Holidays and observances

Alfred Nobel Day or Nobeldagen (Sweden)

Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances
Holidays and observances

Victory Day (Iraq)

Holidays and observances


1041 - The adoptive son of Empress Zoë of Byzantium succeeds to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V.

Events979 years ago

1317 - The "Nyköping Banquet" - King Birger of Sweden treacherously seizes his two brothers Valdemar, Duke of Finland and Eric, Duke of Södermanland, who were subsequently starved to death in the dungeon of Nyköping Castle.

Events703 years ago
Events512 years ago

1520 - Martin Luther burns his copy of the papal bull Exsurge Domine outside Wittenberg's Elster Gate.

Events500 years ago

1541 - Thomas Culpeper and Francis Dereham are executed for having affairs with Catherine Howard, Queen of England and wife of Henry VIII.

Events479 years ago

1652 - Defeat at the Battle of Dungeness causes the Commonwealth of England to reform its navy.

Events368 years ago
Events355 years ago

1684 - Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, is read to the Royal Society by Edmond Halley.

Events336 years ago

1768 - The first edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica is published.

Events252 years ago

1799 - France adopts the metre as its official unit of length.

Events221 years ago

1817 - Mississippi becomes the 20th U.S. state.

Events203 years ago

1861 - American Civil War: The Confederate States of America accept a rival state government's pronouncement that declares Kentucky to be the 13th state of the Confederacy.

Events159 years ago

1861 - Forces led by Nguyễn Trung Trực, an anti-colonial guerrilla leader in southern Vietnam, sink the French lorcha L'Esperance.

Events159 years ago

1864 - American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: Major General William Tecumseh Sherman's Union Army troops reach the outer Confederate defenses of Savannah, Georgia.

Events156 years ago

1868 - The first traffic lights are installed, outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.

Events152 years ago

1877 - Russo-Turkish War: The Russian Army captures Plevna after a 5-month siege. The garrison of 25,000 surviving Turks surrenders. The Russian victory is decisive for the outcome of the war and the Liberation of Bulgaria.

Events143 years ago
Events136 years ago

1896 - Alfred Jarry's Ubu Roi premieres in Paris. A riot breaks out at the end of the performance.

Events124 years ago

1898 - Spanish–American War: The Treaty of Paris is signed, officially ending the conflict.

Events122 years ago

1901 - The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm on the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.

Events119 years ago

1902 - The opening of the reservoir of the Aswan Dam in Egypt.

Events118 years ago

1906 - U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt wins the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in the mediation of the Russo-Japanese War, becoming the first American to win a Nobel Prize.

Events114 years ago

1907 - The worst night of the Brown Dog riots in London, when 1,000 medical students clash with 400 police officers over the existence of a memorial for animals that have been vivisected.

Events113 years ago

1909 - Selma Lagerlöf becomes the first female writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Events111 years ago
Events88 years ago
Events84 years ago
Events79 years ago

1941 - World War II: Battle of the Philippines: Imperial Japanese forces under the command of General Masaharu Homma land on Luzon.

Events79 years ago

1942 - World War II: Government of Poland in exile send Raczyński's Note (the first official report on the Holocaust) to 26 governments who signed the Declaration by United Nations.

Events78 years ago
Events72 years ago

1949 - Chinese Civil War: The People's Liberation Army begins its siege of Chengdu, the last Kuomintang-held city in mainland China, forcing President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek and his government to retreat to Taiwan.

Events71 years ago

1953 - British Prime Minister Winston Churchill receives the Nobel Prize in literature.

Events67 years ago

1963 - Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom as a constitutional monarchy, under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.

Events57 years ago

1963 - An assassination attempt on the British High Commissioner in Aden kills two people and wounds dozens more.

Events57 years ago

1968 - Japan's biggest heist, the still-unsolved "300 million yen robbery", is carried out in Tokyo.

Events52 years ago

1979 - Kaohsiung Incident: Taiwanese pro-democracy demonstrations are suppressed by the KMT dictatorship, and organizers are arrested.

Events41 years ago

1983 - Democracy is restored in Argentina with the inauguration of President Raúl Alfonsín.

Events37 years ago
Events36 years ago

1989 - Mongolian Revolution: At the country's first open pro-democracy public demonstration, Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj announces the establishment of the Mongolian Democratic Union.

Events31 years ago

1993 - The last shift leaves Wearmouth Colliery in Sunderland. The closure of the 156-year-old pit marks the end of the old County Durham coalfield, which had been in operation since the Middle Ages.

Events27 years ago

1994 - Rwandan genocide: Maurice Baril, military advisor to the U.N. Secretary-General and head of the Military Division of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, recommends that UNAMIR stand down.

Events26 years ago

1995 - The Israeli army withdraws from Nablus pursuant to the terms of Oslo Accord.

Events25 years ago

1996 - The new Constitution of South Africa is promulgated by Nelson Mandela.

Events24 years ago

2014 - Palestinian minister Ziad Abu Ein was killed after the suppression of a demonstration by Israeli forces in the village (Turmus'ayya) in Ramallah.

Events6 years ago

2016 - Two explosions outside a football stadium in Istanbul, Turkey, kill 38 people and injure 166 others.

Events4 years ago

2017 - ISIL is defeated in Iraq.

Events3 years ago

2019 - Democrats in the U.S. House of Representatives announce formal charges against Donald Trump that accuse him of abusing power and obstructing Congress, making him only the fourth U.S. president in history to face impeachment.

Events1 years ago
Events1 years ago


553 - Houzhu, emperor of the Chen dynasty (d. 604)


1376 - Edmund Mortimer, English nobleman and rebel (d. 1409)

Births644 years ago

1452 - Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1531)

Births568 years ago
Births548 years ago
Births531 years ago

1588 - Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher (d. 1637)

Births432 years ago

1610 - Adriaen van Ostade, Dutch painter (d. 1685)

Births410 years ago

1654 - Giovanni Gioseffo dal Sole, Italian painter (d. 1719)

Births366 years ago

1658 - Lancelot Blackburne, Archbishop of York (d. 1743)

Births362 years ago

1713 - Johann Nicolaus Mempel, German cantor and organist (d. 1747)

Births307 years ago

1751 - George Shaw, English botanist and zoologist (d. 1813)

Births269 years ago
Births244 years ago

1783 - María Bibiana Benítez, Puerto Rican poet and playwright (d. 1873)

Births237 years ago

1787 - Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American educator, founded the American School for the Deaf (d. 1851)

Births233 years ago

1804 - Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician and academic (d. 1851)

Births216 years ago

1805 - William Lloyd Garrison, American journalist and activist, founded The Liberator (d. 1879)

Births215 years ago

1805 - Joseph Škoda, Czech physician, dermatologist, and academic (d. 1881)

Births215 years ago

1811 - Caroline Mehitable Fisher Sawyer, American poet, biographer, and editor (d. 1894)

Births209 years ago

1815 - Ada Lovelace, English mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1852)

Births205 years ago

1821 - Nikolay Nekrasov, Russian poet and critic (d. 1877)

Births199 years ago

1822 - César Franck, Belgian organist and composer (d. 1890)

Births198 years ago

1824 - George MacDonald, Scottish minister, author, and poet (d. 1905)

Births196 years ago

1827 - Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1913)

Births193 years ago

1830 - Emily Dickinson, American poet (d. 1886)

Births190 years ago

1851 - Melvil Dewey, American librarian, created the Dewey Decimal System (d. 1931)

Births169 years ago

1866 - Louis Bolk, Dutch anatomist and biologist (d. 1930)

Births154 years ago

1870 - Jadunath Sarkar, Indian historian (d. 1958)

Births150 years ago

1870 - Adolf Loos, Austrian architect and theoretician (d. 1933)

Births150 years ago

1870 - Pierre Louÿs, Belgian-French author and poet (d. 1925)

Births150 years ago

1878 - C. Rajagopalachari, Indian lawyer and politician, 45th Governor-General of India (d. 1972)

Births142 years ago

1882 - Otto Neurath, Austrian sociologist and philosopher (d. 1945)

Births138 years ago

1882 - Shigenori Tōgō, Japanese politician, 37th Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs (d. 1950)

Births138 years ago

1883 - Giovanni Messe, Italian field marshal and politician (d. 1968)

Births137 years ago

1885 - Elizabeth Baker, American economist and academic (d. 1973)

Births135 years ago

1885 – Marios Varvoglis, Greek composer and conductor (d. 1967)

Births135 years ago

1886 - Victor McLaglen, English-American actor (d. 1959)

Births134 years ago

1889 - Ray Collins, American actor (d. 1965)

Births131 years ago

1890 - László Bárdossy, Hungarian fascist politician and diplomat, 33rd Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1946)

Births130 years ago

1891 - Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, English field marshal and politician, 17th Governor General of Canada (d. 1969)

Births129 years ago

1891 - Arlie Mucks, American discus thrower and shot putter (d. 1967)

Births129 years ago

1891 - Nelly Sachs, German-Swedish poet and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)

Births129 years ago

1896 - Torsten Bergström, Swedish actor and director (d. 1948)

Births124 years ago

1903 - Una Merkel, American actress (d. 1986)

Births117 years ago

1904 - Antonín Novotný, Czechoslovak politician, President of Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (d. 1975)

Births116 years ago

1906 - Jules Ladoumègue, French runner (d. 1973)

Births114 years ago

1906 - Harold Adamson, American lyricist (d. 1980)

Births114 years ago

1907 - Rumer Godden, English author and poet (d. 1998)

Births113 years ago

1907 - Lucien Laurent, French footballer and coach (d. 2005)

Births113 years ago

1907 - Amedeo Nazzari, Italian actor (d. 1979)

Births113 years ago

1908 - Olivier Messiaen, French composer and ornithologist (d. 1992)

Births112 years ago

1909 - Hermes Pan, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1990)

Births111 years ago

1910 - Dan Blocker, American television actor, played Eric "Hoss" Cartwright on Bonanza (d. 1972)

Births110 years ago

1910 - Ambrosio Padilla, Filipino basketball player and politician (d. 1996)

Births110 years ago

1911 - Chet Huntley, American journalist (d. 1974)

Births109 years ago

1912 - Philip Hart, American lawyer and politician, 49th Lieutenant Governor of Michigan (d. 1976)

Births108 years ago

1912 - René Toribio, Guadeloupean politician (d. 1990)

Births108 years ago

1913 - Pannonica de Koenigswarter, English-American composer (d. 1988)

Births107 years ago

1913 - Morton Gould, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1996)

Births107 years ago

1913 - Harry Locke, English actor (d. 1987)

Births107 years ago

1913 - Ray Nance, American trumpeter, violinist, and singer (d. 1976)

Births107 years ago

1914 - Dorothy Lamour, American actress and singer (d. 1996)

Births106 years ago

1915 - Nicky Barr, Australian rugby player, soldier, and pilot (d. 2006)

Births105 years ago

1916 - Walt Arfons, American race car driver (d. 2013)

Births104 years ago

1918 - Anne Gwynne, American actress (d. 2003)

Births102 years ago

1918 - Anatoli Tarasov, Russian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1995)

Births102 years ago

1919 - Alexander Courage, American composer and conductor (d. 2008)

Births101 years ago

1920 - Clarice Lispector, Ukrainian-Brazilian journalist and author (d. 1977)

Births100 years ago

1920 - Reginald Rose, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2002)

Births100 years ago

1920 - Thanassis Skordalos, Greek lyra player and composer (d. 1998)

Births100 years ago

1922 - Agnes Nixon, American television writer and director (d. 2016)

Births98 years ago

1923 - Harold Gould, American actor (d. 2010)

Births97 years ago

1923 - Clorindo Testa, Italian-Argentinian architect, designed the National Library of the Argentine Republic and Marriott Plaza Hotel (d. 2013)

Births97 years ago

1924 - Ken Albers, American singer and musician (d. 2007)

Births96 years ago

1924 - Michael Manley, Jamaican pilot and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 1997)

Births96 years ago

1925 - Carolyn Kizer, American poet and academic (d. 2014)

Births95 years ago

1926 - Guitar Slim, American blues singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1959)

Births94 years ago

1927 - Bob Farrell, American businessman, founded Farrell's Ice Cream Parlour (d. 2015)

Births93 years ago

1927 - Danny Matt, German-Israeli general (d. 2013)

Births93 years ago

1928 - Barbara Nichols, American actress (d. 1976)

Births92 years ago

1930 - Wayne D. Anderson, American baseball player and coach (d. 2013)

Births90 years ago
Births90 years ago

1931 - Peter Baker, English-South African footballer and manager (d. 2016)

Births89 years ago

1933 - Mako Iwamatsu, Japanese actor (d. 2006)

Births87 years ago

1933 - Philip R. Craig, American author (d. 2007)

Births87 years ago

1934 - Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)

Births86 years ago

1935 - Terry Allcock, English footballer and cricketer

Births85 years ago

1935 - Jaromil Jireš, Czech director and screenwriter (d. 2001)

Births85 years ago

1936 - Howard Smith, American journalist, director, and producer (d. 2014)

Births84 years ago

1938 - Bill Dunk, Australian golfer

Births82 years ago

1938 - Yuri Temirkanov, Russian viola player and conductor

Births82 years ago

1939 - Dick Bavetta, American basketball player and referee

Births81 years ago

1939 - Barry Cunliffe, English archaeologist and academic

Births81 years ago

1941 - Ken Campbell, English actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2008)

Births79 years ago

1941 - Fionnula Flanagan, Irish actress and producer

Births79 years ago

1941 - Tommy Rettig, American child actor (d. 1996)

Births79 years ago

1941 - Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer and actor (d. 1985)

Births79 years ago

1942 - Ann Gloag, Scottish nurse and businesswoman

Births78 years ago

1944 - Andris Bērziņš, Latvian businessman and politician, 8th President of Latvia

Births76 years ago

1944 - John Birt, Baron Birt, English businessman

Births76 years ago

1944 - Steve Renko, American baseball player

Births76 years ago

1945 - Mukhtar Altynbayev, Kazakhstani general and politician, 3rd Defence Minister of Kazakhstan

Births75 years ago

1947 - Rasul Guliyev, Azerbaijani engineer and politician, 22nd Speaker of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan

Births73 years ago

1948 - Dušan Bajević, Bosnian-Greek footballer and manager

Births72 years ago

1948 - Jessica Cleaves, American singer-songwriter (d. 2014)

Births72 years ago

1948 - Jasuben Shilpi, Indian sculptor (d. 2013)

Births72 years ago

1949 - Yasmin Alibhai-Brown, Ugandan-English journalist and author

Births71 years ago

1949 - David Perdue, American politician

Births71 years ago

1950 - John Boozman, American football player, lawyer, and politician, senior senator of Arkansas

Births70 years ago

1950 - Simon Owen, New Zealand golfer

Births70 years ago

1951 - Johnny Rodriguez, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births69 years ago

1952 - Clive Anderson, English lawyer and television host

Births68 years ago

1952 - Susan Dey, American actress

Births68 years ago

1952 - Greg Mortimer, Australian geologist and mountaineer

Births68 years ago

1952 - Greg Laurie, American author and pastor

Births68 years ago

1952 - Paul Varul, Estonian lawyer and politician, 6th Estonian Minister of Justice

Births68 years ago

1953 - Chris Bury, American journalist and academic

Births67 years ago

1954 - Eudine Barriteau, Barbadian economist and academic

Births66 years ago

1954 - Price Cobb, American race car driver and manager

Births66 years ago

1954 - Jack Hues, English singer-songwriter and musician (Wang Chung)

Births66 years ago

1956 - Rod Blagojevich, American lawyer and politician, 40th Governor of Illinois

Births64 years ago

1956 - Roberto Cassinelli, Italian lawyer and politician

Births64 years ago

1956 - Jacquelyn Mitchard, American journalist and author

Births64 years ago

1956 - Jan van Dijk, Dutch footballer and manager

Births64 years ago

1957 - Michael Clarke Duncan, American actor (d. 2012)

Births63 years ago

1957 - Paul Hardcastle, English composer and producer

Births63 years ago

1957 - Prem Rawat, Indian-American guru and educator

Births63 years ago

1958 - Cornelia Funke, German-American author

Births62 years ago

1958 - Kathryn Stott, English pianist and academic

Births62 years ago

1959 - Mark Aguirre, American basketball player and coach

Births61 years ago

1959 - Kevin Ash, English journalist and author (d. 2013)

Births61 years ago

1959 - Udi Aloni, American-Israeli director and author

Births61 years ago

1959 - Wolf Hoffmann, German guitarist

Births61 years ago

1960 - Kenneth Branagh, Northern Ireland-born English actor director, producer, and screenwriter

Births60 years ago

1960 - Kōichi Satō, Japanese actor

Births60 years ago

1961 - Mark McKoy, Canadian hurdler and sprinter

Births59 years ago

1961 - Nia Peeples, American singer and actress

Births59 years ago

1962 - Rakhat Aliyev, Kazakh politician and diplomat (d. 2015)

Births58 years ago

1962 - John de Wolf, Dutch footballer and manager

Births58 years ago

1963 - Jahangir Khan, Pakistani squash player

Births57 years ago

1963 - Robin White, American tennis player

Births57 years ago

1964 - Stephen Billington, English actor

Births56 years ago

1964 - Stef Blok, Dutch banker and politician, Dutch Minister of the Interior

Births56 years ago

1964 - Bobby Flay, American chef and author

Births56 years ago

1964 - Edith González, Mexican actress (d. 2019)

Births56 years ago

1965 - Greg Giraldo, American lawyer, comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2010)

Births55 years ago

1965 - J Mascis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

Births55 years ago

1965 - Stephanie Morgenstern, Swiss-Canadian actress, producer, and screenwriter

Births55 years ago

1966 - Rein Ahas, Estonian geographer and academic

Births54 years ago

1966 - Robin Brooke, New Zealand rugby player

Births54 years ago

1966 - Mel Rojas, Dominican baseball player

Births54 years ago

1966 - Penelope Trunk, American writer

Births54 years ago

1968 - Yōko Oginome, Japanese singer, actress, and voice actress

Births52 years ago

1969 - Darren Berry, Australian cricketer and coach

Births51 years ago

1969 - Rob Blake, Canadian ice hockey player and manager

Births51 years ago

1970 - Kevin Sharp, American singer-songwriter (d. 2014)

Births50 years ago

1970 - Bryant Stith, American basketball player and coach

Births50 years ago

1971 - Daniel Betts, British actor

Births49 years ago

1972 - Brian Molko, British-Belgian singer-songwriter

Births48 years ago

1972 - Donavon Frankenreiter, American surfer, singer-songwriter, and guitarist

Births48 years ago

1973 - Gabriela Spanic, Venezuelan actress

Births47 years ago

1974 - Meg White, American drummer

Births46 years ago

1975 - Steve Bradley, American wrestler (d. 2008)

Births45 years ago

1975 - Emmanuelle Chriqui, Canadian actress

Births45 years ago

1975 - Josip Skoko, Australian footballer

Births45 years ago

1976 - Shane Byrne, English motorcycle racer

Births44 years ago

1978 - Anna Jesień, Polish hurdler

Births42 years ago

1978 - Summer Phoenix, American actress

Births42 years ago

1979 - Matt Bentley, American wrestler

Births41 years ago

1979 - Iain Brunnschweiler, English cricketer

Births41 years ago

1980 - Sarah Chang, American violinist

Births40 years ago

1981 - Taufik Batisah, Singaporean singer

Births39 years ago

1981 - Fábio Rochemback, Brazilian footballer

Births39 years ago

1982 - Claudia Hoffmann, German sprinter

Births38 years ago

1982 - Sultan Kösen, Turkish farmer, tallest living person

Births38 years ago

1983 - Lewis Buxton, English footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Habib Mohamed, Ghanaian footballer

Births37 years ago

1983 - Xavier Samuel, Australian actor

Births37 years ago

1984 - Mark Applegarth, English rugby player

Births36 years ago

1985 - Charlie Adam, Scottish footballer

Births35 years ago

1985 - Matt Forte, American football player

Births35 years ago

1985 - T. J. Hensick, American ice hockey player

Births35 years ago

1985 - Trésor Mputu, Congolese footballer

Births35 years ago

1985 - Raven-Symoné, American actress, singer, and dancer

Births35 years ago

1985 - Lê Công Vinh, Vietnamese footballer

Births35 years ago

1986 - Matthew Bates, English footballer

Births34 years ago

1986 - Kahlil Bell, American football player

Births34 years ago

1987 - Gonzalo Higuaín, French-Argentinian footballer

Births33 years ago

1988 - Wilfried Bony, Ivorian footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Mitchell Donald, Dutch footballer

Births32 years ago

1988 - Neven Subotić, Serbian footballer

Births32 years ago

1989 - Marion Maréchal-Le Pen, French politician

Births31 years ago

1989 - Tom Sexton, Australian-Irish rugby player

Births31 years ago

1990 - Kazenga LuaLua, Congolese-English footballer

Births30 years ago

1990 - Sakiko Matsui, Japanese singer and actress

Births30 years ago

1990 - Terrell Sinkfield, American football player

Births30 years ago

1990 - Shoya Tomizawa, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2010)

Births30 years ago

1991 - Eric Reid, American football player

Births29 years ago

1991 - Dion Waiters, American basketball player

Births29 years ago

1994 - Richard Kennar, Samoan rugby league player

Births26 years ago

1994 - Matti Klinga, Finnish footballer

Births26 years ago

1996 - Kang Daniel, South Korean singer

Births24 years ago


925 - Sancho I, king of Pamplona


990 - Folcmar, bishop of Utrecht


1041 - Michael IV the Paphlagonian, Byzantine emperor (b. 1010)

Deaths979 years ago
Deaths939 years ago

1113 - Radwan, ruler of Aleppo

Deaths907 years ago

1198 - Averroes, Spanish astronomer, physicist, and philosopher (b. 1126)

Deaths822 years ago
Deaths710 years ago

1475 - Paolo Uccello, Italian painter (b. 1397)

Deaths545 years ago
Deaths512 years ago

1541 - Thomas Culpeper, English courtier (b. 1514)

Deaths479 years ago

1541 - Francis Dereham, English courtier (b. c. 1513)

Deaths479 years ago

1561 - Caspar Schwenckfeld, German theologian and writer

Deaths459 years ago

1618 - Giulio Caccini, Italian composer and educator (b. 1551)

Deaths402 years ago

1626 - Edmund Gunter, English mathematician and academic (b. 1581)

Deaths394 years ago

1665 - Tarquinio Merula, Italian organist, violinist, and composer (b. 1594)

Deaths355 years ago

1736 - António Manoel de Vilhena, Portuguese soldier and politician (b. 1663)

Deaths284 years ago

1791 - Jacob Frank, Polish religious leader (b. 1726)

Deaths229 years ago

1831 - Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist and academic (b. 1770)

Deaths189 years ago

1850 - Józef Bem, Polish general and physicist (b. 1794)

Deaths170 years ago

1850 - François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (b. 1787)

Deaths170 years ago
Deaths155 years ago

1867 - Sakamoto Ryōma, Japanese samurai and politician (b. 1836)

Deaths153 years ago

1896 - Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist and engineer, invented Dynamite and founded the Nobel Prize (b. 1833)

Deaths124 years ago

1909 - Red Cloud, American tribal chief (b. 1822)

Deaths111 years ago

1911 - Joseph Dalton Hooker, English botanist and explorer (b. 1817)

Deaths109 years ago

1917 - Mackenzie Bowell, English-Canadian journalist and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1823)

Deaths103 years ago

1920 - Horace Elgin Dodge, American businessman, co-founded Dodge (b. 1868)

Deaths100 years ago

1922 - Clement Lindley Wragge, English meteorologist and author (b. 1852)

Deaths98 years ago

1926 - Nikola Pašić, Serbian politician, 46th Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1845)

Deaths94 years ago

1928 - Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect and painter (b. 1868)

Deaths92 years ago

1929Harry Crosby, American publisher and poet (b. 1898)

Deaths91 years ago

1932 - Joseph Carruthers, Australian politician, 16th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1857)

Deaths88 years ago

1936 - Bobby Abel, English cricketer (b. 1857)

Deaths84 years ago

1936 - Luigi Pirandello, Italian dramatist, novelist, and poet Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)

Deaths84 years ago

1939 - John Grieb, American gymnast and triathlete (b. 1879)

Deaths81 years ago

1941 - Colin Kelly, American captain and pilot (b. 1915)

Deaths79 years ago

1944 - John Brunt, English captain, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1922)

Deaths76 years ago

1945 - Theodor Dannecker, German captain (b. 1913)

Deaths75 years ago

1946 - Walter Johnson, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (b. 1887)

Deaths74 years ago

1946 - Damon Runyon, American newspaperman and short story writer (b. 1884)

Deaths74 years ago

1948 - Na Hye-sok, South Korean journalist, poet, and painter (b. 1896)

Deaths72 years ago

1951 - Algernon Blackwood, English author and playwright (b. 1869)

Deaths69 years ago

1953 - Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-English scholar and translator (b. 1872)

Deaths67 years ago

1956 - David Shimoni, Russian-Israeli poet and translator (b. 1891)

Deaths64 years ago

1957 - Napoleon Zervas, Greek general (b. 1891)

Deaths63 years ago

1958 - Adolfo Camarillo, American horse breeder, rancher, and philanthropist (b. 1864)

Deaths62 years ago

1963 - K. M. Panikkar, Indian historian and diplomat (b. 1894)

Deaths57 years ago

1967 - Otis Redding, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1941)

Deaths53 years ago

1968 - Karl Barth, Swiss theologian and author (b. 1886)

Deaths52 years ago

1968 - George Forrest, Northern Irish lawyer and politician (b. 1921)

Deaths52 years ago

1968 - Thomas Merton, American monk and author (b. 1915)

Deaths52 years ago

1972 - Mark Van Doren, American poet, critic, and academic (b. 1894)

Deaths48 years ago

1973 - Wolf V. Vishniac, German-American microbiologist and academic (b. 1922)

Deaths47 years ago

1974 - Toshinari Shōji, Japanese general (b. 1890)

Deaths46 years ago

1977 - Adolph Rupp, American basketball player and coach (b. 1901)

Deaths43 years ago

1978 - Ed Wood, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)

Deaths42 years ago

1979 - Ann Dvorak, American actress (b. 1911)

Deaths41 years ago

1982 - Freeman Gosden, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1899)

Deaths38 years ago

1987 - Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian-American violinist and educator (b. 1901)

Deaths33 years ago

1988 - Richard S. Castellano, American actor (b. 1933)

Deaths32 years ago

1988 - Johnny Lawrence, English cricketer and coach (b. 1911)

Deaths32 years ago

1988 - Dorothy de Rothschild, English philanthropist and activist (b. 1895)

Deaths32 years ago

1990 - Armand Hammer, American businessman, founded Occidental Petroleum (b. 1898)

Deaths30 years ago

1991 - Greta Kempton, Austrian-American painter and academic (b. 1901)

Deaths29 years ago

1992 - Dan Maskell, English tennis player and sportscaster (b. 1908)

Deaths28 years ago

1993 - Alice Tully, American soprano (b. 1902)

Deaths27 years ago

1994 - Keith Joseph, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Education (b. 1918)

Deaths26 years ago

1994 - Alex Wilson, Canadian-American sprinter (b. 1905)

Deaths26 years ago

1995 - Darren Robinson, American rapper (b. 1967)

Deaths25 years ago

1996 - Faron Young, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1932)

Deaths24 years ago

1999 - Rick Danko, Canadian singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (b. 1943)

Deaths21 years ago

1999 - Franjo Tuđman, Croatian general and politician, 1st President of Croatia (b. 1922)

Deaths21 years ago

1999 - Woodrow Borah, American historian of Spanish America (b. 1912)

Deaths21 years ago

2000 - Marie Windsor, American actress (b. 1919)

Deaths20 years ago

2001 - Ashok Kumar, Indian actor, singer, and producer (b. 1911)

Deaths19 years ago

2002 - Andres Küng, Swedish journalist and politician (b. 1945)

Deaths18 years ago

2002 - Ian MacNaughton, Scottish actor, director, and producer (b. 1925)

Deaths18 years ago

2003 - Sean McClory, Irish actor and director (b. 1924)

Deaths17 years ago

2004 - Gary Webb, American journalist and author (b. 1955)

Deaths16 years ago

2005 - Mary Jackson, American actress (b. 1910)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Eugene McCarthy, American poet, academic, and politician (b. 1916)

Deaths15 years ago

2005 - Richard Pryor, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1940)

Deaths15 years ago

2006 - Olivia Coolidge, English-American author and educator (b. 1908)

Deaths14 years ago

2006 - Augusto Pinochet, Chilean general and politician, 30th President of Chile (b. 1915)

Deaths14 years ago

2007 - Vitali Hakko, Turkish businessman, founded Vakko (b. 1913)

Deaths13 years ago

2009 - Vladimir Teplyakov, Russian soldier and physicist (b. 1925)

Deaths11 years ago

2010 - John Fenn, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - J. Michael Hagopian, Armenian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1913)

Deaths10 years ago

2010 - MacKenzie Miller, American horse trainer and breeder (b. 1921)

Deaths10 years ago

2012 - Iajuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi academic and politician, 13th President of Bangladesh (b. 1931)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Antonio Cubillo, Spanish lawyer and politician (b. 1930)

Deaths8 years ago

2012 - Tommy Roberts, English fashion designer (b. 1942)

Deaths8 years ago

2013 - Alan Coleman, English-Australian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1936)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Jim Hall, American guitarist and composer (b. 1930)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Don Lund, American baseball player and coach (b. 1923)

Deaths7 years ago

2013 - Srikanta Wadiyar, Indian politician and the titular Maharaja of Mysore(b. 1946)

Deaths7 years ago

2014 - Ralph Giordano, German author and publicist (b. 1923)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Robert B. Oakley, American diplomat, 19th United States Ambassador to Pakistan (b. 1931)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Bob Solinger, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1925)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Judy Baar Topinka, American journalist and politician (b. 1944)

Deaths6 years ago

2014 - Gerard Vianen, Dutch cyclist (b. 1944)

Deaths6 years ago

2015 - Ron Bouchard, American race car driver and businessman (b. 1948)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Denis Héroux, Canadian director and producer (b. 1940)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Arnold Peralta, Honduran footballer (b. 1989)

Deaths5 years ago

2015 - Dolph Schayes, American basketball player and coach (b. 1928)

Deaths5 years ago

2017 - Max Clifford, British publicist (b. 1943)

Deaths3 years ago

2017 - Angry Grandpa, American Internet personality (b. 1950)

Deaths3 years ago

2019 - Philip McKeon, American actor (b. 1964)

Deaths1 years ago

2019Gershon Kingsley, American composer and musician

Deaths1 years ago

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