Holidays and observances

Holidays and observances

Independence Day or Den' Nezalezhnosti, celebrates the independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances


367 ADGratian, son of Roman Emperor Valentinian I, is named co-Augustus at the age of eight by his father.


394 – The Graffito of Esmet-Akhom, the latest known inscription in Egyptian hieroglyphs, is written.


410 – The Visigoths under king Alaric I begin to pillage Rome.


455 – The Vandals, led by king Gaiseric, begin to plunder Rome. Pope Leo I requests Gaiseric not destroy the ancient city or murder its citizens. He agrees and the gates of Rome are opened. However, the Vandals loot a great amount of treasure.


1185Sack of Thessalonica by the Normans.

Events835 years ago

1200 – King John of England, signer of the first Magna Carta, marries Isabella of Angoulême in Angoulême Cathedral.

Events820 years ago

1215Pope Innocent III issues a bull declaring Magna Carta invalid.

Events805 years ago

1349 – Six thousand Jews are killed in Mainz after being blamed for the bubonic plague.

Events671 years ago

1482 – The town and castle of Berwick upon Tweed is captured from Scotland by an English army.

Events538 years ago

1516 – The Ottoman Empire under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Syria at the Battle of Marj Dabiq.

Events504 years ago

1561Willem of Orange marries duchess Anna of Saxony.

Events459 years ago

1608 – The first official English representative to India lands in Surat.

Events412 years ago

1643 – A Dutch fleet establishes a new colony in the ruins of Valdivia in southern Chile.

Events377 years ago

1662 – The Act of Uniformity requires England to accept the Book of Common Prayer.

Events358 years ago

1682William Penn receives the area that is now the state of Delaware, and adds it to his colony of Pennsylvania.

Events338 years ago

1690Job Charnock of the East India Company establishes a factory in Calcutta, an event formerly considered the founding of the city (in 2003 the Calcutta High Court ruled that the city's foundation date is unknown).

Events330 years ago

1781American Revolutionary War: A small force of Pennsylvania militia is ambushed and overwhelmed by an American Indian group, which forces George Rogers Clark to abandon his attempt to attack Detroit.

Events239 years ago

1812Peninsular War: A coalition of Spanish, British, and Portuguese forces succeed in lifting the two-and-a-half-year-long Siege of Cádiz.

Events208 years ago

1814 – British troops invade Washington, D.C. and during the Burning of Washington the White House, the Capitol and many other buildings are set ablaze.

Events206 years ago

1815 – The modern Constitution of the Netherlands is signed.

Events205 years ago
Events204 years ago
Events200 years ago

1821 – The Treaty of Córdoba is signed in Córdoba, now in Veracruz, Mexico, concluding the Mexican War of Independence from Spain.

Events199 years ago

1857 – The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in United States history.

Events163 years ago
Events150 years ago

1891Thomas Edison patents the motion picture camera.

Events129 years ago

1898Count Muravyov, Foreign Minister of Russia presents a rescript that convoked the First Hague Peace Conference.

Events122 years ago

1909 – Workers start pouring concrete for the Panama Canal.

Events111 years ago

1911Manuel de Arriaga is elected and sworn-in as the first President of Portugal.

Events109 years ago

1914World War I: German troops capture Namur.

Events106 years ago

1914 – World War I: The Battle of Cer ends as the first Allied victory in the war.

Events106 years ago

1929 – Second day of two-day Hebron massacre during the 1929 Palestine riots: Arab attacks on the Jewish community in Hebron in the British Mandate of Palestine, result in the death of 65–68 Jews; the remaining Jews are forced to flee the city.

Events91 years ago

1931 – France and the Soviet Union sign a neutrality pact.

Events89 years ago

1931 – Resignation of the United Kingdom's Second Labour Government. Formation of the UK National Government.

Events89 years ago

1932Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the United States non-stop (from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey).

Events88 years ago

1933 – The Crescent Limited train derails in Washington, D.C., after the bridge it is crossing is washed out by the 1933 Chesapeake–Potomac hurricane.

Events87 years ago

1936 – The Australian Antarctic Territory is created.

Events84 years ago

1937Spanish Civil War: the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.

Events83 years ago

1937 – Spanish Civil War: Sovereign Council of Asturias and León is proclaimed in Gijón.

Events83 years ago

1941Adolf Hitler orders the cessation of Nazi Germany's systematic T4 euthanasia program of the mentally ill and the handicapped due to protests, although killings continue for the remainder of the war.

Events79 years ago

1942World War II: The Battle of the Eastern Solomons. Japanese aircraft carrier Ryūjō is sunk, with the loss of seven officers and 113 crewmen. The US carrier USS Enterprise is heavily damaged.

Events78 years ago

1944 – World War II: Allied troops begin the attack on Paris.

Events76 years ago

1949 – The treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization goes into effect.

Events71 years ago

1950Edith Sampson becomes the first black U.S. delegate to the United Nations.

Events70 years ago

1954 – The Communist Control Act goes into effect, outlawing the American Communist Party.

Events66 years ago

1954 – Getúlio Vargas, president of Brazil, commits suicide and is succeeded by João Café Filho.

Events66 years ago

1963Buddhist crisis: As a result of the Xá Lợi Pagoda raids, the US State Department cables the United States Embassy, Saigon to encourage Army of the Republic of Vietnam generals to launch a coup against President Ngô Đình Diệm if he did not remove his brother Ngô Đình Nhu.

Events57 years ago

1967 – Led by Abbie Hoffman, the Youth International Party temporarily disrupts trading at the New York Stock Exchange by throwing dollar bills from the viewing gallery, causing trading to cease as brokers scramble to grab them.

Events53 years ago

1970Vietnam War protesters bomb Sterling Hall at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, leading to an international manhunt for the perpetrators.

Events50 years ago

1981Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 years to life in prison for murdering John Lennon.

Events39 years ago

1989Colombian drug barons declare "total war" on the Colombian government.

Events31 years ago

1989 – Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose is banned from baseball for gambling by Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti.

Events31 years ago

1989 – Tadeusz Mazowiecki is chosen as the first non-communist prime minister in Central and Eastern Europe.

Events31 years ago
Events29 years ago
Events29 years ago

1992Hurricane Andrew makes landfall in Homestead, Florida as a Category 5 hurricane, causing up to $25 billion (1992 USD) in damages.

Events28 years ago

1994 – Initial accord between Israel and the PLO about partial self-rule of the Palestinians on the West Bank.

Events26 years ago

1995 – Microsoft Windows 95 was released to the public in North America.

Events25 years ago

1998 – First radio-frequency identification (RFID) human implantation tested in the United Kingdom.

Events22 years ago

2004 – 90 passengers die after two airliners explode after flying out of Domodedovo International Airport, near Moscow. The explosions are caused by suicide bombers from Chechnya.

Events16 years ago
Events14 years ago

2010 – In San Fernando, Tamaulipas, Mexico, 72 illegal immigrants are killed by Los Zetas and eventually found dead by Mexican authorities.

Events10 years ago

2010 – Henan Airlines Flight 8387 crashes at Yichun Lindu Airport in Yichun, Heilongjiang, China, killing 44 out of the 96 people on board.

Events10 years ago

2016 – An earthquake strikes Central Italy with a magnitude of 6.2, with aftershocks felt as far as Rome and Florence.

Events4 years ago


1016Fujiwara no Genshi, Japanese empress consort (d. 1039)

Births1004 years ago
Births907 years ago
Births822 years ago

1358John I of Castile (d. 1390)

Births662 years ago
Births627 years ago

1423Thomas Rotherham, English cleric (d. 1500)

Births597 years ago
Births522 years ago

1552Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter and educator (d. 1614)

Births468 years ago

1556Sophia Brahe, Danish horticulturalist and astronomer (d. 1643)

Births464 years ago
Births459 years ago

1578John Taylor, English poet and author (d. 1653)

Births442 years ago

1591Robert Herrick, English poet and cleric (d. 1674)

Births429 years ago

1631Philip Henry, English minister (d. 1696)

Births389 years ago

1635Peder Griffenfeld, Danish lawyer and politician (d. 1699)

Births385 years ago

1684Sir Robert Munro, 6th Baronet, British politician (d. 1746)

Births336 years ago

1714Alaungpaya, Burmese king (d. 1760)

Births306 years ago

1732Peter Ernst Wilde, German physician and journalist (d. 1785)

Births288 years ago
Births262 years ago

1759William Wilberforce, English philanthropist and politician (d. 1833)

Births261 years ago
Births248 years ago

1787James Weddell, Belgian-English sailor, hunter, and explorer (d. 1834)

Births233 years ago

1824Antonio Stoppani, Italian geologist and scholar (d. 1891)

Births196 years ago

1837Théodore Dubois, French organist, composer, and educator (d. 1924)

Births183 years ago

1843Boyd Dunlop Morehead, Australian politician, 10th Premier of Queensland (d. 1905)

Births177 years ago

1845James Calhoun, American lieutenant (d. 1876)

Births175 years ago

1851Tom Kendall, Australian cricketer and journalist (d. 1924)

Births169 years ago

1860David Bowman, Australian lawyer and politician (d. 1916)

Births160 years ago

1862Zonia Baber, American geographer and geologist (d. 1956)

Births158 years ago

1863Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (d. 1918)

Births157 years ago
Births155 years ago

1872Max Beerbohm, English essayist, parodist, and caricaturist (d. 1956)

Births148 years ago

1884Earl Derr Biggers, American author and playwright (d. 1933)

Births136 years ago

1887Harry Hooper, American baseball player (d. 1974)

Births133 years ago

1888Valentine Baker, Welsh co-founder of the Martin-Baker Aircraft Company (d. 1942)

Births132 years ago

1890Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer, actor, and surfer (d. 1968)

Births130 years ago

1890 – Jean Rhys, Dominican-English novelist (d. 1979)

Births130 years ago

1893Haim Ernst Wertheimer, German-Israeli biochemist and academic (d. 1978)

Births127 years ago

1895Richard Cushing, American cardinal (d. 1970)

Births125 years ago

1897Fred Rose, American pianist, songwriter, and publisher (d. 1954)

Births123 years ago

1898Malcolm Cowley, American novelist, poet, literary critic (d. 1989)

Births122 years ago

1899Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator (d. 1986)

Births121 years ago

1899 – Albert Claude, Belgian biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)

Births121 years ago

1899 – Gaylord DuBois, American author and poet (d. 1993)

Births121 years ago

1900Maria Zubreeva, Soviet painter, graphic artist, and designer (d. 1991)

Births120 years ago

1901Preston Foster, American actor (d. 1970)

Births119 years ago

1902Fernand Braudel, French historian and academic (d. 1985)

Births118 years ago

1902 – Carlo Gambino, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1976)

Births118 years ago

1903Karl Hanke, German businessman and politician (d. 1945)

Births117 years ago

1904Ida Cook, English campaigner for Jewish refugees, and romantic novelist as Mary Burchell (d. 1986)

Births116 years ago

1905Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1974)

Births115 years ago

1905 – Siaka Stevens, Sierra Leonean police officer and politician, 1st President of Sierra Leone (d. 1988)

Births115 years ago

1907Bruno Giacometti, Swiss architect, designed the Hallenstadion (d. 2012)

Births113 years ago

1908Shivaram Rajguru, Indian activist (d. 1931)

Births112 years ago

1909Ronnie Grieveson, South African cricketer and soldier (d. 1998)

Births111 years ago

1911Durward Kirby, American television host and announcer (d. 2000)

Births109 years ago

1913Charles Snead Houston, American physician and mountaineer (d. 2009)

Births107 years ago

1915Wynonie Harris, American singer and guitarist (d. 1969)

Births105 years ago

1915 – James Tiptree, Jr., American psychologist and author (d. 1987)

Births105 years ago

1917Dennis James, American game show host (d. 1997)

Births103 years ago

1918Sikander Bakht, Indian field hockey player and politician, Indian Minister of External Affairs (d. 2004)

Births102 years ago

1919Tosia Altman, member of the Polish resistance in World War II (d. 1943)

Births101 years ago

1919 – J. Gordon Edwards, American entomologist, mountaineer, and DDT advocate (d. 2004)

Births101 years ago

1919 – Enrique Llanes, Mexican wrestler (d. 2004)

Births101 years ago

1920Alex Colville, Canadian painter and academic (d. 2013)

Births100 years ago

1921Eric Simms, English ornithologist and conservationist (d. 2009)

Births99 years ago

1921 – Sam Tingle, English-Zimbabwean race car driver (d. 2008)

Births99 years ago

1922René Lévesque, Canadian journalist and politician, 23rd Premier of Quebec (d. 1987)

Births98 years ago

1922 – Howard Zinn, American historian, author, and activist (d. 2010)

Births98 years ago

1923Arthur Jensen, American psychologist and academic (d. 2012)

Births97 years ago

1924Alyn Ainsworth, English singer and conductor (d. 1990)

Births96 years ago

1924 – Louis Teicher, American pianist (Ferrante & Teicher) (d. 2008)

Births96 years ago

1926Nancy Spero, American painter and academic (d. 2009)

Births94 years ago

1927Anjali Devi, Indian actress and producer (d. 2014)

Births93 years ago

1927 – David Ireland, Australian author and playwright

Births93 years ago

1927 – Harry Markowitz, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Births93 years ago

1929Yasser Arafat, Egyptian-Palestinian engineer and politician, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (d. 2004)

Births91 years ago

1929 – Betty Dodson, American author and educator

Births91 years ago

1930Jackie Brenston, American singer-songwriter and saxophonist (d. 1979)

Births90 years ago

1930 – Roger McCluskey, American race car driver (d. 1993)

Births90 years ago

1932Robert D. Hales, American captain and religious leader (d. 2017)

Births88 years ago

1932 – Richard Meale, Australian pianist and composer (d. 2009)

Births88 years ago

1932 – Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, English cardinal (d. 2017)

Births88 years ago

1933Prince Rupert Loewenstein, Spanish-English banker and manager (d. 2014)

Births87 years ago

1934Kenny Baker, English actor (d. 2016)

Births86 years ago

1936A. S. Byatt, English novelist and poet

Births84 years ago

1936 – Kenny Guinn, American banker and politician, 27th Governor of Nevada (d. 2010)

Births84 years ago

1936 – Arthur B. C. Walker, Jr., American physicist and academic (d. 2001)

Births84 years ago

1937Moshood Abiola, Nigerian businessman and politician (d. 1998)

Births83 years ago

1937 – Susan Sheehan, Austrian-American journalist and author

Births83 years ago

1938David Freiberg, American singer and bass player

Births82 years ago

1938 – Mason Williams, American guitarist and composer

Births82 years ago

1940Madsen Pirie, British academic, President and co-founder of the Adam Smith Institute

Births80 years ago

1940Francine Lalonde, Canadian educator and politician (d. 2014)

Births80 years ago

1940 – Keith Savage, English rugby player

Births80 years ago

1941Alan M. Roberts, Professor of Zoology at the University of Bristol

Births79 years ago

1942Max Cleland, American captain and politician

Births78 years ago

1942 – Peter Gummer, Baron Chadlington, English businessman

Births78 years ago

1942 – Jimmy Soul, American pop-soul singer (d. 1988)

Births78 years ago

1943John Cipollina, American rock guitarist (d. 1989)

Births77 years ago

1944Henry Braden, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)

Births76 years ago

1944 – Bill Goldsworthy, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1996)

Births76 years ago

1944 – Gregory Jarvis, American captain, engineer, and astronaut (d. 1986)

Births76 years ago

1944 – Rocky Johnson, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer

Births76 years ago

1945Ronee Blakley, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

Births75 years ago

1945 – Molly Duncan, Scottish saxophonist

Births75 years ago

1945 – Ken Hensley, English rock singer-songwriter and musician

Births75 years ago

1945 – Marsha P. Johnson, African American gay liberation activist and drag queen

Births75 years ago

1945 – Vince McMahon, American wrestler, promoter, and entrepreneur; co-founded WWE

Births75 years ago

1947Anne Archer, American actress and producer

Births73 years ago

1947 – Paulo Coelho, Brazilian author and songwriter

Births73 years ago

1947 – Roger De Vlaeminck, Belgian cyclist and coach

Births73 years ago

1947 – Jim Fox, American rock drummer and organist

Births73 years ago

1947 – Joe Manchin, American politician, 34th Governor of West Virginia

Births73 years ago

1947 – Vladimir Masorin, Russian admiral

Births73 years ago

1948Kim Sung-il, South Korean commander and pilot

Births72 years ago

1948 – Jean Michel Jarre, French pianist, composer, and producer

Births72 years ago

1948 – Sauli Niinistö, Finnish captain and politician, 12th President of Finland

Births72 years ago

1948 – Alexander McCall Smith, Rhodesian-Scottish author and educator

Births72 years ago

1949Stephen Paulus, American composer and educator (d. 2014)

Births71 years ago

1949 – Charles Rocket, American actor (d. 2005)

Births71 years ago

1950John Banaszak, American football player and coach

Births70 years ago

1950 – Tim D. White, American paleoanthropologist and academic

Births70 years ago

1951Danny Joe Brown, American southern rock singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2005)

Births69 years ago

1951 – Orson Scott Card, American novelist, critic, public speaker, essayist, and columnist

Births69 years ago

1951 – Oscar Hijuelos, American author and academic (d. 2013)

Births69 years ago

1952Marion Bloem, Dutch author, director, and painter

Births68 years ago

1952 – Bob Corker, American businessman and politician

Births68 years ago

1952 – Carlo Curley, American organist and educator (d. 2012)

Births68 years ago

1952 – Ian Grob, English race car driver

Births68 years ago

1952 – Linton Kwesi Johnson, Jamaican dub poet

Births68 years ago

1952 – Mike Shanahan, American football player and coach

Births68 years ago

1953Ron Holloway, American saxophonist

Births67 years ago

1953 – Sam Torrance, Scottish golfer and sportscaster

Births67 years ago

1954Alain Daigle, Canadian ice hockey player

Births66 years ago

1954 – Heini Otto, Dutch footballer, coach, and manager

Births66 years ago

1955Mike Huckabee, American minister and politician, 44th Governor of Arkansas

Births65 years ago

1956Gerry Cooney, American boxer

Births64 years ago

1956 – John Culberson, American lawyer and politician

Births64 years ago

1956 – Dick Lee, Singaporean singer-songwriter and playwright

Births64 years ago

1957Jeffrey Daniel, American singer-songwriter and dancer

Births63 years ago

1957 – Stephen Fry, English actor, journalist, producer, and screenwriter

Births63 years ago

1958Steve Guttenberg, American actor and producer

Births62 years ago

1958 – Chris Offutt, American author and academic

Births62 years ago

1959Meg Munn, English social worker and politician

Births61 years ago

1960Cal Ripken, Jr., American baseball player and coach

Births60 years ago

1961Jared Harris, English actor

Births59 years ago

1962Major Garrett, American journalist and author

Births58 years ago

1962 – Emile Roemer, Dutch educator and politician

Births58 years ago

1963Hideo Kojima, Japanese director, screenwriter, video game designer and video game producer

Births57 years ago

1963 – Francis Pangilinan, Filipino lawyer and politician

Births57 years ago

1964Éric Bernard, French race car driver

Births56 years ago

1964 – Mark Cerny, American video game designer, programmer, producer and business executive

Births56 years ago

1964 – Salizhan Sharipov, Kyrgyzstani-Russian lieutenant, pilot, and astronaut

Births56 years ago

1965Marlee Matlin, American actress and producer

Births55 years ago

1965 – Reggie Miller, American basketball player and sportscaster

Births55 years ago

1965 – Brian Rajadurai, Sri Lankan-Canadian cricketer

Births55 years ago

1966Nick Denton, English journalist and businessman, founded Gawker Media

Births54 years ago

1967Michael Thomas, English footballer

Births53 years ago

1968Benoît Brunet, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster

Births52 years ago

1968 – Shoichi Funaki, Japanese-American wrestler and sportscaster

Births52 years ago

1968 – Andreas Kisser, Brazilian guitarist, songwriter, and producer

Births52 years ago

1968 – Tim Salmon, American baseball player and sportscaster

Births52 years ago

1969Jans Koerts, Dutch cyclist

Births51 years ago

1970Rich Beem, American golfer

Births50 years ago

1970 – Tugay Kerimoğlu, Turkish footballer and manager

Births50 years ago

1972Jean-Luc Brassard, Canadian skier and radio host

Births48 years ago

1972 – Ava DuVernay, American director and screenwriter

Births48 years ago

1972 – Todd Young, American politician

Births48 years ago

1973Andrew Brunette, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

Births47 years ago

1973 – Dave Chappelle, American comedian, actor, producer and screenwriter

Births47 years ago

1973 – Inge de Bruijn, Dutch swimmer

Births47 years ago

1974Jennifer Lien, American actress

Births46 years ago

1975Roberto Colombo, Italian footballer

Births45 years ago

1975 – Mark de Vries, Surinamese-Dutch footballer

Births45 years ago

1976Funke Akindele, Nigerian actress

Births44 years ago

1976 – Simon Dennis, English rower and academic

Births44 years ago

1976 – Alex O'Loughlin, Australian actor, writer, director, and producer

Births44 years ago

1976 – Nordin Wooter, Surinamese-Dutch footballer

Births44 years ago

1977Denílson de Oliveira Araújo, Brazilian footballer

Births43 years ago

1977 – Robert Enke, German footballer (d. 2009)

Births43 years ago

1977 – Per Gade, Danish footballer

Births43 years ago

1977 – John Green, American author and vlogger

Births43 years ago

1977 – Jürgen Macho, Austrian footballer

Births43 years ago

1978Derek Morris, Canadian ice hockey player

Births42 years ago

1979Vahur Afanasjev, Estonian author and poet

Births41 years ago

1979 – Orlando Engelaar, Dutch footballer

Births41 years ago

1979 – Kaki King, American guitarist and composer

Births41 years ago

1979 – Michael Redd, American basketball player

Births41 years ago

1981Chad Michael Murray, American model and actor

Births39 years ago

1982José Bosingwa, Portuguese footballer

Births38 years ago

1982 – Kim Källström, Swedish footballer

Births38 years ago

1982 – Glen Atle Larsen, Norwegian footballer

Births38 years ago

1983Brett Gardner, American baseball player

Births37 years ago

1983 – Marcel Goc, German ice hockey player

Births37 years ago

1983 – George Perris, Greek-French singer-songwriter and pianist

Births37 years ago

1984Erin Molan, Australian journalist and sportscaster

Births36 years ago

1984 – Charlie Villanueva, American basketball player

Births36 years ago

1986Nick Adenhart, American baseball player (d. 2009)

Births34 years ago

1986 – Joseph Akpala, Nigerian footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 – Arian Foster, American football player

Births34 years ago

1986 – Fabiano Santacroce, Italian footballer

Births34 years ago

1987Anže Kopitar, Slovenian ice hockey player

Births33 years ago

1987 – Daichi Miura, Japanese singer-songwriter, dancer, and choreographer

Births33 years ago

1988Rupert Grint, English actor

Births32 years ago

1988 – Manu Ma'u, New Zealand rugby league player

Births32 years ago

1988 – Joel Thompson, Australian rugby league player

Births32 years ago

1988 – Maya Yoshida, Japanese footballer

Births32 years ago

1989Reynaldo, Brazilian footballer

Births31 years ago

1989 – Rocío Igarzábal, Argentinian actress and singer

Births31 years ago

1990Juan Pedro Lanzani, Argentinian actor and singer

Births30 years ago

1991Wang Zhen, Chinese race walker

Births29 years ago

1992Jemerson, Brazilian footballer

Births28 years ago

1993Allen Robinson, American football player

Births27 years ago

1995Lady Amelia Windsor, member of the British royal family

Births25 years ago

1996Camila Giangreco Campiz, Paraguayan tennis player

Births24 years ago


691Fu Youyi, official of the Tang Dynasty


842Saga, Japanese emperor (b. 786)


895Guthred, king of Northumbria


927Doulu Ge, chancellor of Later Tang


927 – Wei Shuo, chancellor of Later Tang

Deaths1093 years ago

942Liu, empress dowager of Later Jin


948Zhang Ye, Chinese general and chancellor


1042Michael V Kalaphates, Byzantine emperor (b. 1015)

Deaths978 years ago

1103Magnus Barefoot, Norwegian king (b. 1073)

Deaths917 years ago

1217Eustace the Monk, French pirate (b. 1170)

Deaths803 years ago
Deaths707 years ago
Deaths648 years ago
Deaths523 years ago

1507Cecily of York, English princess (b. 1469)

Deaths513 years ago

1540Parmigianino, Italian painter and etcher (b. 1503)

Deaths480 years ago

1542Gasparo Contarini, Italian cardinal (b. 1483)

Deaths478 years ago

1572Gaspard II de Coligny, French admiral (b. 1519)

Deaths448 years ago

1572 – Charles de Téligny, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1535)

Deaths448 years ago

1595Thomas Digges, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1546)

Deaths425 years ago

1617Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (b. 1586)

Deaths403 years ago

1647Nicholas Stone, English sculptor and architect (b. 1586)

Deaths373 years ago

1679Jean François Paul de Gondi, French cardinal and author (b. 1614)

Deaths341 years ago

1680Thomas Blood, Irish colonel (b. 1618)

Deaths340 years ago

1680 – Ferdinand Bol, Dutch painter and etcher (b. 1616)

Deaths340 years ago

1683John Owen, English theologian and academic (b. 1616)

Deaths337 years ago

1759Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet and soldier (b. 1715)

Deaths261 years ago

1770Thomas Chatterton, English poet and prodigy (b. 1752)

Deaths250 years ago

1779Cosmas of Aetolia, Greek monk and saint (b. 1714)

Deaths241 years ago

1798Thomas Alcock, English priest and author (b. 1709)

Deaths222 years ago

1804Peggy Shippen, American wife of Benedict Arnold and American Revolutionary War spy (b. 1760)

Deaths216 years ago

1818James Carr, American lawyer and politician (b. 1777)

Deaths202 years ago

1821John William Polidori, English writer and physician (b. 1795)

Deaths199 years ago

1832Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French physicist and engineer (b. 1796)

Deaths188 years ago

1838Ferenc Kölcsey, Hungarian poet, critic, and politician (b. 1790)

Deaths182 years ago

1841Theodore Hook, English civil servant and composer (b. 1788)

Deaths179 years ago

1841 – John Ordronaux, French-American soldier (b. 1778)

Deaths179 years ago

1888Rudolf Clausius, German physicist and mathematician (b. 1822)

Deaths132 years ago

1895Albert F. Mummery, English mountaineer and author (b. 1855)

Deaths125 years ago

1923Kate Douglas Wiggin, American author and educator (b. 1856)

Deaths97 years ago

1930Tom Norman, English businessman and showman (b. 1860)

Deaths90 years ago

1932Kate M. Gordon, American activist (b. 1861)

Deaths88 years ago

1939Frederick Carl Frieseke, American painter and educator (b. 1874)

Deaths81 years ago

1940Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Polish-German technician and inventor, invented the Nipkow disk (b. 1860)

Deaths80 years ago

1943Antonio Alice, Argentinian painter and educator (b. 1886)

Deaths77 years ago

1943 – Simone Weil, French philosopher and activist (b. 1909)

Deaths77 years ago

1946James Clark McReynolds, American lawyer and judge, 48th United States Attorney General (b. 1862)

Deaths74 years ago

1954Getúlio Vargas, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 14th President of Brazil (b. 1882)

Deaths66 years ago

1956Kenji Mizoguchi, Japanese director and screenwriter (b. 1898)

Deaths64 years ago

1958Paul Henry, Irish painter and educator (b. 1876)

Deaths62 years ago

1967Henry J. Kaiser, American businessman, founded Kaiser Shipyards and Kaiser Aluminum (b. 1882)

Deaths53 years ago

1974Alexander P. de Seversky, Russian-American pilot and businessman, co-founded Republic Aviation (b. 1894)

Deaths46 years ago

1977Buddy O'Connor, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1916)

Deaths43 years ago

1978Louis Prima, American singer-songwriter, trumpet player, and actor (b. 1910)

Deaths42 years ago

1979Hanna Reitsch, German soldier and pilot (b. 1912)

Deaths41 years ago

1980Yootha Joyce, English actress (b. 1927)

Deaths40 years ago

1982Félix-Antoine Savard, Canadian priest and author (b. 1896)

Deaths38 years ago

1983Kalevi Kotkas, Estonian-Finnish high jumper and discus thrower (b. 1913)

Deaths37 years ago

1983 – Scott Nearing, American economist, educator, and activist (b. 1883)

Deaths37 years ago

1985Paul Creston, American composer and educator (b. 1906)

Deaths35 years ago

1987Malcolm Kirk, English rugby player and wrestler (b. 1936)

Deaths33 years ago

1990Sergei Dovlatov, Russian-American journalist and author (b. 1941)

Deaths30 years ago

1990 – Gely Abdel Rahman, Sudanese-Egyptian poet and academic (b. 1931)

Deaths30 years ago

1991Bernard Castro, Italian-American inventor (b. 1904)

Deaths29 years ago

1992André Donner, Dutch academic and judge (b. 1918)

Deaths28 years ago

1997Luigi Villoresi, Italian race car driver (b. 1907)

Deaths23 years ago

1998E. G. Marshall, American actor (b. 1910)

Deaths22 years ago

1999Mary Jane Croft, American actress (b. 1916)

Deaths21 years ago

1999 – Alexandre Lagoya, Egyptian guitarist and composer (b. 1929)

Deaths21 years ago

2000Andy Hug, Swiss martial artist and kick-boxer (b. 1964)

Deaths20 years ago

2001Jane Greer, American actress (b. 1924)

Deaths19 years ago

2001 – Roman Matsov, Estonian violinist, pianist, and conductor (b. 1917)

Deaths19 years ago

2002Nikolay Guryanov, Russian priest and mystic (b. 1909)

Deaths18 years ago

2003Wilfred Thesiger, Ethiopian-English explorer and author (b. 1910)

Deaths17 years ago

2004Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-American psychiatrist and academic (b. 1926)

Deaths16 years ago

2006Rocco Petrone, American soldier and engineer (b. 1926)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 – Léopold Simoneau, Canadian tenor and educator (b. 1916)

Deaths14 years ago

2007Andrée Boucher, Canadian educator and politician, 39th Mayor of Quebec City (b. 1937)

Deaths13 years ago

2007 – Aaron Russo, American director and producer (b. 1943)

Deaths13 years ago

2010Satoshi Kon, Japanese director and screenwriter (b. 1963)

Deaths10 years ago

2011Seyhan Erözçelik, Turkish poet and author (b. 1962)

Deaths9 years ago

2011 – Mike Flanagan, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1951)

Deaths9 years ago

2012Dadullah, Pakistani Taliban leader (b. 1965)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 – Pauli Ellefsen, Faroese surveyor and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (b. 1936)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 – Steve Franken, American actor (b. 1932)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 – Félix Miélli Venerando, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1937)

Deaths8 years ago

2013Gerry Baker, American soccer player and manager (b. 1938)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 – Nílton de Sordi, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1931)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 – Julie Harris, American actress (b. 1925)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 – Muriel Siebert, American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1928)

Deaths7 years ago

2014Richard Attenborough, English actor, director, producer, and politician (b. 1923)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 – Antônio Ermírio de Moraes, Brazilian businessman (b. 1928)

Deaths6 years ago

2015Charlie Coffey, American football player and coach (b. 1934)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 – Joseph F. Traub, German-American computer scientist and academic (b. 1932)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 – Justin Wilson, English race car driver (b. 1978)

Deaths5 years ago

2016Walter Scheel, German politician, 4th President of Germany (b. 1919)

Deaths4 years ago

2017Jay Thomas, American actor, comedian, and radio talk show host (b. 1948)

Deaths3 years ago

2018Robin Leach, English entertainment reporter and writer (b. 1941)

Deaths2 years ago

Christian feast day

Abbán of Ireland

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