Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances

Earliest day on which Day of Repentance and Prayer can fall, while November 22 is the latest; celebrated 11 days before Advent Sunday (Lutheran, Reformed (Calvinist) and United Protestant churches, Saxony, Bavaria), and its related observance:Volkstrauertag (Germany)

Holidays and observances

Icelandic Language Day or Dagur íslenskrar tungu (Iceland)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Events

534 - Justinian I, who was an Eastern Roman (Byzantine) emperor in Constantinople, approves and publishes the second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus

Events

951 - Emperor Li Jing sends a Southern Tang expeditionary force of 10,000 men under Bian Hao to conquer Chu. Li Jing removes the ruling family to his own capital in Nanjing, ending the Chu Kingdom.

Events

1272 - While travelling during the Ninth Crusade, Prince Edward becomes King of England upon Henry III of England's death, but he will not return to England for nearly two years to assume the throne.

Events748 years ago

1491 - An auto-da-fé, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.

Events529 years ago

1532 - Francisco Pizarro and his men capture Inca Emperor Atahualpa at the Battle of Cajamarca.

Events488 years ago

1776 - American Revolutionary War: British and Hessian units capture Fort Washington from the Patriots.

Events244 years ago

1776 - American Revolution: The United Provinces (Low Countries) recognize the independence of the United States.

Events244 years ago

1793 - French Revolution: Ninety dissident Roman Catholic priests are executed by drowning at Nantes.

Events227 years ago

1797 - The Prussian heir apparent, Frederick William, becomes King of Prussia as Frederick William III.

Events223 years ago

1805 - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Schöngrabern: Russian forces under Pyotr Bagration delay the pursuit by French troops under Joachim Murat.

Events215 years ago

1822 - American Old West: Missouri trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico, over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail.

Events198 years ago

1828 - Greek War of Independence: The London Protocol entails the creation of an autonomous Greek state under Ottoman suzerainty, encompassing the Morea and the Cyclades.

Events192 years ago

1849 - A Russian court sentences writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.

Events171 years ago

1852 - The English astronomer John Russell Hind discovers the asteroid 22 Kalliope.

Events168 years ago

1855 - David Livingstone becomes the first European to see the Victoria Falls in what is now Zambia-Zimbabwe.

Events165 years ago

1857 - Second relief of Lucknow: Twenty-four Victoria Crosses are awarded, the most in a single day.

Events163 years ago
Events157 years ago

1871 - The National Rifle Association receives its charter from New York State.

Events149 years ago

1885 - Canadian rebel leader of the Métis and "Father of Manitoba" Louis Riel is executed for treason.

Events135 years ago

1904 - English engineer John Ambrose Fleming receives a patent for the thermionic valve (vacuum tube).

Events116 years ago

1907 - Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory join to form Oklahoma, which is admitted as the 46th U.S. state.

Events113 years ago

1907 - Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania, sister ship of RMS Lusitania, sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England, to New York City.

Events113 years ago

1914 - The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens.

Events106 years ago

1920 - Qantas, Australia's national airline, is founded as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited.

Events100 years ago

1933 - The United States and the Soviet Union establish formal diplomatic relations.

Events87 years ago

1938 - LSD is first synthesized by Albert Hofmann from ergotamine at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel.

Events82 years ago

1940 - World War II: In response to the leveling of Coventry by the German Luftwaffe two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.

Events80 years ago

1940 - The Holocaust: In occupied Poland, the Nazis close off the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world.

Events80 years ago

1940 - New York City's "Mad Bomber" George Metesky places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.

Events80 years ago

1943 - World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.

Events77 years ago

1944 - World War II: Operation Queen, the costly Allied thrust to the Rur, is launched.

Events76 years ago

1944 - World War II: Düren, Germany, is destroyed by Allied bombers.

Events76 years ago

1945 - UNESCO is founded.

Events75 years ago

1965 - Venera program: The Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe toward Venus, which will be the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet.

Events55 years ago

1973 - Skylab program: NASA launches Skylab 4 with a crew of three astronauts from Cape Canaveral, Florida for an 84-day mission.

Events47 years ago

1973 - U.S. President Richard Nixon signs the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law, authorizing the construction of the Alaska Pipeline.

Events47 years ago

1974 - The Arecibo message is broadcast from the Arecibo Radio Telescope in Puerto Rico. It was aimed at the current location of the globular star cluster Messier 13 some 25,000 light years away. The message will reach empty space by the time it finally arrives since the cluster will have changed position.

Events46 years ago

1979 - The first line of Bucharest Metro (Line M1) is opened from Timpuri Noi to Semănătoarea in Bucharest, Romania.

Events41 years ago

1988 - The Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic declares that Estonia is "sovereign" but stops short of declaring independence.

Events32 years ago

1988 - In the first open election in more than a decade, voters in Pakistan elect populist candidate Benazir Bhutto to be Prime Minister of Pakistan.

Events32 years ago

1989 - El Salvadoran army troops kills six Jesuit priests and two others at Jose Simeon Canas University.

Events31 years ago

1990 - Pop group Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award because the duo did not sing at all on the Girl You Know It's True album. Session musicians had provided all the vocals.

Events30 years ago

1992 - The Hoxne Hoard is discovered by metal detectorist Eric Lawes in Hoxne, Suffolk.

Events28 years ago

1997 - After nearly 18 years of incarceration, the People's Republic of China releases Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident, from jail for medical reasons.

Events23 years ago

Births

42 BC - Tiberius, Roman emperor (d. 37 AD)

Births

1436 - Leonardo Loredan, Italian ruler (d. 1521)

Births584 years ago

1457 - Beatrice of Naples, Hungarian queen (d. 1508)

Births563 years ago

1466 - Francesco Cattani da Diacceto, Florentine philosopher (d. 1522)

Births554 years ago
Births537 years ago

1528 - Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre (d. 1572)

Births492 years ago

1531 - Anna d'Este, Duchess consort of Nemours (d. 1607)

Births489 years ago

1538 - Saint Turibius of Mongrovejo, Spanish Grand Inquisitioner, Archbishop of Lima (d. 1606)

Births482 years ago
Births480 years ago

1566 - Anna Juliana Gonzaga, Archduchess of Austria and nun (d. 1621)

Births454 years ago

1569 - Paul Sartorius, German organist and composer (d. 1609)

Births451 years ago

1603 - Augustyn Kordecki, Polish monk (d. 1673)

Births417 years ago

1643 - Jean Chardin, French-English jeweler and explorer (d. 1703)

Births377 years ago

1648 - Charles Duncombe, English banker and politician (d. 1711)

Births372 years ago

1715 - Girolamo Abos, Maltese-Italian composer and educator (d. 1760)

Births305 years ago

1717 - Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher (d. 1793)

Births303 years ago

1720 - Carlo Antonio Campioni, French-Italian composer (d. 1788)

Births300 years ago

1750 - Edward Law, 1st Baron Ellenborough, English lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1818)

Births270 years ago

1753 - James McHenry, Irish-American surgeon and politician (d. 1816)

Births267 years ago

1758 - Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish philologist and author (d. 1841)

Births262 years ago

1774 - Georg von Cancrin, German-Russian Minister of Finance (d. 1845)

Births246 years ago

1793 - Francis Danby, Irish painter of the Romantic era (d. 1861)

Births227 years ago

1806 - Mary Tyler Peabody Mann, American author and educator (d. 1887)

Births214 years ago

1807 - Jónas Hallgrímsson, Icelandic poet, author and naturalist (d. 1845)

Births213 years ago

1811 - John Bright, English academic and politician (d. 1889)

Births209 years ago

1836 - Kalākaua of Hawaii (d. 1891)

Births184 years ago

1839 - Louis-Honoré Fréchette, Canadian poet, author, and politician (d. 1908)

Births181 years ago

1841 - Jules Violle, French physicist and academic (d. 1923)

Births179 years ago

1847 - Edmund James Flynn, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1927)

Births173 years ago

1851 - Minnie Hauk, American-Swiss soprano and actress (d. 1929)

Births169 years ago

1856 - Jürgen Kröger, German architect (d. 1928)

Births164 years ago

1861 - Luigi Facta, Italian politician and journalist (d. 1930)

Births159 years ago

1862 - Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (d. 1944)

Births158 years ago

1873 - W. C. Handy, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1958)

Births147 years ago

1874 - Alexander Kolchak, Russian admiral and explorer (d. 1920)

Births146 years ago

1883 - Emil Breitkreutz, American runner and coach (d. 1972)

Births137 years ago

1888 - Luis Cluzeau Mortet, Uruguayan pianist and composer (d. 1957)

Births132 years ago

1889 - George S. Kaufman, American director, producer, and playwright (d. 1961)

Births131 years ago

1889 - Dietrich Kraiß, German general (d. 1944)

Births131 years ago

1890 - Elpidio Quirino, 6th President of the Philippines (d. 1956)

Births130 years ago

1892 - Guo Moruo, Chinese historian, author, and poet (d. 1978)

Births128 years ago

1892 - Tazio Nuvolari, Italian race car driver and motorcycle racer (d. 1953)

Births128 years ago

1894 - Bobby Cruickshank, American golfer (d. 1975)

Births126 years ago

1894 - Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi, Austrian philosopher and politician (d. 1972)

Births126 years ago

1895 - Paul Hindemith, German violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1963)

Births125 years ago

1896 - Joan Lindsay, Australian author and critic (d. 1984)

Births124 years ago

1896 - Oswald Mosley, English fascist leader and politician (d. 1980)

Births124 years ago

1896 - Lawrence Tibbett, American actor and singer (d. 1960)

Births124 years ago

1897 - Choudhry Rahmat Ali, Indian-Pakistani academic (d. 1951)

Births123 years ago

1899 - Mary Margaret McBride, American radio host (d. 1976)

Births121 years ago

1900 - Eliška Junková, Czechoslovakian race car driver (d. 1994)

Births120 years ago

1904 - Nnamdi Azikiwe, 1st President of Nigeria (d. 1996)

Births116 years ago

1905 - Eddie Condon, American guitarist and banjo player (d. 1973)

Births115 years ago

1907 - Burgess Meredith, American actor, singer, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1997)

Births113 years ago

1909 - Mirza Nasir Ahmad, Indian-Pakistani religious leader (d. 1982)

Births111 years ago

1912 - George O. Petrie, American actor and director (d. 1997)

Births108 years ago

1912 - W. E. D. Ross, Canadian actor, playwright, and author (d. 1995)

Births108 years ago

1913 - Ellen Albertini Dow, American actress (d. 2015)

Births107 years ago

1914 - Eddie Chapman, English spy (d. 1997)

Births106 years ago

1915 - Jean Fritz, Chinese-American author (d. 2017)

Births105 years ago

1916 - Harold Baigent, New Zealand actor and director (d. 1996)

Births104 years ago

1916 - Daws Butler, American voice actor and singer (d. 1988)

Births104 years ago

1916 - Al Lucas, Canadian-American bassist (d. 1983)

Births104 years ago

1922 - Gene Amdahl, American computer scientist, physicist, and engineer (d. 2015)

Births98 years ago

1922 - José Saramago, Portuguese novelist (d. 2010)

Births98 years ago

1924 - Sam Farber, American businessman (d. 2013)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Mel Patton, American sprinter and coach (d. 2014)

Births96 years ago

1927 - Dolo Coker, American pianist and composer (d. 1983)

Births93 years ago

1928 - Clu Gulager, American actor and director

Births92 years ago

1929 - Peter Boizot, English businessman

Births91 years ago

1930 - Chinua Achebe, Nigerian novelist, poet, and critic. (d. 2013)

Births90 years ago

1930 - Paul Foytack, American baseball player

Births90 years ago

1930 - Salvatore Riina, Italian mob boss (d. 2017)

Births90 years ago

1931 - Luciano Bottaro, Italian author and illustrator (d. 2006)

Births89 years ago

1931 - Hubert Sumlin, American singer and guitarist (d. 2011)

Births89 years ago

1933 - Garnet Mimms, American R&B singer

Births87 years ago

1935 - Elizabeth Drew, American journalist and author

Births85 years ago

1935 - Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, Iraqi-Lebanese cleric, educator, and author (d. 2010)

Births85 years ago

1935 - Magdi Yacoub, Egyptian-English surgeon and academic

Births85 years ago

1936 - John Moore, Australian businessman and politician

Births84 years ago

1937 - Alan Budd, English economist and academic

Births83 years ago

1938 - Ahmed Bouanani, Moroccan filmmaker (d. 2011)

Births82 years ago

1938 - Kang Ning-hsiang, Taiwanese politician

Births82 years ago

1938 - Walter Learning, Canadian actor

Births82 years ago

1938 - Robert Nozick, American philosopher, author, and academic (d. 2002)

Births82 years ago

1938 - Troy Seals, American singer-songwriter and guitarist.

Births82 years ago

1939 - Michael Billington, English author and critic

Births81 years ago

1940 - Donna McKechnie, American actress, singer, and dancer

Births80 years ago

1941 - Angelo Gilardino, Italian guitarist, composer, and musicologist

Births79 years ago

1941 - Gerry Marshall, English race car driver (d. 2005)

Births79 years ago

1941 - Dan Penn, American singer-songwriter and producer

Births79 years ago

1942 - Willie Carson, Scottish jockey and sportscaster

Births78 years ago

1942 - Joanna Pettet, English-Canadian actress

Births78 years ago

1944 - Oliver Braddick, English psychologist and academic

Births76 years ago

1945 - Teenie Hodges, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2014)

Births75 years ago

1945 - Lynn Hunt, American historian, author, and academic

Births75 years ago

1946 - Colin Burgess, Australian drummer and songwriter

Births74 years ago

1946 - Jo Jo White, American basketball player and coach (d. 2018)

Births74 years ago

1947 - Omar Ruiz Hernández, Cuban journalist and activist

Births73 years ago

1948 - Tihomir "Pop" Asanović, Croatian jazz-rock keyboardist and composer

Births72 years ago

1948 - Horst Bertram, German footballer and manager

Births72 years ago

1948 - Chi Coltrane, American singer-songwriter and pianist

Births72 years ago

1948 - Bonnie Greer, American-English playwright and critic

Births72 years ago

1948 - Ken James, Australian actor

Births72 years ago

1950 - Manuel Zamora, Filipino farmer and politician

Births70 years ago

1951 - Andy Dalton, New Zealand rugby player

Births69 years ago

1952 - Shigeru Miyamoto, Japanese video game designer

Births68 years ago

1953 - Griff Rhys Jones, Welsh comedian, actor, and author

Births67 years ago

1954 - Andrea Barrett, American novelist and short story writer

Births66 years ago

1954 - Dick Gross, Australian lawyer and politician

Births66 years ago

1955 - Pierre Larouche, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births65 years ago

1955 - Héctor Cúper, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager

Births65 years ago

1955 - Jun Kunimura, Japanese actor

Births65 years ago

1956 - Terry Labonte, American race car driver and businessman

Births64 years ago

1957 - Jacques Gamblin, French actor

Births63 years ago

1958 - Marg Helgenberger, American actress

Births62 years ago

1958 - Boris Krivokapić, Serbian author and academic

Births62 years ago

1959 - Glenda Bailey, English journalist

Births61 years ago

1959 - Francis M. Fesmire, American cardiologist and physician (d. 2014)

Births61 years ago

1961 - Frank Bruno, English boxer

Births59 years ago

1962 - Darwyn Cooke, Canadian writer and artist (d. 2016)

Births58 years ago

1962 - Mani, English bass player

Births58 years ago

1963 - Steve Argüelles, English drummer and producer

Births57 years ago

1963 - William Bonner, Brazilian newscaster, publicist and journalist

Births57 years ago

1963 - Zina Garrison, American tennis player

Births57 years ago

1964 - Waheed Alli, Baron Alli, English businessman and politician

Births56 years ago

1964 - Valeria Bruni Tedeschi, Italian-French actress, director, and screenwriter

Births56 years ago

1964 - Dwight Gooden, American baseball player

Births56 years ago

1964 - Diana Krall, Canadian singer-songwriter and pianist

Births56 years ago

1964 - Maeve Quinlan, American actress

Births56 years ago

1965 - Mika Aaltonen, Finnish footballer

Births55 years ago

1966 - Joey Cape, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births54 years ago

1966 - Stephen Critchlow, English actor

Births54 years ago

1966 - Dave Kushner, American guitarist

Births54 years ago

1966 - Christian Lorenz, German keyboard player

Births54 years ago

1966 - Dean McDermott, Canadian-American actor and producer

Births54 years ago

1966 - Tahir Shah, English journalist, author, and explorer

Births54 years ago

1967 - Craig Arnold, American poet and academic (d. 2009)

Births53 years ago

1967 - Lisa Bonet, American actress and director

Births53 years ago

1968 - Shobha Nagi Reddy, Indian politician (d. 2014)

Births52 years ago

1968 - Melvin Stewart, American swimmer

Births52 years ago

1970 - Logan Mader, Canadian-American guitarist and producer

Births50 years ago

1970 - Martha Plimpton, American actress

Births50 years ago

1971 - Tanja Damaske, German javelin thrower and shot putter

Births49 years ago

1971 - Mustapha Hadji, Moroccan footballer and manager

Births49 years ago

1971 - Annely Peebo, Estonian soprano and actress

Births49 years ago

1971 - Alexander Popov, Russian swimmer and coach

Births49 years ago

1971 - Waqar Younis, Pakistani cricketer and coach

Births49 years ago

1972 - Missi Pyle, American actress and singer

Births48 years ago

1973 - Christian Horner, English race car driver and manager

Births47 years ago

1973 - Brendan Laney, New Zealand-Scottish rugby player and sportscaster

Births47 years ago

1974 - Maurizio Margaglio, Italian ice dancer and coach

Births46 years ago

1974 - Paul Scholes, English footballer and sportscaster

Births46 years ago

1975 - Julio Lugo, Dominican baseball player

Births45 years ago

1975 - Yuki Uchida, Japanese actress, model, and singer

Births45 years ago

1976 - Dan Black, English singer-songwriter

Births44 years ago

1976 - Juha Pasoja, Finnish footballer

Births44 years ago

1976 - Martijn Zuijdweg, Dutch swimmer

Births44 years ago

1977 - Oksana Baiul, Ukrainian-American figure skater

Births43 years ago

1977 - Gigi Edgley, Australian singer-songwriter and actress

Births43 years ago

1977 - Maggie Gyllenhaal, American actress and singer

Births43 years ago

1977 - Mauricio Ochmann, Mexican actor and producer

Births43 years ago

1978 - Kip Bouknight, American baseball player

Births42 years ago

1978 - Mehtap Doğan-Sızmaz, Turkish runner

Births42 years ago

1978 - Takashi Nagayama, Japanese actor

Births42 years ago

1978 - Gary Naysmith, Scottish footballer and manager

Births42 years ago

1978 - Carolina Parra, Brazilian guitarist and drummer

Births42 years ago

1979 - Tony Frias, American soccer player

Births41 years ago

1979 - Bruce Irons, American surfer

Births41 years ago

1980 - Moris Carrozzieri, Italian footballer

Births40 years ago

1980 - Kayte Christensen, American basketball player

Births40 years ago

1980 - Nicole Gius, Italian skier

Births40 years ago

1980 - Carol Huynh, Canadian wrestler

Births40 years ago

1980 - Hasan Üçüncü, Turkish footballer

Births40 years ago

1981 - Fernando Cabrera, Puerto Rican baseball player

Births39 years ago

1981 - Allison Crowe, Canadian singer-songwriter

Births39 years ago

1981 - Caitlin Glass, American voice actress, singer, and director

Births39 years ago

1981 - Kate Miller-Heidke, Australian singer-songwriter

Births39 years ago

1981 - Osi Umenyiora, English-American football player

Births39 years ago

1982 - Nonito Donaire, Filipino-American boxer

Births38 years ago

1982 - Jannie du Plessis, South African rugby player

Births38 years ago

1982 - Ronald Pognon, French sprinter

Births38 years ago

1982 - Amar'e Stoudemire, American basketball player

Births38 years ago

1983 - Chris Gocong, American football player

Births37 years ago

1983 - Kool A.D., American rapper

Births37 years ago

1983 - Kari Lehtonen, Finnish ice hockey player

Births37 years ago

1983 - Britta Steffen, German swimmer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Janette Manrara, American professional dancer and choreographer

Births37 years ago

1984 - Gemma Atkinson, English model and actress

Births36 years ago

1984 - Mark Bunn, English footballer

Births36 years ago

1984 - Tamawashi Ichiro, Mongolian sumo wrestler

Births36 years ago

1985 - Aditya Roy Kapur, Indian film actor

Births35 years ago

1986 - Aleksei Anatolyevich Kozlov, Russian footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Maxime Médard, French rugby player

Births34 years ago

1987 - Eitan Tibi, Israeli footballer

Births33 years ago

1987 - Jordan Walden, American baseball player

Births33 years ago

1989 - Iamsu!, American rapper and producer

Births31 years ago

1990 - Arjo Atayde, Filipino actor

Births30 years ago

1990 - Dénes Dibusz, Hungarian football player

Births30 years ago

1991 - Tomomi Kasai, Japanese actress and singer

Births29 years ago

1992 - George Akpabio, Nigerian footballer

Births28 years ago

1992 - Matthew Allwood, Australian rugby league player

Births28 years ago

1993 - Pete Davidson, American comedian and actor

Births27 years ago

1994 - Brandon Larracuente, American actor

Births26 years ago

1994 - Yoshiki Yamamoto, Japanese football player

Births26 years ago

1995 - Noah Gray-Cabey, American actor and pianist

Births25 years ago

2006 - Mason Ramsey, American singer-songwriter

Births14 years ago

Deaths

897 - Gu Yanhui, Chinese warlord

Deaths
Deaths
Deaths927 years ago

1240 - Edmund Rich, English archbishop and saint (b. 1175)

Deaths780 years ago

1240 - Ibn Arabi, Andalusian Arab philosopher (b. 1165)

Deaths780 years ago
Deaths748 years ago

1264 - Emperor Lizong of China

Deaths756 years ago

1328 - Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shōgun (b. 1276)

Deaths692 years ago
Deaths556 years ago

1494 - Theda Ukena, German noble (b. 1432)

Deaths526 years ago

1580 - Marie of Baden-Sponheim, German Noblewoman (b. 1507

Deaths440 years ago
Deaths419 years ago

1603 - Pierre Charron, French Catholic theologian and philosopher (b. 1541)

Deaths417 years ago

1613 - Trajano Boccalini, Italian author and educator (b. 1556)

Deaths407 years ago

1625 - Sofonisba Anguissola, Italian painter (b. c. 1532)

Deaths395 years ago

1628 - Paolo Quagliati, Italian organist and composer (b. 1555)

Deaths392 years ago

1688 - Bengt Gottfried Forselius, Swedish-Estonian scholar and author (b. 1660)

Deaths332 years ago

1695 - Pierre Nicole, French philosopher and author (b. 1625)

Deaths325 years ago

1724 - Jack Sheppard, English criminal (b. 1702)

Deaths296 years ago

1745 - James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1665)

Deaths275 years ago

1773 - John Hawkesworth, English journalist and author (b. 1715)

Deaths247 years ago

1779 - Pehr Kalm, Finnish botanist and explorer (b. 1716)

Deaths241 years ago

1790 - Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American politician (b. 1723)

Deaths230 years ago
Deaths223 years ago

1802 - André Michaux, French botanist and explorer (b. 1746)

Deaths218 years ago

1806 - Moses Cleaveland, American general, lawyer, and politician, founded Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)

Deaths214 years ago

1808 - Mustafa IV, Ottoman sultan (b. 1779)

Deaths212 years ago

1836 - Christiaan Hendrik Persoon, South African-French mycologist and academic (b. 1761)

Deaths184 years ago
Deaths142 years ago

1884 - František Chvostek, Czech-Austrian soldier and physician (b. 1835)

Deaths136 years ago

1885 - Louis Riel, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1844)

Deaths135 years ago
Deaths117 years ago
Deaths113 years ago

1908 - Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-Canadian lawyer and politician, 4th Premier of Quebec (b. 1829)

Deaths112 years ago

1911 - A. A. Ames, American physician and politician, 9th Mayor of Minneapolis (b. 1842)

Deaths109 years ago

1911 - Lawrence Feuerbach, American shot putter (b. 1879)

Deaths109 years ago

1913 - George Barham, English businessman, founded Express County Milk Supply Company (b. 1836)

Deaths107 years ago

1922 - Max Abraham, Polish-German physicist and academic (b. 1875)

Deaths98 years ago

1939 - Pierce Butler, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1866)

Deaths81 years ago

1941 - Eduard Eelma, Estonian footballer (b. 1902)

Deaths79 years ago

1941 - Miina Härma, Estonian organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1864)

Deaths79 years ago

1947 - Giuseppe Volpi, Italian businessman and politician, founded the Venice Film Festival (b. 1877)

Deaths73 years ago

1950 - Bob Smith, American physician and surgeon, co-founded Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1879)

Deaths70 years ago

1956 - Ōtori Tanigorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 24th Yokozuna (b. 1887)

Deaths64 years ago

1960 - Clark Gable, American actor and singer (b. 1901)

Deaths60 years ago

1961 - Sam Rayburn, American lawyer and politician, 48th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1882)

Deaths59 years ago

1964 - Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and author (b. 1898)

Deaths56 years ago

1971 - Edie Sedgwick, American model and actress (b. 1943)

Deaths49 years ago

1972 - Vera Karalli, Russian ballerina and actress (b. 1889)

Deaths48 years ago

1973 - Alan Watts, English-American philosopher, author, and educator (b. 1915)

Deaths47 years ago

1974 - Walther Meissner, German physicist and engineer (b. 1882)

Deaths46 years ago

1976 - Jack Foster, English cricketer (b. 1905)

Deaths44 years ago

1982 - Pavel Alexandrov, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1896)

Deaths38 years ago

1984 - Vic Dickenson, American trombonist (b. 1906)

Deaths36 years ago

1986 - Siobhán McKenna, Irish actress (b. 1923)

Deaths34 years ago

1987 - Jim Brewer, American baseball player and coach (b. 1937)

Deaths33 years ago

1989 - Jean-Claude Malépart, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1938)

Deaths31 years ago

1990 - Ege Bagatur, Turkish politician (b. 1937)

Deaths30 years ago

1993 - Lucia Popp, Slovak-German soprano (b. 1939)

Deaths27 years ago

1993 - Achille Zavatta, Tunisia-born French clown (b. 1915)

Deaths27 years ago

1994 - Chet Powers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)

Deaths26 years ago

1999 - Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1928)

Deaths21 years ago

2000 - Robert Earl Davis, American hip-hop artist (b. 1971)

Deaths20 years ago

2000 - Ahmet Kaya, Turkish-French singer-songwriter (b. 1957)

Deaths20 years ago

2001 - Tommy Flanagan, American pianist and composer (b. 1930)

Deaths19 years ago

2005 - Ralph Edwards, American radio and television host and producer (b. 1913)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Henry Taube, Canadian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Donald Watson, English activist, founded the Vegan Society (b. 1910)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Milton Friedman, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 - Yuri Levada, Russian sociologist and political scientist (b. 1930)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Harold Alfond, American businessman (b. 1914)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Grethe Kausland, Norwegian actress and singer (b. 1947)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Trond Kirkvaag, Norwegian actor and screenwriter (b. 1946)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Vernon Scannell, English boxer, poet, and author (b. 1922)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Jan Krugier; Polish-Swiss art dealer (b. 1928)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Reg Varney, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1916)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Antonio de Nigris, Mexican footballer (b. 1978)

Deaths11 years ago

2009 - Sergei Magnitsky, Ukrainian-Russian accountant and lawyer (b. 1972)

Deaths11 years ago

2009 - Edward Woodward, English actor (b. 1930)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - Britton Chance, American biologist and sailor (b. 1913)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - Ronni Chasen, American publicist (b. 1946)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - Wyngard Tracy, Filipino DJ and talent manager (b. 1952)

Deaths10 years ago

2012 - John Chapman, Australian evangelist and academic (b. 1930)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Subhash Dutta, Bangladeshi actor and director (b. 1930)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Patrick Edlinger, French mountaineer (b. 1960)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Aliu Mahama, Ghanaian engineer and politician, 3rd Vice President of Ghana (b. 1946)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Eliyahu Nawi, Iraqi-Israeli lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1920)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Bob Scott, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1921)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Robert Conley, American journalist (b. 1928)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Billy Hardwick, American bowler (b. 1941)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - William McDonough Kelly, Canadian lieutenant and politician (b. 1925)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Tanvir Ahmad Khan, Indian-Pakistani diplomat, 19th Foreign Secretary of Pakistan (b. 1932)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Oscar Lanford, American mathematician and academic (b. 1940)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Arne Pedersen, Norwegian footballer and manager (b. 1931)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Louis D. Rubin, Jr., American author, critic, and academic (b. 1923)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Charles Waterhouse, American painter, sculptor, and illustrator (b. 1924)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Charles Champlin, American historian, author, and critic (b. 1926)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Jovan Ćirilov, Serbian poet and playwright (b. 1931)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Ian Craig, Australian cricketer (b. 1935)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Juan Joseph, American football player and coach (b. 1987)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Jadwiga Piłsudska, Polish soldier, pilot, and architect (b. 1920)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Carl Sanders, American soldier, pilot, and politician, 74th Governor of Georgia (b. 1925)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - David Canary, American actor (b. 1938)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Michael C. Gross, American graphic designer and producer (b. 1945)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Bert Olmstead, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1926)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Alton D. Slay, American general (b. 1924)

Deaths5 years ago

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