Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

The first day of Blacks and Whites' Carnival, celebrated until January 7. (southern Colombia)

Holidays and observances

The first day of the Carnival of Riosucio, celebrated until January 8 every 2 years. (Riosucio)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

The second day of New Year (a holiday in Kazakhstan, North Macedonia, Mauritius, Montenegro, New Zealand, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine):New Year Holiday (Scotland), if it is a Sunday, the day moves to January 3

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances


AD 69 - The Roman legions in Germania Superior refuse to swear loyalty to Galba. They rebel and proclaim Vitellius as emperor.


366 - The Alemanni cross the frozen Rhine in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.


533 - Mercurius becomes Pope John II, the first pope to adopt a new name upon elevation to the papacy.


1492 - Reconquista: The Emirate of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, surrenders.

Events528 years ago

1680 - Trunajaya rebellion: Amangkurat II of Mataram and his bodyguards execute the rebel leader Trunajaya. a month after the rebel leader was captured by the Dutch East India Company.

Events340 years ago

1777 - American Revolutionary War: American forces under the command of George Washington repulsed a British attack at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek near Trenton, New Jersey.

Events243 years ago

1788 - Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution.

Events232 years ago

1791 - Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, North America, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.

Events229 years ago

1818 - The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded by a group of six engineers; Thomas Telford would later become its first president.

Events202 years ago

1833 - Captain James Onslow, in the Clio, arrives at Port Egmont to reassert British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.

Events187 years ago
Events155 years ago

1900 - American statesman and diplomat John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.

Events120 years ago

1905 - Russo-Japanese War: The Russian garrison surrenders at Port Arthur, China.

Events115 years ago

1920 - The second Palmer Raid, ordered by the US Department of Justice, results in 6,000 suspected communists and anarchists being arrested and held without trial.

Events100 years ago

1941 - World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.

Events79 years ago

1942 - The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) obtains the conviction of 33 members of a German spy ring headed by Fritz Joubert Duquesne in the largest espionage case in United States history—the Duquesne Spy Ring.

Events78 years ago

1942 - World War II: Manila is captured by Japanese forces, enabling them to control the Philippines.

Events78 years ago

1949 - Luis Muñoz Marín is inaugurated as the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.

Events71 years ago

1954 - India establishes its highest civilian awards, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan.

Events66 years ago

1955 - Following the assassination of the Panamanian president José Antonio Remón Cantera, his deputy, José Ramón Guizado, takes power, but is quickly deposed after his involvement in Cantera's death is discovered.

Events65 years ago

1959 - Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon and to orbit the Sun, is launched by the Soviet Union.

Events61 years ago

1963 - Vietnam War: The Viet Cong wins its first major victory, at the Battle of Ap Bac.

Events57 years ago
Events53 years ago

1971 - The second Ibrox disaster kills 66 fans at a Rangers-Celtic association football (soccer) match.

Events49 years ago

1974 - United States President Richard Nixon signs a bill lowering the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo.

Events46 years ago

1975 - At the opening of a new railway line, a bomb blast at Samastipur, Bihar, India, fatally wounds Lalit Narayan Mishra, Minister of Railways.

Events45 years ago

1975 - The Federal Rules of Evidence are approved by the United States Congress.

Events45 years ago

1976 - The Gale of January 1976 begins, resulting in coastal flooding around the southern North Sea coasts, affecting countries from Ireland to Yugoslavia and causing at least 82 deaths and US$1.3 billion in damage.

Events44 years ago

1978 - On the orders of the President of Pakistan, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, paramilitary forces opened fire on peaceful protesting workers in Multan, Pakistan; it is known as 1978 massacre at Multan Colony Textile Mills.

Events42 years ago

1981 - One of the largest investigations by a British police force ends when serial killer Peter Sutcliffe, the "Yorkshire Ripper", is arrested in Sheffield, South Yorkshire.

Events39 years ago

1991 - Sharon Pratt Kelly becomes the first African American woman mayor of a major city and first woman Mayor of the District of Columbia.

Events29 years ago

1993 - Sri Lankan Civil War: The Sri Lanka Navy kill 35–100 civilians on the Jaffna Lagoon.

Events27 years ago

2004 - Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that are returned to Earth.

Events16 years ago


869 - Yōzei, Japanese emperor (d. 949)


1462 - Piero di Cosimo, Italian painter (d. 1522)

Births558 years ago

1509 - Henry of Stolberg, German nobleman (d. 1572)

Births511 years ago

1642 - Mehmed IV, Ottoman sultan (d. 1693)

Births378 years ago

1647 - Nathaniel Bacon, English-American rebel leader (d. 1676)

Births373 years ago

1699 - Osman III, Ottoman sultan (d. 1757)

Births321 years ago

1713 - Marie Dumesnil, French actress (d. 1803)

Births307 years ago

1727 - James Wolfe, English general (d. 1759)

Births293 years ago

1732 - František Brixi, Czech organist and composer (d. 1771)

Births288 years ago

1777 - Christian Daniel Rauch, German sculptor and educator (d. 1857)

Births243 years ago

1803 - Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja, Italian mathematician and academic (d. 1869)

Births217 years ago

1822 - Rudolf Clausius, Polish-German physicist and mathematician (d. 1888)

Births198 years ago

1827 - Pyotr Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky, Russian geographer and statistician (d. 1914)

Births193 years ago

1833 - Frederick A. Johnson, American banker and politician (d. 1893)

Births187 years ago

1836 - Mendele Mocher Sforim, Russian author (d. 1917)

Births184 years ago

1836 - Queen Emma of Hawaii (d. 1885)

Births184 years ago

1837 - Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (d. 1910)

Births183 years ago

1857 - M. Carey Thomas, American educator and activist (d. 1935)

Births163 years ago

1860 - Dugald Campbell Patterson, Canadian engineer (d. 1931)

Births160 years ago

1860 - William Corless Mills, American historian and curator (d. 1928)

Births160 years ago

1866 - Gilbert Murray, Australian-English playwright and scholar (d. 1957)

Births154 years ago

1870 - Ernst Barlach, German sculptor and playwright (d. 1938)

Births150 years ago

1870 - Tex Rickard, American boxing promoter and businessman (d. 1929)

Births150 years ago

1873 - Antonie Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer and theorist (d. 1960)

Births147 years ago

1873 - Thérèse of Lisieux, French nun and saint (d. 1897)

Births147 years ago

1878 - Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai, Indian activist, founded the Nair Service Society (d. 1970)

Births142 years ago

1884 - Ben-Zion Dinur, Russian-Israeli historian and politician, 4th Israeli Minister of Education (d. 1973)

Births136 years ago

1885 - Gordon Flowerdew, Canadian lieutenant, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1918)

Births135 years ago

1886 - Apsley Cherry-Garrard, English explorer and author (d. 1959)

Births134 years ago

1889 - Bertram Stevens, Australian accountant and politician, 25th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1973)

Births131 years ago

1891 - Giovanni Michelucci, Italian architect and urban planner, designed the Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station (d. 1990)

Births129 years ago

1892 - Seiichiro Kashio, Japanese tennis player (d. 1962)

Births128 years ago

1892 - Artur Rodziński, Polish-American conductor (d. 1958)

Births128 years ago

1895 - Folke Bernadotte, Swedish diplomat (d. 1948)

Births125 years ago

1896 - Dziga Vertov, Polish-Russian director and screenwriter (d. 1954)

Births124 years ago

1896 - Lawrence Wackett, Australian commander and engineer (d. 1982)

Births124 years ago

1897 - Theodore Plucknett, English legal historian (d. 1965)

Births123 years ago

1900 - Una Ledingham, British physician, known for research on diabetes in pregnancy (d. 1965)

Births120 years ago

1901 - Bob Marshall, American activist, co-founded The Wilderness Society (d. 1939)

Births119 years ago

1902 - Dan Keating, Irish Republican Army volunteer (d. 2007)

Births118 years ago

1903 - Kane Tanaka, Japanese supercentenarian, oldest verified living person

Births117 years ago

1904 - Walter Heitler, German physicist and chemist (d. 1981)

Births116 years ago

1905 - Luigi Zampa, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 1991)

Births115 years ago

1905 - Michael Tippett, English composer and conductor (d. 1998)

Births115 years ago

1909 - Barry Goldwater, American politician, businessman, and author (d. 1998)

Births111 years ago

1909 - Riccardo Cassin, Italian mountaineer and author (d. 2009)

Births111 years ago

1913 - Anna Lee, English-American actress (d. 2004)

Births107 years ago

1913 - Juanita Jackson Mitchell, American lawyer and activist (d. 1992)

Births107 years ago

1917 - Vera Zorina, German-Norwegian actress and dancer (d. 2003)

Births103 years ago

1918 - Willi Graf, German physician and activist (d. 1943)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Beatrice Hicks, American engineer (d. 1979)

Births101 years ago

1920 - Isaac Asimov, American writer and professor of biochemistry (d. 1992)

Births100 years ago

1921 - Glen Harmon, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)

Births99 years ago

1925 - William J. Crowe, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (d. 2007)

Births95 years ago

1927 - Gino Marchetti, American football player (d. 2019)

Births93 years ago

1928 - Dan Rostenkowski, American politician (d. 2010)

Births92 years ago

1929 - Tellervo Koivisto, Finnish politician, former First Lady of Finland

Births91 years ago

1931 - Toshiki Kaifu, Japanese lawyer and politician, 76th Prime Minister of Japan

Births89 years ago

1934 - John Hollowbread, English footballer, goalkeeper (d. 2007)

Births86 years ago

1936 - Roger Miller, American singer-songwriter, musician, and actor (d. 1992)

Births84 years ago

1938 - David Bailey, English photographer and painter

Births82 years ago

1938 - Lynn Conway, American computer scientist and electrical engineer

Births82 years ago

1938 - Robert Smithson, American sculptor and photographer (d. 1973)

Births82 years ago

1940 - Jim Bakker, American televangelist

Births80 years ago

1940 - Saud bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Arabian economist and politician, Saudi Arabian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 2015)

Births80 years ago
Births78 years ago

1942 - Thomas Hammarberg, Swedish lawyer and diplomat

Births78 years ago

1943 - Janet Akyüz Mattei, Turkish-American astronomer (d. 2004)

Births77 years ago

1944 - Charlie Davis, Trinidadian cricketer

Births76 years ago

1944 - Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian field marshal and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Cambodia

Births76 years ago

1944 - Péter Eötvös, Hungarian composer and conductor

Births76 years ago

1947 - Calvin Hill, American football player

Births73 years ago

1947 - David Shapiro, American poet, historian, and critic

Births73 years ago

1947 - Jack Hanna, American zoologist and author

Births73 years ago

1949 - Christopher Durang, American playwright and screenwriter

Births71 years ago

1949 - Iris Marion Young, American political scientist and academic (d. 2006)

Births71 years ago

1952 - Indulis Emsis, Latvian biologist and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Latvia

Births68 years ago

1954 - Henry Bonilla, American broadcaster and politician

Births66 years ago

1954 - Évelyne Trouillot, Haitian playwright and author

Births66 years ago

1959 - Kirti Azad, Indian cricketer and politician

Births61 years ago

1961 - Craig James, American football player and sportscaster

Births59 years ago

1961 - Gabrielle Carteris, American actress

Births59 years ago

1961 - Paula Hamilton, English model

Births59 years ago

1961 - Robert Wexler, American lawyer and politician

Births59 years ago

1963 - David Cone, American baseball player and sportscaster

Births57 years ago

1963 - Edgar Martínez, American baseball player

Births57 years ago

1964 - Pernell Whitaker, American boxer (d. 2019)

Births56 years ago

1965 - Francois Pienaar, South African rugby player

Births55 years ago

1967 - Jón Gnarr, Icelandic actor and politician; 20th Mayor of Reykjavik City

Births53 years ago

1967 - Tia Carrere, American actress

Births53 years ago

1968 - Anky van Grunsven, Dutch dressage champion

Births52 years ago

1968 - Cuba Gooding, Jr., American actor and producer

Births52 years ago

1969 - Christy Turlington, American model

Births51 years ago

1969 - István Bagyula, Hungarian pole vaulter

Births51 years ago

1969 - William Fox-Pitt, English horse rider and journalist

Births51 years ago

1970 - Eric Whitacre, American composer and conductor

Births50 years ago

1971 - Renée Elise Goldsberry, American actress

Births49 years ago

1972 - Mattias Norström, Swedish ice hockey player and manager

Births48 years ago

1972 - Rodney MacDonald, Canadian educator and politician, 26th Premier of Nova Scotia

Births48 years ago

1974 - Ludmila Formanová, Czech runner

Births46 years ago

1974 - Tomáš Řepka, Czech footballer

Births46 years ago

1975 - Reuben Thorne, New Zealand rugby player

Births45 years ago

1977 - Brian Boucher, American ice hockey player and sportscaster

Births43 years ago

1977 - Stefan Koubek, Austrian tennis player

Births43 years ago

1979 - Jonathan Greening English footballer

Births41 years ago

1981 - Maxi Rodríguez, Argentinian footballer

Births39 years ago

1983 - Kate Bosworth, American actress

Births37 years ago

1987 - Robert Milsom, English footballer

Births33 years ago

1988 - Damien Tussac, French-German rugby player

Births32 years ago

1992 - Korbin Sims, Australian-Fijian rugby league player

Births28 years ago

1992 - Paulo Gazzaniga, Argentinian footballer, goalkeeper

Births28 years ago

1998 - Timothy Fosu-Mensah, Dutch footballer

Births22 years ago


951 - Liu Chengyou, Emperor Yin of the Later Han


951 - Su Fengji, Chinese official and chancellor

Deaths1069 years ago

1096 - William de St-Calais, Bishop of Durham and chief counsellor of William II of England

Deaths924 years ago
Deaths851 years ago

1298 - Lodomer, Hungarian prelate, Archbishop of Esztergom

Deaths722 years ago

1470 - Heinrich Reuß von Plauen, Grand Master of the Teutonic Order

Deaths550 years ago

1512 - Svante Nilsson, Sweden politician (b. 1460)

Deaths508 years ago

1514 - William Smyth, English bishop and academic (b. 1460)

Deaths506 years ago

1543 - Francesco Canova da Milano, Italian composer (b. 1497)

Deaths477 years ago

1557 - Pontormo, Italian painter and educator (b. 1494)

Deaths463 years ago

1613 - Salima Sultan Begum, Empress of the Mughal Empire (b. 1539)

Deaths407 years ago

1614 - Luisa Carvajal y Mendoza, Spanish mystical poet and Catholic martyr (b. 1566)

Deaths406 years ago

1726 - Domenico Zipoli, Italian organist and composer (b. 1688)

Deaths294 years ago

1763 - John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (b. 1690)

Deaths257 years ago

1850 - Manuel de la Peña y Peña, Mexican lawyer and 20th President (1847) (b. 1789)

Deaths170 years ago
Deaths159 years ago

1892 - George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1801)

Deaths128 years ago

1904 - James Longstreet, American general and diplomat (b. 1821)

Deaths116 years ago

1913 - Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (b. 1855)

Deaths107 years ago

1915 - Karl Goldmark, Hungarian violinist and composer (b. 1830)

Deaths105 years ago

1917 - Léon Flameng, French cyclist (b. 1877)

Deaths103 years ago

1920 - Paul Adam, French author (b. 1862)

Deaths100 years ago

1924 - Sabine Baring-Gould, English author and scholar (b. 1834)

Deaths96 years ago

1939 - Roman Dmowski, Polish politician, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1864)

Deaths81 years ago

1941 - Mischa Levitzki, Russian-American pianist and composer (b. 1898)

Deaths79 years ago

1946 - Joe Darling, Australian cricketer and politician (b. 1870)

Deaths74 years ago

1950 - James Dooley, Irish-Australian politician, 21st Premier of New South Wales (b. 1877)

Deaths70 years ago

1951 - William Campion, English colonel and politician, 21st Governor of Western Australia (b. 1870)

Deaths69 years ago

1953 - Guccio Gucci, Italian businessman and fashion designer, founder of Gucci (b. 1881)

Deaths67 years ago

1960 - Paul Sauvé, Canadian lawyer and politician, 17th Premier of Quebec (b. 1907)

Deaths60 years ago

1963 - Dick Powell, American actor, singer, and director (b. 1904)

Deaths57 years ago

1963 - Jack Carson, Canadian-American actor (b. 1910)

Deaths57 years ago

1974 - Tex Ritter, American actor (b. 1905)

Deaths46 years ago

1975 - Siraj Sikder, Bangladesh revolutionary leader (b. 1944)

Deaths45 years ago

1977 - Erroll Garner, American pianist and composer (b. 1921)

Deaths43 years ago

1986 - Una Merkel, American actress (b. 1903)

Deaths34 years ago

1987 - Harekrushna Mahatab, Indian journalist and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Odisha (b. 1899)

Deaths33 years ago

1989 - Safdar Hashmi, Indian actor, director, and playwright (b. 1954)

Deaths31 years ago

1990 - Alan Hale Jr., American film and television actor (b. 1921)

Deaths30 years ago

1990 - Evangelos Averoff, Greek historian and politician, Greek Minister for National Defence (b. 1910)

Deaths30 years ago

1994 - Dixy Lee Ray, American biologist and politician; 17th Governor of Washington (b. 1914)

Deaths26 years ago

1994 - Pierre-Paul Schweitzer, French lawyer and businessman (b. 1915)

Deaths26 years ago

1995 - Nancy Kelly, American actress (b. 1921)

Deaths25 years ago

1995 - Siad Barre, Somalian general and politician; 3rd President of Somalia (b. 1919)

Deaths25 years ago

1999 - Rolf Liebermann, Swiss-French composer and manager (b. 1910)

Deaths21 years ago

1999 - Sebastian Haffner, German journalist and author (b. 1907)

Deaths21 years ago

2000 - Elmo Zumwalt, American admiral (b. 1920)

Deaths20 years ago

2000 - Patrick O'Brian, English author and translator (b. 1914)

Deaths20 years ago

2001 - William P. Rogers, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 55th United States Secretary of State (b. 1913)

Deaths19 years ago

2005 - Maclyn McCarty, American geneticist and physician (b. 1911)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Cecilia Muñoz-Palma, Filipino lawyer and jurist (b. 1913)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 - Osa Massen, Danish-American actress (b. 1914)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - A. Richard Newton, Australian-American engineer and academic (b. 1951)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, American historian and author (b. 1941)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Teddy Kollek, Hungarian-Israeli politician, Mayor of Jerusalem (b. 1911)

Deaths13 years ago

2008 - George MacDonald Fraser, Scottish journalist and author (b. 1925)

Deaths12 years ago

2008 - Lee S. Dreyfus, American sailor, academic, and politician, 40th Governor of Wisconsin (b. 1926)

Deaths12 years ago

2009 - Inger Christensen, Danish poet and author (b. 1935)

Deaths11 years ago

2009 - Dnyaneshwar Agashe, Indian businessman and cricketer (b. 1942)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - David R. Ross, Scottish historian and author (b. 1958)

Deaths10 years ago

2011 - Anne Francis, American actress (b. 1930)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Bali Ram Bhagat, Indian politician; 16th Governor of Rajasthan (b. 1922)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 - Pete Postlethwaite, English actor (b. 1946)

Deaths9 years ago

2012 - Gordon Hirabayashi, American-Canadian sociologist and academic (b. 1918)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Silvana Gallardo, American actress and producer (b. 1953)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - William P. Carey, American businessman and philanthropist, founded W. P. Carey (b. 1930)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Gerda Lerner, Austrian-American historian, author, and academic (b. 1920)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Teresa Torańska, Polish journalist and author (b. 1944)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Bernard Glasser, American director and producer (b. 1924)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Elizabeth Jane Howard, English author and screenwriter (b. 1923)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Tihomir Novakov, Serbian-American physicist and academic (b. 1929)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Ardhendu Bhushan Bardhan, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1924)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Frances Cress Welsing, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1935)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Nimr al-Nimr, Saudi Arabian religious leader (b. 1959)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Gisela Mota Ocampo, mayor of Temixco, Morelos, Mexico, assassinated (b. 1982)

Deaths4 years ago

2017 - Jean Vuarnet, French ski racer (b. 1933)

Deaths3 years ago

2017 - John Berger, English art critic, novelist and painter (b. 1926)

Deaths3 years ago

2018 - Guida Maria, Portuguese actress (b. 1950)

Deaths2 years ago

2018 - Thomas S. Monson, American religious leader, 16th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1927)

Deaths2 years ago

2019 - Daryl Dragon, American musician (b. 1942)

Deaths1 years ago

2019 - Bob Einstein, American actor and comedian (b. 1942)

Deaths1 years ago

2019 - Gene Okerlund, American wrestling announcer (b. 1942)

Deaths1 years ago

Christian feast day

Christian feast day

Earliest day on which the Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus is observed, while January 5 is the latest; celebrated on Sunday between January 2 and 5. (Roman Catholic Church, 1960 calendar)

Christian feast day

Gregory of Nazianzus (Catholic Church)

Christian feast day
Christian feast day
Christian feast day