Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Events

Events776 years ago
Events611 years ago

1697 - St Paul's Cathedral is consecrated in London.

Events323 years ago

1763 - Dedication of the Touro Synagogue, in Newport, Rhode Island, the first synagogue in what will become the United States.

Events257 years ago

1766 - Swedish parliament approved the Swedish Freedom of the Press Act and implemented it as a ground law, thus being first in the world with freedom of speech.

Events254 years ago

1805 - War of the Third Coalition: Battle of Austerlitz: French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte decisively defeat a joint Russo-Austrian force.

Events215 years ago

1823 - Monroe Doctrine: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James Monroe proclaims American neutrality in future European conflicts, and warns European powers not to interfere in the Americas.

Events197 years ago

1845 - Manifest destiny: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James K. Polk proposes that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.

Events175 years ago
Events172 years ago

1851 - French President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte overthrows the Second Republic.

Events169 years ago

1852 - Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte becomes Emperor of the French as Napoleon III.

Events168 years ago

1859 - Militant abolitionist leader John Brown is hanged for his October 16 raid on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.

Events161 years ago

1865 - Alabama ratifies 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, followed by North Carolina then Georgia, and U.S. slaves were legally free within two weeks

Events155 years ago

1867 - At Tremont Temple in Boston, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.

Events153 years ago

1899 - Philippine–American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.

Events121 years ago

1908 - Puyi becomes Emperor of China at the age of two.

Events112 years ago

1917 - World War I: Russia and the Central Powers sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk, and peace talks leading to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk begin.

Events103 years ago

1927 - Following 19 years of Ford Model T production, the Ford Motor Company unveils the Ford Model A as its new automobile.

Events93 years ago

1930 - Great Depression: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President Herbert Hoover proposes a $150 million (equivalent to $2,296,000,000 in 2019) public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.

Events90 years ago

1939 - New York City's LaGuardia Airport opens.

Events81 years ago
Events78 years ago

1943 - World War II: A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks numerous cargo and transport ships, including the American SS John Harvey, which is carrying a stockpile of World War I-era mustard gas.

Events77 years ago
Events73 years ago

1950 - Korean War: Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River ended, with decisive Chinese victory, UN forces were completely expelled from North Korea.

Events70 years ago

1954 - Cold War: The United States Senate votes 65 to 22 to censure Joseph McCarthy for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute".

Events66 years ago

1954 - The Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty, between the United States and Taiwan, is signed in Washington, D.C.

Events66 years ago

1956 - The Granma reaches the shores of Cuba's Oriente Province. Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement disembark to initiate the Cuban Revolution.

Events64 years ago
Events63 years ago

1961 - In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares that he is a Marxist–Leninist and that Cuba is going to adopt Communism.

Events59 years ago

1962 - Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to comment adversely on the war's progress.

Events58 years ago
Events50 years ago
Events49 years ago

1975 - Laotian Civil War: The Pathet Lao seizes the Laotian capital of Vientiane, forces the abdication of King Sisavang Vatthana, and proclaims the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

Events45 years ago
Events44 years ago

1980 - Salvadoran Civil War: Four American missionaries are raped and murdered by a death squad.

Events40 years ago

1982 - At the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart.

Events38 years ago

1988 - Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to head the government of an Islam-dominated state.

Events32 years ago

1989 - The Peace Agreement of Hat Yai is signed and ratified by the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) and the governments of Malaysia and Thailand, ending the over two-decade-long communist insurgency in Malaysia.

Events31 years ago

1991 - Canada and Poland become the first nations to recognize the independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union.

Events29 years ago

1993 - Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar is shot and killed in Medellín.

Events27 years ago

1993 - Space Shuttle program: STS-61: NASA launches the Space Shuttle Endeavour on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.

Events27 years ago

1999 - The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive following the Good Friday Agreement.

Events21 years ago

2016 - Thirty-six people die in a fire at a converted Oakland, California, warehouse serving as an artist collective.

Events4 years ago

Births

503 - Emperor Jianwen of Liang, emperor of the Chinese Liang dynasty (d. 551)

Births

1501 - Queen Munjeong, Korean queen (d. 1565)

Births519 years ago

1578 - Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer and theorist (d. 1641)

Births442 years ago

1599 - Thomas Bruce, 1st Earl of Elgin, Scottish nobleman (d. 1663)

Births421 years ago

1629 - William Egon of Fürstenberg, Catholic cardinal (d. 1704)

Births391 years ago

1694 - William Shirley, English-American lawyer and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1771)

Births326 years ago

1703 - Ferdinand Konščak, Croatian missionary and explorer (d. 1759)

Births317 years ago

1738 - Richard Montgomery, Irish-American general (d. 1775)

Births282 years ago

1754 - William Cooper, American judge and politician, founded Cooperstown, New York (d. 1809)

Births266 years ago

1759 - James Edward Smith, English botanist and mycologist, founded the Linnean Society (d. 1828)

Births261 years ago

1760 - John Breckinridge, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th United States Attorney General (d. 1806)

Births260 years ago

1760 - Joseph Graetz, German organist, composer, and educator (d. 1826)

Births260 years ago

1810 - Henry Yesler, American businessman and politician, 7th Mayor of Seattle (d. 1892)

Births210 years ago

1811 - Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian farmer and politician, 1st Canadian Minister of Agriculture (d. 1885)

Births209 years ago

1817 - Heinrich von Sybel, German historian, academic, and politician (d. 1895)

Births203 years ago

1825 - Pedro II of Brazil (d. 1891)

Births195 years ago

1827 - William Burges, English architect and designer (d. 1881)

Births193 years ago

1846 - Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, French lawyer and politician, 68th Prime Minister of France (d. 1904)

Births174 years ago

1847 - Deacon White, American baseball player and manager (d. 1939)

Births173 years ago

1859 - Georges Seurat, French painter (d. 1891)

Births161 years ago

1860 - Charles Studd, England cricketer and missionary (d. 1931)

Births160 years ago

1863 - Charles Edward Ringling, American businessman, co-founded the Ringling Brothers Circus (d. 1926)

Births157 years ago

1866 - Harry Burleigh, American singer-songwriter (d. 1949)

Births154 years ago

1876 - Yusuf Akçura, Tatar-Turkish activist and ideologue of Turanism (d. 1935)

Births144 years ago

1884 - Erima Harvey Northcroft, New Zealand soldier, lawyer, and judge (d. 1953)

Births136 years ago

1884 - Yahya Kemal Beyatlı, Turkish poet and author (d. 1958)

Births136 years ago

1885 - George Minot, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950)

Births135 years ago

1891 - Otto Dix, German painter and illustrator (d. 1969)

Births129 years ago

1891 - Charles H. Wesley, American historian and author (d. 1987)

Births129 years ago

1894 - Warren William, American actor (d. 1948)

Births126 years ago

1895 - Harriet Cohen, English pianist (d. 1967)

Births125 years ago

1897 - Ivan Bagramyan, Russian general (d. 1982)

Births123 years ago

1897 - Rewi Alley, New Zealand writer and political activist (d. 1987)

Births123 years ago

1898 - Indra Lal Roy, Indian lieutenant and first Indian fighter aircraft pilot (d. 1918)

Births122 years ago

1899 - John Barbirolli, English cellist and conductor (d. 1970)

Births121 years ago

1899 - John Cobb, English race car driver and pilot (d. 1952)

Births121 years ago

1899 - Ray Morehart, American baseball player (d. 1989)

Births121 years ago

1900 - Elisa Godínez Gómez de Batista, First Lady of Cuba from 1940 to 1944 (d. 1993)

Births120 years ago

1900 - Herta Hammerbacher, German landscape architect and professor (d. 1985)

Births120 years ago

1901 - Raimundo Orsi, Argentinian-Italian footballer (d. 1986)

Births119 years ago

1906 - Peter Carl Goldmark, Hungarian-American engineer (d. 1977)

Births114 years ago

1909 - Arvo Askola, Finnish runner (d. 1975)

Births111 years ago

1909 - Walenty Kłyszejko, Estonian–Polish basketball player and coach (d. 1987)

Births111 years ago

1909 - Joseph P. Lash, American activist and author (d. 1987)

Births111 years ago

1910 - Russell Lynes, American photographer, historian, and author (d. 1991)

Births110 years ago

1910 - Taisto Mäki, Finnish runner (d. 1979)

Births110 years ago

1912 - George Emmett, English cricketer and coach (d. 1976)

Births108 years ago

1913 - Marc Platt, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 2014)

Births107 years ago

1914 - Bill Erwin, American actor (d. 2010)

Births106 years ago

1914 - Adolph Green, American playwright and composer (d. 2002)

Births106 years ago

1915 - Takahito, Prince Mikasa of Japan (d. 2016)

Births105 years ago

1916 - Howard Finster, American minister and painter (d. 2001)

Births104 years ago

1917 - Sylvia Syms, American singer (d. 1992)

Births103 years ago

1921 - Carlo Furno, Italian cardinal (d. 2015)

Births99 years ago

1922 - Iakovos Kambanelis, Greek author, poet, and screenwriter (d. 2011)

Births98 years ago

1923 - Maria Callas, American-Greek soprano and actress (d. 1977)

Births97 years ago

1924 - Jonathan Frid, Canadian actor (d. 2012)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Alexander Haig, American general and politician, 59th United States Secretary of State (d. 2010)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Else Marie Pade, Danish composer (d. 2016)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Vilgot Sjöman, Swedish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2006)

Births96 years ago

1925 - Julie Harris, American actress (d. 2013)

Births95 years ago

1928 - Guy Bourdin, French photographer (d. 1991)

Births92 years ago

1929 - Dan Jenkins, American journalist and author (d. 2019)

Births91 years ago

1929 - Leon Litwack, American historian and author

Births91 years ago

1930 - Gary Becker, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014)

Births90 years ago

1930 - David Piper, English race car driver

Births90 years ago

1931 - Nigel Calder, English journalist, author, and screenwriter (d. 2014)

Births89 years ago

1931 - Masaaki Hatsumi, Japanese martial artist and educator, founded Bujinkan

Births89 years ago

1931 - Wynton Kelly, American pianist and composer (d. 1971)

Births89 years ago

1931 - Edwin Meese, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 75th United States Attorney General

Births89 years ago

1933 - Peter Robin Harding, English marshal and pilot

Births87 years ago

1933 - Mike Larrabee, American sprinter and educator (d. 2003)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Tarcisio Bertone, Italian cardinal

Births86 years ago

1934 - Andre Rodgers, Bahamian baseball player (d. 2004)

Births86 years ago

1935 - David Hackett Fischer, American historian, author, and academic

Births85 years ago

1937 - Manohar Joshi, Indian lawyer and politician, 15th Chief Minister of Maharashtra

Births83 years ago

1939 - Yael Dayan, Israeli journalist, author, and politician

Births81 years ago

1939 - Francis Fox, Canadian lawyer and politician, 48th Secretary of State for Canada

Births81 years ago

1939 - Harry Reid, American lawyer and politician, 25th Lieutenant Governor of Nevada

Births81 years ago

1940 - Willie Brown, American football player, coach, and manager (d. 2019)

Births80 years ago

1941 - Mike England, Welsh footballer and manager

Births79 years ago

1941 - Tom McGuinness, English guitarist, songwriter, author, and producer

Births79 years ago

1942 - Anna G. Jónasdóttir, Icelandic political scientist and academic

Births78 years ago

1943 - Wayne Allard, American veterinarian and politician

Births77 years ago

1944 - Ibrahim Rugova, Kosovan journalist and politician, 1st President of Kosovo (d. 2006)

Births76 years ago

1944 - Dionysis Savvopoulos, Greek singer-songwriter

Births76 years ago

1944 - Botho Strauß, German author and playwright

Births76 years ago

1945 - Penelope Spheeris, American director, producer, and screenwriter

Births75 years ago

1945 - Alan Thomson, Australian cricketer

Births75 years ago

1946 - John Banks, New Zealand businessman and politician, 38th Mayor of Auckland City

Births74 years ago

1946 - Pedro Borbón, Dominican-American baseball player (d. 2012)

Births74 years ago

1946 - David Macaulay, English-American author and illustrator

Births74 years ago

1946 - Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer, founded Versace (d. 1997)

Births74 years ago

1947 - Isaac Bitton, Moroccan-French drummer and songwriter

Births73 years ago

1947 - Tommy Jenkins, English footballer and manager

Births73 years ago

1947 - Ivan Atanassov Petrov, Bulgarian neurologist and author

Births73 years ago

1948 - Elizabeth Berg, American nurse and author

Births72 years ago

1948 - T. Coraghessan Boyle, American novelist and short story writer

Births72 years ago

1948 - Patricia Hewitt, Australian-English educator and politician, English Secretary of State for Health

Births72 years ago

1948 - Toninho Horta, Brazilian guitarist and composer

Births72 years ago

1948 - Antonín Panenka, Czech footballer

Births72 years ago

1950 - John Wesley Ryles, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births70 years ago

1950 - Amin Saikal, Afghan-Australian political scientist and academic

Births70 years ago

1950 - Benjamin Stora, Algerian-French historian and author

Births70 years ago

1950 - Paul Watson, Canadian activist, founded the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society

Births70 years ago

1952 - Carol Shea-Porter, American social worker, academic, and politician

Births68 years ago

1954 - Dan Butler, American actor, director, and screenwriter

Births66 years ago

1956 - Steven Bauer, Cuban-American actor and producer

Births64 years ago

1957 - Dagfinn Høybråten, Norwegian political scientist and politician, Norwegian Minister of Health

Births63 years ago

1958 - Andrew George, English politician

Births62 years ago

1958 - Vladimir Parfenovich, Belarusian canoe racer and politician

Births62 years ago

1958 - George Saunders, American short story writer and essayist

Births62 years ago

1959 - Kelefa Diallo, Guinean general (d. 2013)

Births61 years ago

1960 - Peter Blakeley, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births60 years ago

1960 - Razzle, English rock drummer (d. 1984)

Births60 years ago

1960 - Rick Savage, English singer-songwriter and bass player

Births60 years ago

1962 - John Dyegh, Nigerian businessman and politician

Births58 years ago

1963 - Brendan Coyle, English actor

Births57 years ago

1963 - Ann Patchett, American author

Births57 years ago

1963 - Rich Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player and scout

Births57 years ago

1963 - Ron Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births57 years ago

1965 - Shane Flanagan, Australian rugby league player and coach

Births55 years ago

1966 - Philippe Etchebest, French chef and television host

Births54 years ago

1966 - Jinsei Shinzaki, Japanese wrestler and promoter, co-founded Sendai Girls' Pro Wrestling

Births54 years ago

1967 - Mary Creagh, English scholar and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Transport

Births53 years ago

1968 - David Batty, English footballer

Births52 years ago

1968 - Darryl Kile, American baseball player (d. 2002)

Births52 years ago

1968 - Lucy Liu, American actress and producer

Births52 years ago

1968 - Nate Mendel, American singer-songwriter and bass player

Births52 years ago

1968 - Rena Sofer, American actress

Births52 years ago

1969 - Yang Hyun-suk, South Korean singer-songwriter and producer

Births51 years ago

1969 - Pavel Loskutov, Estonian runner

Births51 years ago

1969 - Ulrika Bergquist, Swedish journalist

Births51 years ago

1969 - Tanya Plibersek, Australian journalist and politician, 45th Australian Minister of Health

Births51 years ago

1969 - Chris Kiwomya, English footballer

Births51 years ago

1970 - Maksim Tarasov, Russian pole vaulter

Births50 years ago

1970 - Treach, American rapper and actor

Births50 years ago

1971 - Wilson Jermaine Heredia, American actor and singer

Births49 years ago

1971 - Rachel McQuillan, Australian tennis player

Births49 years ago

1971 - Jüri Reinvere, Estonian-German composer and poet

Births49 years ago

1971 - Francesco Toldo, Italian footballer

Births49 years ago

1971 - Mine Yoshizaki, Japanese illustrator

Births49 years ago

1972 - Sergejs Žoltoks, Latvian ice hockey player (d. 2004)

Births48 years ago

1973 - Graham Kavanagh, Irish footballer and manager

Births47 years ago

1973 - Lee Steele, English footballer

Births47 years ago

1973 - Monica Seles, Serbian-American tennis player

Births47 years ago

1973 - Jan Ullrich, German cyclist

Births47 years ago

1975 - Mark Kotsay, American baseball player

Births45 years ago

1976 - Eddy Garabito, Dominican baseball player

Births44 years ago

1976 - Masafumi Gotoh, Japanese singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births44 years ago

1977 - Siyabonga Nomvethe, South African footballer

Births43 years ago

1978 - Jarron Collins, American basketball player and coach

Births42 years ago

1978 - Jason Collins, American basketball player

Births42 years ago

1978 - Nelly Furtado, Canadian singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

Births42 years ago

1978 - Luigi Malafronte, Italian footballer

Births42 years ago

1978 - Peter Moylan, Australian baseball player

Births42 years ago

1978 - Maëlle Ricker, Canadian snowboarder

Births42 years ago

1978 - David Rivas, Spanish footballer

Births42 years ago

1978 - Andrew Ryan, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster

Births42 years ago

1978 - Christopher Wolstenholme, English singer-songwriter and bass player

Births42 years ago

1979 - Yvonne Catterfeld, German singer-songwriter and actress

Births41 years ago

1979 - Michael McIndoe, Scottish footballer

Births41 years ago

1979 - Abdul Razzaq, Pakistani cricketer

Births41 years ago

1980 - Adam Kreek, Canadian rower

Births40 years ago

1980 - Darryn Randall, South African cricketer (d. 2013)

Births40 years ago

1981 - Maria Ferekidi, Greek canoe racer

Births39 years ago

1981 - Eric Jungmann, American actor

Births39 years ago

1981 - Danijel Pranjić, Croatian footballer

Births39 years ago

1981 - Britney Spears, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress

Births39 years ago

1982 - Christos Karipidis, Greek footballer

Births38 years ago

1982 - Matt Ware, American football player

Births38 years ago

1983 - Chris Burke, Scottish footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Daniela Ruah, Portuguese-American actress

Births37 years ago

1983 - Bibiana Candelas, Mexican volleyball player

Births37 years ago

1983 - Jaime Durán, Mexican footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Jana Kramer, American actress and singer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Aaron Rodgers, American football player

Births37 years ago

1984 - Péter Máté, Hungarian footballer

Births36 years ago

1985 - Amaury Leveaux, French swimmer

Births35 years ago

1985 - Dorell Wright, American basketball player

Births35 years ago

1986 - Edson Décimo Alves Araújo, Brazilian footballer (d. 2014)

Births34 years ago

1986 - Veronika Kapshay, Ukrainian tennis player

Births34 years ago

1986 - Claudiu Keșerü, Romanian footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Adam le Fondre, English footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Song Ha-yoon, South Korean actress

Births34 years ago

1986 - Tal Wilkenfeld, Australian bass player and composer

Births34 years ago

1988 - Alfred Enoch, English actor

Births32 years ago

1988 - Fuse ODG, English recording artist

Births32 years ago

1988 - Stephen McGinn, Scottish footballer

Births32 years ago

1989 - Etta Bond, English singer-songwriter

Births31 years ago

1989 - Cassie Steele, Canadian singer-songwriter and actress

Births31 years ago

1989 - Matteo Darmian, Italian footballer

Births31 years ago

1990 - Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu, Ghanaian footballer

Births30 years ago

1990 - Jamille Matt, Jamaican footballer

Births30 years ago

1990 - Gastón Ramírez, Uruguayan footballer

Births30 years ago

1990 - Fausto Rossi, Italian footballer

Births30 years ago

1990 - Hikaru Yaotome, Japanese idol, singer, model and actor

Births30 years ago

1991 - Chloé Dufour-Lapointe, Canadian skier

Births29 years ago

1991 - Charlie Puth, American singer-songwriter and pianist

Births29 years ago

1992 - Gary Sánchez, Dominican baseball player

Births28 years ago

1993 - Haruka Ishida, Japanese singer and actress

Births27 years ago

1993 - Kostas Stafylidis, Greek footballer

Births27 years ago

1994 - Fumika Shimizu, Japanese actress and model

Births26 years ago

1994 - Cauley Woodrow, English footballer

Births26 years ago

1995 - Uladzislau Hancharou, Belarusian trampolinist

Births25 years ago

1995 - Joe Stimson, Australian rugby league player

Births25 years ago

1995 - Inori Minase, Japanese actress, voice actress and singer

Births25 years ago

1998 - Juice Wrld, American rapper (d. 2019)

Births22 years ago

Deaths

Deaths

930 - Ma Yin, Chinese warlord, king of Chu (Ten Kingdoms) (b. 853)

Deaths

949 - Odo of Wetterau, German nobleman

Deaths
Deaths998 years ago

1340 - Geoffrey le Scrope, Chief Justice of King Edward III of England

Deaths680 years ago

1348 - Emperor Hanazono of Japan (b. 1297)

Deaths672 years ago

1381 - John of Ruusbroec, Flemish priest and mystic (b. 1293)

Deaths639 years ago

1455 - Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal (b. 1432)

Deaths565 years ago
Deaths557 years ago

1469 - Piero di Cosimo de' Medici, Italian banker and politician (b. 1416)

Deaths551 years ago
Deaths510 years ago

1515 - Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (b. 1453)

Deaths505 years ago

1547 - Hernán Cortés, Spanish general and explorer (b. 1485)

Deaths473 years ago

1594 - Gerardus Mercator, Flemish mathematician, cartographer, and philosopher (b. 1512)

Deaths426 years ago

1615 - Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon, French general (b. 1541)

Deaths405 years ago
Deaths355 years ago

1694 - Pierre Puget, French painter, sculptor, and architect (b. 1622)

Deaths326 years ago

1719 - Pasquier Quesnel, French theologian and author (b. 1634)

Deaths301 years ago
Deaths297 years ago

1726 - Samuel Penhallow, English-American historian and author (b. 1665)

Deaths294 years ago

1747 - Vincent Bourne, English poet and scholar (b. 1695)

Deaths273 years ago
Deaths272 years ago

1774 - Johann Friedrich Agricola, German organist and composer (b. 1720)

Deaths246 years ago

1814 - Marquis de Sade, French philosopher, author, and politician (b. 1740)

Deaths206 years ago

1844 - Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (b. 1768)

Deaths176 years ago
Deaths171 years ago

1859 - John Brown, American abolitionist (b. 1800)

Deaths161 years ago

1881 - Jenny von Westphalen, German author (b. 1814)

Deaths139 years ago

1885 - Allen Wright, Principal chief of the Choctaw Nation (1866-1870); proposed the name "Oklahoma", from Choctaw words okra and umma, meaning "Territory of the Red People." (b. 1826)

Deaths135 years ago

1888 - Namık Kemal, Turkish journalist, poet, and playwright (b. 1840)

Deaths132 years ago

1892 - Jay Gould, American businessman and financier (b. 1836)

Deaths128 years ago

1899 - Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general and politician, 1st Governor of Bulacan (b. 1875)

Deaths121 years ago

1918 - Edmond Rostand, French poet and playwright (b. 1868)

Deaths102 years ago

1924 - Kazimieras Būga, Lithuanian linguist and philologist (b. 1879)

Deaths96 years ago

1927 - Paul Heinrich von Groth, German scientist who systematically classified minerals and founded the journal Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie (b. 1843)

Deaths93 years ago

1931 - Vincent d'Indy, French composer and educator (b. 1851)

Deaths89 years ago

1936 - John Ringling, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Brothers Circus (b. 1866)

Deaths84 years ago

1943 - Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian journalist and author (b. 1902)

Deaths77 years ago

1944 - Josef Lhévinne, Russian pianist and educator (b. 1874)

Deaths76 years ago

1944 - Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Egyptian-Italian poet and composer (b. 1876)

Deaths76 years ago

1944 - Eiji Sawamura, Japanese baseball player and soldier (b. 1917)

Deaths76 years ago

1950 - Dinu Lipatti, Romanian pianist and composer (b. 1917)

Deaths70 years ago

1953 - Reginald Baker, Australian rugby player (b. 1884)

Deaths67 years ago

1953 - Trần Trọng Kim, Vietnamese historian, scholar, and politician, Prime Minister of Vietnam (b. 1883)

Deaths67 years ago

1957 - Harrison Ford, American actor (b. 1884)

Deaths63 years ago

1957 - Manfred Sakel, Ukrainian-American neurophysiologist and psychiatrist (b. 1902)

Deaths63 years ago

1966 - L. E. J. Brouwer, Dutch mathematician and philosopher (b. 1881)

Deaths54 years ago

1966 - Giles Cooper, Irish author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1918)

Deaths54 years ago

1969 - José María Arguedas, Peruvian anthropologist, author, and poet (b. 1911)

Deaths51 years ago

1969 - Kliment Voroshilov, Ukrainian-Russian marshal and politician, 3rd Head of State of The Soviet Union (b. 1881)

Deaths51 years ago

1974 - Max Weber, Swiss lawyer and politician (b. 1897)

Deaths46 years ago

1976 - Danny Murtaugh, American baseball player and manager (b. 1917)

Deaths44 years ago

1980 - Chaudhry Muhammad Ali, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1905)

Deaths40 years ago

1980 - Romain Gary, Lithuanian-French author, director, and screenwriter (b. 1914)

Deaths40 years ago

1981 - Wallace Harrison, American architect, co-founded Harrison & Abramovitz (b. 1895)

Deaths39 years ago

1982 - Marty Feldman, English actor and comedian (b. 1933)

Deaths38 years ago

1982 - Giovanni Ferrari, Italian footballer and manager (b. 1907)

Deaths38 years ago

1983 - Fifi D'Orsay, Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1904)

Deaths37 years ago

1985 - Philip Larkin, English poet, author, and librarian (b. 1922)

Deaths35 years ago

1986 - Desi Arnaz, Cuban-American actor, singer, businessman, and television producer (b. 1917)

Deaths34 years ago

1986 - John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist and academic (b. 1912)

Deaths34 years ago

1987 - Luis Federico Leloir, French-Argentinian physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)

Deaths33 years ago

1987 - Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Belarusian physicist, astronomer, and cosmologist (b. 1914)

Deaths33 years ago

1988 - Karl-Heinz Bürger, German colonel (b. 1904)

Deaths32 years ago

1988 - Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer-songwriter (b. 1922)

Deaths32 years ago

1990 - Aaron Copland, American composer and conductor (b. 1900)

Deaths30 years ago

1990 - Robert Cummings, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1908)

Deaths30 years ago

1993 - Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord (b. 1949)

Deaths27 years ago

1995 - Robertson Davies, Canadian author, playwright, and critic (b. 1913)

Deaths25 years ago

1995 - Roxie Roker, American actress (b. 1929)

Deaths25 years ago

1995 - Mária Telkes, Hungarian–American biophysicist and chemist (b. 1900)

Deaths25 years ago

1997 - Shirley Crabtree, English wrestler (b. 1930)

Deaths23 years ago

1997 - Michael Hedges, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1953)

Deaths23 years ago

1999 - Charlie Byrd, American guitarist (b. 1925)

Deaths21 years ago

2000 - Gail Fisher, American actress (b. 1935)

Deaths20 years ago

2002 - Ivan Illich, Austrian priest and philosopher (b. 1926)

Deaths18 years ago

2002 - Arno Peters, German cartographer and historian (b. 1916)

Deaths18 years ago

2003 - Alan Davidson, British soldier, historian, and author (b. 1924)

Deaths17 years ago

2004 - Alicia Markova, English ballerina and choreographer (b. 1910)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - Mona Van Duyn, American poet and academic (b. 1921)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - William P. Lawrence, American admiral and pilot (b. 1930)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Van Tuong Nguyen, Australian convicted drug trafficker (b. 1980)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Mariska Veres, Dutch singer (b. 1947)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Jennifer Alexander, Canadian-American ballerina and actress (b. 1972)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Elizabeth Hardwick, American literary critic, novelist, and short story writer (b. 1916)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - Odetta, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (b. 1930)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Henry Molaison, American memory disorder patient (b. 1926)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Edward Samuel Rogers, Canadian lawyer and businessman (b. 1933)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Renato de Grandis, Italian composer, musicologist, and writer (b. 1927)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Foge Fazio, American football player and coach (b. 1938)

Deaths11 years ago

2009 - Eric Woolfson, Scottish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1945)

Deaths11 years ago

2012 - Tom Hendry, Canadian playwright, co-founded the Manitoba Theatre Centre (b. 1929)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Ehsan Naraghi, Iranian sociologist and author (b. 1926)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - William Allain, American soldier and politician, 58th Governor of Mississippi (b. 1928)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Jean-Claude Beton, Algerian-French engineer and businessman, founded Orangina (b. 1925)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Marcelo Déda, Brazilian lawyer and politician (b. 1960)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Junior Murvin, Jamaican singer-songwriter (b. 1946)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - A. R. Antulay, Indian lawyer and politician, 8th Chief Minister of Maharashtra (b. 1929)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Jean Béliveau, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1931)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Josie Cichockyj, English basketball player and coach (b. 1964)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Bobby Keys, American saxophonist (b. 1943)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Don Laws, American figure skater and coach (b. 1929)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Sandy Berger, American lawyer and politician, 19th United States National Security Advisor (b. 1945)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Will McMillan, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1944)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - George T. Sakato, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1921)

Deaths5 years ago

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