Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances


1294 - Saint Celestine V resigns the papacy after only five months to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.

Events726 years ago

1545 - The Council of Trent begins.

Events475 years ago

1577 - Sir Francis Drake sets sail from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.

Events443 years ago

1636 - The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the National Guard of the United States.

Events384 years ago

1642 - Abel Tasman is the first recorded European to sight New Zealand.

Events378 years ago
Events377 years ago

1758 - The English transport ship Duke William sinks in the North Atlantic, killing over 360 people.

Events262 years ago

1769 - Dartmouth College is founded by the Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, with a royal charter from King George III, on land donated by Royal governor John Wentworth.

Events251 years ago

1818 - Cyril VI of Constantinople resigns from his position as Ecumenical Patriarch.

Events202 years ago
Events158 years ago

1867 - A Fenian bomb explodes in Clerkenwell, London, killing six.

Events153 years ago

1928 - George Gershwin's An American in Paris is first performed.

Events92 years ago

1936 - An annular solar eclipse occured and was visible from Australia, New Zealand on December 14th (Monday), and Oeno Island in Pitcairn Islands on December 13th (Sunday).

Events84 years ago

1937 - Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanking: The city of Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese. This is followed by the Nanking Massacre, in which Japanese troops rape and slaughter hundreds of thousands of civilians.

Events83 years ago

1938 - The Holocaust: The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany.

Events82 years ago
Events81 years ago

1943 - World War II: The Massacre of Kalavryta by German occupying forces in Greece.

Events77 years ago

1949 - The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.

Events71 years ago
Events61 years ago

1960 - While Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Imperial Bodyguard seizes the capital and proclaims him deposed and his son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, Emperor.

Events60 years ago

1962 - NASA launches Relay 1, the first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.

Events58 years ago

1967 - Constantine II of Greece attempts an unsuccessful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels.

Events53 years ago

1968 - Brazilian President Artur da Costa e Silva issues AI-5 (Institutional Act No. 5), enabling government by decree and suspending habeas corpus.

Events52 years ago

1972 - Apollo program: Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt begin the third and final extra-vehicular activity (EVA) or "Moonwalk" of Apollo 17. To date they are the last humans to set foot on the Moon.

Events48 years ago

1974 - Malta becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.

Events46 years ago

1977 - Air Indiana Flight 216 crashes near Evansville Regional Airport, killing 29, including the University of Evansville basketball team, support staff, and boosters of the team.

Events43 years ago

1981 - General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland, largely due to the actions by Solidarity.

Events39 years ago

1982 - The 6.0 MsNorth Yemen earthquake shakes southwestern Yemen with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing 2,800, and injuring 1,500.

Events38 years ago

1988 - PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat gives a speech at a UN General Assembly meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, after United States authorities refused to grant him a visa to visit UN headquarters in New York.

Events32 years ago

1989 - The Troubles: Attack on Derryard checkpoint: The Provisional Irish Republican Army launches an attack on a British Army temporary vehicle checkpoint near Rosslea, Northern Ireland. Two British soldiers are killed and two others are wounded.

Events31 years ago

2001 - Sansad Bhavan, the building housing the Indian Parliament, is attacked by terrorists. Twelve people are killed, including the terrorists.

Events19 years ago

2002 - European Union enlargement: The EU announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members on May 1, 2004.

Events18 years ago

2003 - Iraq War: Operation Red Dawn: Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit.

Events17 years ago

2007 - The Treaty of Lisbon is signed by members states of the European Union.

Events13 years ago

2011 - A murder–suicide in Liège, Belgium, kills six and wounds 125 people at a Christmas market.

Events9 years ago

2018 - A high-speed train crashes in Ankara, Turkey, killing at least nine people and injuring 84.

Events2 years ago


1272 - King Frederick III of Sicily (d. 1337)

Births748 years ago

1363 - Jean Gerson, chancellor of the University of Paris (d. 1429)

Births657 years ago

1476 - Lucy Brocadelli, Dominican tertiary and stigmatic (d. 1544)

Births544 years ago

1484 - Paul Speratus, German Lutheran (d. 1551)

Births536 years ago

1491 - Martín de Azpilcueta, Spanish theologian and economist (d. 1586)

Births529 years ago

1499 - Justus Menius, German Lutheran pastor (d. 1558)

Births521 years ago

1521 - Pope Sixtus V (d. 1590)

Births499 years ago

1533 - Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1577)

Births487 years ago

1553 - Henry IV of France (d. 1610)

Births467 years ago

1585 - William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)

Births435 years ago

1640 - Robert Plot, English chemist and academic (d. 1696)

Births380 years ago

1662 - Francesco Bianchini, Italian astronomer and philosopher (d. 1729)

Births358 years ago

1678 - Yongzheng Emperor of China (d. 1735)

Births342 years ago

1720 - Carlo Gozzi, Italian playwright (d. 1804)

Births300 years ago

1724 - Franz Aepinus, German astronomer and philosopher (d. 1802)

Births296 years ago

1769 - James Scarlett Abinger, English judge (d. 1844)

Births251 years ago

1780 - Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner, German chemist, invented the Döbereiner's lamp (d. 1849)

Births240 years ago
Births236 years ago

1797 - Heinrich Heine, German journalist, poet, and critic (d. 1856)

Births223 years ago

1804 - Joseph Howe, Canadian journalist and politician, 5th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 1873)

Births216 years ago

1814 - Ana Néri, Brazilian nurse and philanthropist (d. 1880)

Births206 years ago

1816 - Werner von Siemens, German engineer and businessman, founded Siemens (d. 1892)

Births204 years ago
Births202 years ago

1830 - Mathilde Fibiger, Danish feminist, novelist and telegraphist (d. 1892)

Births190 years ago

1836 - Franz von Lenbach, German painter and academic (d. 1904)

Births184 years ago

1854 - Herman Bavinck, Dutch philosopher, theologian, and academic (d. 1921)

Births166 years ago

1856 - Svetozar Boroević, Croatian-Austrian field marshal (d. 1920)

Births164 years ago

1860 - Lucien Guitry, French actor (d. 1925)

Births160 years ago

1864 - Emil Seidel, American woodcarver and politician, 36th Mayor of Milwaukee (d. 1947)

Births156 years ago

1867 - Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian physicist and author (d. 1917)

Births153 years ago

1870 - Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (d. 1940)

Births150 years ago

1871 - Emily Carr, Canadian painter and author (d. 1945)

Births149 years ago

1874 - Josef Lhévinne, Russian pianist and educator (d. 1944)

Births146 years ago

1882 - Jane Edna Hunter, African-American social worker (d. 1971)

Births138 years ago

1883 - Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian (d. 1950)

Births137 years ago

1884 - Aimilios Veakis, Greek actor, director, and playwright (d. 1951)

Births136 years ago

1885 - Annie Dale Biddle Andrews, American mathematician (d. 1940)

Births135 years ago

1887 - George Pólya, Hungarian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1985)

Births133 years ago

1887 - Alvin C. York, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)

Births133 years ago

1897 - Albert Aalbers, Dutch architect, designed the Savoy Homann Bidakara Hotel (d. 1961)

Births123 years ago

1897 - Drew Pearson, American journalist and author (d. 1969)

Births123 years ago

1900 - Jonel Perlea, Romanian-American conductor and educator (d. 1970)

Births120 years ago

1901 - Olev Roomet, Estonian singer, violinist, and bagpipe player (d. 1987)

Births119 years ago

1902 - Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, Greek philosopher and politician, 138th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1986)

Births118 years ago

1902 - Talcott Parsons, American sociologist and academic (d. 1979)

Births118 years ago

1903 - Ella Baker, American activist (d. 1986)

Births117 years ago

1903 - Carlos Montoya, Spanish guitarist and composer (d. 1993)

Births117 years ago

1905 - Ann Barzel, American writer and dance critic (d. 2007)

Births115 years ago
Births114 years ago

1906 - Laurens van der Post, South African-English soldier and author (d. 1996)

Births114 years ago

1908 - Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira, Brazilian historian and activist (d. 1995)

Births112 years ago

1908 - Van Heflin, American actor (d. 1971)

Births112 years ago

1908 - Elizabeth Alexander, British geologist, academic, and physicist (d. 1958)

Births112 years ago

1911 - Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)

Births109 years ago

1911 - Kenneth Patchen, American poet and painter (d. 1972)

Births109 years ago

1912 - Luiz Gonzaga, Brazilian singer-songwriter and accordion player (d. 1989)

Births108 years ago

1913 - Arnold Brown, English-Canadian missionary, 11th General of The Salvation Army (d. 2002)

Births107 years ago

1914 - Alan Bullock, English historian and author (d. 2004)

Births106 years ago

1914 - Larry Noble, English comedian and actor (d. 1993)

Births106 years ago

1915 - B. J. Vorster, South African lawyer and politician, 4th State President of South Africa (d. 1983)

Births105 years ago

1916 - Archie Moore, American boxer (d. 1998)

Births104 years ago

1916 - Leonard Weisgard, American author and illustrator (d. 2000)

Births104 years ago

1918 - Bill Vukovich, Serbian-American race car driver (d. 1955)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Hans-Joachim Marseille, German captain and pilot (d. 1942)

Births101 years ago

1920 - George P. Shultz, American economist and politician, 60th United States Secretary of State

Births100 years ago

1921 - Turgut Demirağ, Turkish film producer, director and screenwriter (d. 1987)

Births99 years ago

1923 - Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births97 years ago

1923 - Terence Beckett, English businessman (d. 2013)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Edward Bede Clancy, Australian cardinal (d. 2014)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Larry Doby, American baseball player and manager (d. 2003)

Births97 years ago

1925 - Dick Van Dyke, American actor, singer, and dancer

Births95 years ago

1926 - Carl Erskine, American major-league baseball player

Births94 years ago

1926 - George Rhoden, Jamaican runner

Births94 years ago

1927 - James Wright, American poet and academic (d. 1980)

Births93 years ago

1929 - Christopher Plummer, Canadian actor and producer

Births91 years ago

1930 - Robert Prosky, American actor (d. 2008)

Births90 years ago

1933 - Doug Mohns, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2014)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Richard D. Zanuck, American film producer (d. 2012)

Births86 years ago

1934 - Antoinette Rodez Schiesler, American chemist (d. 1996)

Births86 years ago

1935 - Joe Christopher, Virgin Islander baseball player

Births85 years ago

1935 - Kenneth Hall, American football player

Births85 years ago

1935 - Lindy McDaniel, American baseball player

Births85 years ago

1935 - Türkan Saylan, Turkish physician and academic (d. 2009)

Births85 years ago

1935 - Arthur Summons, Australian rugby player

Births85 years ago

1936 - Prince Karim al-Husayn Shāh, Aga Khan IV, Swiss-English businessman

Births84 years ago

1936 - J. C. Martin, American baseball player and sportscaster

Births84 years ago

1937 - Rob Houwer, Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter

Births83 years ago

1937 - Ulf G. Lindén, Swedish businessman (d. 2009)

Births83 years ago

1938 - Tom Shaw, American golfer

Births82 years ago

1940 - Sanjaya Lall, Indian economist and academic (d. 2005)

Births80 years ago

1941 - John Davidson, American actor and game show host

Births79 years ago

1942 - Howard Brenton, English playwright and screenwriter

Births78 years ago

1942 - Anna Eshoo, American lawyer and politician

Births78 years ago

1943 - Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball and basketball player

Births77 years ago

1943 - Marti Webb, British actress and singer

Births77 years ago

1944 - Hwang Jang-lee, Japanese-South Korean martial artist and actor

Births76 years ago

1945 - Herman Cain, American businessman and political activist

Births75 years ago

1948 - Jeff Baxter, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer

Births72 years ago

1948 - Lillian Board, South African-English sprinter (d. 1970)

Births72 years ago

1948 - Ted Nugent, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

Births72 years ago

1948 - Brian Wilson, Scottish journalist and politician, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs

Births72 years ago

1949 - Robert Lindsay, English actor and singer

Births71 years ago

1949 - R. A. MacAvoy, American computer programmer and author

Births71 years ago

1949 - Randy Owen, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births71 years ago

1949 - Tom Verlaine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births71 years ago

1950 - Linda Bellos, English businesswoman and politician

Births70 years ago

1950 - Wendie Malick, American actress, model and comedian

Births70 years ago

1950 - Julia Slingo, English meteorologist and academic

Births70 years ago

1950 - Tom Vilsack, American lawyer and politician, 30th United States Secretary of Agriculture

Births70 years ago

1952 - Junkyard Dog, American football player and wrestler (d. 1998)

Births68 years ago

1952 - John Francome, English jockey and sportscaster

Births68 years ago

1952 - Larry Kenon, American basketball player

Births68 years ago

1952 - Jean Rouaud, French author

Births68 years ago

1953 - Berton Averre, American guitarist and songwriter

Births67 years ago

1953 - Ben Bernanke, American economist and academic

Births67 years ago

1953 - Bill Castro, Dominican baseball player and coach

Births67 years ago

1953 - Jim Davidson, English comedian, actor, and television host

Births67 years ago

1953 - Bob Gainey, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager

Births67 years ago

1953 - Thomas Kurzhals, German keyboard player and songwriter (d. 2014)

Births67 years ago

1954 - John Anderson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births66 years ago

1954 - Steve Forbert, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births66 years ago

1954 - Harsh Vardhan, Indian otolaryngologist and politician, Indian Minister of Science and Technology

Births66 years ago

1955 - Joseph Mahmoud, Moroccan-French runner

Births65 years ago

1956 - Dale Berra, American baseball player

Births64 years ago

1956 - Phil Hubbard, American basketball player and coach

Births64 years ago

1956 - Jean-Marie Messier, French businessman

Births64 years ago

1957 - Steve Buscemi, American actor and director

Births63 years ago

1957 - Eric Marienthal, American saxophonist

Births63 years ago

1959 - Heino Enden, Estonian basketball player and coach

Births61 years ago

1959 - Staffan William-Olsson, Swedish guitarist and composer

Births61 years ago

1960 - Richard Dent, American football player

Births60 years ago

1961 - Harry Gregson-Williams, English composer, conductor, and producer

Births59 years ago

1961 - Irene Sáez, Venezuelan model and politician, Governor of Nueva Esparta

Births59 years ago

1961 - Gary Zimmerman, American football player

Births59 years ago

1962 - Roger Ilegems, Belgian cyclist

Births58 years ago

1962 - Jamie Raskin, American lawyer, academic, and politician

Births58 years ago

1962 - Rex Ryan, American football player and coach

Births58 years ago

1962 - Rob Ryan, American football player and coach

Births58 years ago

1964 - hide, Japanese singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1998)

Births56 years ago

1966 - Mike Tirico, American sportscaster

Births54 years ago

1967 - Jamie Foxx, American actor, singer, songwriter, producer, and comedian

Births53 years ago

1967 - Bo Pelini, American football player and coach

Births53 years ago

1969 - Sergei Fedorov, Russian ice hockey player and manager

Births51 years ago

1970 - Tonja Buford-Bailey, American hurdler and coach

Births50 years ago

1970 - Eoin Jess, Scottish footballer

Births50 years ago

1970 - Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, Austrian mountaineer

Births50 years ago

1971 - Naomi Long, Northern Irish engineer and politician, 54th Lord Mayor of Belfast

Births49 years ago

1971 - Park Jin-young, South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and record executive

Births49 years ago

1971 - Scott Sattler, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster

Births49 years ago

1971 - Leanne Wood, Welsh academic and politician

Births49 years ago

1972 - Chris Grant, Australian footballer

Births48 years ago

1972 - James Murdoch, Australian-American businessman, son of Rupert Murdoch

Births48 years ago

1974 - Sara Cox, English broadcaster

Births46 years ago

1975 - Bates Battaglia, American ice hockey player

Births45 years ago

1975 - Tom DeLonge, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

Births45 years ago

1975 - Kostas Kiassos, Greek footballer

Births45 years ago

1975 - Matthew LeCroy, American baseball player and coach

Births45 years ago

1975 - Bahar Mert, Turkish volleyball player

Births45 years ago

1976 - Josh Fogg, American baseball player

Births44 years ago

1976 - Søren Friis, Danish footballer

Births44 years ago

1976 - Radosław Sobolewski, Polish footballer

Births44 years ago

1976 - Rama Yade, Senegalese-French politician

Births44 years ago

1977 - Sascha Kindred, German-English swimmer

Births43 years ago

1978 - Kaspars Kambala, Latvian basketball player

Births42 years ago

1978 - B.J. Penn, American mixed martial artist and wrestler

Births42 years ago

1979 - Matjaž Smodiš, Slovenian basketball player

Births41 years ago

1979 - Luke Steele, Australian singer-songwriter and musician

Births41 years ago

1980 - Patrik Antonius, Finnish tennis player, coach, and poker player

Births40 years ago

1980 - Ryan France, English footballer

Births40 years ago

1980 - Danil Haustov, Estonian swimmer

Births40 years ago

1981 - Amy Lee, American singer-songwriter and pianist

Births39 years ago

1981 - Mathis Bailey, American-Canadian novelist and fiction writer

Births39 years ago

1982 - Dan Hamhuis, Canadian ice hockey player

Births38 years ago

1982 - Ayumi Kinoshita, Japanese actress and model

Births38 years ago

1982 - Ricky Nolasco, American baseball player

Births38 years ago

1982 - Tuka Rocha, Brazilian race car driver (d. 2019)

Births38 years ago

1982 - Koutaro Tanaka, Japanese actor

Births38 years ago

1982 - Dominik Werling, German footballer

Births38 years ago

1983 - Matt Deis, American bass player and songwriter

Births37 years ago

1983 - Otylia Jędrzejczak, Polish swimmer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Janeth Jepkosgei, Kenyan runner

Births37 years ago

1984 - Santi Cazorla, Spanish footballer

Births36 years ago

1984 - Hanna-Maria Seppälä, Finnish swimmer

Births36 years ago

1985 - Michael Bumpus, American football player

Births35 years ago

1985 - Laurence Leboeuf, Canadian actress

Births35 years ago

1985 - Alby Mathewson, New Zealand rugby player

Births35 years ago

1986 - Mathieu Gnanligo, Beninese sprinter

Births34 years ago

1988 - Rickie Fowler, American golfer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Olly Lancashire, English footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - James Tamou, New Zealand-Australian rugby league player

Births32 years ago

1989 - Hellen Onsando Obiri, Kenyan runner

Births31 years ago

1989 - Ben Ridge, Australian rugby league player

Births31 years ago

1989 - Taylor Swift, American singer-songwriter, record producer and actress

Births31 years ago

1991 - Sénah Mango, Togolese footballer

Births29 years ago

1991 - Aaron Telitz, American race car driver

Births29 years ago

1996 - Gleyber Torres, Venezuelan baseball player

Births24 years ago


558 - Childebert I, Frankish king (b. 496)


769 - Du Hongjian, Chinese politician (b. 709)


859 - Angilbert II, archbishop of Milan


1124 - Pope Callixtus II (b. 1065)

Deaths896 years ago
Deaths894 years ago

1204 - Maimonides, Spanish rabbi and philosopher (b. 1135)

Deaths816 years ago
Deaths770 years ago

1272 - Bertold of Regensburg, German preacher

Deaths748 years ago
Deaths616 years ago

1466 - Donatello, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1386)

Deaths554 years ago

1516 - Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer and historian (b. 1462)

Deaths504 years ago
Deaths499 years ago

1557 - Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia, Italian mathematician and engineer (b. 1499)

Deaths463 years ago

1565 - Conrad Gessner, Swiss botanist and physician (b. 1516)

Deaths455 years ago

1621 - Katarina Stenbock, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)

Deaths399 years ago

1671 - Antonio Grassi, Italian Roman Catholic priest(b. 1592)

Deaths349 years ago

1716 - Charles de La Fosse, French painter (b. 1640)

Deaths304 years ago

1721 - Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor (b. 1676)

Deaths299 years ago

1729 - Anthony Collins, English philosopher and author (b. 1676)

Deaths291 years ago

1754 - Mahmud I, Ottoman sultan (b. 1696)

Deaths266 years ago

1758 - Noël Doiron, Canadian Acadia leader (b. 1684)

Deaths262 years ago

1769 - Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and hymn-writer (b. 1715)

Deaths251 years ago

1783 - Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer and demographer (b. 1717)

Deaths237 years ago

1784 - Samuel Johnson, English poet and lexicographer (b. 1709)

Deaths236 years ago

1814 - Charles-Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Belgian-Austrian field marshal (b. 1735)

Deaths206 years ago

1837 - Herman of Alaska, Russian missionary and saint (b. 1756)

Deaths183 years ago

1849 - Johann Centurius Hoffmannsegg, German botanist and entomologist (b. 1766)

Deaths171 years ago

1862 - Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, American general, lawyer, and politician (b. 1823)

Deaths158 years ago

1863 - Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German poet and playwright (b. 1813)

Deaths157 years ago

1868 - Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer (b. 1794)

Deaths152 years ago

1881 - August Šenoa, Croatian author and poet (b. 1838)

Deaths139 years ago

1883 - Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)

Deaths137 years ago

1893 - Georg August Rudolph, German lawyer and politician, 3rd Mayor of Marburg (b. 1816)

Deaths127 years ago

1895 - Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist and engineer (b. 1800)

Deaths125 years ago

1908 - Augustus Le Plongeon, French photographer and historian (b. 1825)

Deaths112 years ago

1919 - Woldemar Voigt, German physicist and academic (b. 1850)

Deaths101 years ago

1922 - Arthur Wesley Dow, American painter and photographer (b. 1857)

Deaths98 years ago

1922 - Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic poet and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1861)

Deaths98 years ago

1924 - Samuel Gompers, English-born American labor leader, founded the American Federation of Labor (b. 1850)

Deaths96 years ago

1927 - Mehmet Nadir, Turkish mathematician and academic (b. 1856)

Deaths93 years ago

1930 - Fritz Pregl, Slovenian-Austrian chemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)

Deaths90 years ago

1931 - Gustave Le Bon, French psychologist, sociologist, and anthropologist (b. 1840)

Deaths89 years ago

1932 - Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter and sculptor (b. 1853)

Deaths88 years ago

1935 - Victor Grignard, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)

Deaths85 years ago

1942 - Wlodimir Ledóchowski, Austrian-Polish religious leader, 26th Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)

Deaths78 years ago

1942 - Robert Robinson Taylor, American architect (b. 1868)

Deaths78 years ago

1944 - Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French painter and theorist (b. 1866)

Deaths76 years ago

1945 - Irma Grese, German concentration camp guard (b. 1923)

Deaths75 years ago

1945 - Josef Kramer, German concentration camp commandant (b. 1906)

Deaths75 years ago

1945 - Elisabeth Volkenrath, Polish-German concentration camp supervisor (b. 1919)

Deaths75 years ago

1947 - Henry James, American lawyer and author (b. 1879)

Deaths73 years ago

1947 - Nicholas Roerich, Russian archaeologist, painter, and philosopher (b. 1874)

Deaths73 years ago

1950 - Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1902)

Deaths70 years ago

1954 - John Raymond Hubbell, American director and composer (b. 1879)

Deaths66 years ago

1955 - Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)

Deaths65 years ago

1960 - Dora Marsden, English author and activist (b. 1882)

Deaths60 years ago

1961 - Grandma Moses, American painter (b. 1860)

Deaths59 years ago

1962 - Harry Barris, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1905)

Deaths58 years ago

1969 - Raymond A. Spruance, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Philippines (b. 1886)

Deaths51 years ago

1973 - Henry Green, English author (b. 1905)

Deaths47 years ago

1974 - Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu, Egyptian-Turkish journalist, author, and politician (b. 1889)

Deaths46 years ago

1975 - Cyril Delevanti, English-American actor (b. 1889)

Deaths45 years ago

1977 - Oğuz Atay, Turkish engineer and author (b. 1934)

Deaths43 years ago

1979 - Jon Hall, American actor and director (b. 1915)

Deaths41 years ago

1979 - Behçet Necatigil, Turkish author, poet and translator (b. 1916)

Deaths41 years ago

1983 - Alexander Schmemann, Estonian-American priest and theologian (b. 1921)

Deaths37 years ago

1983 - Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet and critic (b. 1933)

Deaths37 years ago

1986 - Heather Angel, British-American actress (b. 1909)

Deaths34 years ago

1986 - Ella Baker, American activist (b. 1903)

Deaths34 years ago

1986 - Smita Patil, Indian actress and journalist (b. 1955)

Deaths34 years ago

1992 - K. C. Irving, Canadian businessman (b. 1899)

Deaths28 years ago

1992 - Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1899)

Deaths28 years ago

1993 - Vanessa Duriès, French author (b. 1972)

Deaths27 years ago

1995 - Ann Nolan Clark, American author and educator (b. 1896)

Deaths25 years ago

1996 - Edward Blishen, English author and educator (b. 1920)

Deaths24 years ago

1997 - Don E. Fehrenbacher, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1920)

Deaths23 years ago

1998 - Lew Grade, Ukrainian-born British impresario and media proprietor (b. 1906)

Deaths22 years ago

1998 - Richard Thomas, Royal Naval Officer (b. 1922)

Deaths22 years ago

1998 - Wade Watts, civil rights activist (b. 1919)

Deaths22 years ago

2001 - Michael Bradshaw, British-Canadian actor (b. 1933)

Deaths19 years ago

2001 - Chuck Schuldiner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1967)

Deaths19 years ago

2002 - Zal Yanovsky, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1944)

Deaths18 years ago

2003 - Māris Čaklais, Latvian poet and journalist (b. 1940)

Deaths17 years ago

2003 - William V. Roth, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1921)

Deaths17 years ago

2004 - Andre Rodgers, Bahamian baseball player (b. 1934)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - David Wheeler, English computer scientist and academic (b. 1927)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - Stanley Williams, American gang leader, co-founded the Crips (b. 1953)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Lamar Hunt, American businessman, co-founded the American Football League and World Championship Tennis (b. 1932)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Mark Partridge, Rhodesian lawyer and politician (b. 1922)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Floyd Red Crow Westerman, American actor and activist (b. 1936)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - John Drake, New Zealand rugby player and journalist (b. 1959)

Deaths12 years ago

2010 - James Dibble, Australian journalist (b. 1923)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - Richard Holbrooke, American journalist and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1941)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - Enrique Morente, Spanish singer-songwriter (b. 1942)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - T. J. Bass, American physician and author (b. 1932)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Kabir Chowdhury, Bangladeshi author and academic (b. 1923)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Russell Hoban, American author and illustrator (b. 1925)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Ian Black, Scottish footballer (b. 1924)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Marcel Cellier, Swiss organist and producer (b. 1925)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Vivian Kellogg, American baseball player and manager (b. 1922)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Kim Kuk-tae, North Korean politician (b. 1924)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Harvey Littleton, American glass artist and educator (b. 1922)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Ernst Albrecht, German economist and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Lower Saxony (b. 1930)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - William E. May, American theologian and academic (b. 1928)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Phil Stern, American photographer (b. 1919)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Taitetsu Unno, Japanese scholar and author (b. 1929)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Benedict Anderson, Chinese-American political scientist and academic (b. 1936)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - John Bannon, Australian academic and politician, 39th Premier of South Australia (b. 1943)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Peter Ryan, Australian journalist and author (b. 1923)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Thomas Schelling, American economist and educator (b. 1921)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - David Strangway, Canadian geophysicist and university administrator (b. 1934)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Alan Thicke, Canadian-American actor and composer (b. 1947)

Deaths4 years ago

2017 - Warrel Dane, American singer (b. 1961)

Deaths3 years ago

2018 - Noah Klieger, Israeli journalist and Holocaust survivor (b. 1926)

Deaths2 years ago

Christian feast day

Christian feast day
Christian feast day

Lucy, and its related observances:National Day, celebrates the independence of Saint Lucia from United Kingdom in 1979.

Christian feast day

Lucy, and its related observances:Saint Lucy's Day (mainly Scandinavia, some regions of Italy (for example, Sicily, Veneto and Trentino), Malta, Hungary and Croatia).

Christian feast day
Christian feast day