Holidays and observances

Earliest day on which Military Spouse Day can fall, while May 12 is the latest; celebrated on Friday before Mother's Day (United States)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

The first day of Hıdırellez (Turkey)

Holidays and observances

Christian Feast Day

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

St George's Day related observances (Eastern Orthodox Church):Day of Bravery, also known as Gergyovden (Bulgaria)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Events

1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; many scholars consider this the end of the Renaissance.

Events493 years ago

1536 - The Siege of Cuzco commences, in which Incan forces attempt to retake the city of Cuzco from the Spanish.

Events484 years ago

1536 - King Henry VIII orders English-language Bibles be placed in every church. In 1539 the Great Bible would be provided for this purpose.

Events484 years ago

1542 - Francis Xavier reaches Old Goa, the capital of Portuguese India at the time.

Events478 years ago

1659 - English Restoration: A faction of the British Army removes Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth and reinstalls the Rump Parliament.

Events361 years ago

1682 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to the Palace of Versailles.

Events338 years ago

1757 - Battle of Prague: A Prussian army fights an Austrian army in Prague during the Seven Years' War.

Events263 years ago

1757 - The end of Konbaung–Hanthawaddy War, and the end of Burmese Civil War (1740–1757).

Events263 years ago

1757 - English poet Christopher Smart is admitted into St Luke's Hospital for Lunatics in London, beginning his six-year confinement to mental asylums.

Events263 years ago

1782 - Construction begins on the Grand Palace, the royal residence of the King of Siam in Bangkok, at the command of King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke.

Events238 years ago

1801 - Captain Thomas Cochrane in the 14-gun HMS Speedy captures the 32-gun Spanish frigate El Gamo.

Events219 years ago

1835 - James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald.

Events185 years ago

1840 - The Penny Black postage stamp becomes valid for use in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Events180 years ago

1857 - The British East India Company disbands the 34th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry whose sepoy Mangal Pandey had earlier revolted against the British and is considered to be the First Martyr in the War of Indian Independence.

Events163 years ago

1861 - American Civil War: Arkansas secedes from the Union.

Events159 years ago

1863 - American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville ends with the defeat of the Army of the Potomac by the Army of Northern Virginia.

Events157 years ago

1877 - Chief Crazy Horse of the Oglala Lakota surrenders to United States troops in Nebraska.

Events143 years ago

1882 - Thomas Henry Burke and Lord Frederick Cavendish are stabbed to death by Fenian assassins in Phoenix Park, Dublin.

Events138 years ago
Events138 years ago

1889 - The Eiffel Tower is officially opened to the public at the Universal Exposition in Paris.

Events131 years ago

1906 - The Russian Constitution of 1906 is adopted (on April 23 by the Julian calendar).

Events114 years ago

1910 - George V becomes King of the United Kingdom upon the death of his father, Edward VII.

Events110 years ago

1915 - Babe Ruth, then a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox, hits his first major league home run.

Events105 years ago

1916 - Twenty-one Lebanese nationalists are executed in Martyrs' Square, Beirut by Djemal Pasha.

Events104 years ago

1916 - Vietnamese Emperor Duy Tân is captured while attempting to call upon the people to rise up against the French, and is later deposed and exiled to Réunion island.

Events104 years ago

1933 - The Deutsche Studentenschaft attacked Magnus Hirschfeld's Institut für Sexualwissenschaft, later burning many of its books.

Events87 years ago

1935 - New Deal: Under the authority of the newly-enacted Federal Emergency Relief Administration, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issues Executive Order 7034 to create the Works Progress Administration.

Events85 years ago

1937 - Hindenburg disaster: The German zeppelin Hindenburg catches fire and is destroyed within a minute while attempting to dock at Lakehurst, New Jersey. Thirty-six people are killed.

Events83 years ago

1940 - John Steinbeck is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his novel The Grapes of Wrath.

Events80 years ago

1941 - At California's March Field, Bob Hope performs his first USO show.

Events79 years ago

1941 - The first flight of the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt.

Events79 years ago

1942 - World War II: On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines surrender to the Japanese.

Events78 years ago

1945 - World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops.

Events75 years ago

1945 - World War II: The Prague Offensive, the last major battle of the Eastern Front, begins.

Events75 years ago

1949 - EDSAC, the first practical electronic digital stored-program computer, runs its first operation.

Events71 years ago

1954 - Roger Bannister becomes the first person to run the mile in under four minutes.

Events66 years ago

1960 - More than 20 million viewers watch the first televised royal wedding when Princess Margaret marries Anthony Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey.

Events60 years ago

1966 - Myra Hindley and Ian Brady are sentenced to life imprisonment for the Moors murders in England.

Events54 years ago

1972 - Deniz Gezmiş, Yusuf Aslan and Hüseyin İnan are executed in Ankara after being convicted of attempting to overthrow the Constitutional order.

Events48 years ago

1975 - During a lull in fighting, 100,000 Armenians gather in Beirut to commemorate 60th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide.

Events45 years ago

1976 - The 6.5 MwFriuli earthquake affected Northern Italy with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme), leaving 900–978 dead and 1,700–2,400 injured.

Events44 years ago

1983 - The Hitler Diaries are revealed as a hoax after being examined by experts.

Events37 years ago

1984 - One hundred three Korean Martyrs are canonized by Pope John Paul II in Seoul.

Events36 years ago

1988 - All thirty-six passengers and crew were killed when Widerøe Flight 710 crashed into Mt. Torghatten in Brønnøy.

Events32 years ago

1994 - Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and French President François Mitterrand officiate at the opening of the Channel Tunnel.

Events26 years ago

1996 - The body of former CIA director William Colby is found washed up on a riverbank in southern Maryland, eight days after he disappeared.

Events24 years ago

1997 - The Bank of England is given independence from political control, the most significant change in the bank's 300-year history.

Events23 years ago

1998 - Kerry Wood strikes out 20 Houston Astros to tie the major league record held by Roger Clemens. He threw a one-hitter and did not walk a batter in his fifth career start.

Events22 years ago

1999 - The first elections to the devolved Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly are held.

Events21 years ago

2001 - During a trip to Syria, Pope John Paul II becomes the first pope to enter a mosque.

Events19 years ago

2002 - Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn is assassinated following a radio-interview at the Mediapark in Hilversum.

Events18 years ago

2010 - In just 36 minutes, the Dow-Jones average plunged nearly 1000 points in what is known as the 2010 Flash Crash.

Events10 years ago

2013 - Three women, kidnapped and missing for more than a decade, are found alive in Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States.

Events7 years ago

Births

Births
Births556 years ago

1493 - Girolamo Seripando, Italian theologian and cardinal (d. 1563)

Births527 years ago

1501 - Marcellus II, pope of the Catholic Church (d. 1555)

Births519 years ago

1574 - Innocent X, pope of the Catholic Church (d. 1655)

Births446 years ago
Births440 years ago

1635 - Johann Joachim Becher, German physician and alchemist (d. 1682)

Births385 years ago

1668 - Alain-René Lesage, French author and playwright (d. 1747)

Births352 years ago

1680 - Jean-Baptiste Stuck, Italian-French cellist and composer (d. 1755)

Births340 years ago

1713 - Charles Batteux, French philosopher and academic (d. 1780)

Births307 years ago

1714 - Anton Raaff, German tenor (d. 1797)

Births306 years ago

1742 - Jean Senebier, Swiss pastor and physiologist (d. 1809)

Births278 years ago

1758 - André Masséna, French general (d. 1817)

Births262 years ago

1758 - Maximilien Robespierre, French lawyer and politician (d. 1794)

Births262 years ago
Births251 years ago

1769 - Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician and academic (d. 1834)

Births251 years ago

1781 - Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher and author (d. 1832)

Births239 years ago

1797 - Joseph Brackett, American religious leader and composer (d. 1882)

Births223 years ago

1800 - Roman Sanguszko, Polish general (d. 1881)

Births220 years ago

1827 - Hermann Raster, German-American journalist and politician (d. 1891)

Births193 years ago

1836 - Max Eyth, German engineer and author (d. 1906)

Births184 years ago

1843 - Grove Karl Gilbert, American geologist and academic (d. 1918)

Births177 years ago

1848 - Henry Edward Armstrong, English chemist and academic (d. 1937)

Births172 years ago

1851 - Aristide Bruant, French singer and actor (d. 1925)

Births169 years ago

1856 - Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and psychoanalyst (d. 1939)

Births164 years ago

1856 - Robert Peary, American admiral and explorer (d. 1920)

Births164 years ago

1861 - Motilal Nehru, Indian lawyer and politician, President of the Indian National Congress (d. 1931)

Births159 years ago

1868 - Gaston Leroux, French journalist and author (d. 1927)

Births152 years ago

1869 - Junnosuke Inoue, Japanese businessman and central banker, 8th and 11th Governor of the Bank of Japan (d. 1932)

Births151 years ago

1870 - Walter Rutherford, Scottish golfer (d. 1936)

Births150 years ago

1871 - Victor Grignard, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)

Births149 years ago

1871 - Christian Morgenstern, German author and poet (d. 1914)

Births149 years ago

1872 - Willem de Sitter, Dutch mathematician, physicist, and astronomer (d. 1934)

Births148 years ago

1872 - Djemal Pasha, Ottoman general (d. 1922)

Births148 years ago

1879 - Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (d. 1952)

Births141 years ago

1879 - Hendrik van Heuckelum, Dutch footballer (d. 1929)

Births141 years ago

1880 - Winifred Brunton, English-South African painter and illustrator (d. 1959)

Births140 years ago

1880 - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, German-Swiss painter (d. 1938)

Births140 years ago

1883 - Alberto Collo, Italian actor (d. 1955)

Births137 years ago

1895 - Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian mathematician and author (d. 1974)

Births125 years ago

1895 - Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian soldier and politician, Hungarian Minister of Agriculture (d. 1946)

Births125 years ago

1895 - Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor (d. 1926)

Births125 years ago

1896 - Rolf Maximilian Sievert, Swedish physicist and academic (d. 1966)

Births124 years ago

1897 - Paul Alverdes, German author and poet (d. 1979)

Births123 years ago

1898 - Konrad Henlein, Czech soldier and politician (d. 1945)

Births122 years ago

1902 - Harry Golden, Ukrainian-American journalist and author (d. 1981)

Births118 years ago

1902 - Max Ophüls, German-American director and screenwriter (d. 1957)

Births118 years ago

1903 - Toots Shor, American businessman, founded Toots Shor's Restaurant (d. 1977)

Births117 years ago

1904 - Moshé Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-Israeli physicist and academic (d. 1984)

Births116 years ago

1904 - Catherine Lacey, English actress (d. 1979)

Births116 years ago

1904 - Harry Martinson, Swedish novelist, essayist, and poet Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1978)

Births116 years ago

1905 - Philip N. Krasne, American lawyer and producer (d. 1999)

Births115 years ago

1906 - André Weil, French mathematician and academic (d. 1998)

Births114 years ago

1907 - Weeb Ewbank, American football player and coach (d. 1998)

Births113 years ago

1911 - Guy des Cars, French journalist and author (d. 1993)

Births109 years ago

1913 - Carmen Cavallaro, American pianist (d. 1989)

Births107 years ago

1913 - Stewart Granger, English-American actor (d. 1993)

Births107 years ago

1915 - Orson Welles, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1985)

Births105 years ago

1915 - Theodore H. White, American historian, journalist, and author (d. 1986)

Births105 years ago

1916 - Robert H. Dicke, American physicist and astronomer (d. 1997)

Births104 years ago

1917 - Kal Mann, American songwriter (d. 2001)

Births103 years ago

1918 - Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, emir of Abu Dhabi and first president of the United Arab Emirates (d. 2004)

Births102 years ago

1919 - André Guelfi, French race car driver (d. 2016)

Births101 years ago

1920 - Kamisese Mara, Fijian politician, 1st Prime Minister of Fiji (d. 2004)

Births100 years ago

1920 - Marguerite Piazza, American soprano and actress (d. 2012)

Births100 years ago

1921 - Erich Fried, Austrian-German author, poet, and translator (d. 1988)

Births99 years ago

1922 - Camille Laurin, Canadian psychiatrist and politician, 7th Deputy Premier of Quebec (d. 1999)

Births98 years ago

1923 - Harry Watson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2002)

Births97 years ago

1924 - Nestor Basterretxea, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 2014)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Patricia Kennedy Lawford, American socialite, activist, and author (d. 2006)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Denny Wright, English guitarist, composer, and producer (d. 1992)

Births96 years ago

1926 - Gilles Grégoire, Canadian politician, co-founded the Parti Québécois (d. 2006)

Births94 years ago

1929 - Rosemary Cramp, English archaeologist and academic

Births91 years ago

1929 - Paul Lauterbur, American chemist and biophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)

Births91 years ago

1929 - John Taylor, English bishop and theologian (d. 2016)

Births91 years ago

1931 - Willie Mays, American baseball player and coach

Births89 years ago

1931 - Louis Gambaccini, American government official (d. 2018)

Births89 years ago

1932 - Ahmet Haxhiu, Kosovan activist (d. 1994)

Births88 years ago

1932 - Alexander Thynn, 7th Marquess of Bath, English lieutenant and politician

Births88 years ago

1934 - Richard Shelby, American lawyer and politician

Births86 years ago

1937 - Rubin Carter, American-Canadian boxer (d. 2014)

Births83 years ago

1938 - Jean Garon, Canadian economist, lawyer, and politician (d. 2014)

Births82 years ago

1939 - Eddie C. Campbell, American singer and guitarist (d. 2018)

Births81 years ago

1939 - Chet Allen, American child actor (d. 1984)

Births81 years ago

1942 - Ariel Dorfman, Argentinian author, playwright, and academic

Births78 years ago

1943 - Andreas Baader, German terrorist, co-founded the Red Army Faction (d. 1977)

Births77 years ago

1943 - Milton William Cooper, American theorist and author (d. 2001)

Births77 years ago

1943 - Wolfgang Reinhardt, German pole vaulter (d. 2011)

Births77 years ago

1943 - James Turrell, American sculptor and illustrator

Births77 years ago

1944 - Anton Furst, English-American production designer and art director (d. 1991)

Births76 years ago

1944 - Masanori Murakami, Japanese baseball player and coach

Births76 years ago

1945 - Jimmie Dale Gilmore, American country singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor, and producer

Births75 years ago

1945 - Bob Seger, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births75 years ago

1947 - Alan Dale, New Zealand actor

Births73 years ago

1947 - Martha Nussbaum, American philosopher and author

Births73 years ago

1947 - Ljubomir Vračarević, Serbian martial artist, founded Real Aikido (d. 2013)

Births73 years ago

1948 - Frankie Librán, Puerto Rican-American baseball player (d. 2013)

Births72 years ago

1950 - Jeffery Deaver, American journalist and author

Births70 years ago

1951 - Samuel Doe, Liberian sergeant and politician, 21st President of Liberia (d. 1990)

Births69 years ago

1952 - Gerrit Zalm, Dutch economist and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands

Births68 years ago

1953 - Alexander Akimov, Ukrainian Chernobyl worker (d. 1986)

Births67 years ago

1953 - Tony Blair, British politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Births67 years ago

1953 - Michelle Courchesne, Canadian urban planner and politician, Deputy Premier of Quebec

Births67 years ago

1953 - Ülle Rajasalu, Estonian politician

Births67 years ago

1953 - Graeme Souness, Scottish footballer and manager

Births67 years ago

1953 - Lynn Whitfield, American actress and producer

Births67 years ago

1954 - Tom Abernethy, American basketball player

Births66 years ago

1954 - Dora Bakoyannis, Greek politician, 120th Greek Minister for Foreign Affairs

Births66 years ago

1954 - Angela Hernández Nuñez, Dominican author and poet

Births66 years ago

1954 - Ain Lutsepp, Estonian actor and politician

Births66 years ago
Births65 years ago

1955 - Tom Bergeron, American television host

Births65 years ago

1955 - John Hutton, Baron Hutton of Furness, English academic and politician, Secretary of State for Defence

Births65 years ago

1956 - Lakis Lazopoulos, Greek actor and screenwriter

Births64 years ago

1956 - Cindy Lovell, American educator and writer

Births64 years ago

1956 - Roland Wieser, German race walker and coach

Births64 years ago

1958 - Randall Stout, American architect, designed the Taubman Museum of Art (d. 2014)

Births62 years ago

1959 - Andreas Busse, German runner

Births61 years ago

1959 - Charles Hendry, English politician

Births61 years ago

1960 - Lyudmila Andonova, Bulgarian high jumper

Births60 years ago

1960 - Keith Dowding, English political scientist, philosopher, and academic

Births60 years ago

1960 - Roma Downey, Irish-American actress and producer

Births60 years ago

1960 - John Flansburgh, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births60 years ago

1960 - Aleksei Lotman, Estonian biologist and politician

Births60 years ago

1960 - Anne Parillaud, French actress

Births60 years ago

1961 - Oleksandr Apaychev, Ukrainian decathlete and coach

Births59 years ago

1961 - George Clooney, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

Births59 years ago

1961 - Tom Hunter, Scottish businessman and philanthropist

Births59 years ago

1961 - Gina Riley, Australian actress, producer, and screenwriter

Births59 years ago

1961 - Frans Timmermans, Dutch politician and diplomat, First Vice President of the European Commission

Births59 years ago

1962 - Tom Brake, English politician

Births58 years ago

1962 - Brad Izzard, Australian rugby league player

Births58 years ago

1963 - Alessandra Ferri, Italian ballerina

Births57 years ago

1965 - Leslie Hope, Canadian actress, director, producer, and screenwriter

Births55 years ago

1968 - Worku Bikila, Ethiopian runner

Births52 years ago

1968 - Lætitia Sadier, French singer and keyboard player

Births52 years ago

1969 - Jim Magilton, Northern Irish footballer and manager

Births51 years ago

1970 - Roland Kun, Nauruan politician

Births50 years ago

1970 - Kavan Smith, Canadian actor

Births50 years ago

1971 - Chris Shiflett, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births49 years ago

1972 - Martin Brodeur, Canadian ice hockey player

Births48 years ago

1972 - Naoko Takahashi, Japanese runner

Births48 years ago

1974 - Bernard Barmasai, Kenyan runner

Births46 years ago

1974 - Daniela Bártová, Czech pole vaulter and gymnast

Births46 years ago

1975 - Alan Richardson, English cricketer and coach

Births45 years ago

1976 - Dean Chandler, English footballer

Births44 years ago

1976 - Iván de la Peña, Spanish footballer

Births44 years ago

1977 - Christophe Brandt, Belgian cyclist

Births43 years ago

1977 - Marc Chouinard, Canadian ice hockey player

Births43 years ago

1977 - Mark Eaton, American ice hockey player and coach

Births43 years ago

1977 - Chantelle Newbery, Australian diver

Births43 years ago

1978 - John Abraham, American football player

Births42 years ago

1978 - Fredrick Federley, Swedish journalist and politician

Births42 years ago

1978 - Alexandr Fedorov, Russian bodybuilder

Births42 years ago

1979 - Gerd Kanter, Estonian discus thrower

Births41 years ago

1979 - Jan Erik Mikalsen, Norwegian composer

Births41 years ago

1979 - Jon Montgomery, Canadian skeleton racer and television host

Births41 years ago

1980 - Brooke Bennett, American swimmer

Births40 years ago

1980 - Dimitris Diamantidis, Greek professional basketball player

Births40 years ago

1980 - Ricardo Oliveira, Brazilian footballer

Births40 years ago

1980 - Matthew Whiley, English cricketer

Births40 years ago

1982 - Jason Witten, American football player

Births38 years ago

1983 - Dani Alves, Brazilian footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Ingrid Jonach, Australian author

Births37 years ago

1983 - Gabourey Sidibe, American actress

Births37 years ago

1983 - Trinley Thaye Dorje, Tibetan religious leader, the 17th Karmapa Lama

Births37 years ago

1983 - Fredrik Sjöström, Swedish ice hockey player

Births37 years ago

1984 - Anton Babchuk, Ukrainian ice hockey player

Births36 years ago

1984 - Juan Pablo Carrizo, Argentinian footballer

Births36 years ago

1985 - Chris Paul, American basketball player

Births35 years ago

1986 - Goran Dragic, Slovenian basketball player

Births34 years ago

1987 - Dries Mertens, Belgian footballer

Births33 years ago

1987 - Meek Mill, American rapper

Births33 years ago

1987 - Adrienne Warren, American actress

Births33 years ago

1988 - Ryan Anderson, American basketball player

Births32 years ago

1989 - Dominika Cibulková, Slovak tennis player

Births31 years ago

1989 - Jesse Hughes, Canadian DJ and producer

Births31 years ago

1990 - José Altuve, Venezuelan baseball player

Births30 years ago

1992 - Brendan Gallagher, Canadian ice hockey player

Births28 years ago

1992 - Byun Baekhyun, South Korean musician and actor, member of boy band EXO

Births28 years ago

1992 - Jonas Valančiūnas, Lithuanian professional basketball player

Births28 years ago

1993 - Gustavo Gómez, Paraguayan footballer

Births27 years ago

1994 - Mateo Kovačić, Austrian-Croatian footballer

Births26 years ago

1997 - Duncan Scott, Scottish swimmer

Births23 years ago

2019 - Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, British royal

Births1 years ago

Deaths

698 - Eadberht, bishop of Lindisfarne

Deaths

850 - Ninmyō, Japanese emperor (b. 808)

Deaths

932 - Qian Liu, Chinese warlord and king (b. 852)

Deaths

988 - Dirk II, count of Frisia and Holland

Deaths
Deaths833 years ago
Deaths784 years ago

1471 - Edmund Beaufort, English commander (b. 1438)

Deaths549 years ago

1471 - Thomas Tresham, Speaker of the House of Commons

Deaths549 years ago

1475 - Dieric Bouts, Flemish painter (b. 1415)

Deaths545 years ago

1483 - Queen Jeonghui, Korean regent (b. 1418)

Deaths537 years ago

1502 - James Tyrrell, English knight (b. 1450)

Deaths518 years ago

1527 - Charles III, Duke of Bourbon, Count of Montpensier and Dauphin of Auvergne (b.1490)

Deaths493 years ago

1540 - Juan Luís Vives, Spanish scholar (b. 1492)

Deaths480 years ago

1596 - Giaches de Wert, Flemish-Italian composer (b. 1535)

Deaths424 years ago

1631 - Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington, English historian and politician, founded the Cotton library (b. 1570)

Deaths389 years ago

1638 - Cornelius Jansen, Dutch-French bishop and theologian (b. 1585)

Deaths382 years ago

1708 - François de Laval, French-Canadian bishop (b. 1623)

Deaths312 years ago
Deaths263 years ago

1757 - Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (b. 1684)

Deaths263 years ago

1782 - Christine Kirch, German astronomer and academic (b. 1696)

Deaths238 years ago

1840 - Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombian general and politician, 4th President of the Republic of the New Granada (b. 1792)

Deaths180 years ago

1859 - Alexander von Humboldt, German geographer and explorer (b. 1769)

Deaths161 years ago

1862 - Henry David Thoreau, American essayist, poet, and philosopher (b. 1817)

Deaths158 years ago

1877 - Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Swedish-Finnish poet and hymn-writer (b. 1804)

Deaths143 years ago

1882 - Thomas Henry Burke, Irish civil servant (b. 1829)

Deaths138 years ago

1882 - Lord Frederick Cavendish, British politician, Chief Secretary for Ireland (b. 1836)

Deaths138 years ago

1902 - Bret Harte, American author and poet (b. 1836)

Deaths118 years ago

1905 - Robert Herbert, English-Australian politician, 1st Premier of Queensland (b. 1831)

Deaths115 years ago

1907 - Emanuele Luigi Galizia, Maltese architect and civil engineer (b. 1830)

Deaths113 years ago

1910 - Edward VII of the United Kingdom (b. 1841)

Deaths110 years ago

1919 - L. Frank Baum, American novelist (b. 1856)

Deaths101 years ago

1939 - Konstantin Somov, Russian-French painter and illustrator (b. 1869)

Deaths81 years ago

1949 - Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian-French poet and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)

Deaths71 years ago

1951 - Élie Cartan, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1869)

Deaths69 years ago

1952 - Maria Montessori, Italian-Dutch physician and educator (b. 1870)

Deaths68 years ago

1959 - Maria Dulęba, Polish actress (b. 1881)

Deaths61 years ago

1959 - Ragnar Nurkse, Estonian-American economist and academic (b. 1907)

Deaths61 years ago

1961 - Lucian Blaga, Romanian poet, playwright, and philosopher (b. 1895)

Deaths59 years ago

1963 - Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, and engineer (b. 1881)

Deaths57 years ago

1963 - Ted Weems, American violinist, trombonist, and bandleader (b. 1901)

Deaths57 years ago

1963 - Monty Woolley, American raconteur, actor, and director (b. 1888)

Deaths57 years ago

1967 - Zhou Zuoren, Chinese author and translator (b. 1885)

Deaths53 years ago

1970 - Alexander Rodzyanko, Russian general (b. 1879)

Deaths50 years ago

1973 - Ernest MacMillan, Canadian conductor and composer (b. 1893)

Deaths47 years ago

1975 - József Mindszenty, Hungarian cardinal (b. 1892)

Deaths45 years ago

1980 - María Luisa Bombal, Chilean writer (b. 1910)

Deaths40 years ago

1983 - Ezra Jack Keats, American author and illustrator (b. 1916)

Deaths37 years ago

1983 - Kai Winding, Danish-American trombonist and composer (b. 1922)

Deaths37 years ago

1984 - Mary Cain, American journalist and politician (b. 1904)

Deaths36 years ago

1984 - Bonner Pink, English politician (b. 1912)

Deaths36 years ago

1987 - William J. Casey, American politician, 13th Director of Central Intelligence (b. 1913)

Deaths33 years ago

1989 - Earl Blaik, American football player and coach (b. 1897)

Deaths31 years ago

1990 - Charles Farrell, American actor (b. 1901)

Deaths30 years ago

1991 - Wilfrid Hyde-White, English actor (b. 1903)

Deaths29 years ago

1992 - Marlene Dietrich, German-American actress and singer (b. 1901)

Deaths28 years ago

1993 - Ann Todd, English actress and producer (b. 1909)

Deaths27 years ago

1995 - Noel Brotherston, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1956)

Deaths25 years ago

2000 - Gordon McClymont, Australian ecologist and academic (b. 1920)

Deaths20 years ago

2002 - Murray Adaskin, Canadian violinist, composer, conductor, and educator (b. 1906)

Deaths18 years ago

2002 - Otis Blackwell, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1932)

Deaths18 years ago

2002 - Pim Fortuyn, Dutch sociologist, academic, and politician (b. 1948)

Deaths18 years ago

2002 - Bjørn Johansen, Norwegian saxophonist (b. 1940)

Deaths18 years ago

2003 - Art Houtteman, American baseball player and journalist (b. 1927)

Deaths17 years ago

2004 - Virginia Capers, American actress and singer (b. 1925)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - Philip Kapleau, American monk and educator (b. 1912)

Deaths16 years ago

2004 - Barney Kessel, American guitarist and composer (b. 1923)

Deaths16 years ago

2006 - Grant McLennan, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1958)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 - Lorne Saxberg, Canadian journalist (b. 1958)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Enéas Carneiro, Brazilian physician and politician (b. 1938)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 - Curtis Harrington, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1926)

Deaths13 years ago

2009 - Kevin Grubb, American race car driver (b. 1978)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - Robin Roberts, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1926)

Deaths10 years ago

2012 - James R. Browning, American lieutenant, lawyer, and judge (b. 1918)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - James Isaac, American director and producer (b. 1960)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Jean Laplanche, French psychoanalyst and author (b. 1924)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Giulio Andreotti, Italian journalist and politician, 41st Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1919)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Severo Aparicio Quispe, Peruvian bishop (b. 1923)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Michelangelo Spensieri, Italian-Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1949)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Wil Albeda, Dutch economist and politician, Dutch Minister of Social Affairs (b. 1925)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - William H. Dana, American pilot, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1930)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Jimmy Ellis, American boxer (b. 1940)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Billy Harrell, American baseball player and scout (b. 1928)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Antony Hopkins, English pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1921)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Maria Lassnig, Austrian painter and academic (b. 1919)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Farley Mowat, Canadian environmentalist and author (b. 1921)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Novera Ahmed, Bangladeshi sculptor (b. 1930)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Denise McCluggage, American race car driver and journalist (b. 1927)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Jim Wright, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 56th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1922)

Deaths5 years ago

2016 - Patrick Ekeng, Cameroonian footballer (b. 1990)

Deaths4 years ago

2016 - Reg Grundy, Australian businessman (b. 1923)