chhattisgarh Foundation Day (Chhattisgarh, India)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Madhya Pradesh Foundation Day (Madhya Pradesh, India)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

The first day of winter observances:Calan Gaeaf, celebrations start at sunset of October 31. (Wales)

Holidays and observances

The first day of winter observances:Samhain in the Northern Hemisphere and Beltane in the Southern Hemisphere, celebrations start at sunset of October 31 (Neopagan Wheel of the Year)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Events

365 - The Alemanni cross the Rhine and invade Gaul. Emperor Valentinian I moves to Paris to command the army and defend the Gallic cities.

Events

996 - Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk, Bishop of Freising, which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi (Austria in Old High German).

Events

1009 - Berber forces led by Sulayman ibn al-Hakam defeat the Umayyad caliph Muhammad II of Córdoba in the battle of Alcolea.

Events1011 years ago

1141 - Empress Matilda's reign as 'Lady of the English' ends with Stephen of Blois regaining the title of 'King of England'.

Events879 years ago

1179 - Philip II is crowned as 'King of France'.

Events841 years ago

1214 - The port city of Sinope surrenders to the Seljuq Turks.

Events806 years ago

1348 - The anti-royalist Union of Valencia attacks the Jews of Murviedro on the pretext that they are serfs of the King of Valencia and thus "royalists".

Events672 years ago

1503 - Pope Julius II is elected.

Events517 years ago

1512 - The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.

Events508 years ago

1520 - The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first discovered and navigated by European explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the first recorded circumnavigation voyage.

Events500 years ago

1555 - French Huguenots establish the France Antarctique colony in present-day Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Events465 years ago

1570 - The All Saints' Flood devastates the Dutch coast.

Events450 years ago

1604 - William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.

Events416 years ago

1611 - Shakespeare's play The Tempest is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.

Events409 years ago

1612 - During the Time of Troubles, Polish troops are expelled from Moscow's Kitay-gorod by Russian troops under the command of Dmitry Pozharsky (22 October O.S.).

Events408 years ago

1683 - The British Crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.

Events337 years ago

1688 - William III of Orange sets out a second time from Hellevoetsluis in the Netherlands to seize the crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland from King James II of England during the Glorious Revolution.

Events332 years ago

1755 - In Portugal, Lisbon is totally devastated by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing between 60,000 and 90,000 people.

Events265 years ago

1765 - The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the Thirteen Colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.

Events255 years ago

1790 - Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster.

Events230 years ago

1800 - John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).

Events220 years ago
Events215 years ago

1814 - Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France in the Napoleonic Wars.

Events206 years ago

1848 - In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens.

Events172 years ago

1861 - American Civil War: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing General Winfield Scott.

Events159 years ago

1870 - In the United States, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast.

Events150 years ago

1884 - The Gaelic Athletic Association is set up in Hayes's Hotel in Thurles, County Tipperary.

Events136 years ago

1893 - The Battle of Bembezi took place and was the most decisive battle won by the British in the First Matabele War of 1893.

Events127 years ago

1894 - Nicholas II becomes the new (and last) Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.

Events126 years ago

1894 - Buffalo Bill, 15 of his Indians, and Annie Oakley were filmed by Thomas Edison in his Black Maria Studio in West Orange, New Jersey.

Events126 years ago

1896 - A picture showing the bare breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time.

Events124 years ago

1897 - The first Library of Congress building opens its doors to the public; the library had previously been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol.

Events123 years ago

1901 - Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity, is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, Virginia.

Events119 years ago

1911 - World's first combat aerial bombing mission takes place in Libya during the Italo-Turkish War. Second Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti of Italy drops several small bombs.

Events109 years ago

1914 - World War I: The first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific, with the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth.

Events106 years ago

1914 - World War I: The Australian Imperial Force (AIF) departed by ship in a single convoy from Albany, Western Australia bound for Egypt.

Events106 years ago

1916 - In Russia, Pavel Milyukov delivers in the State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the government of Boris Stürmer.

Events104 years ago

1918 - Malbone Street Wreck: The worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 102 deaths.

Events102 years ago

1918 - Western Ukraine separates from Austria-Hungary.

Events102 years ago

1920 - American fishing schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian fishing schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Events100 years ago

1922 - Abolition of the Ottoman sultanate: The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates.

Events98 years ago

1928 - The Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet, replaces the Arabic alphabet with the Latin alphabet.

Events92 years ago

1937 - Stalinists execute Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community.

Events83 years ago

1938 - Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed "the match of the century" in horse racing.

Events82 years ago

1941 - American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.

Events79 years ago

1942 - World War II: Matanikau Offensive begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends three days later with an American victory.

Events78 years ago

1943 - World War II: The 3rd Marine Division, United States Marines, landing on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands, secures a beachhead, leading that night to a naval clash at the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay.

Events77 years ago

1944 - World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren.

Events76 years ago

1945 - The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name Chongro.

Events75 years ago

1948 - Six thousand people die when a Chinese merchant ship explodes and sinks off southern Manchuria.

Events72 years ago
Events72 years ago
Events70 years ago

1951 - Operation Buster–Jangle: Six thousand five hundred American soldiers are exposed to 'Desert Rock' atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada. Participation is not voluntary.

Events69 years ago

1952 - Nuclear weapons testing: The United States successfully detonates Ivy Mike, the first thermonuclear device, at the Eniwetok atoll. The explosion had a yield of ten megatons TNT equivalent.

Events68 years ago
Events66 years ago

1955 - The Vietnam War begins.

Events65 years ago

1955 - The bombing of United Airlines Flight 629 occurs near Longmont, Colorado, killing all 39 passengers and five crew members aboard the Douglas DC-6B airliner.

Events65 years ago

1956 - The Indian states Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Mysore are formally created under the States Reorganisation Act; Kanyakumari district is joined to Tamil Nadu from Kerala.

Events64 years ago

1956 - Hungarian Revolution: Imre Nagy announces Hungary's neutrality and withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact. Soviet troops begin to re-enter Hungary, contrary to assurances by the Soviet government. János Kádár and Ferenc Münnich secretly defect to the Soviets.

Events64 years ago

1956 - The Springhill mining disaster in Springhill, Nova Scotia kills 39 miners; 88 are rescued.

Events64 years ago

1957 - The Mackinac Bridge, the world's longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan's upper and lower peninsulas.

Events63 years ago

1960 - While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.

Events60 years ago

1963 - The Arecibo Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens.

Events57 years ago

1963 - The 1963 South Vietnamese coup begins.

Events57 years ago

1968 - The Motion Picture Association of America's film rating system is officially introduced, originating with the ratings G, M, R, and X.

Events52 years ago

1970 - Club Cinq-Sept fire in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France kills 146 young people.

Events50 years ago

1973 - Watergate scandal: Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.

Events47 years ago

1973 - The Indian state of Mysore is renamed as Karnataka to represent all the regions within Karunadu.

Events47 years ago

1979 - In Bolivia, Colonel Alberto Natusch executes a bloody coup d'état against the constitutional government of Wálter Guevara.

Events41 years ago

1979 - Griselda Álvarez becomes the first female governor of a state of Mexico.

Events41 years ago

1981 - Antigua and Barbuda gains independence from the United Kingdom.

Events39 years ago

1982 - Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of its factory in Marysville, Ohio; a Honda Accord is the first car produced there.

Events38 years ago

1984 - After the assassination of Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India on 31 October 1984, by two of her Sikh bodyguards, anti-Sikh riots erupt.

Events36 years ago

1987 - British Rail Class 43 (HST) hits the record speed of 238 km/h for rail vehicles with on-board fuel to generate electricity for traction motors.

Events33 years ago

1993 - The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union.

Events27 years ago
Events20 years ago

2012 - A fuel tank truck crashes and explodes in the Saudi Arabian capital Riyadh, killing 26 people and injuring 135.

Events8 years ago

Births

846 - Louis the Stammerer, Frankish king (d. 879)

Births
Births681 years ago
Births669 years ago
Births601 years ago

1498 - Giovanni Ricci, Italian cardinal (d. 1574)

Births522 years ago

1499 - Rodrigo of Aragon, Italian noble (d. 1512)

Births521 years ago

1522 - Andrew Corbet, English landowner and politician (d. 1578)

Births498 years ago
Births494 years ago

1527 - William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham, English noble and politician (d. 1597)

Births493 years ago

1530 - Étienne de La Boétie, French philosopher and judge (d. 1563)

Births490 years ago

1539 - Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (d. 1596)

Births481 years ago

1550 - Henry of Saxe-Lauenburg, Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Prince-Bishop of Osnabruck and Paderborn (d. 1585)

Births470 years ago

1567 - Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish academic and diplomat (d. 1626)

Births453 years ago

1585 - Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)

Births435 years ago

1596 - Pietro da Cortona, Italian painter (d. 1669)

Births424 years ago

1607 - Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, German poet and translator (d. 1658)

Births413 years ago

1609 - Matthew Hale, Lord Chief Justice of England (d. 1676)

Births411 years ago

1611 - François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-French commander (d. 1656)

Births409 years ago

1625 - Oliver Plunkett, Irish archbishop and saint (d. 1681)

Births395 years ago

1636 - Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (d. 1711)

Births384 years ago

1643 - John Strype, English priest, historian, and author (d. 1737)

Births377 years ago

1661 - Florent Carton Dancourt, French actor and playwright (d. 1725)

Births359 years ago

1666 - James Sherard, English botanist and curator (d. 1738)

Births354 years ago

1720 - Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (d. 1791)

Births300 years ago

1727 - Ivan Shuvalov, Russian art collector and philanthropist (d. 1797)

Births293 years ago

1752 - Józef Zajączek, Polish general, politician (d. 1826)

Births268 years ago

1757 - Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor and educator (d. 1822)

Births263 years ago

1762 - Spencer Perceval, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1812)

Births258 years ago

1769 - Garlieb Merkel, German author and activist (d. 1850)

Births251 years ago
Births242 years ago
Births238 years ago

1808 - John Taylor, English-American religious leader, 3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1887)

Births212 years ago

1831 - Harry Atkinson, English-New Zealand politician, 10th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1892)

Births189 years ago

1838 - 11th Dalai Lama (d. 1856)

Births182 years ago

1839 - Ahmed Muhtar Pasha, Ottoman general and politician, 227th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1919)

Births181 years ago

1847 - Emma Albani, Canadian-English soprano and actress (d. 1930)

Births173 years ago

1847 - Hiệp Hòa, Vietnamese emperor (d. 1883)

Births173 years ago

1848 - Caroline Still Anderson, African-American physician, educator and abolitionist (d. 1919)

Births172 years ago

1849 - William Merritt Chase, American painter and educator (d. 1916)

Births171 years ago

1859 - Charles Brantley Aycock, American educator, lawyer, and politician, 50th Governor of North Carolina (d. 1912)

Births161 years ago

1862 - Johan Wagenaar, Dutch organist and composer (d. 1941)

Births158 years ago
Births156 years ago

1871 - Stephen Crane, American poet, novelist, and short story writer (d. 1900)

Births149 years ago

1872 - Louis Dewis, Belgian-French painter (d. 1946)

Births148 years ago

1877 - Roger Quilter, English composer (d. 1953)

Births143 years ago

1878 - Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter and educator (d. 1925)

Births142 years ago

1878 - Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentinian academic and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)

Births142 years ago

1880 - Sholem Asch, Polish-American author and playwright (d. 1957)

Births140 years ago

1880 - Grantland Rice, American journalist and poet (d. 1954)

Births140 years ago

1880 - Alfred Wegener, German meteorologist and geophysicist (d. 1930)

Births140 years ago

1881 - Perikles Ioannidis, Greek admiral (d. 1965)

Births139 years ago

1886 - Hermann Broch, Austrian-American author and poet (d. 1951)

Births134 years ago

1886 - Sakutarō Hagiwara, Japanese poet and critic (d. 1942)

Births134 years ago

1887 - L.S. Lowry, English painter and illustrator (d. 1976)

Births133 years ago

1888 - George Kenner, German-American painter and illustrator (d. 1971)

Births132 years ago

1888 - Michał Sopoćko, Polish cleric and academic (d. 1975)

Births132 years ago

1889 - Hannah Höch, German painter and photographer (d. 1978)

Births131 years ago

1889 - Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker, English academic and politician, Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1982)

Births131 years ago

1896 - Edmund Blunden, English author, poet, and critic (d. 1974)

Births124 years ago

1898 - Arthur Legat, Belgian race car driver (d. 1960)

Births122 years ago

1898 - Sippie Wallace, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1986)

Births122 years ago

1902 - Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian journalist, author, poet, and playwright (d. 1943)

Births118 years ago

1902 - Eugen Jochum, German conductor (d. 1987)

Births118 years ago

1903 - Max Adrian, Irish-born British actor (d. 1973)

Births117 years ago

1903 - Edward Greeves, Jr., Australian footballer (d. 1963)

Births117 years ago

1904 - Laura LaPlante, American silent film actress (d. 1996)

Births116 years ago

1905 - Paul-Émile Borduas, Canadian-French painter and educator (d. 1960)

Births115 years ago

1906 - Johnny Indrisano, American boxer (d. 1968)

Births114 years ago

1907 - Maxie Rosenbloom, American boxer (d. 1976)

Births113 years ago

1909 - Hans Mork, South African-Australian rugby league player (d. 1960)

Births111 years ago

1911 - Mingun Sayadaw, Burmese monk and scholar (d. 1993)

Births109 years ago

1911 - Henri Troyat, French historian and author (d. 2007)

Births109 years ago

1912 - Gunther Plaut, German-Canadian rabbi and author (d. 2012)

Births108 years ago

1914 - Moshe Teitelbaum, Romanian-American rabbi (d. 2006)

Births106 years ago

1915 - Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, American painter, poet, and educator, co-founded the DuSable Museum of African American History (d. 2010)

Births105 years ago

1917 - Zenna Henderson, American author (d.1983)

Births103 years ago

1917 - Clarence E. Miller, American engineer and politician (d. 2011)

Births103 years ago

1918 - Ken Miles, English-American race car driver (d. 1966)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Hermann Bondi, English-Austrian mathematician and cosmologist (d. 2005)

Births101 years ago

1920 - James J. Kilpatrick, American journalist and author (d. 2010)

Births100 years ago

1920 - Ted Lowe, English sportscaster (d. 2011)

Births100 years ago

1921 - John W. Peterson, American pilot and songwriter (d. 2006)

Births99 years ago

1921 - Harald Quandt, German businessman (d. 1967)

Births99 years ago

1922 - George S. Irving, American actor (d. 2016)

Births98 years ago

1923 - Victoria de los Ángeles, Spanish soprano and actress (d. 2005)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian-American author (d. 2001)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Menachem Elon, German-Israeli academic and jurist (d. 2013)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Carlos Páez Vilaró, Uruguayan painter and sculptor (d. 2014)

Births97 years ago

1924 - Süleyman Demirel, Turkish engineer and politician, 9th President of Turkey (d. 2015)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Jean-Luc Pépin, Canadian academic and politician, 19th Canadian Minister of Labour (d. 1995)

Births96 years ago

1926 - Stephen Antonakos, Greek-American sculptor (d. 2013)

Births94 years ago

1926 - Betsy Palmer, American actress and game show panelist (d. 2015)

Births94 years ago

1927 - Vic Power, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Marcel Ophüls, German documentary filmmaker

Births93 years ago

1928 - James Bradford, American weightlifter (d. 2013)

Births92 years ago

1929 - Nicholas Mavroules, American lawyer and politician (d. 2003)

Births91 years ago

1930 - A. R. Gurney, American playwright and author (d. 2017)

Births90 years ago

1930 - Russ Kemmerer, American baseball player and coach (d. 2014)

Births90 years ago

1931 - Yossef Gutfreund, Israeli wrestler and coach (d. 1972)

Births89 years ago

1931 - Shunsuke Kikuchi, Japanese composer

Births89 years ago

1931 - Arne Pedersen, Norwegian footballer and manager (d. 2013)

Births89 years ago

1932 - Al Arbour, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)

Births88 years ago

1932 - Francis Arinze, Nigerian cardinal

Births88 years ago

1933 - Antoine Kohn, Luxembourgian footballer and manager (d. 2012)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-Italian businessman and politician (d. 2004)

Births86 years ago

1934 - Gillian Knight, English soprano and actress

Births86 years ago

1934 - William Mathias, Welsh pianist and composer (d. 1992)

Births86 years ago

1935 - Gary Player, South African golfer and sportscaster

Births85 years ago

1935 - Edward Said, Palestinian-American theorist, author, and academic (d. 2003)

Births85 years ago

1936 - Katsuhisa Hattori, Japanese composer and conductor

Births84 years ago

1936 - Shizuka Kamei, Japanese lawyer and politician

Births84 years ago

1937 - Bill Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter

Births83 years ago

1938 - Nicholasa Mohr, Puerto Rican American Nuyorican writer

Births82 years ago

1940 - Roger Kellaway, American pianist and composer

Births80 years ago

1940 - Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Indian lawyer and jurist, 35th Chief Justice of India

Births80 years ago

1940 - Bruce Grocott, Baron Grocott, English academic and politician

Births80 years ago

1940 - Barry Sadler, American sergeant, author, actor, and singer-songwriter (d. 1989)

Births80 years ago

1941 - Alfio Basile, Argentinian footballer and manager

Births79 years ago

1941 - Robert Foxworth, American actor and director

Births79 years ago

1941 - John Pullin, English rugby player

Births79 years ago

1942 - Larry Flynt, American publisher, founded Larry Flynt Publications

Births78 years ago

1942 - Ralph Klein, Canadian journalist and politician, 12th Premier of Alberta (d. 2013)

Births78 years ago

1942 - Marcia Wallace, American actress and comedian (d. 2013)

Births78 years ago

1943 - Salvatore Adamo, Italian-Belgian singer-songwriter

Births77 years ago

1943 - Jacques Attali, French economist and civil servant

Births77 years ago

1944 - Kinky Friedman, American singer-songwriter and author

Births76 years ago

1944 - Bobby Heenan, American wrestler, manager, and sportscaster (d. 2017)

Births76 years ago

1944 - Oscar Temaru, French-Polynesian soldier and politician, President of French Polynesia

Births76 years ago

1944 - Rafic Hariri, Lebanese businessman and politician 60th Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 2005)

Births76 years ago

1945 - Narendra Dabholkar, Indian author and activist, founded Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (d. 2013)

Births75 years ago

1945 - John Williamson, Australian singer-songwriter

Births75 years ago

1946 - Ric Grech, British rock musician (d. 1990)

Births74 years ago

1946 - Yuko Shimizu, Japanese graphic designer, created Hello Kitty

Births74 years ago

1947 - Nick Owen, English journalist

Births73 years ago

1947 - Jim Steinman, American songwriter and producer

Births73 years ago

1948 - Phil Myre, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births72 years ago

1948 - Amani Abeid Karume, Zanzibar accountant and politician, 6th President of Zanzibar

Births72 years ago

1948 - Bill Woodrow, English sculptor and academic

Births72 years ago

1949 - David Foster, Canadian singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer

Births71 years ago

1949 - Michael D. Griffin, American physicist and engineer

Births71 years ago

1949 - Belita Moreno, American actress and acting coach

Births71 years ago

1950 - Mitch Kapor, American computer programmer and businessman, founded Lotus Software and Electronic Frontier Foundation

Births70 years ago

1950 - Robert B. Laughlin, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births70 years ago

1950 - Dan Peek, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2011)

Births70 years ago

1951 - Ronald Bell, American singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and producer

Births69 years ago

1951 - Fabrice Luchini, French actor and screenwriter

Births69 years ago

1951 - Craig Serjeant, Australian cricketer and chemist

Births69 years ago

1953 - Jan Davis, American engineer and astronaut

Births67 years ago

1953 - Paul Wellings, English ecologist and academic

Births67 years ago

1955 - Beth Leavel, American actress and singer

Births65 years ago

1955 - Mike Mendoza, English radio host and politician

Births65 years ago

1957 - Lyle Lovett, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births63 years ago

1957 - Murray Pierce, New Zealand rugby player

Births63 years ago

1958 - Mark Austin, English journalist

Births62 years ago

1958 - Robert Hart, English singer-songwriter

Births62 years ago

1959 - Susanna Clarke, English author and educator

Births61 years ago

1960 - Tim Cook, American businessman and engineer, current CEO of Apple Inc.

Births60 years ago

1960 - Fernando Valenzuela, Mexican baseball player, coach, and sportscaster

Births60 years ago

1961 - Louise Boije af Gennäs, Swedish author and screenwriter

Births59 years ago

1961 - Anne Donovan, American basketball player and coach (d. 2018)

Births59 years ago

1961 - Calvin Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births59 years ago

1961 - Heng Swee Keat, Singaporean politician

Births59 years ago

1962 - Sharron Davies, English swimmer

Births58 years ago

1962 - Magne Furuholmen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births58 years ago

1962 - Anthony Kiedis, American singer-songwriter

Births58 years ago

1963 - Nita Ambani, Indian businesswoman

Births57 years ago

1963 - Mark Hughes, Welsh footballer and manager

Births57 years ago

1963 - Big Kenny, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births57 years ago

1964 - Sophie B. Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births56 years ago

1965 - Michael Daley, Australian politician

Births55 years ago

1965 - Patrik Ringborg, Swedish conductor

Births55 years ago

1966 - Willie D, American rapper and entrepreneur

Births54 years ago

1966 - Mary Hansen, Australian singer and musician (d. 2002)

Births54 years ago

1966 - Gary Howell, American businessman and politician

Births54 years ago

1966 - Jeremy Hunt, English businessman and politician, Secretary of State for Health

Births54 years ago

1967 - Tina Arena, Australian singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

Births53 years ago

1967 - Carla van de Puttelaar, Dutch photographer

Births53 years ago

1969 - Tie Domi, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster

Births51 years ago

1970 - Sherwin Campbell, Barbadian cricketer

Births50 years ago

1972 - Toni Collette, Australian actress

Births48 years ago

1972 - Paul Dickov, Scottish footballer and manager

Births48 years ago

1972 - Jenny McCarthy, American actress and model

Births48 years ago

1973 - Geoff Horsfield, English footballer and manager

Births47 years ago

1973 - Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Indian model and actress.

Births47 years ago

1974 - V. V. S. Laxman, Indian cricketer

Births46 years ago

1975 - Bo Bice, American singer and musician

Births45 years ago

1975 - Keryn Jordan, South African footballer (d. 2013)

Births45 years ago

1975 - Megan Wing, Canadian figure skater and coach

Births45 years ago

1976 - Sergei Artyukhin, Russian-Belarusian wrestler (d. 2012)

Births44 years ago

1978 - Danny Koevermans, Dutch footballer and manager

Births42 years ago

1978 - Helen Czerski, English physicist and oceanographer

Births42 years ago

1979 - Milan Dudić, Serbian footballer

Births41 years ago

1979 - Alex Prager, American photographer and director

Births41 years ago

1980 - Bilgin Defterli, Turkish footballer

Births40 years ago

1982 - Bradley Orr, English footballer

Births38 years ago

1982 - Warren Spragg, English-Italian rugby player

Births38 years ago

1983 - Matt Moulson, Canadian ice hockey player

Births37 years ago

1983 - Yuko Ogura, Japanese model and singer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Jon Wilkin, English rugby player

Births37 years ago

1984 - Miloš Krasić, Serbian footballer

Births36 years ago

1986 - Penn Badgley, American actor and television personality

Births34 years ago

1986 - Ksenija Balta, Estonian high jumper, sprinter, and heptathlete

Births34 years ago

1987 - Ileana D'Cruz, Indian film actress

Births33 years ago

1988 - Masahiro Tanaka, Japanese baseball player

Births32 years ago

1991 - Eyþór Arnarson, Icelandic skier

Births29 years ago

1991 - Reece Brown, English footballer

Births29 years ago

1991 - Jiang Yuyuan, Chinese gymnast

Births29 years ago

1994 - James Ward-Prowse, English footballer

Births26 years ago

1995 - Margarita Mamun, Russian gymnast

Births25 years ago

1996 - Lil Peep, American singer and rapper (d. 2017)

Births24 years ago

1996 - Jeongyeon, Korean singer

Births24 years ago

Deaths

934 - Beornstan of Winchester, English bishop

Deaths

970 - Boso of Merseburg, German bishop

Deaths
Deaths982 years ago

1296 - Guillaume Durand, French bishop and theologian (b. 1230)

Deaths724 years ago

1319 - Uguccione della Faggiuola, Italian condottieri (b. c. 1250)

Deaths701 years ago

1324 - John de Halton, Bishop of Carlisle

Deaths696 years ago
Deaths629 years ago
Deaths621 years ago
Deaths614 years ago

1423 - Nicholas Eudaimonoioannes, Byzantine diplomat

Deaths597 years ago

1461 - David of Trebizond (b. 1408)

Deaths559 years ago

1496 - Filippo Buonaccorsi (Filip Callimachus), Italian humanist writer (b. 1437)

Deaths524 years ago

1546 - Giulio Romano, Italian painter and architect (b. 1499)

Deaths474 years ago

1588 - Jean Daurat, French poet and scholar (b. 1508)

Deaths432 years ago

1596 - Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (b. 1539)

Deaths424 years ago

1597 - Edward Kelley, English spirit medium (b. 1555)

Deaths423 years ago

1629 - Hendrick ter Brugghen, Dutch painter (b. 1588)

Deaths391 years ago

1642 - Jean Nicolet, French-Canadian explorer (b. 1598)

Deaths378 years ago

1676 - Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch minister and theologian (b. 1589)

Deaths344 years ago

1678 - William Coddington, American judge and politician, 1st Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1601)

Deaths342 years ago
Deaths320 years ago

1814 - Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and politician, Russian Minister of Justice (b. 1744)

Deaths206 years ago

1888 - Nikolay Przhevalsky, Russian geographer and explorer (b. 1838)

Deaths132 years ago
Deaths126 years ago

1903 - Theodor Mommsen, German archaeologist, journalist, and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1817)

Deaths117 years ago

1907 - Alfred Jarry, French author and playwright (b. 1873)

Deaths113 years ago

1925 - Max Linder, French actor, director, screenwriter, producer and comedian (b. 1883)

Deaths95 years ago

1938 - Charles Weeghman, American businessman (b. 1874)

Deaths82 years ago

1942 - Hugo Distler, German organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1908)

Deaths78 years ago

1952 - Dixie Lee, American singer (b. 1911)

Deaths68 years ago

1955 - Dale Carnegie, American author and educator (b. 1888)

Deaths65 years ago

1958 - Yahya Kemal Beyatlı, Turkish poet, author, and diplomat (b. 1884)

Deaths62 years ago

1962 - Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican race car driver (b. 1942)

Deaths58 years ago

1968 - Georgios Papandreou, Greek economist and politician, 134th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1888)

Deaths52 years ago

1970 - Robert Staughton Lynd, American sociologist and academic (b. 1892)

Deaths50 years ago

1972 - Waldemar Hammenhög, Swedish author (b. 1902)

Deaths48 years ago

1972 - Robert MacArthur, Canadian-American ecologist and academic (b. 1930)

Deaths48 years ago

1972 - Ezra Pound, American poet and critic (b. 1885)

Deaths48 years ago

1982 - James Broderick, American actor and director (b. 1927)

Deaths38 years ago

1982 - King Vidor, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1894)

Deaths38 years ago

1983 - Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch-Swiss musicologist and author (b. 1887)

Deaths37 years ago

1984 - Norman Krasna, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1909)

Deaths36 years ago

1985 - Arnold Pihlak, Estonian-English footballer (b. 1902)

Deaths35 years ago

1985 - Phil Silvers, American actor and comedian (b. 1911)

Deaths35 years ago

1986 - Serge Garant, Canadian composer and conductor (b. 1929)

Deaths34 years ago

1987 - René Lévesque, Canadian journalist and politician, 23rd Premier of Quebec (b. 1922)

Deaths33 years ago

1993 - Severo Ochoa, Spanish-American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)

Deaths27 years ago

1993 - A. N. Sherwin-White, English historian and scholar (b. 1911)

Deaths27 years ago

1994 - Noah Beery, Jr., American actor (b. 1913)

Deaths26 years ago

1996 - J. R. Jayewardene, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Sri Lanka (b. 1906)

Deaths24 years ago

1999 - Theodore Hall, American physicist and spy (b. 1925)

Deaths21 years ago

1999 - Walter Payton, American football player and race car driver (b. 1954)

Deaths21 years ago

2000 - George Armstrong, English footballer and manager (b. 1944)

Deaths20 years ago

2001 - John S. Romanides, Greek priest, author, and educator (b. 1928)

Deaths19 years ago

2002 - Ekrem Akurgal, Turkish archaeologist and academic (b. 1911)

Deaths18 years ago

2004 - Mac Dre, American rapper and producer, founded Thizz Entertainment (b. 1970)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - Terry Knight, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1943)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - Skitch Henderson, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1918)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Michael Piller, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1948)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Adrienne Shelly, American actress, director, and screenwriter (b. 1966)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 - William Styron, American novelist and essayist (b. 1925)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - S. Ali Raza, Indian director and screenwriter (b. 1922)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Paul Tibbets, American general (b. 1915)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Jacques Piccard, Swiss oceanographer and engineer (b. 1922)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Shakir Stewart, American record producer (b. 1974)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Yma Sumac, Peruvian-American soprano and actress (b. 1922/1923)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Esther Hautzig, Lithuanian-American author (b. 1930)

Deaths11 years ago

2009 - Endel Laas, Estonian scientist and academic (b. 1915)

Deaths11 years ago

2009 - Robert H. Rines, American violinist and composer (b. 1922)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - Ernesto Presas, Filipino martial artist, founded Kombatan (b. 1945)

Deaths10 years ago
Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Cahit Aral, Turkish engineer and politician, Turkish Minister of Industry and Commerce (b. 1927)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Agustín García Calvo, Spanish poet, playwright, and philosopher (b. 1926)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Mitch Lucker, American singer (b. 1984)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Pascual Pérez, Dominican baseball player (b. 1957)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - John Y. McCollister, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1921)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Piet Rietveld, Dutch economist and academic (b. 1952)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Joel Barnett, Baron Barnett, English accountant and politician, Chief Secretary to the Treasury (b. 1923)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Jackie Fairweather, Australian runner and coach (b. 1967)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Abednigo Ngcobo, South African footballer (b. 1950)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Jean-Pierre Roy, Canadian-American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (b. 1920)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Wayne Static, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1965)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Thomas R. Fitzgerald, American lawyer and judge (b. 1941)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Houston McTear, American sprinter (b. 1957)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Charles Duncan Michener, American entomologist and academic (b. 1918)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Günter Schabowski, German journalist and politician (b. 1929)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Fred Thompson, American actor, lawyer, and politician (b. 1942)

Deaths5 years ago

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