Victoria Day (Canada) (Earliest possible date of the last Monday preceding May 25)
Baltic Fleet Day (Russia)
Battle of Las Piedras Day (Uruguay)
Day of Remembrance of Crimean Tatar genocide (Ukraine)
Flag and Universities Day (Haiti)
Independence Day (Somaliland) (unrecognized)
International Museum Day
Mullivaikkal Remembrance Day (Sri Lankan Tamils)
Revival, Unity, and Poetry of Magtymguly Day (Turkmenistan)
Teacher's Day (Syria)
Victory Day (Sri Lanka)
World AIDS Vaccine Day
332 - Emperor Constantine the Great announces free distributions of food to the citizens in Constantinople.
872 - Louis II of Italy is crowned for the second time as Roman Emperor at Rome, at the age of 47. His first coronation was 28 years earlier, in 844, during the reign of his father Lothair I.
1096 - First Crusade: Around 800 Jews are massacred in Worms, Germany.
1152 - The future Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. He would become king 2 years later, after the death of his cousin once removed King Stephen of England.
1268 - The Principality of Antioch, a crusader state, falls to the Mamluk Sultan Baibars in the Siege of Antioch.
1291 - Fall of Acre, the end of Crusader presence in the Holy Land.
1302 - Bruges Matins, the nocturnal massacre of the French garrison in Bruges by members of the local Flemish militia.
1388 - During the Battle of Buyur Lake, General Lan Yu leads a Chinese army forward to crush the Mongol hordes of Tögüs Temür, the Khan of Northern Yuan.
1499 - Alonso de Ojeda sets sail from Cádiz on his voyage to what is now Venezuela.
1565 - The Great Siege of Malta begins, in which Ottoman forces attempt and fail to conquer Malta.
1593 - Playwright Thomas Kyd's accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe.
1631 - In Dorchester, Massachusetts, John Winthrop takes the oath of office and becomes the first Governor of Massachusetts.
1652 - Rhode Island passes the first law in English-speaking North America making slavery illegal.
1756 - The Seven Years' War begins when Great Britain declares war on France.
1783 - First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown (later called Saint John, New Brunswick), Canada, after leaving the United States.
1794 - Battle of Tourcoing during the Flanders Campaign of the War of the First Coalition.
1803 - Napoleonic Wars: The United Kingdom revokes the Treaty of Amiens and declares war on France.
1804 - Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed Emperor of the French by the French Senate.
1811 - Battle of Las Piedras: The first great military triumph of the revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay led by José Artigas.
1812 - John Bellingham is found guilty and sentenced to death by hanging for the assassination of British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval.
1843 - The Disruption in Edinburgh of the Free Church of Scotland from the Church of Scotland.
1848 - Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.
1860 - Abraham Lincoln wins the Republican Party presidential nomination over William H. Seward, who later becomes the United States Secretary of State.
1863 - American Civil War: The Siege of Vicksburg begins.
1896 - The United States Supreme Court rules in Plessy v. Ferguson that the "separate but equal" doctrine is constitutional.
1896 - Khodynka Tragedy: A mass panic on Khodynka Field in Moscow during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II results in the deaths of 1,389 people.
1900 - The United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
1912 - The first Indian film, Shree Pundalik by Dadasaheb Torne, is released in Mumbai.
1917 - World War I: The Selective Service Act of 1917 is passed, giving the President of the United States the power of conscription.
1926 - Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson disappears in Venice, California.
1927 - The Bath School disaster: Forty-five people, including many children, are killed by bombs planted by a disgruntled school-board member in Michigan.
1927 - After being founded for 20 years, the Government of the Republic of China approves Tongji University to be among the first national universities of the Republic of China.
1933 - New Deal: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Monte Cassino: Conclusion after seven days of the fourth battle as German paratroopers evacuate Monte Cassino.
1944 - Deportation of Crimean Tatars by the Soviet Union government.
1948 - The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking.
1953 - Jackie Cochran becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier.
1955 - Operation Passage to Freedom, the evacuation of 310,000 Vietnamese civilians, soldiers and non-Vietnamese members of the French Army from communist North Vietnam to South Vietnam following the end of the First Indochina War, ends.
1965 - Israeli spy Eli Cohen is hanged in Damascus, Syria.
1969 - Apollo program: Apollo 10 is launched.
1973 - Aeroflot Flight 109 is hijacked mid-flight and the aircraft is subsequently destroyed when the hijacker's bomb explodes, killing all 82 people on board.
1974 - Nuclear weapons testing: Under project Smiling Buddha, India successfully detonates its first nuclear weapon becoming the sixth nation to do so.
1977 - Likud party wins the 1977 Israeli legislative election, with Menachem Begin, its founder, as the sixth Prime Minister of Israel.
1980 - Mount St. Helens erupts in Washington, United States, killing 57 people and causing $3 billion in damage.
1980 - Students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations calling for democratic reforms.
1990 - In France, a modified TGV train achieves a new rail world speed record of 515.3 km/h (320.2 mph).
1991 - Northern Somalia declares independence from the rest of Somalia as the Republic of Somaliland but is not recognized by the international community.
1993 - Riots in Nørrebro, Copenhagen, caused by the approval of the four Danish exceptions in the Maastricht Treaty referendum. Police open fire against civilians for the first time since World War II and injure 11 demonstrators.
1994 - Israeli troops finish withdrawing from the Gaza Strip, ceding the area to the Palestinian National Authority to govern.
2005 - A second photo from the Hubble Space Telescope confirms that Pluto has two additional moons, Nix and Hydra.
2006 - The post Loktantra Andolan government passes a landmark bill curtailing the power of the monarchy and making Nepal a secular country.
2009 - The LTTE are defeated by the Sri Lankan government, ending almost 26 years of fighting between the two sides.
2015 - At least 78 people die in a landslide caused by heavy rains in the Colombian town of Salgar.
2018 - A school shooting at Santa Fe High School in Texas kills 10 people.
1048 - Omar Khayyám, Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet (d. 1131)
1186 - Konstantin of Rostov (d. 1218)
1450 - Piero Soderini, Italian politician and diplomat (d. 1513)
1537 - Guido Luca Ferrero, Roman Catholic cardinal (d. 1585)
1631 - Stanislaus Papczyński, Polish priest (d. 1701)
1662 - George Smalridge, English bishop (d. 1719)
1692 - Joseph Butler, English bishop, theologian, and apologist (d. 1752)
1711 - Roger Joseph Boscovich, Ragusan physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (d. 1787)
1777 - John George Children, English chemist, mineralogist, and zoologist (d. 1852)
1778 - Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, Irish soldier and diplomat, British Ambassador to Austria (d. 1854)
1785 - John Wilson, Scottish author and critic (d. 1854)
1797 - Frederick Augustus II of Saxony (d. 1854)
1822 - Mathew Brady, American photographer and journalist (d. 1896)
1835 - Charles N. Sims, American Methodist preacher and 3rd chancellor of Syracuse University (d. 1908)
1850 - Oliver Heaviside, English engineer, mathematician, and physicist (d. 1925)
1851 - James Budd, American lawyer and politician, 19th Governor of California (d. 1908)
1852 - Gertrude Käsebier, American photographer (d. 1934)
1854 - Bernard Zweers, Dutch composer and educator (d. 1924)
1855 - Francis Bellamy, American minister and author (d. 1931)
1862 - Josephus Daniels, American publisher and politician, 41st United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1948)
1867 - Minakata Kumagusu, Japanese author, biologist, naturalist and ethnologist (d. 1941)
1868 - Nicholas II of Russia (d. 1918)
1871 - Denis Horgan, Irish shot putter and weight thrower (d. 1922)
1872 - Bertrand Russell, British mathematician, historian, and philosopher, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
1873 - Lucy Beaumont, English-American actress (d. 1937)
1876 - Hermann Müller, German journalist and politician, 12th Chancellor of Germany (d. 1931)
1878 - Johannes Terwogt, Dutch rower (d. 1977)
1882 - Babe Adams, American baseball player, manager, and journalist (d. 1968)
1883 - Eurico Gaspar Dutra, Brazilian marshal and politician, 16th President of Brazil (d. 1974)
1883 - Walter Gropius, German-American architect, designed the John F. Kennedy Federal Building (d. 1969)
1886 - Jeanie MacPherson, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1946)
1889 - Thomas Midgley, Jr., American chemist and engineer (d. 1944)
1891 - Rudolf Carnap, German-American philosopher and academic (d. 1970)
1892 - Ezio Pinza, Italian-American actor and singer (d. 1957)
1895 - Augusto César Sandino, Nicaraguan rebel leader (d. 1934)
1896 - Eric Backman, Swedish runner (d. 1965)
1897 - Frank Capra, Italian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1991)
1898 - Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel, Turkish poet, author, and playwright (d. 1973)
1901 - Henri Sauguet, French composer (d. 1989)
1901 - Vincent du Vigneaud, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1978)
1902 - Meredith Willson, American playwright and composer (d. 1984)
1904 - Shunryū Suzuki, Japanese-American monk and educator (d. 1971)
1904 - Jacob K. Javits, American colonel and politician, 58th New York Attorney General (d. 1986)
1905 – Ruth Alexander, pioneering American pilot (d. 1930)
1905 - Hedley Verity, English cricketer and soldier (d. 1943)
1907 - Irene Hunt, American author and educator (d. 2001)
1909 - Fred Perry, English-Australian tennis player and academic (d. 1995)
1910 - Ester Boserup, Danish economist and author (d. 1999)
1911 - Big Joe Turner, American blues/R&B singer (d. 1985)
1912 - Richard Brooks, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1992)
1912 - Perry Como, American singer and television host (d. 2001)
1912 - Walter Sisulu, South African politician (d. 2003)
1913 - Jane Birdwood, Baroness Birdwood, Canadian-English publisher and politician (d. 2000)
1914 - Pierre Balmain, French fashion designer, founded Balmain (d. 1982)
1914 - Boris Christoff, Bulgarian-Italian opera singer (d. 1993)
1917 - Bill Everett, American author and illustrator (d. 1973)
1919 - Margot Fonteyn, British ballerina (d. 1991)
1920 - Pope John Paul II (d. 2005)
1921 - Michael A. Epstein, English pathologist and academic
1922 - Bill Macy, American actor
1922 - Kai Winding, Danish-American trombonist and composer (d. 1983)
1923 - Jean-Louis Roux, Canadian actor and politician, 34th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 2013)
1923 - Hugh Shearer, Jamaican journalist and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)
1924 - Priscilla Pointer, American actress
1924 - Jack Whitaker, American sportscaster
1925 - Lillian Hoban, American author and illustrator (d. 1998)
1927 - Richard Body, English politician
1927 - Ray Nagel, American football player and coach (d. 2015)
1928 - Pernell Roberts, American actor (d. 2010)
1929 - Jack Sanford, American baseball player and coach (d. 2000)
1929 - Norman St John-Stevas, Baron St John of Fawsley, English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (d. 2012)
1930 - Warren Rudman, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012)
1930 - Fred Saberhagen, American soldier and author (d. 2007)
1931 - Don Martin, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
1931 - Robert Morse, American actor
1931 - Kalju Pitksaar, Estonian chess player (d. 1995)
1931 - Clément Vincent, Canadian farmer and politician
1933 - Bernadette Chirac, French politician, First Lady of France
1933 - H. D. Deve Gowda, Indian farmer and politician, 11th Prime Minister of India
1933 - Don Whillans, English rock climber and mountaineer (d. 1985)
1934 - Dwayne Hickman, American actor and director
1936 - Leon Ashley, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
1936 - Türker İnanoğlu, Turkish director, producer, and screenwriter
1936 - Michael Sandle, English sculptor and academic
1937 - Brooks Robinson, American baseball player and sportscaster
1937 - Jacques Santer, Luxembourger jurist and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Luxembourg
1938 - Janet Fish, American painter and academic
1939 - Patrick Cormack, Baron Cormack, English historian, journalist, and politician
1939 - Giovanni Falcone, Italian lawyer and judge (d. 1992)
1939 - Gordon O'Connor, Canadian general and politician, 38th Canadian Minister of Defence
1940 - Erico Aumentado, Filipino journalist, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012)
1941 - Gino Brito, Canadian wrestler and promoter
1941 - Malcolm Longair, Scottish astronomer, physicist, and academic
1941 - Miriam Margolyes, English-Australian actress and singer
1942 - Nobby Stiles, English footballer, coach, and manager
1944 - Albert Hammond, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1944 - W. G. Sebald, German novelist, essayist, and poet (d. 2001)
1946 - Frank Hsieh, Taiwanese lawyer and politician, 40th Premier of the Republic of China
1946 - Reggie Jackson, American baseball player and sportscaster
1946 - Gerd Langguth, German political scientist and author (d. 2013)
1947 - John Bruton, Irish politician, 10th Taoiseach of Ireland
1947 - Gail Strickland, American actress
1948 - Joe Bonsall, American country/gospel singer
1948 - Yi Mun-yol, South Korean author and academic
1948 - Richard Swedberg, Swedish sociologist and academic
1948 - Tom Udall, American lawyer and politician, 28th New Mexico Attorney General, United States Senator from New Mexico
1949 - Rick Wakeman, English progressive rock keyboardist and songwriter (Yes)
1949 - Walter Hawkins, American gospel music singer and pastor (d. 2010)
1950 - Rod Milburn, American hurdler and coach (d. 1997)
1950 - Mark Mothersbaugh, American singer-songwriter and painter
1951 - Richard Clapton, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
1951 - Paul Da Vinci, English singer-songwriter
1951 - Jim Sundberg, American baseball player and sportscaster
1951 - Angela Voigt, German long jumper (d. 2013)
1952 - Diane Duane, American author and screenwriter
1952 - David Leakey, English general and politician
1952 - George Strait, American singer, guitarist and producer
1952 - Jeana Yeager, American pilot
1953 - Alan Kupperberg, American author and illustrator (d. 2015)
1954 - Wreckless Eric, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1954 - Eric Gerets, Belgian footballer and manager
1955 - Chow Yun-fat, Hong Kong actor and screenwriter
1956 - Catherine Corsini, French director and screenwriter
1956 - John Godber, English playwright and screenwriter
1957 - Michael Cretu, Romanian-German keyboard player and producer
1957 - Henrietta Moore, English anthropologist and academic
1958 - Rubén Omar Romano, Argentinian-Mexican footballer and coach
1958 - Toyah Willcox, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
1959 - Graham Dilley, English cricketer and coach (d. 2011)
1959 - Jay Wells, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1960 - Brent Ashton, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1960 - Jari Kurri, Finnish ice hockey player, coach, and manager
1960 - Yannick Noah, French tennis player
1961 - Russell Senior, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1963 - Marty McSorley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1963 - Sam Vincent, American basketball player and coach
1964 - Ignasi Guardans, Spanish academic and politician
1966 - Renata Nielsen, Polish-Danish long jumper and coach
1966 - Michael Tait, American singer-songwriter and producer
1967 - Nina Björk, Swedish journalist and author
1967 - Heinz-Harald Frentzen, German race car driver
1967 - Nancy Juvonen, American screenwriter and producer, co-founded Flower Films
1967 - Mimi Macpherson, Australian environmentalist, entrepreneur and celebrity
1968 - Philippe Benetton, French rugby player
1968 - Ralf Kelleners, German race car driver
1969 - Troy Cassar-Daley, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
1969 - Martika, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
1969 - Antônio Carlos Zago, Brazilian footballer and manager
1970 - Tina Fey, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
1970 - Tim Horan, Australian rugby player and sportscaster
1970 - Billy Howerdel, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
1970 - Javier Cárdenas, Spanish singer, television and radio presenter
1970 - Vicky Sunohara, Canadian former ice hockey player
1971 - Brad Friedel, American soccer player and sportscaster
1971 - Mark Menzies, Scottish politician
1971 - Nobuteru Taniguchi, Japanese race car driver
1972 - Turner Stevenson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1973 - Donyell Marshall, American basketball player and coach
1973 - Aleksandr Olerski, Estonian footballer (d. 2011)
1974 - Nelson Figueroa, American baseball player and sportscaster
1975 - Jem, Welsh singer-songwriter and producer
1975 - John Higgins, Scottish snooker player
1975 - Jack Johnson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1976 - Ron Mercer, American basketball player
1976 - Marko Tomasović, Croatian pianist and composer
1976 - Oleg Tverdovsky, Ukrainian-Russian ice hockey player
1977 - Lee Hendrie, English footballer
1977 - Danny Mills, English footballer and sportscaster
1977 - Li Tie, Chinese footballer and manager
1978 - Ricardo Carvalho, Portuguese footballer
1978 - Marcus Giles, American baseball player
1978 - Charles Kamathi, Kenyan runner
1979 - Jens Bergensten, Swedish video game designer, co-designed Minecraft
1979 - Mariusz Lewandowski, Polish footballer
1979 - Milivoje Novaković, Slovenian footballer
1979 - Julián Speroni, Argentinian footballer
1980 - Reggie Evans, American basketball player
1980 - Michaël Llodra, French tennis player
1980 - Diego Pérez, Uruguayan footballer
1981 - Mahamadou Diarra, Malian footballer
1981 - Ashley Harrison, Australian rugby league player
1982 - Jason Brown, English footballer
1982 - Marie-Ève Pelletier, Canadian tennis player
1983 - Gary O'Neil, English footballer
1983 - Luis Terrero, Dominican baseball player
1983 - Vince Young, American football player
1984 - Ivet Lalova, Bulgarian sprinter
1984 - Simon Pagenaud, French race car driver
1984 - Darius Šilinskis, Lithuanian basketball player
1984 - Joakim Soria, Mexican baseball player
1984 - Niki Terpstra, Dutch cyclist
1985 - Oliver Sin, Hungarian painter
1985 - Henrique Sereno, Portuguese footballer
1986 - Ahmed Hamada, Egyptian race car driver
1986 - Kevin Anderson, South African tennis player
1990 - Dimitri Daeseleire, Belgian footballer
1988 - Taeyang, member of popular Korean boyband Big Bang
1990 - Yuya Osako, Japanese footballer
1990 - Josh Starling, Australian rugby league player
1992 - Adwoa Aboah, British fashion model
1993 - Stuart Percy, Canadian ice hockey player
1993 - Jessica Watson, Australian sailor
1998 - Polina Edmunds, American figure skater
1999 - Laura Omloop, Belgian singer-songwriter
2002 - Alina Zagitova, Russian figure skater
526 - Pope John I (b. 470)
893 - Stephen I of Constantinople (b. 867)
932 - Ma Shaohong, general of Later Tang
947 - Emperor Taizong of the Liao Dynasty
978 - Frederick I, duke of Upper Lorraine
1065 - Frederick, Duke of Lower Lorraine (b. c. 1003)
1096 - Minna of Worms, Jewish martyr killed during the Worms massacre (1096)
1160 - Eric Jedvardsson (King Eric IX) of Sweden (since 1156); (b. circa 1120)
1297 - Nicholas Longespee, Bishop of Salisbury
1401 - Vladislaus II of Opole (b. 1332)
1410 - Rupert of Germany, Count Palatine of the Rhine (b. 1352)
1550 - Jean, Cardinal of Lorraine (b. 1498)
1551 - Domenico di Pace Beccafumi, Italian painter (b. 1486)
1675 - Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, historian, and theologian (b. 1623)
1675 - Jacques Marquette, French-American missionary and explorer (b. 1637)
1692 - Elias Ashmole, English astrologer and politician (b. 1617)
1721 - Maria Barbara Carillo, victim of the Spanish Inquisition (b.1625)
1733 - Georg Böhm, German organist and composer (b. 1761)
1780 - Charles Hardy, English-American admiral and politician, 29th Colonial Governor of New York (b. 1714)
1781 - Túpac Amaru II, Peruvian-Indian rebel leader (b. 1742)
1792 - Levy Solomons, Canadian merchant and fur trader (b. 1730)
1795 - Robert Rogers, English colonel (b. 1731)
1799 - Pierre Beaumarchais, French playwright and publisher (b. 1732)
1800 - Alexander Suvorov, Russian general (b. 1729)
1807 - John Douglas, Scottish bishop and scholar (b. 1721)
1808 - Elijah Craig, American minister, inventor, and educator, invented Bourbon whiskey (b. 1738)
1844 - Richard McCarty, American lawyer and politician (b. 1780)
1853 - Lionel Kieseritzky, Estonian-French chess player (b. 1806)
1867 - Clarkson Stanfield, English painter (b. 1793)
1889 - Isabella Glyn, Scottish-English actress (b. 1823)
1900 - Félix Ravaisson-Mollien, French archaeologist and philosopher (b. 1813)
1908 - Louis-Napoléon Casault, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1823)
1909 - Isaac Albéniz, Spanish pianist and composer (b. 1860)
1909 - George Meredith, English novelist and poet (b. 1828)
1910 - Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish author and publisher (b. 1841)
1910 - Pauline Viardot, French soprano and composer (b. 1821)
1911 - Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer and conductor (b. 1860)
1922 - Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician and parasitologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
1941 - Werner Sombart, German economist and sociologist (b. 1863)
1943 - Ōnishiki Daigorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 28th Yokozuna (b. 1883)
1947 - Hal Chase, American baseball player and manager (b. 1883)
1955 - Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator and activist (b. 1875)
1956 - Maurice Tate, English cricketer (b. 1895)
1958 - Jacob Fichman, Israeli poet and critic (b. 1881)
1963 - Ernie Davis, American football player, coach, and manager (b. 1939)
1968 - Frank Walsh, Australian politician, 34th Premier of South Australia (b. 1897)
1971 - Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician and theorist (b. 1908)
1973 - Jeannette Rankin, American social worker and politician (b. 1880)
1974 - Harry Ricardo, English engine designer and researcher (b. 1885)
1975 - Leroy Anderson, American composer and conductor (b. 1908)
1980 - Victims of Mount St. Helens eruption:Reid Blackburn, American photographer and journalist (b. 1952)
1980 - Victims of Mount St. Helens eruption:David A. Johnston, American volcanologist and geologist (b. 1949)
1980 - Ian Curtis, English singer-songwriter (b. 1956)
1981 - Arthur O'Connell, American actor (b. 1908)
1981 - William Saroyan, American novelist, playwright, and short story writer (b. 1908)
1987 - Mahdi Amel, Lebanese journalist, poet, and academic (b. 1936)
1989 - Dorothy Ruth, American horse breeder and author (b. 1921)
1990 - Jill Ireland, English actress (b. 1936)
1995 - Elisha Cook, Jr., American actor (b. 1903)
1995 - Alexander Godunov, Russian-American ballet dancer and actor (b. 1949)
1995 - Brinsley Le Poer Trench, 8th Earl of Clancarty, Irish ufologist and historian (b. 1911)
1995 - Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress (b. 1933)
1998 - Obaidullah Aleem, Indian-Pakistani poet and author (b. 1939)
1999 - Augustus Pablo, Jamaican singer, keyboard player, and producer (b. 1954)
1999 - Betty Robinson, American runner (b. 1911)
2000 - Stephen M. Wolownik, Russian-American composer and musicologist (b. 1946)
2001 - Irene Hunt, American author and illustrator (b. 1907)
2004 - Elvin Jones, American drummer and bandleader (b. 1927)
2006 - Jaan Eilart, Estonian geographer, ecologist, and historian (b. 1933)
2007 - Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1932)
2008 - Joseph Pevney, American actor and director (b. 1911)
2008 - Roberto García-Calvo Montiel, Spanish judge (b. 1942)
2009 - Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan rebel leader, founded the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (b. 1954)
2012 - Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, German opera singer and conductor (b. 1925)
2012 - Peter Jones, English-Australian drummer and songwriter (b. 1967)
2012 - Alan Oakley, English bicycle designer, designed the Raleigh Chopper (b. 1927)
2013 - Aleksei Balabanov, Russian director and screenwriter (b. 1959)
2013 - Jo Benkow, Norwegian soldier and politician (b. 1924)
2013 - Steve Forrest, American actor (b. 1925)
2013 - David McMillan, American football player (b. 1981)
2013 - Lothar Schmid, German chess player (b. 1928)
2014 - Dobrica Ćosić, Serbian politician, 1st President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (b. 1921)
2014 - Hans-Peter Dürr, German physicist and academic (b. 1929)
2014 - Kaiketsu Masateru, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1948)
2014 - Chukwuedu Nwokolo, Nigerian physician and academic (b. 1921)
2014 - Wubbo Ockels, Dutch physicist and astronaut (b. 1946)
2015 - Halldór Ásgrímsson, Icelandic accountant and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1947)
2015 - Raymond Gosling, English physicist and academic (b. 1926)
2015 - T. J. Moran, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1930)
2015 - Jean-François Théodore, French businessman (b. 1946)
2017 - Roger Ailes, American businessman (b. 1940)
2017 - Jacque Fresco, American engineer and academic (b. 1916)
2017 - Chris Cornell, American singer (b. 1964)
Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury
Eric IX of Sweden
Felix of Cantalice
Pope John I
Venantius of Camerino
May 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)